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Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing

Jinhee Baek, Sukchan Lee, Taesup Cho, Seong-Wook Kim, Minsoo Kim, Yongwoo Yoon, Ko Keun Kim, Junweon Byun, Sang Jeong Kim, Jaeseung Jeong, Hee-Sup Shin
A psychotherapeutic regimen that uses alternating bilateral sensory stimulation (ABS) has been used to treat post-traumatic stress disorder. However, the neural basis that underlies the long-lasting effect of this treatment-described as eye movement desensitization and reprocessing-has not been identified. Here we describe a neuronal pathway driven by the superior colliculus (SC) that mediates persistent attenuation of fear. We successfully induced a lasting reduction in fear in mice by pairing visual ABS with conditioned stimuli during fear extinction...
February 13, 2019: Nature
Paul A J M de Bont, Berber M van der Vleugel, David P G van den Berg, Carlijn de Roos, Joran Lokkerbol, Filip Smit, Ad de Jongh, Mark van der Gaag, Agnes van Minnen
Background : Co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in psychosis (estimated as 12%) raises personal suffering and societal costs. Health-economic studies on PTSD treatments in patients with a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder have not yet been conducted, but are needed for guideline development and implementation. This study aims to analyse the cost-effectiveness of guideline PTSD therapies in patients with a psychotic disorder. Methods : This health-economic evaluation alongside a randomized controlled trial included 155 patients with a psychotic disorder in care as usual (CAU), with comorbid PTSD...
2019: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Thanos Karatzias, Michael Brown, Laurence Taggart, Maria Truesdale, Chammy Sirisena, Robert Walley, Susan Mason-Roberts, Aoife Bradley, Douglas Paterson
OBJECTIVE: To report the results of the first randomized feasibility trial of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) plus Standard Care (SC) versus SC alone for DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults with intellectual disabilities. METHOD: A total of 29 participants were randomized to either to EMDR + SC (n = 15) or SC (n = 14). Participants completed measures on traumatic stress (PCL-C) and comorbid distress at baseline, 1 week post-treatment and 3-month follow-up...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
Alessandra Minelli, Elisa Zampieri, Chiara Sacco, Roberta Bazzanella, Nicoletta Mezzetti, Elisabetta Tessari, Stefano Barlati, Marco Bortolomasi
In major depressive disorder (MDD) patients, life stress events represent a risk factor for a severe, early-onset, treatment-resistant and chronic endophenotype. Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) patients who have experienced traumatic events could benefit from evidence-based trauma-focused psychotherapies. Because this topic has never been investigated, the aim of this pilot trial was to evaluate whether trauma-focused cognitive-behavioural therapy (TF-CBT) and/or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) can help achieve depressive symptom remission in TRD patients...
January 24, 2019: Psychiatry Research
John S Phillips, Sally Erskine, Tal Moore, Ian Nunney, Catherine Wright
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the effectiveness of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) as a treatment for tinnitus. STUDY DESIGN: Single-site prospective interventional clinical trial at a university hospital in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Participants were provided with tEMDR. This is a bespoke EMDR protocol that was developed specifically to treat individuals with tinnitus. Participants received a maximum of 10 sessions of tEMDR...
January 28, 2019: Laryngoscope
Loredana Dinapoli, Mariangela Massaccesi, Giuseppe Colloca, Angela Tenore, Nicola Dinapoli, Vincenzo Valentini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2019: Psycho-oncology
Gemma Unwin, Sara Willott, Stacey Hendrickson, Biza Stenfert Kroese
BACKGROUND: Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is recommended for post-traumatic stress disorder and emerging evidence indicates that it is effective for people with intellectual disabilities. However, acceptability from the perspectives of clients with intellectual disabilities, their therapists and other key people has not been formally evaluated. This study investigates process issues in the implementation of EMDR from perspectives of multiple stakeholders. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with two adults with intellectual disabilities and three clinical psychologists who had participated in EMDR as well as a key supporter (N = 6) to provide information relating to three cases...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
Tine Luyten, Paul Van de Heyning, Laure Jacquemin, Nancy Van Looveren, Frank Declau, Erik Fransen, Annick Gilles
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from chronic, subjective tinnitus are on a quest to find a cure or any form of alleviation for their persistent complaint. Current recommended therapy forms provide psychotherapeutic interventions that are intended to train the patient how to deal with the tinnitus sound. Pharmaceutical managements are used to reduce secondary effects of the tinnitus sound such as sleep deprivation, emotional and concentration difficulties, but these treatments do not cure the tinnitus...
