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Molecular identification of Diaporthe

Chutima Tanapichatsakul, Sarunpron Khruengsai, Sakon Monggoot, Patcharee Pripdeevech
Endophytic fungi, which colonize within a host plant without causing any apparent diseases, have been considered as an important source of bioactive secondary metabolites containing antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. The aim of this research was to isolate the endophytic fungi of Cinnamomum loureiroi and then to screen their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. A total of 11 fungal endophytes were isolated from healthy leaves of Cinnamomum loureiroi belonging to six genera: Botryosphaeria , Colletotrichum , Diaporthe , Fusarium , Neopestalotiopsis , and Pestalotiopsis ...
2019: PeerJ
D A Soares, D P de Oliveira, T T Dos Santos, P G Marson, R S Pimenta
AIMS: The purpose of this study is to identify species from genus Diaporthe associated with a medicinal plant Costus spiralis by ITS, EF 1-α, TUB and CAL gens. METHODS AND RESULTS: The 30 isolates from the genus Diaporthe associated with the medicinal plant Costus spiralis were characterized based on morphological characters and the microculture technique and grouped by DNA fingerprinting with the ISSP gene. Afterwards, a total of 12 isolates were selected for the identification of the species based on the comparative research on the blast through the sequences of the ITS gene...
July 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Angélica Rossana Castro de Souza, Daiana Bortoluzzi Baldoni, Jessica Lima, Vitória Porto, Camila Marcuz, Carolina Machado, Rafael Camargo Ferraz, Raquel C Kuhn, Rodrigo J S Jacques, Jerson V C Guedes, Marcio A Mazutti
Production of a bioherbicide for biological control of weeds requires a series of steps, from selection of a suitable microbial strain to final formulation. Thus, this study aimed to select fungi for production of secondary metabolites with herbicidal activity using biological resources of the Brazilian Pampa biome. Phytopathogenic fungi were isolated from infected tissues of weeds in the Pampa biome. A liquid synthetic culture medium was used for production of metabolites. The phytotoxicity of fungal metabolites was assessed via biological tests using the plant Cucumis sativus L...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Facundo E Hernández, Rosanna N Pioli, Alejandra M Peruzzo, Ángela N Formento, Guillermo R Pratta
Diaporthe (teleomorpho)-Phomopsis - (anamorph) (DP) is a fungal group of great genetic diversity with over 900 species associated to a wide host range that includes cultivated and uncultivated species, forest, fruit trees and weeds. DP isolates are hemibiotrophs and have different sources of primary inoculum as stubble and seeds to restart cycles of parasitism - saprophytism. They colonize host tissues from early plant stages and establish different nutritional relationships, acting as endophytic and necrotrophic fungi...
September 2015: Revista de Biología Tropical
Kanika Chowdhary, Nutan Kaushik
Endophytic mycopopulation isolated from India's Queen of herbs Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) were explored and investigated for their diversity and antiphytopathogenic activity against widespread plant pathogens Botrytis cinerea, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Rhizoctonia solani and Fusarium oxysporum. 90 fungal isolates, representing 17 genera were recovered from 313 disease-free and surface sterilised plant segments (leaf and stem tissues) from three different geographic locations (Delhi, Hyderabad and Mukteshwar) during distinct sampling times in consequent years 2010 and 2011 in India...
2015: PloS One
J C Polonio, T T Almeida, A Garcia, G E G Mariucci, J L Azevedo, S A Rhoden, J A Pamphile
Mikania glomerata (Spreng.), popularly known as "guaco", is a plant from the Asteraceae family that has many therapeutic properties. The use of medicinal plants has been examined in studies on endophytic diversity and bioprospecting; endophytes inhabit the interior of plants without harming them. Microorganism-host complex interactions are related to the production of compounds that may confer resistance to pathogens or to production of bioactive compounds or growth regulators. In this study, we evaluated foliar endophytic fungi of M...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Elio Gomes Fernandes, Olinto Liparini Pereira, Cynthia Cânedo da Silva, Claudia Braga Pereira Bento, Marisa Vieira de Queiroz
Endophytic fungi are microorganisms that live within plant tissues without causing disease during part of their life cycle. With the isolation and identification of these fungi, new species are being discovered, and ecological relationships with their hosts have also been studied. In Glycine max, limited studies have investigated the isolation and distribution of endophytic fungi throughout leaves and roots. The distribution of these fungi in various plant organs differs in diversity and abundance, even when analyzed using molecular techniques that can evaluate fungal communities in different parts of the plants, such as denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)...
