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Lisa Hartling

Ashley D Radomski, Lori Wozney, Patrick McGrath, Anna Huguet, Lisa Hartling, Michele P Dyson, Kathryn Bennett, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) is a persuasive system as its design combines therapeutic content, technological features, and interactions between the user and the program to reduce anxiety for children and adolescents. How iCBT is designed and delivered differs across programs. Although iCBT is considered an effective approach for treating child and adolescent anxiety, rates of program use (eg, module completion) are highly variable for reasons that are not clear...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Michelle Pollock, Ricardo M Fernandes, Amanda S Newton, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Overviews of reviews of healthcare interventions (overviews) integrate information from multiple systematic reviews (SRs) to provide a single synthesis of relevant evidence for decision-making. Overviews may identify multiple SRs that examine the same intervention for the same condition and include some, but not all, of the same primary studies. Different researchers use different approaches to manage these "overlapping SRs," but each approach has advantages and disadvantages...
January 22, 2019: Systematic Reviews
Michelle Pollock, Ricardo M Fernandes, Amanda S Newton, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Overviews of reviews (overviews) compile information from multiple systematic reviews (SRs) to provide a single synthesis of relevant evidence for decision-making. Overviews may identify multiple SRs that examine the same intervention for the same condition and include some, but not all, of the same primary studies. There is currently limited guidance on whether and how to include these overlapping SRs in overviews. Our objectives were to assess how different inclusion decisions in overviews of healthcare interventions affect their comprehensiveness and results, and document challenges encountered when making different inclusion decisions in overviews...
January 11, 2019: Systematic Reviews
Jennifer Pillay, Ainsley Moore, Prinon Rahman, Gabriel Lewin, Donna Reynolds, John Riva, Guyléne Thériault, Brett Thombs, Brenda Wilson, Joan Robinson, Amanda Ramdyal, Geneviéve Cadieux, Robin Featherstone, Anne N Burchell, Jo-Anne Dillon, Ameeta Singh, Tom Wong, Marion Doull, Greg Traversy, Susan Courage, Tara MacGregor, Cydney Johnson, Ben Vandermeer, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infections in Canada. Existing national guidance on screening for these infections was not based on a systematic review, and recommendations as well as implementation considerations (e.g., population groups, testing and case management) should be explicit and reflect the quality of evidence. The aim of this systematic review is to synthesize research on screening for these infections in sexually active individuals within primary care...
December 26, 2018: Systematic Reviews
Michelle Gates, Jocelyn Shulhan-Kilroy, Robin Featherstone, Tara MacGregor, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
OBJECTIVE: To inform evidence-based knowledge products (i.e., infographics, videos, eBooks) of relevance to parents, we systematically reviewed evidence on parent experiences and information needs related to bronchiolitis. METHODS: We searched Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global, and scanned reference lists for studies published post-2000. We appraised quality in duplicate using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) and synthesized findings narratively...
December 13, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
Allison Gates, Patrina Caldwell, Sarah Curtis, Leonila Dans, Ricardo M Fernandes, Lisa Hartling, Lauren E Kelly, Katrina Williams, Kerry Woolfall, Michele P Dyson
Objectives: We evaluated 300 paediatric trials to determine: the consent and recruitment strategies used, who trial information was targeted to, how incentives were used and if they achieved their recruitment targets. Methods: For this cross-sectional evaluation, we searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for paediatric trials published in 2012 and randomly selected 300 that reported on outcomes for participants aged ≤21 years. We collected data on consent and recruitment procedures for each trial and undertook descriptive analyses in SPSS statistics V...
2018: BMJ Paediatrics Open
Samina Ali, Mithra Sivakumar, Tanya Beran, Shannon D Scott, Ben Vandermeer, Sarah Curtis, Hsing Jou, Lisa Hartling
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous insertion (IVI) is a very common procedure in the emergency department (ED). IVI is often painful and stressful for both children and their families. Currently, distraction therapy is not used as a standard of care for IVI in North America. We propose that interaction with a humanoid robot may effectively distract children during IVI thereby reducing their pain and distress. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This randomised controlled superiority trial will be conducted in a Canadian paediatric ED...
