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Blueberry supplement

Barbara Shukitt-Hale, Nopporn Thangthaeng, Marshall G Miller, Shibu M Poulose, Amanda N Carey, Derek R Fisher
Daily supplementation of blueberries (BBs) reverses age-related deficits in behavior in aged rats. However, it is unknown whether BB is more beneficial to one subset of the population dependent on baseline cognitive performance and inflammatory status. To examine the effect of individual differences on the efficacy of BB, aged rats (17 mo old) were assessed for cognition in the radial arm water maze (RAWM) and divided into good, average, and poor performers based on navigation errors. Half of the rats in each cognitive group were then fed a control or a 2% BB diet for 8 weeks before re-testing...
February 17, 2019: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Robert G Danka, Blair J Sampson, José D Villa
Field-scale data on the relationship between pollinator activity and fruit set are scarce for rabbiteye blueberries (Vaccinium virgatum Aiton). We measured the densities of Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Habropoda laboriosa F. (Hymenoptera: Apidae), Bombus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae) spp., and Xylocopa virginica L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in 7-21 commercial fields during each of 3 yr in Louisiana and Mississippi. Foraging bees were counted on 10 'Tifblue' bushes per field on 2 d during bloom, and the density of bees per flower was calculated based on the number of flowers open during the counts...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Economic Entomology
Umesh D Wankhade, Ying Zhong, Oxana P Lazarenko, Sree V Chintapalli, Brian D Piccolo, Jin-Ran Chen, Kartik Shankar
The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of blueberries improve vascular function and insulin sensitivity. However, the bioavailability of the active compounds in blueberries is largely dependent on the gut microbiota, which may themselves be altered by blueberry components. The objective of the current study was to explore a possible sex-dependent modulation of the gut microbiota following supplementation with blueberries in adult mice. Eight-week-old C57BL/6J mice (n = 7⁻10/group) were provided with control or blueberry-containing diets (5% freeze-dried powder) for 4 weeks...
February 1, 2019: Nutrients
Cristian Del Bo', Mirko Marino, Patrizia Riso, Peter Møller, Marisa Porrini
This study investigated the capacity of an anthocyanin-rich fraction (ACN-RF) from blueberry, single anthocyanins (cyanidin, delphinidin and malvidin-3-glucoside; Cy, Dp and Mv-3-glc) and related metabolites (protocatechuic, gallic and syringic acid; PrA, GA and SA) to resolve an inflammation-driven adhesion of monocytes (THP-1) on endothelial cell (HUVECs) and secretion of cell adhesion molecules E-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1). The adhesion of THP-1 to HUVECs was induced by tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α, 100 ng mL-1 )...
January 3, 2019: Chemico-biological Interactions
Yue Hua Wang, Jie Lin, Jinlong Tian, Xu Si, Xinyao Jiao, Weijia Zhang, Ersheng Gong, Bin Li
Anthocyanin, a natural antioxidant, is reported to have cytotoxicity against cancer cells; however, the mechanism remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism by which malvidin-3-galactoside (M3G), the prominent anthocyanin in blueberry, suppresses the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. In vitro, M3G suppressed the proliferation, polarization, migration, and invasion activities of HepG2 cells by regulating the protein expression of cyclin D1, cyclin B, cyclin E, caspase-3, cleaved caspase-3, Bax, p-JNK, and p-P38; activating phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN), accompanied by a decrease in the p-AKT level; and lowering the protein expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9...
December 26, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Stephen A Wise, Melissa M Phillips
For over 40 years, food-matrix certified reference materials (CRMs) have been available for determination of trace element content, and a wide variety of materials are available from most producers of CRMs. However, the availability of food-matrix CRMs for organic nutrients has been more limited. The European Commission (EC) Bureau Communautaire de Référence (BCR) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) introduced food-matrix CRMs with values assigned for vitamins and other organic nutrients such as fatty acids and carotenoids in the 1990s...
