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Peta Miller, Libby Brook, Norman J Stomski, Graeme Ditchburn, Paul Morrison
Objectives The primary objective of this study was to establish whether clinical depression and increased suicide risk differed between Australian fly-in, fly-out (FIFO) workers and their residential counterparts in the resources sector. We also sought to identify whether bullying and social support were associated with depression and suicide risk in this cohort. Methods A cross-sectional survey design was used. Completed questionnaires were received from 751 respondents who were employed in the Australian resources sector...
April 18, 2019: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Amanda L Rebar, Kristie-Lee Alfrey, Benjamin Gardner, Corneel Vandelanotte
OBJECTIVES: Fly-in, fly-out (FIFO) work involves long commutes, living on-site for consecutive days and returning home between shifts. This unique type of work requires constant transitioning between the roles and routines of on-shift versus off-shift days. This study aims to examine health behaviour patterns of FIFO workers and FIFO partners during on-shift and off-shift time frames. DESIGN: This study used ecological momentary assessment and multilevel modelling to examine daily health behaviours...
December 22, 2018: BMJ Open
Gordon B Parker Ao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Andrew Gorman-Murray, David Bissell
Mobile work is increasingly common. For our purposes, mobile work entails long-distance commuting arrangements with periods living away from the primary domestic residence that may be considered 'home'. Mobile work reconfigures the relational fabric of 'home', introducing multilocal mooring points into worker's lives, and thus reshaping the spatial and temporal patterns and meanings of dwelling. Geography and cognate disciplines have begun to investigate the spatialities and temporalities of mobile work and multilocal dwelling, including the complexities of space-time management, but as yet little attention has been given to implications and impacts on the wellbeing of workers and their families - this is despite growing concern for worker and family wellbeing in some mobile work sectors, such as FIFO mining...
May 2018: Health & Place
Benjamin Gardner, Kristie-Lee Alfrey, Corneel Vandelanotte, Amanda L Rebar
OBJECTIVES: Fly-in fly-out (FIFO) work involves commuting long distances to the worksite and living in provided accommodation for 1-4 weeks while on shift. While the potentially detrimental impact of FIFO work on the health and well-being of workers has been documented, little attention has been paid to how workers, or their partners, cope with this impact. This study sought to investigate how workers and their partners negotiate the impact of FIFO on their mental health and well-being...
March 5, 2018: BMJ Open
Miguel-Angel Luque-Nieto, José-Miguel Moreno-Roldán, Pablo Otero, Javier Poncela
In this work, a multi-hop string network with a single sink node is analyzed. A periodic optimal scheduling for TDMA operation that considers the characteristic long propagation delay of the underwater acoustic channel is presented. This planning of transmissions is obtained with the help of a new geometrical method based on a 2D lattice in the space-time domain. In order to evaluate the performance of this optimal scheduling, two service policies have been compared: FIFO and Round-Robin. Simulation results, including achievable throughput, packet delay, and queue length, are shown...
February 17, 2018: Sensors
Sebastian Stieber, Rainer Dorsch, Christian Haubelt
In the context of modern cyber-physical systems, the accuracy of underlying sensor data plays an increasingly important role in sensor data fusion and feature extraction. The raw events of multiple sensors have to be aligned in time to enable high quality sensor fusion results. However, the growing number of simultaneously connected sensor devices make the energy saving data acquisition and processing more and more difficult. Hence, most of the modern sensors offer a first-in-first-out (FIFO) interface to store multiple data samples and to relax timing constraints, when handling multiple sensor devices...
December 13, 2017: Sensors
Wenming Tang, Guixiong Liu, Yuzhong Li, Daji Tan
High data transmission efficiency is a key requirement for an ultrasonic phased array with multi-group ultrasonic sensors. Here, a novel FIFOs scheduling algorithm was proposed and the data transmission efficiency with hardware technology was improved. This algorithm includes FIFOs as caches for the ultrasonic scanning data obtained from the sensors with the output data in a bandwidth-sharing way, on the basis of which an optimal length ratio of all the FIFOs is achieved, allowing the reading operations to be switched among all the FIFOs without time slot waiting...
October 16, 2017: Sensors
Harshad Keskar, B Venkatesham
The prediction of transmission loss characteristics of a short chamber requires the study of both longitudinal as well as transverse modes. This prompts the development of a three-dimensional (3D) transfer matrix, which can address the wave propagation in all three directions. Accordingly, an analytical methodology for transmission loss characteristics of an annular cavity using Green's function method is presented in this paper. The 3D wave equation is used to derive the mode shape functions for the cavity...
September 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Xianglilan Zhang, Xiaofang Guo, Hang Fan, Qiumin Zhao, Shuqing Zuo, Qiang Sun, Guangqian Pei, Shi Cheng, Xiaoping An, Yunfei Wang, Zhiqiang Mi, Yong Huang, Zhiyi Zhang, Yigang Tong, Hongning Zhou, Jiusong Zhang
Menghai flavivirus (MFV) was isolated from Aedes albopictus in Menghai county of Yunnan Province, China, during an arboviruses screening program in August 2010. Whole genome sequencing of MFV was performed using an Ion PGM™ Sequencer. The complete genome of MFV was 10897 nucleotides in length and encoded a polyprotein and fairly interesting flavivirus orf (FIFO). The polyprotein contained three flavivirus structural proteins (C, prM/M and E) and seven nonstructural proteins. Nucleotide BLAST analysis revealed that the MFV genome showed highest similarity to Xishuangbanna Aedes flavivirus, a novel insect-specific flavivirus recently isolated from the same area...
