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Insomnia AND Epidemiology

Yutong Dong, Frances Margaret Yang
The prevalence of hypertension and depression is high in older populations. Moreover, their comorbidity may significantly increase morbidity and mortality. However, the risk factors contributing to both health conditions are not well understood. Older individuals are prone to insomnia; thus we hypothesized that having more insomnia symptoms increases risk for incident hypertension and depression over time. The sample consisted of a longitudinal population-based study of community-dwelling older individuals, from the 2008-2016 waves of the Health and Retirement Study, sampled across the United States...
February 8, 2019: Preventive Medicine
Alvisa Palese, Lucia Cadorin, Marco Testa, Tommaso Geri, Luana Colloca, Giacomo Rossettini
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe contextual factors (CFs) used by nurses to increase placebo and to prevent nocebo effects. BACKGROUND: Placebo effects have been studied in the nursing discipline, but nocebo effects still remain unexplored. Recently, a set of CFs functioning as triggers of placebo/nocebo effects has been described; however, its use in daily care has never been documented to date. DESIGN: A national cross-sectional survey, according to the Checklist for Reporting Results of Internet E-Surveys guidelines and STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE), was performed in 2016...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Katarina Danielsson, Aysegül Sakarya, Markus Jansson-Fröjmark
During puberty, there is a delay in sleep patterns and the circadian clock, and the prevalence of sleep difficulties is high among young adults. Thus, it is important to be able to measure chronotype (CT) in this group, both in the clinic and for broader epidemiological studies, to better understand the sleep difficulties observed. The reduced version of one of the most widely used questionnaire to measure CT, the Horne & Östberg Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ), has been developed and validated in many languages...
January 7, 2019: Chronobiology International
Qi-Fang Lin, Qiao-Qing Xia, Yu-Li Zeng, Xiao-Yang Wu, Lin-Feng Ye, Long-Teng Yao, Yong-Tong Xin, Gen-Bin Huang
Migraine is a relatively common disease that is associated with high disability and reduced quality-of-life. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, epidemiological characteristics, and risk factors of migraine in Han Chinese from Fujian Province, China.A cross-sectional epidemiological survey study was conducted to evaluate characteristics of migraine in Han Chinese. Demographic and clinical data were collected through a survey administered in face-to-face interviews by trained investigators, and a physical exam and symptom review were performed...
December 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yi Zhou, Brian D Greenwald
Sleep disturbance after traumatic brain injury (TBI) has received growing interest in recent years, garnering many publications. Insomnia is highly prevalent within the mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) population and is a subtle, frequently persistent complaint that often goes undiagnosed. For individuals with mTBI, problems with sleep can compromise the recovery process and impede social reintegration. This article updates the evidence on etiology, epidemiology, prognosis, consequences, differential diagnosis, and treatment of insomnia in the context of mild TBI...
December 13, 2018: Brain Sciences
Ricky Hsu, Jennifer Fusco, Cassidy Henegar, Karam Mounzer, Michael Wohlfeiler, Vani Vannappagari, Michael Aboud, Lloyd Curtis, Gregory Fusco
Background: Psychiatric outcomes are common among people living with HIV and may be associated with specific antiretroviral use. We evaluated the occurrence of psychiatric outcomes in patients taking dolutegravir (DTG)-containing regimens compared with five other core agents. Methods: Patients in the OPERA database prescribed regimens based on DTG, efavirenz (EFV), raltegravir (RAL), darunavir (DRV), rilpivirine (RPV), or elvitegravir (EVG) for the first time between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2015 were analyzed...
December 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
Imran Wasfi Khan, Ruchi Juyal, Deep Shikha, Ravi Gupta
Background: Insomnia is a common problem, however, its prevalence has never been examined in Indian population. Moreover, a number of psychiatric disorders have been found to be associated with insomnia in clinical population, but this association has scarcely been examined in general population. Methods: This epidemiological study was done in an urban and a rural population. Subjects were selected using Kish method. After obtaining informed consent, psychiatric disorders were diagnosed using Hindi version of Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
May 2018: Sleep Science
Martha J Greenberg, Jason T Slyer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the review was to identify the effectiveness of Silexan oral lavender essential oil compared to inhaled lavender essential oil aromatherapy for sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep quality, disturbed sleep and anxiety in adult patients. INTRODUCTION: Insomnia is a common problem, with 10-20% of the global population using sleep aids. Benzodiazepine and non-benzodiazepine sleep aids have the potential to cause side effects which may result in falls or other injuries...
November 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Dawn C Buse, Jeanetta C Rains, Jelena M Pavlovic, Kristina M Fanning, Michael L Reed, Aubrey Manack Adams, Richard B Lipton
OBJECTIVES: We examined the cross-sectional association of sleep apnea and indices of sleep quality with both episodic migraine (EM) and chronic migraine (CM). BACKGROUND: Sleep apnea and abnormal patterns of sleep, such as insomnia, were associated with migraine onset, severity, and progression in previous research. METHODS: The Chronic Migraine Epidemiology & Outcomes Study, a longitudinal study, used a series of web-based surveys to assess migraine symptoms, burden, and patterns of health care utilization...
November 1, 2018: Headache
Eric B Larson
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance plays a significant role in cognitive impairment following traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVES: To summarize recent findings that examine sleep disturbance and cognition in TBI. METHODS: Epidemiological information on sleep disorders in people with TBI is presented. A simple introduction to the role of sleep in normal cognition provides context for the literature on clinical populations. Current theory on the mechanisms underlying cognitive problems in people with sleep disorder is briefly described...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
Nuška Čakš Jager, Mara Popović, Mateja Blaško Markič, Alenka Kraigher
Introduction: The objective was to present the results of surveillance of prion diseases in Slovenia that was established in 1996 and then to assess the interdisciplinary approach according to the algorithm of case management and reporting data to the National Register at the National Institute of Public Health. Methods: A descriptive study of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) recorded in the period from 1996 to 2017 was carried out. Results: A total of 123 cases of prion disease were notified between 1996 and 2017...
