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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30866635/situaci%C3%A3-n-actual-de-la-obesidad-infantil-en-m%C3%A3-xico
#1
Aleyda Pérez Herrera
La prevalencia de la obesidad a nivel mundial se ha incrementado dramáticamente en los últimos 30 años. La obesidad se define como una enfermedad crónica, compleja y multifactorial desfavorable para la salud, caracterizada por un aumento excesivo de grasa corporal. Se presenta cuando hay un desequilibrio entre la ingesta energética y el gasto calórico, que involucra factores genéticos y ambientales. Además, en la obesidad se manifiestan complicaciones metabólicas como la hiperglicemia, hipertrigliceridemia, bajos niveles de lipoproteínas de alta densidad (HDL) e hipertensión...
June 10, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30864454/zumo-de-pomelo-detecci%C3%A3-n-casual-y-prevenci%C3%A3-n-de-interacciones
#2
Silvia Cornejo Uixeda, Pilar Luna Calatayud, Agustín Sánchez Alcaraz
Señor editor:Durante los estudios como farmacéuticos, uno de los temas más relevantes que aprendemos son las interacciones y no solo entre fármacos sino también entre fármaco-alimento. Una de las interacciones clásicas es la concerniente al zumo de pomelo. Éste es un inhibidor del CYP 3A4 por lo que puede producir el aumento de la concentración de múltiples fármacos que se metabolizan por esta vía (p.ej: amiodarona, estatinas, alprazolam, etc).Durante la rotación de la residente de Farmacia Hospitalaria, por el Servicio de Nutrición, se programó un día para conocer el funcionamiento de la cocina central del hospital y la composición de las dietas terapéuticas...
December 21, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30839225/-evaluation-of-the-precision-and-accuracy-of-a-food-registry-survey-with-digital-image-support-in-real-time
#3
Anna Christina Pinheiro Fernandes, Jacqueline Alejandra Araneda Flores, Kiyomi Illanes Yamada, Catherine Pedraza Valencia
Introducción: las encuestas alimentarias son utilizadas para la determinación del consumo de alimentos y nutrientes a nivel poblacional y/o individual, aunque subestiman la ingesta en un 37% o más. La introducción de nuevas tecnologías como la imagen digital de la porción de consumo podría contribuir a disminuir el error de estimación para calorías y determinados macronutrientes. Objetivo: evaluar la precisión y exactitud del método de registro apoyado con imagen digital en tiempo real en la estimación de ingesta de calorías y macronutrientes en adultos jóvenes, considerándose como método de referencia el registro por pesada (RPP)...
June 8, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30839223/-trans-fatty-acids-and-conjugated-linoleic-acid-in-food-origin-and-biological-properties
#4
Pilar Gómez-Cortés, Miguel Ángel de la Fuente, Manuela Juárez
Los ácidos grasos trans (AGT) son componentes lipídicos minoritarios que se encuentran en distintos alimentos, entre ellos, aquellos derivados de animales rumiantes, que han merecido atención por su relación con el riesgo de incidir en enfermedades cardiovasculares. El origen de los AGT en los alimentos se encuentra mayoritariamente en los procesos de hidrogenación industrial de aceites vegetales insaturados y en las reacciones enzimáticas de biohidrogenación que tienen lugar, de forma natural, en el tracto digestivo de los rumiantes...
December 14, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30836762/-spectrographic-profile-of-normal-deglution-in-adults
#5
Miguel Antonio Vargas García
Introducción: la ausculta cervical digital plantea la identificación espectrográfica del sonido, comprendiendo el fenómeno físico-acústico de procesos normales deglutorios. Por ello, se busca fundamentar los aspectos evaluativos de la auscultación cervical a partir de la estructuración de un perfil espectrográfico por secciones, definido según la consecución fisiológica en fase faríngea. Método: se utiliza el fonendoscopio electrónico modelo 3200 de la marca Littman®, posicionado en el punto 11 del cuello, el cual permitirá dar paso a los procedimientos de análisis espectrográficos en conjunto con el software StethAssist...
June 28, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30652444/analysis-of-clinical-drug-trials-in-children-compared-to-clinical-drug-trials-in-adults-in-argentina
#6
Laura Traversi, Ricardo Bolaños
INTRODUCTION: It is necessary to know the extent and subject matter of pediatric clinical drug research in Argentina and establish the differences with the adult population. OBJECTIVES: To compare adult and pediatric clinical drug trials in terms of number, phase, design (placebo as control, proportion of blind/open-label trials), studied diseases. Specifically in pediatrics, to determine if studied diseases are consistent with the leading causes of infant and child mortality in Argentina...
