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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30901295/risk-factors-for-delayed-onset-of-lactogenesis-ii-among-primiparous-mothers-from-a-brazilian-baby-friendly-hospital
#1
Beatriz de Oliveira Rocha, Marcia Penido Machado, Livia Lima Bastos, Livia Barbosa Silva, Ana Paula Santos, Luana Caroline Santos, Maria Candida Ferrarez Bouzada
BACKGROUND: Low milk supply is frequently reported as a reason for exclusive breastfeeding cessation. RESEARCH AIMS: To determine the occurrence of, and the risk factors associated with, delayed onset of lactogenesis II among primiparas seen at a Baby-Friendly Hospital in Brazil. METHOD: We conducted a prospective longitudinal observational cohort study of 224 primiparas who had a singleton delivery. Data were first collected at the hospital...
March 22, 2019: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30901144/congenital-factor-x-deficiency-in-women-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Dimitrios Spiliopoulos, Rezan A Kadir
Factor X deficiency (FXD) is a rare autosomal recessive bleeding disorder with a variable phenotypic severity. In women, heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB), recurrent ovulation bleeding with haemoperitoneum and bleeding complications in pregnancy such as retroplacental haematoma and postpartum haemorrhage have been reported. The aim of this review was to examine gynaecological problems and obstetric complications in women with congenital FXD. A total number of 49 relevant articles were identified, including 332 women, dating from 1960 to 2018...
March 2019: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30901073/the-effects-of-threatened-abortions-on-pregnancy-outcomes
#3
Ahkam Göksel Kanmaz, Abdurrahman Hamdi İnan, Emrah Beyan, Adnan Budak
OBJECTIVES: The effects of first trimester threatened abortions on prenatal and postnatal pregnancy outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 24.835 pregnant women were retrospectively analysed. The pregnant women were divided into two groups according to whether they had a first trimester threatened abortion or not. The demographic data and prenatal, postnatal and labour outcomes were compared for the two groups. Those cases with miscarriages during their follow-up, pregnant women with systemic diseases, multiple pregnancies and patients who were diagnosed with cervical erosion and cervical polypoid formation during vaginal bleeding examinations were all excluded...
March 22, 2019: Ginekologia Polska
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900095/severe-transitory-neonatal-neutropenia-associated-with-maternal-autoimmune-or-idiopathic-neutropenia
#4
Julie Seguier, Vincent Barlogis, Laure Croisille, Marie Audrain, Mikael Ebbo, Blandine Beaupain, Benoit Meunier, Blandine Vallentin, Rodolphe Jean, Jean-Robert Harle, Jean Donadieu, Nicolas Schleinitz
PURPOSE: Neonatal immune neutropenia is observed in rare cases in newborns from mothers with idiopathic or autoimmune neutropenia, secondary to passive transfer of maternal granulocyte auto-antibodies. METHODS: We performed a literature review and report four supplementary cases from the French registry of neutropenia. RESULTS: Only 14 cases (11 mothers, 14 newborns) have been reported. Granulocyte aggregation (GAT) and granulocyte indirect immunofluorescence test (GIFT) are the recommended laboratory procedures for antibody detection...
March 21, 2019: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900041/is-round-ligament-varicosity-in-pregnancy-a-common-precursor-for-the-later-development-of-inguinal-hernias-the-prospective-analysis-of-28-patients-over-9-years
#5
M Lechner, R Bittner, K Borhanian, S Mitterwallner, K Emmanuel, F Mayer
PURPOSE: Short-term effects of round ligament varicosity (RLV) in pregnancy have been investigated in small-scale studies. The long-term effects are unknown. This study aims to evaluate the risk of groin hernia manifestation after RLV in pregnancy, to delineate possible risk factors and to analyze the natural course of pregnancy and post-partum period with regard to RLV. METHODS: In a prospective analysis 28 pregnant women with RLV presented to the hernia clinic over 9 years...
March 21, 2019: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30899560/the-impact-of-universal-home-visits-with-pregnant-women-and-their-spouses-on-maternal-outcomes-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-in-bauchi-state-nigeria
#6
Anne Cockcroft, Khalid Omer, Yagana Gidado, Muhammad Chadi Baba, Amar Aziz, Umaira Ansari, Adamu Ibrahim Gamawa, Yahaya Yarima, Neil Andersson
Introduction: Maternal mortality in Nigeria is extremely high. Access to quality antenatal and obstetric care is limited. In Bauchi State, we found maternal morbidity was associated with domestic violence, heavy work in pregnancy, ignorance of danger signs, and lack of spousal communication. This cluster randomized controlled trial tested the impact of universal home visits that discussed these upstream risk factors with pregnant women and their spouses, to precipitate household actions protecting pregnant women...
