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Maryam Rajaee, David W Ow
We have previously described a recombinase-mediated gene stacking system in which the Cre recombinase is used to remove lox-site flanked DNA no longer needed after each round of Bxb1 integrase-mediated site-specific integration. The Cre recombinase can be conveniently introduced by hybridization with a cre-expressing plant. However, maintaining an efficient cre-expressing line over many generations can be a problem, as high production of this DNA-binding protein might interfere with normal chromosome activities...
November 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Fuun Kawano, Risako Okazaki, Masayuki Yazawa, Moritoshi Sato
Genome engineering techniques represented by the Cre-loxP recombination system have been used extensively for biomedical research. However, powerful and useful techniques for genome engineering that have high spatiotemporal precision remain elusive. Here we develop a highly efficient photoactivatable Cre recombinase (PA-Cre) to optogenetically control genome engineering in vivo. PA-Cre is based on the reassembly of split Cre fragments by light-inducible dimerization of the Magnet system. PA-Cre enables sharp induction (up to 320-fold) of DNA recombination and is efficiently activated even by low-intensity illumination (∼0...
December 2016: Nature Chemical Biology
Edward Stanek, Erica Rodriguez, Shengli Zhao, Bao-Xia Han, Fan Wang
UNLABELLED: Anatomical studies have identified brainstem neurons that project bilaterally to left and right oromotor pools, which could potentially mediate bilateral muscle coordination. We use retrograde lentiviruses combined with a split-intein-mediated split-Cre-recombinase system in mice to isolate, characterize, and manipulate a population of neurons projecting to both the left and right jaw-closing trigeminal motoneurons. We find that these bilaterally projecting premotor neurons (BPNs) reside primarily in the supratrigeminal nucleus (SupV) and the parvicellular and intermediate reticular regions dorsal to the facial motor nucleus...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Jia Ge, Lijun Wang, Chen Yang, Lingyu Ran, Mengling Wen, Xianan Fu, Di Fan, Keming Luo
An approach for restoring recombination activity of complementation split-Cre was developed to excise the transgene in hybrid progeny of GM crops. Growing concerns about the biosafety of genetically modified (GM) crops has currently become a limited factor affecting the public acceptance. Several approaches have been developed to generate selectable-marker-gene-free GM crops. However, no strategy was reported to be broadly applicable to hybrid crops. Previous studies have demonstrated that complementation split-Cre recombinase restored recombination activity in transgenic plants...
October 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Mengling Wen, Yuan Gao, Lijun Wang, Lingyu Ran, Jiahui Li, Keming Luo
The Cre/loxP system is increasingly exploited for genetic manipulation of DNA in vitro and in vivo. It was previously reported that inactive ''split-Cre'' fragments could restore Cre activity in transgenic mice when overlapping co-expression was controlled by two different promoters. In this study, we analyzed recombination activities of split-Cre proteins, and found that no recombinase activity was detected in the in vitro recombination reaction in which only the N-terminal domain (NCre) of split-Cre protein was expressed, whereas recombination activity was obtained when the C-terminal (CCre) or both NCre and CCre fragments were supplied...
2014: PloS One
Ruth Beckervordersandforth, Aditi Deshpande, Iris Schäffner, Hagen B Huttner, Alexandra Lepier, Dieter Chichung Lie, Magdalena Götz
We describe the labeling of adult neural stem cells (aNSCs) in the mouse and human dentate gyrus (DG) by the combinatorial expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and Prominin1, as revealed by immunohistochemistry. Split-Cre-based genetic fate mapping of these double-positive cells in the adult murine DG reveals their NSC identity, as they are self-renewing and contribute to neurogenesis over several months. Their progeny reacts to stimuli such as voluntary exercise with increased neurogenesis...
February 11, 2014: Stem Cell Reports
Sean P O'Brien, Matthew P DeLisa
The ability of Cre recombinase to excise genetic material has been used extensively for genome engineering in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Recently, split-Cre fragments have been described that advance control of recombinase activity in mammalian cells. However, whether these fragments can be utilized for monitoring protein-protein interactions has not been reported. In this work, we developed a protein-fragment complementation assay (PCA) based on split-Cre for monitoring and engineering pairwise protein interactions in living Escherichia coli cells...