January 2019: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Obaid Ullah, Zhongshu Li, Ihsan Ali, Lijie Xu, Haixing Liu, Syed Zahid Ali Shah, Nanzhu Fang
Pterostilbene (PTS) in blueberries is a phytoalexin with antioxidant properties. PTS exerts strong cytoprotective effects on various cells via Nuclear Factor Erythroid 2 like 2 (NFE2L2) pathway. We evaluated the antioxidant PTS treatment in mouse preimplantation embryos. In vitro culture media were supplemented with different concentrations of PTS. Treatment of zygotes with 0.25 μM PTS improved the development of day 4 blastocysts (P < 0.05). Moreover, H2 O2 treatment significantly increased the reactive oxygen species level and reduced the glutathione level in mouse blastocyst, whereas PTS treatment counteracted these effects...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Reproduction and Development
Katie L Barfoot, Gabrielle May, Daniel J Lamport, Jessie Ricketts, Patricia M Riddell, Claire M Williams
PURPOSE: Previous evidence suggests consumption of flavonoids, a sub-class of polyphenols, is associated with improved cognitive function across the lifespan. In particular, acute intervention of a flavonoid-rich wild blueberry (WBB) drink has been shown to boost executive function (EF), short-term memory and mood 2-6 h post-consumption in 7-10-year-old children. However, confirmation of the aspects of EF and memory susceptible to WBB ingestion is required, particularly during childhood, a critical period of neurological development...
October 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Lech Sedlak, Weronika Wojnar, Maria Zych, Dorota Wyględowska-Promieńska, Ewa Mrukwa-Kominek, Ilona Kaczmarczyk-Sedlak
Resveratrol is found in grapes, apples, blueberries, mulberries, peanuts, pistachios, plums and red wine. Resveratrol has been shown to possess antioxidative activity and a variety of preventive effects in models of many diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate if this substance may counteract the oxidative stress and polyol pathway in the lens of diabetic rats. The study was conducted on the rats with streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetes. After the administration of resveratrol (10 and 20 mg/kg po for 4 weeks), the oxidative stress markers in the lens were evaluated: activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase, as well as levels of total and soluble protein, level of glutathione, vitamin C, calcium, sulfhydryl group, advanced oxidation protein products, malonyldialdehyde, Total Oxidant Status and Total Antioxidant Reactivity...
October 4, 2018: Nutrients
Huailing Wang, Jie Liu, Tong Li, Rui Hai Liu
Blueberry is rich in bioactive phytochemicals with a wide of range of biological activities and health benefits. However, little is known about their effects on aging. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of supplementation with a blueberry extract (BE) on lifespan and stress resistance using Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) as a model. The mechanisms of these effects were explored using RNAi technology. The mean lifespan of C. elegans treated with BE at 50, 100, and 200 mg mL-1 was significantly increased by 22...
October 17, 2018: Food & Function
Chan Ho Park, Yi Sub Kwak, Han Kyo Seo, Hye Young Kim
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of blueberry supplementation on exercise performance time, inflammation markers, energy substrates, insulin, and TAS levels during two periods: non-supplemented period and supplemented period. Methods: Eight young active participants were recruited from the Department of Physical Education at some universities in Busan City, Republic of Korea. The test period was divided into two Sections: non-supplemented period and supplemented period...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Tao Wu, Yufang Gao, Xueqi Guo, Min Zhang, Lingxiao Gong
Many studies indicate that an anthocyanin-rich diet has beneficial effects preventing metabolic disease. In the present study, the molecular mechanism underlying the antiobesity effect of consuming blackberry anthocyanins (BLA) and blueberry anthocyanins (BBA) was investigated in high-fat-diet- (HFD-) fed C57BL/6 mice. Sixty mice were administered a low-fat diet (LFD), a HFD, or a HFD plus orlistat, and BLA or BBA in their daily food for 12 weeks. As a result, the consumption of BLA and BBA inhibited body weight gain by 40...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
A Braga, P Ferreira, J Oliveira, I Rocha, N Faria
The polyphenol resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxystilbene) is a well-known plant secondary metabolite, commonly used as a medical ingredient and a nutritional supplement. Due to its health-promoting properties, the demand for resveratrol is expected to continue growing. This stilbene can be found in different plants, including grapes, berries (blackberries, blueberries and raspberries), peanuts and their derived food products, such as wine and juice. The commercially available resveratrol is usually extracted from plants, however this procedure has several drawbacks such as low concentration of the product of interest, seasonal variation, risk of plant diseases and product stability...
July 27, 2018: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Julien Bensalem, Stéphanie Dudonné, Nicole Etchamendy, Hermine Pellay, Camille Amadieu, David Gaudout, Séverine Dubreuil, Marie-Eve Paradis, Sonia Pomerleau, Lucile Capuron, Carol Hudon, Sophie Layé, Yves Desjardins, Véronique Pallet
Polyphenols are promising nutritional bioactives exhibiting beneficial effect on age-related cognitive decline. The present study evaluated the effect of a polyphenol-rich extract from grape and blueberry (PEGB) on memory of healthy elderly subjects (60-70 years-old). A bicentric, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted with 215 volunteers receiving 600 mg/day of PEGB (containing 258 mg flavonoids) or a placebo for 6 months. The primary outcome was the CANTAB Paired Associate Learning (PAL), a visuospatial learning and episodic memory test...