2019: BMJ Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30899153/estimation-of-gastric-volume-before-anesthesia-in-term-pregnant-women-undergoing-elective-cesarean-section-compared-with-non-pregnant-or-first-trimester-women-undergoing-minor-gynecological-surgical-procedures
#7
Oren Gal, Mark Rotshtein, Dan Feldman, Amir Mari, Motti Hallak, Yael Kopelman
Background: Traditionally, intubation of pregnant women has been performed using a rapid sequence induction. This is due to the classical concept that women with more than 18 weeks of pregnancy (mid-second trimester) are always considered to have an increased risk of aspiration due to a number of factors, regardless of the fasting duration. Rapid sequence induction is associated with a higher rate of adverse events. Aims: Our study aimed to illuminate the hypothesis that there is no difference in gastric volume between term-pregnant women and non-pregnant or first-trimester pregnant women who were undergoing minor gynecological surgical procedures...
2019: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30899005/cervicovaginal-microbiota-and-local-immune-response-modulate-the-risk-of-spontaneous-preterm-delivery
#8
Michal A Elovitz, Pawel Gajer, Valerie Riis, Amy G Brown, Michael S Humphrys, Johanna B Holm, Jacques Ravel
Failure to predict and understand the causes of preterm birth, the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality, have limited effective interventions and therapeutics. From a cohort of 2000 pregnant women, we performed a nested case control study on 107 well-phenotyped cases of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) and 432 women delivering at term. Using innovative Bayesian modeling of cervicovaginal microbiota, seven bacterial taxa were significantly associated with increased risk of sPTB, with a stronger effect in African American women...
March 21, 2019: Nature Communications
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898827/recognition-and-response-to-life-threatening-situations-among-women-with-perinatal-mental-illness-a-qualitative-study
#9
Abigail Easter, Louise Michelle Howard, Jane Sandall
OBJECTIVE: Mental illness has persistently been found to be a leading cause of death during pregnancy and the year after birth (the perinatal period). This study aims to explore barriers to detection, response and escalation of mental health-related life-threatening near miss events among women with perinatal mental illness. DESIGN: Qualitative study. PARTICIPANTS: Healthcare professionals (HCP) working in psychiatry, maternity and primary care (n=15) across community and hospital maternity and perinatal services within the UK...
March 20, 2019: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898814/mismatch-between-antenatal-care-attendance-and-institutional-delivery-in-south-ethiopia-a-multilevel-analysis
#10
Anteneh Asefa, Samson Gebremedhin, Tamiru Messele, Yohannes Letamo, Endashaw Shibru, Abraham Alano, Alison Morgan, Michelle Kermode
OBJECTIVES: Uptake of maternal health services remains suboptimal in Ethiopia. Significant proportions of antenatal care attendees give birth at home. This study was conducted to identify the predictors of non-institutional delivery among women who received antenatal care in the Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region, Ethiopia. DESIGN: A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted among women who delivered in the year preceding the survey and who had at least one antenatal visit...
March 20, 2019: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898799/hiv-risk-and-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-interest-among-female-bar-workers-in-dar-es-salaam-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Guy Harling, Aisa Muya, Katrina F Ortblad, Irene Mashasi, Peter Dambach, Nzovu Ulenga, Dale Barnhart, Eric Mboggo, Catherine E Oldenburg, Till Bärnighausen, Donna Spiegelman
OBJECTIVE: Female bar workers (FBW) in East Africa often conduct sex work to supplement their incomes, and may be vulnerable to HIV acquisition. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) offers protection against HIV acquisition. However, there is little research on FBW's sexual health. Our objective was to determine HIV risk behaviours and interest in PrEP among FBW in the largest city in East Africa. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey covering respondents' work and personal lives, including social and behavioural risk factors for HIV...
March 20, 2019: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898659/impact-of-the-contraceptive-implant-on-maternal-and-neonatal-morbidity-and-mortality-in-rural-papua-new-guinea-a-retrospective-observational-cohort-study
#12
Sarika Gupta, Philippa Ramsay, Glen Mola, Kevin McGeechan, John Bolnga, Angela Kelly-Hanku, Kirsten I Black
OBJECTIVES: Using routinely collected birth data, this study sought to measure changes in maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality after introduction of the levonorgestrel contraceptive implant into a large, rural island population in Papua New Guinea (PNG). STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective observational study of birth records from 4251 births that occurred between January 2010 and December 2016 on Karkar Island, PNG. The primary outcome was the change in Crude Birth Rate (CBR) before (2010-2012) and after (2014-2016) introduction of the implant...
March 18, 2019: Contraception
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898337/the-nutrition-related-information-seeking-behaviours-and-attitudes-of-pregnant-women-with-a-high-bmi-a-qualitative-study
#13
Catherine R Knight-Agarwal, Rebecca Cubbage, Roslyn Sesleja, Madeleine Hinder, Rebecca Mete
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of high body mass index is increasing amongst women of child bearing age. High maternal body mass index has ramifications for both mother and baby including increased health risks from gestational diabetes mellitus, caesarean section and stillbirth. Despite the increasing prevalence of high maternal body mass index little is known of the experiences of these women regarding nutrition information access and use during the antenatal period. METHODS: A qualitative study using individual interviews was undertaken at a tertiary hospital in south-eastern Australia...