December 2015: Microbiological Research
T T Almeida, R C Orlandelli, J L Azevedo, J A Pamphile
Endophytic fungi live in the interior of healthy plants without causing them any damage. These fungi are of biotechnological interest; they may be used in the biological control of pests and plant diseases, and in the pharmaceutical industry. The aquatic macrophytes Eichhornia azurea (Kunth) and Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) belong to the Pontederiaceae family. The first is a fixed-floating species and the second is a free-floating species that is known for its phytoremediation potential. The fungal endophytes associated with the leaves of E...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Dhanushka Udayanga, Lisa A Castlebury, Amy Y Rossman, Ekachai Chukeatirote, Kevin D Hyde
Phytopathogenic species of Diaporthe are associated with a number of soybean diseases including seed decay, pod and stem blight and stem canker and lead to considerable crop production losses worldwide. Accurate morphological identification of the species that cause these diseases has been difficult. In this study, we determined the phylogenetic relationships and species boundaries of Diaporthe longicolla, Diaporthe phaseolorum, Diaporthe sojae and closely related taxa. Species boundaries for this complex were determined based on combined phylogenetic analysis of five gene regions: partial sequences of calmodulin (CAL), beta-tubulin (TUB), histone-3 (HIS), translation elongation factor 1-α (EF1-α), and the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacers (ITS)...
May 2015: Fungal Biology
Fernanda Luiza de Souza Sebastianes, Aline Silva Romão-Dumaresq, Paulo Teixeira Lacava, Ricardo Harakava, João Lúcio Azevedo, Itamar Soares de Melo, Aline Aparecida Pizzirani-Kleiner
This study aimed to perform a comparative analysis of the diversity of endophytic fungal communities isolated from the leaves and branches of Rhizophora mangle, Avicennia schaueriana and Laguncularia racemosa trees inhabiting two mangroves in the state of São Paulo, Brazil [Cananeia and Bertioga (oil spill-affected and unaffected)] in the summer and winter. Three hundred and forty-three fungi were identified by sequencing the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region of rDNA. Differences were observed in the frequencies of fungi isolated from the leaves and branches of these three different plant species sampled from the Bertioga oil spill-affected and the oil-unaffected mangrove sites in the summer and winter; these differences indicate a potential impact on fungal diversity in the study area due to the oil spill...
August 2013: Current Genetics
S M Thompson, Y P Tan, A J Young, S M Neate, E A B Aitken, R G Shivas
The identification of Diaporthe (anamorph Phomopsis) species associated with stem canker of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) in Australia was studied using morphology, DNA sequence analysis and pathology. Phylogenetic analysis revealed three clades that did not correspond with known taxa, and these are believed to represent novel species. Diaporthe gulyae sp. nov. is described for isolates that caused a severe stem canker, specifically pale brown to dark brown, irregularly shaped lesions centred at the stem nodes with pith deterioration and mid-stem lodging...
December 2011: Persoonia
Fernanda L S Sebastianes, Paulo T Lacava, Léia C L Fávaro, Maria B C Rodrigues, Welington L Araújo, João L Azevedo, Aline A Pizzirani-Kleiner
We describe the genetic transformation of the mycelial tissue of Diaporthe phaseolorum, an endophytic fungus isolated from the mangrove species Laguncularia racemosa, using Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation (ATMT). ATMT uses both the hygromycin B resistant (hph) gene and green fluorescent protein as the selection agents. The T-DNA integration into the fungal genome was assessed by both PCR and Southern blotting. All transformants examined were mitotically stable. An analysis of the T-DNA flanking sequences by thermal asymmetric interlaced PCR (TAIL-PCR) demonstrated that the disrupted genes in the transformants had similarities with conserved domains in proteins involved in antibiotic biosynthesis pathways...
February 2012: Current Genetics
K D Hyde, P Chomnunti, P W Crous, J Z Groenewald, U Damm, T W Ko Ko, R G Shivas, B A Summerell, Y P Tan
Australia has efficient and visible plant quarantine measures, which through various border controls and survey activities attempt to prevent the entry of unwanted pests and diseases. The ability to successfully perform this task relies heavily on determining what pathogens are present and established in Australia as well as those pathogens that are exotic and threatening. There are detailed checklists and databases of fungal plant pathogens in Australia, compiled, in part, from surveys over many years sponsored by Federal and State programmes...
December 2010: Persoonia
A W Zhang, L Riccioni, W L Pedersen, K P Kollipara, G L Hartman
ABSTRACT Diaporthe phaseolorum and Phomopsis longicolla isolates from soybean were examined using traditional mycological characteristics and molecular methods. Cultural characteristics including types of fruiting bodies and conidia were assessed for isolates collected from soybean stems and seeds. Cultures were identified as P. longicolla, D. phaseolorum var. caulivora, D. phaseolorum var. meridionalis, or D. phaseolorum var. sojae. Molecular markers for these groups were developed and analyzed using polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphisms (PCR-RFLP) and DNA sequencing in the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and the 5...
December 1998: Phytopathology
S F Brady, M M Wagenaar, M P Singh, J E Janso, J Clardy
[structure] Organic extracts from cultures of endophytic fungi collected in the Guanacaste Conservation Area of Costa Rica were screened for antibiotic activity. Two endophytes CR200 (Cytospora sp.) and CR146 (Diaporthe sp.) were found to have potent antibiotic activity. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the extracts from these fungi led to the identification of cytosporones D and E, antibacterial active trihydroxybenzene lactones, and three related but inactive metabolites. The five new octaketides were characterized using X-ray crystallography and NMR...
December 14, 2000: Organic Letters
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