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Computer Visual Syndrome

Motoki Katsube, Shigehito Yamada, Yutaka Yamaguchi, Tetsuya Takakuwa, Akira Yamamoto, Hirohiko Imai, Atsushi Saito, Akinobu Shimizu, Shigehiko Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Congenital midfacial hypoplasia often requires intensive treatments and is a typical condition for the Binder phenotype and syndromic craniosynostosis. The growth trait of the midfacial skeleton during the early fetal period has been assumed to be critical for such an anomaly. However, previous embryological studies using 2-dimensional analyses and specimens during the late fetal period have not been sufficient to reveal it. OBJECTIVE: To understand the morphogenesis of the midfacial skeleton in the early fetal period via 3-dimensional quantification of the growth trait and investigation of the developmental association between the growth centers and midface...
February 17, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Hikaru Kamo, Yuji Ueno, Mizuho Sugiyama, Nobukazu Miyamoto, Kazuo Yamashiro, Ryota Tanaka, Kazumasa Yokoyama, Nobutaka Hattori
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is an autoimmune disorder caused by antibody to aquaporin-4 (AQP4). NMOSD can infrequently present as a complication of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). Moreover, few cases of NMOSD patients with brain hemorrhage have been reported. We report a rare case of PRES together with NMOSD recurrence, subsequent to pontine hemorrhage after intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMP) therapy. A 51-year-old Japanese woman, with a history of hypertension and dyslipidemia, and recurrent episodes of left visual acuity disorder related to AQP4-positive NMOSD, developed blindness in the left eye...
February 1, 2019: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Jacquelyn Elizabeth Brogley
Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurological condition which affects the dopamine transporters in the substantia nigra of the brain. Currently, over ten million people are living with this disease world-wide, with thousands of newly diagnosed and undiagnosed cases added every year. The disease is difficult to differentiate from other similar disorders, as symptoms widely vary and can mimic other conditions. Classic Parkinson's disease symptoms may look similar to essential tremor and other parkinsonian syndromes...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
Satoko Ohmatsu, Yusaku Takamura, Shintaro Fujii, Kohei Tanaka, Shu Morioka, Noritaka Kawashima
Eye tracking is an effective tool for identifying behavioural aspects of unilateral spatial neglect (USN), which is a common neurological syndrome that develops after a right hemisphere lesion. Here, we attempted to elucidate how the neglect symptom affects the symmetry of the gaze pattern, by performing an analysis of gaze distribution during the free viewing of a pair of horizontally flipped images. Based on their Behavioural Inattention Test (BIT) scores, 41 patients with right-hemisphere damage were classified into those with USN (n = 27) and those without USN (right hemisphere damaged - RHD; n = 14)...
December 14, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Jérémy Keraen, Estelle Blanc, Florent L Besson, Véronique Leguern, Céline Meyer, Julien Henry, Rakiba Belkhir, Gaétane Nocturne, Xavier Mariette, Raphaèle Seror
OBJECTIVES: Positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET-CT) with 18 F-FDG may be useful in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), but its usefulness for the diagnosis of lymphoma is unclear since it may reveal abnormalities due to systemic manifestations. We aimed to compare 18 F-FDG PET-CT between pSS patients with or without lymphoma, to identify patterns associated with lymphoma. METHODS: Retrospective study conducted in 2 centers including pSS patients (ACR/EULAR 2016 criteria) who undergone PET-CT...
January 7, 2019: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Sandip Sarkar
Bilateral Idiopathic Orbital Inflammation Syndrome (IOIS) is rare in adults. Most commonly it affects the young adults and children. It is mostly unilateral condition. This is a case of 50 years old male coming with the complaints of painless proptosis on both the eyes for 1 year. The history of diplopia was also found. On examination, it was found that there was restriction of movements in Right eye superiorly. Any history of associated systemic illness was not found. Based on the clinical examination, laboratory reports and contrast enhanced computed tomography (CECT) the diagnosis of Bilateral IOIS was made...
