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Ntm Computational

Abdulrahman Hakami, Evita Zwartkruis, Teodora Radonic, Johannes M A Daniels
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary carcinoids are included in the group of neuroendocrine tumors (NET) and derive from pulmonary neuroendocrine cells. The incidence of these tumors is increasing, but disease awareness remains low among clinicians. The synchronous presentation of lung cancer and mycobacterial infection is well known but the combination of pulmonary carcinoid and mycobacterial infection is rare. CASE PRESENTATION: We treated a 45-year-old female who presented with recurrent pneumonia...
February 15, 2019: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Saad Habib, Kartikeya Rajdev, Sami Pervaiz, Abdul Hasan Siddiqui, Mohammed Azam, Michel Chalhoub
Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are a significant cause of pulmonary infection worldwide and can be clinically challenging. Mycobacterium xenopi (M. xenopi) has low pathogenicity and usually requires either host immune impairment, as in the case of a human immunodeficiency virus infection, or a structural lung disease to cause a clinical disease. Comorbidities have an essential role in M. xenopi occurrence. Herein, we present a rare case of pulmonary cavitary disease caused by M. xenopi complicated by respiratory failure and superinfection in a patient with a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
October 29, 2018: Curēus
Tatsuya Kusumoto, Takanori Asakura, Shoji Suzuki, Satoshi Okamori, Ho Namkoong, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Kazuma Yagi, Hirofumi Kamata, Makoto Ishii, Tomoko Betsuyaku, Naoki Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: As lung cancer development in patients with nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease (NTM-LD) has never been reported, we investigated its incidence and clinical characteristics. METHODS: Prospective observational cohort registry (from June 2012 to June 2017), and retrospective identification by the International Classification of Diseases, tenth revision (between March 2010 and March 2018), were used to identify NTM-LD patients aged ≥20 years who developed lung cancer...
December 28, 2018: Respiratory Investigation
Judith Provoost, Florent Valour, Delphine Gamondes, Sandrine Roux, Nathalie Freymond, Emilie Perrot, Pierre-Jean Souquet, Lize Kiakouama-Maleka, Christian Chidiac, Gérard Lina, Oana Dumitrescu, Agathe Sénéchal, Florence Ader
BACKGROUND: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) lung diseases are increasingly recognized as chronic opportunistic infections, occurring in individuals with a wide variety of underlying conditions. In the absence of systemic immunodeficiency, decision of NTM lung disease treatment must relies on a careful risk/benefit assessment, given the requirement of long-term administration of multidrug therapies supported by limited evidence. The primary objective was to identify the factors associated with anti-NTM treatment initiation...
December 14, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Naohisa Urabe, Susumu Sakamoto, Go Sano, Ai Ito, Sakae Homma
BACKGROUND: We occasionally treat patients with clinically suspected pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection and negative MAC culture on bronchoscopy. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of bronchoscopy in patients with suspected MAC lung disease with nodular bronchiectasis on chest computed tomography (CT) and to clarify the clinical characteristics of these patients. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 71 patients with clinically suspected pulmonary MAC infection on chest CT who underwent bronchoscopy...
October 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Keisuke Watanabe, Masaharu Shinkai, Masahiro Shinoda, Takeshi Kaneko
Backgrounds: Bronchiectasis (BE) with nodules on chest computed tomography (CT) is one of the radiological findings of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) lung disease. However, the NTM lung disease is not diagnosed in some patients who undergo bronchoscopy, though their radiological findings show BE with nodules. We need the indicator to distinguish the patients who would not be given the diagnosis of NTM lung disease with bronchoscopy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of the patients who underwent bronchoscopy from January 2010 to July 2013 at our hospital because sputum test had not yielded the diagnosis of NTM lung disease or the patients had been unable to produce sputum, though their chest CT had shown BE with nodules...