February 1, 2019: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30605528/life-cycle-and-development-of-coptoborus-ochromactonus-coleoptera-curculionidae-scolytinae-a-pest-of-balsa
#7
Jessenia Castro, Sarah M Smith, Anthony I Cognato, Dolly Lanfranco, Malena Martinez, Marcelino Guachambala
Coptoborus ochromactonus Smith and Cognato is a recently described xyleborine ambrosia beetle pest associated with balsa, Ochroma pyramidale (Cav. Ex Lam.) Urb., in Ecuador. This pest has caused significant loss of cultivated balsa in Ecuador, but little is known of its biology and ecology. Based on examination of multiple gallery systems, this study describes the gallery pattern and life cycle of C. ochromactonus and confirms the generic identity of the symbiotic fungus. Females initiated attack, excavating a gallery perpendicular to the bole...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30273532/-school-agroecology-and-health-related-quality-of-life-to-adolescents
#8
Daniela Moyano, María Cecilia Scándolo, Nilda Raquel Perovic
The study aimed to evaluate the contribution of school agroecology to the quality of life related to health of adolescents of a school of Cordoba, Argentina. Feasibility study. It was a study quasi- experimental whit control group carried out in a middle-level public school. The sample consisted of 58 adolescents in the intervention group and 77 in the control group. After the intervention increased consumption of agro-ecological food (from 26% to 74% p<0,05). Changes were detected in acquired knowledge about agroecology in the classroom level going from 37% to 63% (p< 0,05)...
June 13, 2018: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30184359/molecular-detection-of-salmonella-spp-listeria-spp-and-brucella-spp-in-fresh-artisanal-cheese-marketed-in-the-city-of-barranquilla-a-pilot-study
#9
Zamira E Soto-Varela, Clara Gilma Gutiérrez, Yurina De Moya, Ramón Mattos, Hernando José Bolívar-Anillo, José Luis Villarreal
Introduction: Each year approximately 3 million people die as the result of foodborne diseases. The fresh artisan (handmade) cheese produced and distributed in the Colombian Caribbean region is a native product from the departments of Córdoba, Sucre, Bolívar, Atlántico, Magdalena, Cesar, and La Guajira. Its mass consumption increases the risk of infection with Salmonella spp., Listeria spp., and Brucella spp., as it is made with a very rustic technology, with unpasteurized cow milk, without standardized and hygienic procedures and its storage is inadequate...
August 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30137949/-taste-perception-as-a-risk-factor-for-childhood-obesity
#10
REVIEW
Ana Carolina Ariza, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Juan A Rivera
OBJECTIVE: Describir el papel de la percepción del gusto como factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de obesidad en niños. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ulos científicos publicados en PubMed entre el 1 de enero de 2011 y el 20 de marzo de 2016 para el tema sobrepeso y obesidad en niños de entre 0 y 12 años. Los algoritmos utilizados fueron (Obesity OR Overweight) AND Taste perception, Satiation, Satiety response, Appetite, Appetite regulation, Habituation, Taste receptors [MeSH] y PROP phenotype...
July 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29890102/-what-factors-do-a-group-of-women-mothers-of-buenos-aires-consider-when-choosing-their-food
#11
Marisa Beatriz Vazquez, Damián Conti, Natalia Hamicha, Gabriela Martínez, Mariana Paez, Verónica Zulez, Natalia Elorriaga
The promotion of healthy feeding for the child and family is essential to support the growth and the prevention and treatment of chronic no communicable diseases. Factors influencing food choices are varied. In childhood, although not exclusively, the mother essentially transmits food education. The objective was: to describe the reasons that consider a group of women-mothers of Buenos Aires when selecting food. A structured, self-administered food choice questionnaire with 39 motives was used and a principal component analysis was carried out to synthesize them into groups...
September 8, 2017: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29874712/metabolic-and-inflammatory-postprandial-effect-of-a-highly-saturated-fat-meal-and-its-relationship-to-abdominal-obesity
#12
Alicia Norma Alayón, Ana Patricia Rivadeneira, Carlos Herrera, Heidy Guzmán, Dioneris Arellano, Isabella Echeverri
Introduction: The postprandial stage is associated with the increase of markers related to cardiovascular risk, and its intensity depends on the metabolic state. Objective: To determine the impact of a high-fat meal intake on the metabolic and inflammatory profile, and its relationship to abdominal obesity. Materials and methods: This clinical trial included 42 individuals (21 with abdominal obesity). We measured glucose, insulin, lipid profile, reactive C protein, lipopolysaccharides, and interleukin 6 in fasting blood, and four hours after eating...