March 18, 2019: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898243/pregnancy-in-catecholaminergic-polymorphic-ventricular-tachycardia
#14
Christopher C Cheung, Krystien V Lieve, Thomas M Roston, Martijn H van der Ree, Marc W Deyell, Jason G Andrade, Zachary W Laksman, Eline A Nannenberg, Rafik Tadros, Benjamin Pang, Julie Rutberg, Martin S Green, Susan Conacher, Colette M Seifer, Jason D Roberts, Christian Steinberg, Shubhayan Sanatani, Arthur A Wilde, Andrew D Krahn
OBJECTIVES: This investigation was a retrospective study of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) patients in Canada and the Netherlands to compare pregnancy, postpartum, and nonpregnant event rates. BACKGROUND: CPVT is characterized by life-threatening arrhythmias during exertion or emotional stress. The arrhythmic risk in CPVT patients during pregnancy is unknown. METHODS: Baseline demographics, genetics, treatment, and pregnancy complications were reviewed...
March 2019: JACC. Clinical Electrophysiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898103/maternal-unwanted-and-intrusive-thoughts-of-infant-related-harm-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-depression-in-the-perinatal-period-study-protocol
#15
Fanie Collardeau, Bryony Corbyn, John Abramowitz, Patricia A Janssen, Sheila Woody, Nichole Fairbrother
BACKGROUND: Unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harm-related to the infant are reported by the vast majority of new mothers, with half of all new mothers reporting unwanted, intrusive thoughts of harming their infant on purpose. Thoughts of intentional harm, in particular, are distressing to women, their partners and the people who care for them. While maternal, unwanted and intrusive thoughts of infant-related harm are known to be associated with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and depression, preliminary evidence suggests that they are not associated with an increased risk of harm to infants...
March 21, 2019: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30898052/perinatal-transmission-of-dengue-infection-in-a-preterm-neonate-a-case-report
#16
Jenisha Jain, Lakshmi V, Shanmughsundaram R
Dengue infection during pregnancy carries the risk of vertical transmission to the fetus and newborn. This is higher if the infection occurs late in pregnancy and the mother delivers at the height of viremia. In such a scenario, both mother and neonate are at risk of life-threatening complications. We present an interesting case of dengue infection in a preterm neonate managed at our unit.
March 21, 2019: Tropical Doctor
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30897835/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-the-knowledge-and-use-of-birth-control-methods-in-adolescents-before-and-after-pregnancy
#17
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, Gabriela Chico-Barba, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Selene Sam-Soto, Ana Lilia Rodríguez-Ventura, Laura Mejía-Luna, Sylvia Sclavo-Melo
Adolescent pregnancy rates are high worldwide. However, insufficient information exists regarding the frequency of birth control methods used before the first pregnancy and postpartum. In the current study, we analyzed the association of sociodemographic factors with the knowledge of birth control methods and their use before and after pregnancy in a sample of adolescents in Mexico City. A cohort study was conducted on 600 pregnant adolescents in Mexico City, from 2013 to 2017, at a health care institution providing prenatal care...
March 20, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30897661/determinants-of-infant-nutrition-status-in-rural-farming-households-before-and-after-harvest
#18
Happiness Muhimbula, Joyce Kinabo, Aifric O'Sullivan
Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices determine infant growth, development and health. Despite global recommendations for exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) until 6-months, adherence rates are low worldwide for different reasons, largely dependent on environment. In low-income countries, inappropriate IYCF leads to poor nutrition status. This study examined IYCF practices and nutrition outcomes in rural farming households in Tanzania before and after harvest. Mothers and their infants were recruited from two regions in Tanzania...
March 21, 2019: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30897374/the-risk-of-maternal-parvovirus-b19-infection-during-pregnancy-on-fetal-loss-and-fetal-hydrops-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Yi-Quan Xiong, Jing Tan, Yan-Mei Liu, Qiao He, Ling Li, Kang Zou, Xin Sun
BACKGROUND: Human parvovirus B19 (B19) is widespread infection in humans, yet the impact on adverse pregnancy outcomes is controversial. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the impact of B19 infection during pregnancy on adverse pregnancy outcome, and investigated the incidence of fetal loss and fetal hydrops after maternal B19 infection during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was performed using Embase, Medline, PubMed, Web of science, and the Cochrane Library database for relevant publications up to 10th August 2018...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30897270/pregnancy-outcome-of-japanese-patients-with-gck-mody
#20
Yuki Hosokawa, Shinji Higuchi, Rie Kawakita, Ikue Hata, Tatsuhiko Urakami, Tsuyoshi Isojima, Kei Takasawa, Yohei Matsubara, Haruo Mizuno, Yoshihiro Maruo, Katsuyuki Matsui, Katsuya Aizu, Kazuhiko Jinno, Shunsuke Araki, Yasuko Fujisawa, Koji Osugi, Chikako Tono, Yasuhiro Takeshima, Tohru Yorifuji
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Glucokinase maturity-onset diabetes of the young (GCK-MODY, also known as MODY2) is a benign hyperglycemic condition, which generally does not require medical interventions. The only known exception is increased birth weight and related perinatal complications in unaffected offspring of affected women. Since previous data were obtained mostly from white Europeans, this study analyzed the pregnancy outcome of Japanese women with GCK-MODY to better formulate the management plan for this population...
March 21, 2019: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
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