April 2018: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Jayaseelan Murugaiyan, Astrid Lewin, Elisabeth Kamal, Zofia Bakuła, Jakko van Ingen, Vit Ulmann, Miren J Unzaga Barañano, Joanna Humięcka, Aleksandra Safianowska, Uwe H Roesler, Tomasz Jagielski
Mycobacterium kansasii is an emerging non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) pathogen capable of causing severe lung disease. Of the seven currently recognized M. kansasii genotypes (I-VII), genotypes I and II are most prevalent and have been associated with human disease, whereas the other five (III-VII) genotypes are predominantly of environmental origin and are believed to be non-pathogenic. Subtyping of M. kansasii serves as a valuable tool to guide clinicians in pursuing diagnosis and to initiate the proper timely treatment...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Michael Chavarria, Larry Lutwick, Bonny L Dickinson
Mycobacterium celatum is a slow-growing, non-tuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) and a rare cause of infection in humans. Infection occurs primarily by inhalation or direct inoculation from environmental sources, and this pathogen has been reported to cause localized infections in the lungs and lymph nodes of both immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients, and disseminated disease in immunocompromised patients. Here, we present a case of pulmonary infection with M. celatum in an immunocompetent 68-year-old male with clinical features similar to tuberculosis...
2018: IDCases
Hiroaki Nagano, Takeshi Kinjo, Yuichiro Nei, Shin Yamashiro, Jiro Fujita, Tomoo Kishaba
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) lung disease is increasing globally. Although the etiological epidemiology of NTM is different across regions, Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is the leading cause of NTM lung disease in most countries, including mainland Japan. Okinawa is located in the southernmost region of Japan and is the only prefecture categorized as a subtropical region in Japan, it is therefore likely the etiological epidemiology of NTM lung disease is different from mainland Japan. From 2009 to 2015, the medical records of patients, with respiratory specimens positive for NTMs, visiting or admitted to two Okinawan hospitals, were retrospectively analyzed...
2017: PloS One
T Lee, J Y Park, H Y Lee, H-J Lim, J S Park, Y-J Cho, T J Kim, K W Lee, J H Lee, C-T Lee, H I Yoon
BACKGROUND: The nodular bronchiectatic (NB) form of non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) lung disease usually involves the right middle lobe (RML) and the left upper lobe lingular segment. However, the reason underlying this preference is not known. METHODS: Fifty patients with NB NTM lung disease who had both positive NTM culture(s) and NB lesions in the RML or lingular segment on computed tomography (CT) of the chest, and 100 healthy subjects matched for sex, age, height and body weight with normal chest CT, were randomly selected...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Jia Cong, Chenxi Wang, Li Ma, Shaoya Zhang, Jingwen Wang
RATIONALE: Mycobacterium fortuitum (M.fortuitum) is one of the rapidly growing nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) that is widespread in the environment. M.fortuitum can cause different types of disease including pulmonary disease, lymphadenitis, cutaneous disease, and disseminated disease. However, the infection presenting as septicemia is exceedingly rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 48-year-old immunocompromised male with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type was admitted to the hospital because of high fever for 10 days...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Cherry Kim, So Hee Park, Sang Young Oh, Sung-Soo Kim, Kyung-Wook Jo, Tae Sun Shim, Mi Young Kim
OBJECTIVES: This article focuses on the differences between CT findings of HIV-negative patients who have cavities with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) disease and those with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections (TB). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 128 NTM disease patients (79 males and 49 females) with cavities in chest CT, matched for age and gender with 128 TB patients in the same period. Sputum cultures of all patients were positive for pathogens. Two independent chest radiologists evaluated the characteristics of the largest cavity and related factors...
2017: PloS One
Ayeh Baghizadeh, Payam Mehrian, Poopak Farnia
Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) pulmonary infections can be quite similar to tuberculosis, both clinically and radiologically. However, the treatment protocol is not similar. Mycobacterium simiae is a rare cause of NTM pulmonary infection. Herein, we aimed to evaluate and compare the computed tomography (CT) scan findings of M. simiae infection in lungs. For this reason, thirty-four patients (n = 34) with M. simiae lung infection were retrospectively evaluated. Diagnosis was confirmed by American Thoracic Society (ATS) guidelines and CT scans were reviewed in both lung and mediastinal windows...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
J Simar, L Belkhir, B Tombal, E André
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant therapy with bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), a live attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis, has become the treatment of choice for low-risk superficial bladder carcinoma following transurethral resection of the bladder. Complications following vesical BCG instillations are uncommon but, in some cases, severe side-effects can occur such as sepsis or mycotic aneurysm. Besides usual laboratory techniques used for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) infections (smear microscopy and cultures), commercial immunochromatographic assays detecting MBP64, a 24 kDa M...