January 9, 2019: Trials
Marie Furuta, Antje Horsch, Edmond S W Ng, Debra Bick, Debbie Spain, Jacqueline Sin
Background: Approximately 3% of women in community samples develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after childbirth. Higher prevalence rates are reported for high risk samples. Postpartum PTSD can adversely affect women's wellbeing, mother-infant relationships and child development. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of trauma-focused psychological interventions (TFPT), for postnatal women. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis including all clinical trials which reported post-traumatic stress symptoms for both the intervention and control groups or at least two time-points, pre- and post-intervention...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Maya G Meentken, Ingrid M van Beynum, Elisabeth W C Aendekerk, Jeroen S Legerstee, Hanan El Marroun, Jan van der Ende, Ramón J L Lindauer, Manon H J Hillegers, Henriette A Moll, Wim A Helbing, Elisabeth M W J Utens
Background : Three in every 10 children and adolescents admitted to a hospital or undergoing medical treatment develop subthreshold symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). When untreated, subthreshold PTSD can have a serious impact on psychosocial functioning, quality of life and long-term psychopathology. However, research investigating subthreshold PTSD and its treatment following paediatric medical interventions and/or hospitalization is scarce. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a fast and non-invasive psychosocial treatment for posttraumatic stress complaints...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Hwallip Bae, Daeho Kim, Yubin Cho, Dongjoo Kim, Seok Hyeon Kim
This study examined the add-on efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy among adult civilians with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who continued to be symptomatic after more than 12 weeks of initial antidepressant treatment. Scores for the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) were rated pre- and post-EMDR and at a 6-month follow-up. After an average of six sessions of EMDR treatment, seven of 14 patients (50%) showed more than a 30% decrease in CAPS score and eight (57%) no longer met the criteria for PTSD...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Ali M Khan, Sabrina Dar, Rizwan Ahmed, Ramya Bachu, Mahwish Adnan, Vijaya Padma Kotapati
Background Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent in children, adolescents and adults. It can occur alone or in comorbidity with other disorders. A broad range of psychotherapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) have been developed for the treatment of PTSD. Aim Through quantitative meta-analysis, we aimed to compare the efficacy of CBT and EMDR: (i) relieving the post-traumatic symptoms, and (ii) alleviating anxiety and depression, in patients with PTSD...
September 4, 2018: Curēus
Ferdinand Horst, Brenda Den Oudsten, Wobbe Zijlstra, Ad de Jongh, Jill Lobbestael, Jolanda De Vries
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Paul William Miller, Iain William McGowan, Uri Bergmann, Derek Farrell, Derek Francis McLaughlin
EMDR therapy is recommended in several guidelines in the International field of psychological trauma. The dual attention stimuli/alternating bilateral stimulation (DAS/ABS) element of EMDR therapy has no proposed mechanism of action agreed upon, which explains the rapid shifts in cognitions and dysfunctional traumatic memory networks that are central to its observable efficacy. This paper discusses an innate, biological mechanism found in biological systems, including the human nervous system that may explain the efficacy of DAS/ABS...
December 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Nasrin Ghanbari Nia, Ardashir Afrasiabifar, Mohammad Behnammoghadam
Objective: Previous studies reported the reduction of pain following eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) and guided imagery; however, the effectiveness of these modalities was not compared. The current study aimed to compare the effects of EMDR and guided imagery on pain severity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Material and methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 75 patients were selected using non-random method, and then allocated into two intervention groups and one control group...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Anne A Cuperus, Maarten Laken, Kevin van Schie, Iris M Engelhard, Marcel A van den Hout
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Several treatments are effective in reducing symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. We tested the effectiveness of an experimental intervention that consists of elements from two of these: virtual reality (VR) exposure therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing. The latter is characterized by a dual-task approach: the patient holds a traumatic memory in mind while simultaneously making voluntary eye movements, resulting in reduced vividness and emotionality of the traumatic memory...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Cédric Gil-Jardiné, Samantha Al Joboory, Juliane Tortes Saint Jammes, Guillaume Durand, Régis Ribéreau-Gayon, Michel Galinski, Louis-Rachid Salmi, Philippe Revel, Cyril Alexandre Régis, Guillaume Valdenaire, Emmanuel Poulet, Karim Tazarourte, Emmanuel Lagarde
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that 10-20% of injury patients will suffer for several months after the event from diverse symptoms, generally referred to as post-concussion-like symptoms (PCLS), which will lead to a decline in quality of life. A preliminary randomized control trial suggested that this condition may be induced by the stress experienced during the event or emergency room (ER) stay and can be prevented in up to 75% of patients with a single, early, short eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) psychotherapeutic session delivered in the ER...
October 12, 2018: Trials
Marian Rikkert, Yanda van Rood, Carlijn de Roos, Julia Ratter, Marcel van den Hout
Background: While normal tinnitus is a short-term sensation of limited duration, in 10-15% of the general population it develops into a chronic condition. For 3-6% it seriously interferes with many aspects of life. Objective: The aim of this trial was to assess effectiveness of a trauma-focused approach, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), in reducing tinnitus distress. Methods: The sample consisted of 35 adults with high levels of chronic tinnitus distress from five general hospitals in the Netherlands...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Alişan Burak Yaşar, Seda Kiraz, Dilara Usta, Ayşe Enise Abamor, Meliha Zengin Eroğlu, Önder Kavakcı
Being exposed to traumatic experiences is rather common in patients with schizophrenia. Adverse experiences may induce the onset of psychotic symptoms or trigger current symptoms to be exacerbated. Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) is an effective therapy in the treatment of incidences with underlying traumatic experiences, there by it can be conducted on various cases in addition to other treatments such as psycho-medication or another therapy method. It was developed by Shapiro in 1980s. Although desensitization is widely applied on patients with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, it is unusual for EMDR therapy to be safely and effectively performed in the treatment of psychotic disorder sor symptoms...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
Chaoguang Wang, Gino Yu
BACKGROUND: All eye movements are related in one way or another to our mental processes with lateral eye movements being associated with the different hemispheres of the brain. Eye movement techniques form the basis of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy, wherein forced eye movements activate neurological pathways to treat the subject. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to examine the relationship between players' eye movements and their brain wave activities using a video game...
September 13, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
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