December 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Michelle Gates, Jennifer Pillay, Robin Featherstone, Lisa Hartling, R Douglas Wilson
This study systematically reviewed evidence on the effectiveness and accuracy of predictive tests for preterm delivery among symptomatic women. The study included English-language systematic reviews (SRs) on any predictive test for preterm delivery among symptomatic women and primary studies for placental alpha-microglobulin-1. PubMed, Wiley Cochrane Library, the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination Database, the National Guidelines Clearinghouse, and the TRIP database were searched for SRs, PubMed and PubMed Central via the Wiley Cochrane Library were searched for primary studies...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Aireen Wingert, Cydney Johnson, Robin Featherstone, Meghan Sebastianski, Lisa Hartling, R Douglas Wilson
BACKGROUND: Rates of cesarean deliveries have been increasing, and contributes to the rising number of elective cesarean deliveries in subsequent pregnancies with associated maternal and neonatal risks. Multiple guidelines recommend that women be offered a trial of labor after a cesarean (TOLAC). The objective of the study is to systematically review the literature on adjunct clinical interventions that influence vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) rates. METHODS: We searched Ovid Medline, Ovid Embase, Wiley Cochrane Library, CINAHL via EBSCOhost; and Ovid PsycINFO...
November 21, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Joseph D Tariman, Pamela Katz, Jessica Bishop-Royse, Lisa Hartle, Katharine L Szubski, Toreend Enecio, Ima Garcia, Nadia Spawn, Katherine Jones Masterton
Objectives: This study aimed to develop a scale that can measure the role competency of oncology nurses during shared decision-making process. Methods: A total of 226 oncology nurses who actively provide direct care to patients from inpatient and outpatient oncology units in the Midwest and Pacific Northwest completed the online or mail survey. Exploratory factor analysis and parallel analysis showed the multidimensionality of the role competency scale on shared decision-making nurses...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
Kassi Shave, Samina Ali, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Children experience multiple painful procedures when being cared for in emergency departments (EDs). Unfortunately, evidence-based interventions to manage such pain and distress are under-utilized across EDs. Caregivers are uniquely positioned and invested to advocate for the adaptation of such evidence into practice. Our objective was to gather information from caregivers of children experiencing procedural pain in the ED to inform the development of a novel, caregiver-focused knowledge translation (KT) tool...
October 13, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Che-Wei Wu, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Marcin Barczynski, Feng-Yu Chiang, Henning Dralle, Rick Schneider, Zaid Al-Quaryshi, Peter Angelos, Katrin Brauckhoff, Jennifer A Brooks, Claudio R Cernea, John Chaplin, Amy Y Chen, Louise Davies, Gill R Diercks, Quan Yang Duh, Christopher Fundakowski, Peter E Goretzki, Nathan W Hales, Dana Hartl, Dipti Kamani, Emad Kandil, Natalia Kyriazidis, Whitney Liddy, Akira Miyauchi, Lisa Orloff, Jeff C Rastatter, Joseph Scharpf, Jonathan Serpell, Jennifer J Shin, Catherine F Sinclair, Brendan C Stack, Neil S Tolley, Sam Van Slycke, Samuel K Snyder, Mark L Urken, Erivelto Volpi, Ian Witterick, Richard J Wong, Gayle Woodson, Mark Zafereo, Gregory W Randolph
The purpose of this publication was to inform surgeons as to the modern state-of-the-art evidence-based guidelines for management of the recurrent laryngeal nerve invaded by malignancy through blending the domains of 1) surgical intraoperative information, 2) preoperative glottic function, and 3) intraoperative real-time electrophysiologic information. These guidelines generated by the International Neural Monitoring Study Group (INMSG) are envisioned to assist the clinical decision-making process involved in recurrent laryngeal nerve management during thyroid surgery by incorporating the important information domains of not only gross surgical findings but also intraoperative recurrent laryngeal nerve functional status and preoperative laryngoscopy findings...
October 2018: Laryngoscope
Rick Schneider, Gregory W Randolph, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Che-Wei Wu, Marcin Barczynski, Feng-Yu Chiang, Zaid Al-Quaryshi, Peter Angelos, Katrin Brauckhoff, Claudio R Cernea, John Chaplin, Jonathan Cheetham, Louise Davies, Peter E Goretzki, Dana Hartl, Dipti Kamani, Emad Kandil, Natalia Kyriazidis, Whitney Liddy, Lisa Orloff, Joseph Scharpf, Jonathan Serpell, Jennifer J Shin, Catherine F Sinclair, Michael C Singer, Samuel K Snyder, Neil S Tolley, Sam Van Slycke, Erivelto Volpi, Ian Witterick, Richard J Wong, Gayle Woodson, Mark Zafereo, Henning Dralle
This publication offers modern, state-of-the-art International Neural Monitoring Study Group (INMSG) guidelines based on a detailed review of the recent monitoring literature. The guidelines outline evidence-based definitions of adverse electrophysiologic events, especially loss of signal, and their incorporation in surgical strategy. These recommendations are designed to reduce technique variations, enhance the quality of neural monitoring, and assist surgeons in the clinical decision-making process involved in surgical management of recurrent laryngeal nerve...