January 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Timothy R Aksamit, Anne E O'Donnell, Alan Barker, Kenneth N Olivier, Kevin L Winthrop, M Leigh Anne Daniels, Margaret Johnson, Edward Eden, David Griffith, Michael Knowles, Mark Metersky, Matthias Salathe, Byron Thomashow, Gregory Tino, Gerard Turino, Betsy Carretta, Charles L Daley
OBJECTIVES: We sought to describe the characteristics of adult patients with bronchiectasis enrolled in the US Bronchiectasis Research Registry (BRR). METHODS: The BRR is a database of patients with non-cystic-fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB) enrolled at 13 sites in the United States. Baseline demographic, spirometric, imaging, microbiological, and therapeutic data were entered into a central Internet-based database. Patients were subsequently analyzed by the presence of NTM...
May 2017: Chest
Su Jin Hong, Tae Jung Kim, Jae-Ho Lee, Jeong-Soo Park
To describe the features and clinical implications of computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET), and percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy (PCNB) in pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) disease manifesting as a solitary nodule, mass, or mass-like consolidation mimicking malignancy.Among a cohort of 388 patients with NTM pulmonary disease, 14 patients with clinically and radiologically suspected lung cancer were included in our study. Two chest radiologists evaluated CT features, including lesion type (nodule, mass, or mass-like consolidation), morphologic features (margin, degree of enhancement, calcification), and presence of accompanying findings suggestive of NTM pulmonary disease (bronchiectasis with clustered centrilobular nodules or upper-lobe cavitary lesions) by consensus...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Emily Kay-Rivest, Sarah Bouhabel, Matthew Thomas Oughton, Michael Peter Hier
Infection with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is uncommon in the head and neck; therefore there is no clear consensus on treating these infections. Our objective was to report our experience with a unique case of NTM infection of the parotid in an immunocompetent patient, in order to determine appropriate management through our experience with this pathology. A 57-year-old man, known for numerous comorbid diseases, presented to our institution complaining of right parotid swelling and pain. A computed tomography (CT) of the neck showed a multiloculated collection in the inferior portion of the right parotid gland, compatible with abscess formation...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
Jason E Stout, Won-Jung Koh, Wing Wai Yew
Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are emerging worldwide as significant causes of chronic pulmonary infection, posing a number of challenges for both clinicians and researchers. While a number of studies worldwide have described an increasing prevalence of NTM pulmonary disease over time, population-based data are relatively sparse and subject to ascertainment bias. Furthermore, the disease is geographically heterogeneous. While some species are commonly implicated worldwide (Mycobacterium avium complex, Mycobacterium abscessus), others (e...
April 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Nakwon Kwak, Chang Hyun Lee, Hyun-Ju Lee, Young Ae Kang, Jae Ho Lee, Sung Koo Han, Jae-Joon Yim
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the accuracy and inter-observer agreement of non-tuberculous mycobacterial lung disease (NTM-LD) diagnosis based on chest CT findings. METHODS: Two chest radiologists and two pulmonologists interpreted chest CTs of 66 patients with NTM-LD, 33 with pulmonary tuberculosis and 33 with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. These observers selected one of these diagnoses for each case without knowing any clinical information except age and sex...
December 2016: European Radiology
S Izhakian, W G Wasser, L Fuks, B Vainshelboim, B D Fox, O Fruchter, M R Kramer
Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFBr) is a major cause of morbidity due to frequent infectious exacerbations. We analyzed the influence of patient age and bronchiectasis location on the bacterial profile of patients with NCFBr. This retrospective cohort study included 339 subjects diagnosed with an infectious exacerbation of NCFBr during the 9-year period between January 2006 and December 2014. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cultures and high-resolution computed tomography scans (HRCT) were utilized to characterize the location of the bronchiectasis and bacteriologic pathogenic profile...
May 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
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