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Compulsive exercise

María Roncero, Amparo Belloch, Guy Doron
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling condition with a wide variety of clinical presentations including contamination fears, fear of harm, and relationship-related obsessions. Cognitive behavioral models of OCD suggest that OC symptoms result from catastrophic misinterpretations of commonly occurring intrusive experiences and associated dysfunctional strategies used to manage them. OCD-related maladaptive beliefs including inflated responsibility, importance and control of thoughts, perfectionism, and intolerance for uncertainty increase the likelihood of such misinterpretations...
February 13, 2019: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Ana M Abrantes, Samantha G Farris, Richard A Brown, Benjamin D Greenberg, David R Strong, Nicole C McLaughlin, Deborah Riebe
BACKGROUND: The acute effects of aerobic exercise on improved mood and anxiety reduction have been demonstrated across clinical and nonclinical populations. Limited work has evaluated the acute effects of aerobic exercise on negative affect, obsessions, and compulsions in patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). METHOD: Fifty-five patients (64% female) with treatment-resistant OCD were randomized to either 12 weeks of aerobic exercise (AE) or health education contact (HEC) control...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Jan H Rosenvinge, Oddgeir Friborg, Gunn Pettersen, Kari Anne Vrabel, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
Background: Dysfunctional thoughts- and use of physical activity (PA) are core symptoms of the eating disorders (ED) bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED). The compulsive desire for PA complicates a favourable treatment outcome; hence, regular, adapted PA led by personnel with competence in exercise science is rarely part of treatment of BN and BED. The present study compared cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) with a new treatment combining physical exercise and dietary therapy (PED-t) with respect to the short- and long-term changes in the level of compulsive exercise and actual level of PA in women with BN or BED...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Elisa Rodríguez-Ortega, Inmaculada Cubero
Drug addiction is a chronic disorder comprising components of both impulsivity and compulsivity in the so called "addiction cycle" which develops over time from early non-dependent, repetitive, binge-consumption to later post-dependent compulsive consumption. Thus, frequent binge-like intake is a typical pattern of excessive drug intake characteristic of the pre-dependent phase of the addiction cycle, which represent an important risk factor to develop addiction in vulnerable individuals. In this framework, it is of paramount interest to further understand the earliest stage of the addiction cycle so novel approaches would emerge aimed to control repetitive episodes of binge-consumption in non-dependent subjects, protecting vulnerable individuals from transition to dependence...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Carolyn R Plateau, Sarah Bone, Emily Lanning, Caroline Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships between the use of food intake and activity monitoring tools with compulsive exercise, eating psychopathology, and psychological wellbeing. METHOD: Participants (N = 352; mean age 21.90 years) indicated their use of activity and food intake monitoring tools, and completed the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET), Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), and the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS). RESULTS: Users of monitoring tools reported significantly higher CET and EDE-Q scores than nonusers...
December 3, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Nina Dittmer, Corinna Jacobi, Ulrich Voderholzer
Background: Compulsive exercise has been recognized as a highly prevalent symptom in eating disorders (ED) for over 100 years and is associated with poor short-term and long-term treatment outcome. Progress in understanding and treatment of compulsive exercise will remain limited as long as no consensus framework for definition and assessment of compulsive exercise exists, as results cannot be compared across clinical studies.Based on existing literature, it was our aim to propose a transdiagnostic definition and a clinical assessment for compulsive exercise, that can be applied to adolescent and adult patients with ED...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Dana Badau, Adela Badau
Background : The study was focused on identifying the relationship between the incidence of exercise dependence attitudes, the level of body perception, and preferences for use of fitness technology monitoring. Methods: We investigated 241 students from physical education and sports specializations. We used a questionnaire structured in 5 parts: personal information (age, gender, weight, height, and institutional membership), Exercise Dependence Scale-R (EDS-21), the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET), Body perception questionnaire, and Fitness Monitoring Technology...