December 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
Tatsuya Ishitake
We investigated whether long-term exposure to low-frequency noise generated by wind power facilities is a risk factor for sleep disorders. We performed an epidemiological study of the living environment and health effects of such noise by surveying 9,000 residents (≥20 years of age) living in areas with operational wind power facilities. Sleep disorders were assessed using the Athens Insomnia Scale. To assess environmental noise in residential areas near wind turbines, infrasound and low-frequency sound exposure levels were measured at 50 community centers of a town...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Mark Olfson, Melanie Wall, Shang-Min Liu, Charles M Morin, Carlos Blanco
OBJECTIVE: This analysis characterizes the individual-level and population-level burden of insomnia in relation to other medical conditions and describes the comorbidity of insomnia with other medical conditions, including the dependence of these comorbidities on pain, life events, and mental disorders. METHODS: Information from 34,712 adults in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (2012-2013) was analyzed. Quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) were measured with the SF-6D, a 6-dimensional health state classification derived from the Short-Form-12, version 2...
September 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Michael R Irwin, Gemma Archer, Richard Olmstead, Todd T Brown, Linda A Teplin, Sanjay R Patel, Alison G Abraham, Elizabeth C Breen
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance is a known risk factor for depression, but it is not known whether sleep disturbance contributes to greater risk of depression in those infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV+) as compared to those uninfected with HIV (HIV-). METHODS: Using data from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study, a population-based prospective study of men who have sex with men (MSM), self-reported sleep disturbance (>2 weeks) and depressive symptoms (Clinical Epidemiologic Scale for Depression, CES-D) were assessed every 6 months over 12 years of follow-up...
October 2018: EBioMedicine
Huarong Xu, Zhenru Wang, Lin Zhu, Zhenyu Sui, Wenchuan Bi, Ran Liu, Kaishun Bi, Qing Li
Epidemiological, cross-sectional, and prospective studies have suggested that insomnia, Alzheimer's disease (AD) and depression are mutually interacting conditions and frequently co-occur. The monoamine and amino acid neurotransmitter systems in central nervous system were involved in the examination of neurobiological processes of this symptom complex. However, few studies have reported systematic and contrastive discussion of different neurotransmitters (NTs) changing in these neurological diseases. Thus, it is necessary to establish a reliable analytical method to monitoring NTs and their metabolite levels in rat brain tissues for elucidating the differences in pathophysiology of these neurological diseases...
September 17, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Nick Glozier, Helen Christensen, Kathleen M Griffiths, Ian B Hickie, Sharon L Naismith, Daniel Biddle, Simon Overland, Frances Thorndike, Lee Ritterband
OBJECTIVE: Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia is efficacious for insomnia, and post hoc analyses suggest mood improvements. We undertook the first clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia on depressive symptoms as an adjunct to guideline-based treatment of depressive disorders. METHODS: Older men undergoing psychiatrist-coordinated treatment for major depressive disorder or dysthymia and who had significant insomnia symptoms were randomised to either adjunctive Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (Sleep Healthy Using The Internet) or online sleep psychoeducation...
September 7, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Peyman Arasteh, Najmeh Maharlouei, Seyed Sajjad Eghbali, Mitra Amini, Kamran B Lankarani, Reza Malekzadeh
BACKGROUND After the introduction of the Rome IV criteria for the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), studies on the clinical significance of the new criteria in the settings of a large study has been scarce. Objective: Herein we used the infrastructures provided by one the largest cohort studies in Iran to evaluate the epidemiological features related to IBS. METHODS A total of 9264 participants, were enrolled in the initial registry. Diagnosis of IBS was done using the Rome IV criteria. Individuals with IBS were compared with a control group...
July 2018: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
Daniel I Rifkin, Michael W Long, Melissa J Perry
From disaster related stress causing insomnia, to poor air quality causing sleep related breathing problems, climate change poses a potentially serious threat to human sleep. We conducted a systematic review evaluating the relationship between climate change and human sleep in the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases from 1980 through 2017 following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Inclusion criteria included epidemiologic studies published in English that reported observational population data on human sleep and its relationship to climate change, temperature, extreme weather events and climate related disasters (e...
December 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Johanna T Pietikäinen, Päivi Polo-Kantola, Pirjo Pölkki, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Tiina Paunio, E Juulia Paavonen
In the general population, sleeping problems can precede an episode of depression. We hypothesized that sleeping problems during pregnancy, including insomnia symptoms, shortened sleep, and daytime tiredness, are related to maternal postnatal depressiveness. We conducted a prospective study evaluating sleep and depressive symptoms, both prenatally (around gestational week 32) and postnatally (around 3 months after delivery) in the longitudinal CHILD-SLEEP birth cohort in Finland. Prenatally, 1667 women returned the questionnaire, of which 1398 women participated also at the postnatal follow-up...
August 18, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Rachel P Ogilvie, Sanjay R Patel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of the mechanistic and epidemiologic evidence linking sleep-related exposures, such as short sleep duration, obstructive sleep apnea, shift work, and insomnia, with type 2 diabetes risk in adults. RECENT FINDINGS: Both poor sleep habits and sleep disorders are highly prevalent among adults with type 2 diabetes. In observational studies, short sleep duration, obstructive sleep apnea, shift work, and insomnia are all associated with higher risk of incident type 2 diabetes and may predict worse outcomes in those with existing diabetes...
August 17, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
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