October 2018: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
Sarah Farukhi Ahmed, Kyle C McDermott, Wesley K Burge, I Ike K Ahmed, Devesh K Varma, Y Joyce Liao, Alan S Crandall, S Khizer R Khaderi
Historically, visual acuity has been the benchmark for visual function. It is used to measure therapeutic outcomes for vision-related services, products and interventions. Quantitative measurement of suboptimal visual acuity can potentially be corrected optically with proper refraction in some cases, but in many cases of reduced vision there is something else more serious that can potentially impact other aspects of visual function such as contrast sensitivity, color discrimination, peripheral field of view and higher-order visual processing...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Junaid-Nasim Malik, Seema Monga, Arun-Parkash Sharma, Nighat Nabi, Khaja Naseeruddin
Introduction: Eagle's syndrome is a constellation of signs secondary to an elongated styloid process or due to mineralization of the stylohyoid or stylomandibular ligament or the posterior belly of the digastric muscle. The syndrome includes symptoms ranging from stylalgia (i.e. pain in the tonsillar fossa, pharyngeal or hyoid region) to foreign-body sensation in the throat, cervicofacial pain, otalgia, or even increased salivation or giddiness. Materials and Methods: We describe a clinical study of 12 patients with Eagle's syndrome, along with their clinical profile and the treatment offered...
November 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Mustafa Koç, Hakan Artaş, Selami Serhatlıoğlu
Background/aim: This study aims to evaluate the incidence and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) findings of median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS). Materials and methods: Between January 2010 and September 2016 a total of 4028 patients who underwent angiography for MDCT based on the clinical indications for abdominal pain were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The typical signs of MALS were identified in a total of 141 (3.5%) patients...
December 12, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
So Young Kim, Jung Won Choi, Hyung-Jin Shin, So Young Lim
PURPOSE: Systematic examination of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) is important during the follow-up period after surgical repair of syndromic craniosynostosis. In these patients, postoperative progress can be unclear due to the involvement of multiple sutures and the high incidence of relapse due to the progressive nature of the disease and to genetic variability. In this study, we investigated the clinical manifestations of increased ICP in syndromic craniosynostosis patients before and after surgery...
January 2019: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Allison S Young, Sally M Rosengren, Miriam S Welgampola
Disorders of the inner-ear balance organs can be grouped by their manner of presentation into acute, episodic, or chronic vestibular syndromes. A sudden unilateral vestibular injury produces severe vertigo, nausea, and imbalance lasting days, known as the acute vestibular syndrome (AVS). A bedside head impulse and oculomotor examination helps separate vestibular neuritis, the more common and innocuous cause of AVS, from stroke. Benign positional vertigo, a common cause of episodic positional vertigo, occurs when otoconia overlying the otolith membrane falls into the semicircular canals, producing brief spells of spinning vertigo triggered by head movement...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Mario Mascalchi, Alessandra Vella
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) are the main instruments for neuroimaging investigation of patients with chronic ataxia. MRI has a predominant diagnostic role in the single patient, based on the visual detection of three patterns of atrophy, namely, spinal atrophy, cortical cerebellar atrophy and olivopontocerebellar atrophy, which correlate with the aetiologies of inherited or sporadic ataxia. In fact spinal atrophy is observed in Friedreich ataxia, cortical cerebellar atrophy in Ataxia Telangectasia, gluten ataxia and Sporadic Adult Onset Ataxia and olivopontocerebellar atrophy in Multiple System Atrophy cerebellar type...
2018: International Review of Neurobiology
Sergey G Gavrilov, Yekaterina P Moskalenko, Anatoly V Karalkin
OBJECTIVE: Concomitant varicose veins of the pelvis (VVP) and lower extremities (VVLE) frequently coexist. This study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF) in the treatment of patients with both conditions. METHODS: Female outpatients with concomitant VVP and VVLE received MPFF 1000 mg once daily for 2 months (Group 1), or 1000 mg twice daily for 1 month followed by 1000 mg once daily for 1 month (Group 2), based on pelvic pain intensity...