July 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Erin D Lewis, Zhihong Ren, Jason DeFuria, Martin S Obin, Simin N Meydani, Dayong Wu
Blueberry, rich in antioxidant and anti-inflammatory phytochemicals, has been demonstrated to lower inflammatory status in adipose induced by high-fat diet (HFD) and obesity. The effect of blueberry on systemic immune functions has not been examined. C57BL/6 mice were randomised to one of three diets - low-fat diet (LFD), HFD and HFD plus 4 % (w/w) blueberry (HFD+B) - for 8 or 12 weeks. Ex vivo T-cell mitogens (concanavalin A (Con A); phytohaemagglutinin), T-cell antibody (anti-CD3; anti-CD3/CD28)-stimulated T-cell proliferation and cytokine production were assessed...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Hai-Qiang Li, Long Tan, Hong-Peng Yang, Wei Pang, Tong Xu, Yu-Gang Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To examine protein changes in the hippocampus of APP/PS1 transgenic mice after blueberry extracts (BB) intervention. METHODS: Eight APP/PS1 transgenic mice were randomly assigned to Alzheimer's disease (AD)+BB group (n=4) and AD+control group (n=4). After a 16-week treatment, 2-DE and MALDI-TOF-MS were used to compare the proteomic profiles of the hippocampus in the two groups and Western blot was used to confirm the important differentially expressed proteins...
May 21, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
Courtney Scerbak, Elena Vayndorf, Alicia Hernandez, Colin McGill, Barbara Taylor
Medicinal berries are appreciated for their health benefits, in traditional ecological knowledge and nutrition science. Determining the cellular mechanisms underlying the effects of berry supplementation may contribute to our understanding of aging. Here, we report that lowbush cranberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) treatment causes marked nuclear localization of the central aging-related transcription factor DAF-16/FOXO in aged Caenorhabditis elegans. Further, functional DAF-16 is required for the lifespan extension, improved mechanosensation, and posterior touch receptor neuron morphological changes induced by lowbush cranberry treatments...
April 2018: GeroScience
Brett Ronald Cutler, Samira Gholami, Jie Shi Chua, Balagurunathan Kuberan, Pon Velayutham Anandh Babu
BACKGROUND: Glycosaminoglycan (GAG), a major component of the endothelial glycocalyx, is severely perturbed in diabetic vasculature leading to endothelial inflammation and vascular disease in diabetes. We tested the hypothesis that blueberry metabolites (BBM) ameliorate endothelial inflammation in diabetic endothelial cells (ECs) by restoring cell surface GAGs. METHODS: ECs isolated from healthy individuals [human aortic ECs (HAECs)] and diabetic patients (diabetic HAECs) were treated with ±BBM (benzoic acid-4-sulfate, hippuric acid, hydroxyhippuric acid, isovanillic acid-3-sulfate, and vanillic acid-4-sulfate at concentrations known to circulate in human plasma following blueberry consumption) for 3 days, and indices for endothelial inflammation were measured...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Mingfeng Li, Zhuqing Zhao, Jiajie Zhou, Daowen Zhou, Boning Chen, Liqiang Huang, Zhihua Zhang, Xinwei Liu
BACKGROUND: Foliar spraying of selenium (Se) has increasingly been applied to improve Se concentrations in grain crops, although little information is available about the properties of Se-enriched fruits. In the present study, selenium distribution in blueberry and Se effect on blueberry quality were investigated by foliar spraying selenite or selenate (200 g ha-1 ) on two blueberry cultivars (Bluecrop and Northland) during the young fruit or coloring stage. RESULTS: Selenium concentration in blueberry was mainly affected by cultivar and spray stage relative to the Se source...
September 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Sunhye Lee, Katherine I Keirsey, Rebecca Kirkland, Zachary I Grunewald, Joan G Fischer, Claire B de La Serre
Background: Gut microbiota dysbiosis has been linked to obesity-associated chronic inflammation. Microbiota manipulation may therefore affect obesity-related comorbidities. Blueberries are rich in anthocyanins, which have anti-inflammatory properties and may alter the gut microbiota. Objective: We hypothesized that blueberry supplementation would alter the gut microbiota, reduce systemic inflammation, and improve insulin resistance in high-fat (HF)-diet-fed rats...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
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