October 2018: Laryngoscope
Michelle Gates, Sarah A Elliott, Cydney Johnson, Denise Thomson, Katrina Williams, Ricardo M Fernandes, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Consumers, clinicians, policymakers and researchers require high quality evidence to guide decision-making in child health. Though Cochrane systematic reviews (SRs) are a well-established source of evidence, little is known about the characteristics of non-Cochrane child-relevant SRs. To complement published descriptions of Cochrane SRs, we aimed to characterize the epidemiologic, methodological, and reporting qualities of non-Cochrane child-relevant SRs published in 2014...
October 1, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Andrea C Tricco, Erin Lillie, Wasifa Zarin, Kelly K O'Brien, Heather Colquhoun, Danielle Levac, David Moher, Micah D J Peters, Tanya Horsley, Laura Weeks, Susanne Hempel, Elie A Akl, Christine Chang, Jessie McGowan, Lesley Stewart, Lisa Hartling, Adrian Aldcroft, Michael G Wilson, Chantelle Garritty, Simon Lewin, Christina M Godfrey, Marilyn T Macdonald, Etienne V Langlois, Karla Soares-Weiser, Jo Moriarty, Tammy Clifford, Özge Tunçalp, Sharon E Straus
Scoping reviews, a type of knowledge synthesis, follow a systematic approach to map evidence on a topic and identify main concepts, theories, sources, and knowledge gaps. Although more scoping reviews are being done, their methodological and reporting quality need improvement. This document presents the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews) checklist and explanation. The checklist was developed by a 24-member expert panel and 2 research leads following published guidance from the EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) Network...
October 2, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Allison Gates, Michelle Gates, Ben Vandermeer, Cydney Johnson, Lisa Hartling, David W Johnson, Terry P Klassen
BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids are commonly used for croup in children. This is an update of a Cochrane Review published in 1999 and previously updated in 2004 and 2011. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of glucocorticoids for the treatment of croup in children aged 0 to 18 years. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, Issue 2, 2018), which includes the Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group's Specialised Register, Ovid MEDLINE Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations and Ovid MEDLINE (1946 to 3 April 2018), and Embase (Ovid) (1996 to 3 April 2018, week 14), and the trials registers ClinicalTrials...
August 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Lauren Albrecht, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
Background: Pediatric acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a common childhood illness with substantial health, family, and system impacts. Connecting parents to evidence-based patient education is key to effective decision-making and therapeutic management of AGE. Digital knowledge translation (KT) tools offer a promising approach to communicate complex health information to parents; therefore, we developed a whiteboard animation video for parents about AGE. To optimize future effectiveness evaluation of this video, the purpose of this pilot study is to assess feasibility of effectiveness outcomes and specific trial methods in four key trial domains...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Kristen Simone, Rabia A Ahmed, Jill Konkin, Sandra Campbell, Lisa Hartling, Anna E Oswald
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: There is interest to increase diversity among health professions trainees. This study aims to determine the features/effects of interventions to promote recruitment/admission of under-represented minority (URM) students to health professions programs. METHODOLOGY: This registered BEME review applied systematic methods to: title/full-text inclusion review, data extraction, and quality assessment (QA). Included studies reported outcomes for interventions designed to increase diversity of health professions education (HPE) programs' recruitment and admissions...
August 2018: Medical Teacher
Lori Wozney, Patrick J McGrath, Nicole D Gehring, Kathryn Bennett, Anna Huguet, Lisa Hartling, Michele P Dyson, Amir Soleimani, Amanda S Newton
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders and depression are frequent conditions in childhood and adolescence. eMental healthcare technologies may improve access to services, but their uptake within health systems is limited. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to examine and describe how the implementation of eMental healthcare technologies for anxiety disorders and depression in children and adolescents has been studied. METHODS: We conducted a search of 5 electronic databases and gray literature...
June 26, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Allison Gates, Michelle Gates, Gonçalo Duarte, Maria Cary, Monika Becker, Barbara Prediger, Ben Vandermeer, Ricardo M Fernandes, Dawid Pieper, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews (SRs) of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) can provide the best evidence to inform decision-making, but their methodological and reporting quality varies. Tools exist to guide the critical appraisal of quality and risk of bias in SRs, but evaluations of their measurement properties are limited. We will investigate the interrater reliability (IRR), usability, and applicability of A MeaSurement Tool to Assess systematic Reviews (AMSTAR), AMSTAR 2, and Risk Of Bias In Systematic reviews (ROBIS) for SRs in the fields of biomedicine and public health...
June 13, 2018: Systematic Reviews
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