March 2014: Biotechnology Journal
Ping Wang, Tianrui Chen, Katsuyasu Sakurai, Bao-Xia Han, Zhigang He, Guoping Feng, Fan Wang
Tissue and cell type highly specific Cre drivers are very rare due to the fact that most genes or promoters used to direct Cre expressions are generally expressed in more than one tissues and/or in multiple cell types. We developed a split-intein based split-Cre system for highly efficient Cre-reconstitution through protein splicing. This split-intein-split-Cre system can be used to intersect the expression patterns of two genes or promoters to restrict full-length Cre reconstitution in their overlapping domains...
2012: Scientific Reports
Ruth Beckervordersandforth, Pratibha Tripathi, Jovica Ninkovic, Efil Bayam, Alexandra Lepier, Barbara Stempfhuber, Frank Kirchhoff, Johannes Hirrlinger, Anja Haslinger, D Chichung Lie, Johannes Beckers, Bradley Yoder, Martin Irmler, Magdalena Götz
Until now, limitations in the ability to enrich adult NSCs (aNSCs) have hampered meaningful analysis of these cells at the transcriptome level. Here we show via a split-Cre technology that coincident activity of the hGFAP and prominin1 promoters is a hallmark of aNSCs in vivo. Sorting of cells from the adult mouse subependymal zone (SEZ) based on their expression of GFAP and prominin1 isolates all self-renewing, multipotent stem cells at high purity. Comparison of the transcriptome of these purified aNSCs to parenchymal nonneurogenic astrocytes and other SEZ cells reveals aNSC hallmarks, including neuronal lineage priming and the importance of cilia- and Ca-dependent signaling pathways...
December 3, 2010: Cell Stem Cell
Johannes Hirrlinger, Robert P Requardt, Ulrike Winkler, Franziska Wilhelm, Christine Schulze, Petra G Hirrlinger
BACKGROUND: DNA recombination technologies such as the Cre/LoxP system advance modern biological research by allowing conditional gene regulation in vivo. However, the precise targeting of a particular cell type at a given time point has remained challenging since spatial specificity has so far depended exclusively on the promoter driving Cre recombinase expression. We have recently established split-Cre that allows DNA recombination to be controlled by coincidental activity of two promoters, thereby increasing spatial specificity of Cre-mediated DNA recombination...
2009: PloS One
Johannes Hirrlinger, Anja Scheller, Petra G Hirrlinger, Beate Kellert, Wannan Tang, Michael C Wehr, Sandra Goebbels, Andreas Reichenbach, Rolf Sprengel, Moritz J Rossner, Frank Kirchhoff
Cre/LoxP recombination is the gold standard for conditional gene regulation in mice in vivo. However, promoters driving the expression of Cre recombinase are often active in a wide range of cell types and therefore unsuited to target more specific subsets of cells. To overcome this limitation, we designed inactive "split-Cre" fragments that regain Cre activity when overlapping co-expression is controlled by two different promoters. Using transgenic mice and virus-mediated expression of split-Cre, we show that efficient reporter gene activation is achieved in vivo...
2009: PloS One
Nicolas Jullien, Isabelle Goddard, Samia Selmi-Ruby, Jean-Luc Fina, Harold Cremer, Jean-Paul Herman
Cre recombinase is extensively used to engineer the genome of experimental animals. However, its usefulness is still limited by the lack of an efficient temporal control over its activity. We have recently developed a conceptually new approach to regulate Cre recombinase, that we have called Dimerizable Cre or DiCre. It is based on splitting Cre into two inactive moieties and fusing them to FKBP12 (FK506-binding protein) and FRB (binding domain of the FKBP12-rapamycin associated protein), respectively. These latter can be efficiently hetero-dimerized by rapamycin, leading to the reinstatement of Cre activity...
2007: PloS One
Nicolas Jullien, François Sampieri, Alain Enjalbert, Jean-Paul Herman
Cre recombinase is extensively used to engineer the genome of experimental animals. However, its usefulness is still limited by the lack of an efficient temporal control over its activity. To overcome this, we have developed DiCre, a regulatable fragment complementation system for Cre. The enzyme was split into two moieties that were fused to FKBP12 (FK506-binding protein) and FRB (binding domain of the FKBP12-rapamycin-associated protein), respectively. These can be efficiently heterodimerized by rapamycin...
November 1, 2003: Nucleic Acids Research
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