November 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Ingemar Swenne
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore changes in the Compulsive Exercise Test (CET) following a family-based intervention in adolescents with restrictive eating disorders (ED). It was hypothesized that compulsive exercise would improve with successful intervention against the ED but also that a high level of compulsive exercise at presentation would be associated with a less favourable outcome. METHOD: The CET, the Eating Disorders Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q), and body mass index were available for 170 adolescents at presentation and at a one-year follow-up...
November 15, 2018: BMC Psychology
Enikő Bóna, Zsuzsanna Szél, Dániel Kiss, V Anna Gyarmathy
AIM: In the present study, we aim to assess the prevalence and certain psychological and other correlates of orthorexic tendencies: health and exercise behaviors and demographic variables among gym attendees in Hungary. METHODS: Altogether, responses of 207 gym attendees who filled out an online questionnaire (03/2017-10/2017) were analyzed. The mean age was 31.9 years; most were female and college educated, and about half resided in the capital city. Frequencies and means were calculated for the sample; and univariate linear regression and ANOVA were carried out...
October 20, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Junping Huang, Yeshambel T Nigatu, Rachel Smail-Crevier, Xin Zhang, Jianli Wang
Common mental health problems (CMHPs), such as depression, anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are internalizing disorders with high comorbidity. University and college students are under many stressors and transitional events, and students fall within the age range when CMHPs are at their developmental peak. Compared to the expanded effort to explore and treat CMHPs, there has been no a meta-analysis that comprehensively reviewed the interventions for CMHPs and examined the effects of interventions for CMHPs in college students...
December 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Anis Sfendla, Petter Malmström, Sara Torstensson, Nóra Kerekes
Background: Psychiatric ill-health is prevalent among prison inmates and often hampers their rehabilitation. Rehabilitation is crucial for reducing recidivistic offending. A few studies have presented evidence of the positive effect of yoga on the well-being of prison inmates. The conclusion of those previous studies that yoga is an effective method in the rehabilitation process of inmates, and deserves and requires further attention. Aims: The current study aimed to evaluate the effect of 10 weeks of yoga practice on the mental health profile, operationalized in the form of psychological distress, of inmates...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Nina Dittmer, Ulrich Voderholzer, Mareike von der Mühlen, Michael Marwitz, Markus Fumi, Claudia Mönch, Katharina Alexandridis, Ulrich Cuntz, Corinna Jacobi, Sandra Schlegl
Background: Patients with eating disorders (ED) often suffer from compulsive exercise behavior, which is associated with lower short-term response to treatment and poorer long-term outcome. Evidence-based interventions specifically targeting compulsive exercise behavior have been scarce so far. We developed a manualized group therapeutic approach integrating cognitive-behavioral therapy, exercise therapy and exposure with response management to promote healthy exercise behavior. Our objective was to examine the feasibility and acceptance of this new approach as add-on to regular inpatient treatment in a pilot study...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Megan S Patterson, Patricia Goodson
BACKGROUND: Compulsive exercise (CE) is a harmful form of exercise that elevates the risk of developing/sustaining clinical eating disorders. College-aged sorority women are especially prone to CE. Due to the pronounced impact social relationships have on college students' behavior, this study aims to examine personal networks and CE among a sample of sorority women through an egocentric network analysis. METHODS: A total of 204 women in a sorority from a large, private university in the southeastern United States completed a cross-sectional survey in spring 2015...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J C Wright, Elise Carrotte, Rebecca Jenkinson, Kate Mulgrew, Ivanka Prichard, Megan S C Lim
BACKGROUND: Fitspiration is a popular social media trend containing images, quotes and advice related to exercise and healthy eating. This study aimed to 1) describe the types of fitspiration content that users access and how they engage with content, 2) investigate the disordered eating and exercise behaviours and psychological distress of individuals who access fitspiration, and 3) understand the perceived influence of fitspiration on health and wellbeing. METHODS: Participants who access fitspiration content were recruited via social media to complete a cross-sectional online survey...