November 23, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
R Nick Hernandez, Christoph Wipplinger, Rodrigo Navarro-Ramirez, Athos Patsalides, Apostolos John Tsiouris, Philip E Stieg, Sertac Kirnaz, Franziska Anna Schmidt, Roger Härtl
BACKGROUND: Bow hunter syndrome describes a mechanical compression of the vertebral artery on head rotation leading to reversible symptomatic vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Patients are commonly presenting with syncope, vertigo, dizziness, and visual disturbances. These symptoms usually resolve when the head is turned back into neutral position. Treatment options involve surgical decompression with or without fusion, bypass surgery, or endovascular intervention. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report about a 49-year-old female who presented with vague neck pain and severe vertigo, nausea, and near syncope when her head turned up and right...
October 25, 2018: World Neurosurgery
J Collot, N Bletard, A Lamproye
Rarely encountered in the Western countries, membranous occlusion of the inferior vena cava results from a fibrous thickening of the intima and is commonly located at the orifices of the hepatic veins. To date, two etiopathogenic hypotheses have been formulated: the first, dealing with the embryological aspect, the second, arguing for a thrombotic origin. Nevertheless, several studies are still underway to understand the exact physiopathological mechanism of this obstruction. Among these studies, some suspect the predisposing role of anatomical and infectious factors...
November 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
Yoji Okahara, Kouji Takano, Masahiro Nagao, Kiyohiko Kondo, Yasuo Iwadate, Niels Birbaumer, Kenji Kansaku
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) enable communication with others and allow machines or computers to be controlled in the absence of motor activity. Clinical studies evaluating neural prostheses in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients have been performed; however, to date, no study has reported that ALS patients who progressed from locked-in syndrome (LIS), which has very limited voluntary movement, to a completely locked-in state (CLIS), characterized by complete loss of voluntary movements, were able to continue controlling neural prostheses...
November 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tanyatuth Padungkiatsagul, Anuchit Poonyathalang, Panitha Jindahra, Piyaphon Cheecharoen, Kavin Vanikieti
Background: Horner syndrome refers to a set of clinical presentations resulting from disruption of sympathetic innervation to the eye and adnexa. Classically, the clinical triad consists of ipsilateral blepharoptosis, pupillary miosis, and facial anhidrosis. Ocular sympathetic denervation may signify life-threatening causes. Timely investigation and accurate diagnosis are essential in patients with oculosympathetic denervation. Case presentation: A 33-year-old Asian man with a heavy smoking habit presented with a 3-week history of left ptosis and no other complaints...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Tae-Hwan Yoon, Chong-Hyuk Choi, Sung-Jae Kim, Yun-Rak Choi, Soon-Phil Yoon, Yong-Min Chun
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the natural history of intact rotator cuff in impingement syndrome patients with concomitant spur protruding from the undersurface of acromion. METHODS: This retrospective study included 119 patients with an intact rotator cuff who underwent conservative treatment for a spur protruding from the undersurface of the acromion. The protruded spur was defined as a trapezoid- or tetragon-shaped bony protrusion with a downward peak extending more than 3 mm in length from the baseline drawn along the acromial undersurface on the coronal view of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography arthrography (CTA)...
November 11, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Yuanyuan Ding, Hongxi Li, Peng Yao, Tao Hong, Rongjie Zhao, Guangyi Zhao
Background: Sacroiliac joint pain (SIJP) is an important cause of low back pain and seriously affects the patients' quality of life. Therefore, it is urgent to find effective treatment methods. Objective: To observe the efficacy of intra-articular (IA) conventional radiofrequency (CRF) and pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) treatment of Sacroiliac joint syndrome (SIJS) under computed tomography (CT) guidance. Study design: Retrospective comparative study...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
Taisuke Shiro, Takuya Akai, Takahiro Tomita, Satoshi Kuroda
We report the application of a three-dimensional skull model with vascular structures for occipital expansion in a patient who had developed occipital emissary veins. A 15-year-old boy visited a dentist for orthodontic treatment and was diagnosed with midface hypoplasia. He had undergone a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt at the age of 10 months. On visiting our institution, he was diagnosed with exophthalmos, low visual acuity, reversed bite, and developmental retardation. Moreover, he had sleep apnea and was supported with continuous positive airway pressure at night...
October 2018: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
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