May 2017: Archives of Virology
Angela Ebert, Karin Strehlow
Issue addressed The fly-in, fly-out (FIFO) work style has been linked to mental-health and interpersonal issues and a need for strategies that maintain a healthy workforce. This study investigated whether 24/7 on-site chaplains deliver a service that promotes the health and well being of FIFO personnel. Methods A phenomenological approach was used to explore the perceptions of FIFO personnel working in different roles and organisational sections on a remote mine site in Western Australia. Multi-pronged strategies recruited 29 participants who represented management, supervisors, workers and support staff...
August 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Rebecca R Langdon, Herbert C Biggs, Bevan Rowland
BACKGROUND: Australia's mineral, resource and infrastructure sectors continues to expand as operations in rural and remote locations increasingly rely on fly-in, fly-out or drive-in, drive-out workforces in order to become economically competitive. The issues in effectively managing these workforces are becoming more apparent with reported high amounts of turnover and concerns for safety and performance. The issues presented include a range of physical, mental, psychosocial, safety and community challenges...
October 17, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Yoon-Jee Kim, Sung-Eun Cho, Ji-Yong Um, Min-Kyun Chae, Jihoon Bang, Jongkeun Song, Taeho Jeon, Byungsub Kim, Jae-Yoon Sim, Hong-June Park
A 64-channel RX digital beamformer was implemented in a single chip for 3-D ultrasound medical imaging using 2-D phased-array transducers. The RX beamformer chip includes 64 analog front-end branches including 64 non-uniform sampling ADCs, a FIFO/Adder, and an on-chip look-up table (LUT). The LUT stores the information on the rising edge timing of the non-uniform ADC sampling clocks. To include the LUT inside the beamformer chip, the LUT size was reduced by around 240 times by approximating an ADC-sample-time profile w...
February 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Sharanyaa Shanmugakumar, Denese Playford, Tessa Burkitt, Marc Tennant, Tom Bowles
Objective Despite public interest in the rural workforce, there are few published data on the geographical distribution of Australia's rural surgeons, their practice skill set, career stage or work-life balance (on-call burden). Similarly, there has not been a peer-reviewed skills audit of rural training opportunities for surgical trainees. The present study undertook this baseline assessment for Western Australia (WA), which has some of the most remote practice areas in Australia. Methods Hospital staff from all WA Country Health Service hospitals with surgical service (20 of 89 rural health services) were contacted by telephone...
March 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Hang Fan, Qiumin Zhao, Xiaofang Guo, Qiang Sun, Shuqing Zuo, Chao Wu, Hongning Zhou, Xiaoping An, Guangqian Pei, Yigang Tong, Jiusong Zhang, Taoxing Shi
A new flavivirus, Xishuangbanna flavivirus (XFV), infecting Aedes albopictus mosquitoes in Yunnan Province, China, was isolated and sequenced. The single-stranded RNA genome of 10,884 nt contained two open reading frames (ORFs) encoding the polyprotein and FIFO. The genome had a maximum nucleotide sequence identity of 65 % to Parramatta River virus with coverage of only 27 %. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that this virus is most closely related to recognized classical insect-specific flaviviruses (cISF) and most likely has a similar host range...
June 2016: Archives of Virology
V Sarhangian, H Abouee-Mehrizi, O Baron, O Berman, N M Heddle, R Barty
BACKGROUND: Although recent randomized controlled trials have not found increased risk of morbidity/mortality with older red blood cells (RBCs), several large trials will be completed soon providing power to detect smaller risks if indeed they exist. Hence, there may still be a need for inventory management policies that could reduce the age of transfused RBCs without compromising availability or resulting in excessive outdates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a computer simulation model based on data from an acute care hospital in Hamilton, Ontario...
May 2016: Vox Sanguinis
Hai-Peng Wang, Zhi-Gong Wang, Xiao-Ying Lü, Zong-Hao Huang, Yu-Xuan Zhou
In this paper, a four-channel pulse-triggered functional electrical stimulator using complementary current source and time division output method is proposed for the research and application of functional electrical stimulation (FES). The high-voltage compliance and output impedance is increased by adopting the complementary current source, which can also realize the linear voltage-to-current conversion and high channel isolation. A high-voltage analog switch chip MAX14803, combined with a FIFO queue algorithm in the microprocessor, is used to setup the H-bridge and multiplexers for the four-channel time division multiplexing output...
August 2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Cristian Lieneck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: MGMA Connexion
Cathy O'Mullan, Joseph Debattista, Matthew Browne
Issue addressed The fly-in, fly-out (FIFO) and drive-in, drive-out (DIDO) models of mining in Australia have led to concerns about adverse health and psychosocial impacts. Despite speculation that increased levels of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Australia, including HIV, are associated with FIFO/DIDO work, we know little about sexual risk-taking behaviours in mining populations. This study explores differences in sexual risk taking and perceptions of risk between FIFO/DIDO miners and residential miners...
April 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Rafat Hussain, Myfanwy Maple, Sally V Hunter, Virginia Mapedzahama, Prasuna Reddy
CONTEXT: Rural Australians experience poorer health and poorer access to health care services than their urban counterparts, and there is a chronic shortage of health professionals in rural and remote Australia. Strategies designed to reduce this rural-urban divide include fly-in fly-out (FIFO) and drive-in drive-out (DIDO) services. The aim of this article is to examine the opportunities and challenges involved in these forms of service delivery. This article reviews recent literature relating to FIFO and DIDO healthcare services and discusses their benefits and potential disadvantages for rural Australia, and for health practitioners...
July 2015: Rural and Remote Health
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