August 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
Phillipa Hay, Stephen Touyz, Jon Arcelus, Kathleen Pike, Evelyn Attia, Ross D Crosby, Sloane Madden, Jackie Wales, Michelle La Puma, Andreea I Heriseanu, Sarah Young, Caroline Meyer
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of the compuLsive Exercise Activity theraPy (LEAP) programme integrated with manualized cognitive behavioral therapy for anorexia nervosa (CBT-AN) compared to CBT-AN alone. METHOD: Seventy-eight adults were randomized to CBT-AN, delivered with or without eight embedded sessions of LEAP, for a total of 34 individual outpatient sessions. Participants were assessed at baseline, the end of the first phase of CBT-AN (which included LEAP), mid-therapy, end of therapy, and at 3 and 6 months follow-up...
August 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Louise M Burke, Graeme L Close, Bronwen Lundy, Martin Mooses, James P Morton, Adam S Tenforde
Low energy availability (LEA) is a key element of the Female Athlete Triad. Causes of LEA include failure to match high exercise energy expenditure (unintentional) or pathological behaviors of disordered eating (compulsive) and overzealous weight control programs (misguided but intentional). Recognition of such scenarios in male athletes contributed to the pronouncement of the more inclusive Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) syndrome. This commentary describes the insights and experience of the current group of authors around the apparently heightened risk of LEA in some populations of male athletes: road cyclists, rowers (lightweight and open weight), athletes in combat sports, distance runners, and jockeys...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
J Ting, K P Chien, A Dhir, S Chen
With the massive growth in Internet technologies, people have become wary of excessive Internet usage, known as compulsive Internet usage or Internet addiction. This study looks into how exercise is related to compulsive Internet usage. Previous research showed varying results regarding the relationship between sports habit and Internet usage; this project clarifies the relationship by investigating mediating variables in terms of interest in different aspects of sports, such as physical education, mastering sport skills, sports participation, and watching sports...
July 16, 2018: Health Promotion International
Lucia Romo, Joel Ladner, Gayatri Kotbagi, Yannick Morvan, Dalia Saleh, Marie Pierre Tavolacci, Laurence Kern
AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the possible links between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the presence of concomitant addictions with or without substance use in a French student population. MEASURES: A battery of questionnaire measuring socioeconomic characteristics, university curriculum, ADHD (Wender Utah Rating Scale and Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale), substance consumptions (alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis), and behavioral addictions [(eating disorders (SCOFF)], Internet addiction (Internet Addiction Test), food addiction (Yale Food Addiction Scale), compulsive buying (Echeburua's), and problem gambling (The Canadian Problem Gambling Index)] and measures of physical activity (Godin's Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire) was filled up by university students in Rouen and Nanterre in France...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Sandra Schlegl, Nina Dittmer, Svenja Hoffmann, Ulrich Voderholzer
Background: Compulsive exercise (CE) is a frequent symptom in patients with eating disorders (EDs). It includes, in addition to quantitatively excessive exercise behaviour, a driven aspect and specific motives of exercise. CE is generally associated with worse therapy outcomes. The aims of the study were to compare self-reported quantity of exercise, compulsiveness of exercise as well as motives for exercise between patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and healthy controls (HC)...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
Emily G Valentine, Kate O Bodill, Hunna J Watson, Martin S Hagger, Robert T Kane, Rebecca A Anderson, Sarah J Egan
OBJECTIVE: Clinical perfectionism has been found to be a risk and maintaining factor in eating disorders (EDs), compulsive exercise, and athlete burnout. This study investigated whether an unguided internet cognitive-behavioral treatment (ICBT) for perfectionism would reduce ED pathology, compulsive exercise, and burnout in individuals who engage in regular exercise. METHOD: Participants were randomly allocated to intervention (n = 38) or waitlist control (n =29)...
July 8, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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