May 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29676866/detecci%C3%A3-n-y-expresi%C3%A3-n-de-superant%C3%A3-genos-y-de-resistencia-antimicrobiana-en-aislamientos-obtenidos-de-mujeres-portadoras-de-staphylococcus-aureus-que-cuidan-y-alimentan-ni%C3%A3-os
#13
Yina Marcela Guaca-González, Gladys Fernanda Flórez-Restrepo, José Ignacio Moncayo-Ortíz, Jorge Santacruz-Ibarra, Adalucy Álvarez-Aldana
Introducción. Staphylococcus aureus coloniza mucosas y piel, y causa graves infecciones en el hombre y los animales. Es importante establecer el estatus de portadoras de cepas enterotoxigénicas de este microorganismo en manipuladoras de alimentos, con el fin de prevenir intoxicaciones alimentarias.Objetivo. Establecer las correlaciones entre los genes de enterotoxinas clásicas, el gen tsst-1, la producción de toxinas en cultivo y la resistencia antimicrobiana en aislamientos de S. aureus provenientes de manipuladoras de alimentos que cuidan niños en sus comunidades...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29655546/late-left-ventricular-rupture-as-a-complication-of-neochord-implantation-for-mitral-valve-repair
#14
Samer Kassem, Gabriella Ricciardi, Luca Salvi, Marina Alimento
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28991272/glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-in-the-opuntia-ficus-indica-fruit
#15
María de Jesús Ibarra-Salas, Hilda Irene Novelo-Huerta, Marcela Alejandra De León-Salas, Mayra Elisa Sánchez-Murillo, María Del Carmen Mata-Obregón, Aurora de Jesús Garza-Juárez
There is evidence that support the clinical usage of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) in the prevention of chronic disease. Objective: To determine the GI and GL of the Opuntia ficus-indica fruit. Methodology: An analytic, transversal study was made involving 25 healthy volunteers accepted by an informed consent with a normal body mass index, glucose, glycoside hemoglobin, cholesterol and serum triglycerides. The homogeneity of the population was evaluated with anthropometrical and biochemical data using principal component analysis (PCA)...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28986845/protocol-for-the-production-of-a-vaccine-against-argentinian-hemorrhagic-fever
#16
Ana María Ambrosio, Mauricio Andrés Mariani, Andrea Soledad Maiza, Graciela Susana Gamboa, Sebastián Edgardo Fossa, Alejando Javier Bottale
Argentinian hemorrhagic Fever (AHF) is a febrile, acute disease caused by Junín virus (JUNV), a member of the Arenaviridae. Different approaches to obtain an effective antigen to prevent AHF using complete live or inactivated virus, as well as molecular constructs, have reached diverse development stages. This chapter refers to JUNV live attenuated vaccine strain Candid #1, currently used in Argentina to prevent AHF. A general standardized protocol used at Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas (Pergamino, Pcia...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28627211/egg-intake-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-scientifi-c-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
Catalina Dussaillant, Guadalupe Echeverría, Jaime Rozowski, Nicolás Velasco, Antonio Arteaga, Attilio Rigotti
Eggs are a highly nutritive food. They contain high quality protein and several nutrients with potential health benefi ts. Nevertheless, the appearance of cardiovascular disease as an important public health issue, with high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide, along with the identifi cation of high blood cholesterol levels as a risk factor for this disease, was responsible for the advice to limit dietary cholesterol (and, therefore, eggs) that was promoted by health care professionals and institutions during the 70s...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28421809/recommended-energy-and-nutrients-intakes-in-the-european-union-2008-2016
#18
REVIEW
Antoni García Gabarra, Marta Castellà Soley, Alicia Calleja Fernández
The aim of this document is to refl ect the changes happened in the European Union legislation and the opinions of the European Food Safety Authority in relation to the nutritional labeling on food, the reference values for energy, macronutrients and micronutrients, and the tolerable upper safe levels. The European legislation in force uses the labeling reference values established by the Scientific Committee on Food in 2003. There would be advisable an update of them from the reference values for vitamins and minerals established by the European Food Safety Authority...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28421801/attitudes-of-chilean-students-from-different-socioeconomic-levels-at-the-beginning-of-the-implementation-of-the-law-governing-the-sale-and-advertising-of-foods-high-in-critical-nutrients
#19
Sonia Olivares Cortes, Jacqueline Araneda Flores, Gladys Morales Illanes, Bárbara Leyton Dinamarca, Nelly Bustos Zapata, María Angélica Hernández Moreno, María Teresa Oyarzún Macchiavello
Background: On June 27th 2016 the law that regulates sale and advertising of foods high in critical nutrients was implemented in Chile. This law regulates the processed food packaging labelling of foods high in calories, saturated fats, sugars and sodium. Objective: To determine 8-12 year old school children attitudes, from different socioeconomic levels (SEL) and nutritional status, toward the new food labelling law. Methods: A previously validated survey was applied, adding questions regarding the new logos to be added on the packaging of foods and beverages...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28421781/contribution-of-bioavailable-iron-and-zinc-to-the-diet-of-honduran-children-under-24-month
#20
Lorena Fernández-Palacios, Gaspar Ros-Berruezo, Elsa Barrientos-Augustinus, Elizabeth Jirón de Caballero, Carmen Frontela-Saseta
Objective: In the present study we analyzed 18 baby food (10 made from traditional Honduran recipes, and 8 industrial baby food sold in that country) involving the staple food of Honduran excluded infants breast milk and infant formulas. Material and methods: The content and bioaccesibility (soluble and dialysable fractions) of Fe and Zn were determined. For thisin vitro gastrointestinal digestion in a first phase of gastric digestion (pepsin) followed by a second phase of intestinal digestion (with pancreatin and bile salts) was simulated...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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