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Hydatidic cyst

Ashraf Imam, Tawfik Khoury, Dani Weis, Harbi Khalayleh, Muhammad Adeleh, Abed Khalaileh
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a widely endemic helminthic disease caused by infection with the Echinococcus granulosus tapeworm. Following ingestion of eggs, hydatid cysts develop, most frequently in the liver and lungs, but occasionally in other organs. Infection of the pancreas by hydatid cysts is very rare, even in endemic areas. Most cases of pancreatic hydatid cysts reported in the literature were treated surgically using traditional open laparotomy. There are only few case reports describing laparoscopic treatment for this disease...
February 2019: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Aymen Trigui, Haitham Rejab, Amira Akrout, Sami Fendri, Nozha Toumi, Ahmed Kachaou, Aida Jemal, Mohamed Ben Amar, Rafik Mzali
OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to determine the predictive factors of their occurrence during conservative surgical treatment of the hepatic hydatid cyst (HHC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of patients who had undergone conservative surgical treatment of the HHC during 6 years. Univariate analyzes were used to determine the predictive factors of an occult cystobiliary fistula (CBF). RESULTS: This current study included 105 patients...
2019: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Katayoon Amiri, Saeid Nasibi Davarani, Mitra Mehrabani, Mohammad Hadi Nematollahi, Majid Fasihi Harandi
Hydatid disease, a zoonotic disease, is still endemic in many developing countries that is caused by the metacestode of Echinococcus (E.) granulosus. Surgical management is one of the best choices for the treatment of the hydatidosis and using effective scolicidal agents during hydatid surgery is essential to prevent the secondary infection. The aim of the present in vitro study was to evaluate the scolicidal effect of the methanolic extract of Myrtus communis and Tripleurospermum disciforme against protoscoleces of hydatid cyst...
March 9, 2019: Experimental Parasitology
Gulhan Ertan, Sila Ulus, Rukiye Kilicarslan, Mesut Yilmaz, Yahya Paksoy, Cengiz Erol
Hydatid cyst disease is a zoonosis caused by the parasite Echinococcus. It may infest any organ of the body, but it most frequently involves the liver, lungs, and nervous system. Portal vein involvement by hydatid cyst disease is extremely rare with only five cases published in the English literature to our knowledge. We present the ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) findings of a 77-year-old male with hydatid disease of the liver with portal vein invasion mimicking portal vein thrombosis. Colour Doppler US confirmed the lack of blood flow within the portal vein and stigmata of cavernomatosis...
March 7, 2019: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
Yusuf Sukru Caglar, Onur Ozgural, Murat Zaimoglu, Cemil Kilinc, Umit Eroglu, Ihsan Dogan, Gokmen Kahilogullari
OBJECTIVE: Hydatid cyst disease is caused by the parasite Echinococcus granulosus. It is rarely seen in the vertebral system, occurring at a rate of 0.2-1%. The aim of this study is to present 12 spinal hydatid cyst cases, and propose a new type of drainage of the cyst. METHODS: Twelve cases of spinal hydatid cysts, surgical operations, multiple operations, chronic recurrences, and spinal hydatic cyst excision methods are discussed in the context of the literature...
March 2019: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Unsal Vural, Ahmet Arif Aglar, İlyas Kayacioglu
Among all cystic echinococcosis cases, only 0.5%-2% exhibit a cardiac involvement. Only 10% of these become symptomatic. Considering the long time interval between the start of infestation and symptoms to occur, it is hard to diagnose cystic echinococcosis. When detected, even if it is asymptomatic, intramyocardial hydatid cyst requires surgical intervention due to risks of spontaneous rupture and anaphylaxis. In literature, no case of hydatid cyst located in the coronary arterial wall has been reported. Twenty-two-year-old male patient with previous history of pulmonary cystic echinococcosis was referred to us with typical symptoms of coronary artery disease...
January 2019: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Mohnish P Dighe, Srikant Balasubramaniam, Trimurti D Nadkarni
A 40-year-old female presented with back pain without any neurological deficits. Radiological investigations revealed a ventrally situated paraspinal lesion causing widening of the right D4 neural foramen. She underwent a right posterolateral thoracotomy and excision of the lesion in toto, which was reported as a hydatid cyst on histology. Ventrally situated paraspinal extradural hydatid cysts are rare. A Transthoracic surgical exposure offers a direct approach for complete excision of the lesion, minimizing the chances of rupture and spillage...
October 2018: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
Yumin Zhao, Weifeng Gui, Yishu Zhang, Gang Mo, Dayu Li, Shigui Chong
BACKGROUND: Heavy ion radiation has more advantages than traditional radiation therapy in the treatment of cancer, mainly because of its superior biological effects. However, there is currently no reliable evidence that heavy ion radiation can induce cell death in hydatid cysts at the cellular and molecular level. In addition, we believe heavy ion therapy could be a potential alternative approach for the treatment of hydatid cysts. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDING: The hydatid cysts and protoscolices were obtained from an experimentally infected KunMing mice...
February 18, 2019: Diseases (Basel)
Kushaljit Singh Sodhi, Anmol Bhatia, Ram Samujh, Joseph L Mathew, Edward Y Lee
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to prospectively investigate the diagnostic accuracy and added value of fast MRI for evaluating pulmonary hydatid disease in children by comparing fast MRI findings with MDCT findings. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight consecutive children (24 boys and four girls; mean age ± SD, 8.93 ± 3.1 years; range, 5-17 years) with clinically suspected pulmonary hydatid disease were enrolled in this prospective research study for the period from October 2012 to July 2018...
February 19, 2019: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Yener Aydin, Hayri Ogul, Atilla Eroglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2019: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Esma Kozan, Mert Ilhan, Ibrahim Tümen, Esra Küpeli Akkol
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro activity of the essential oil of Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana against protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato. In traditional Turkish folk medicine, the essential oils and resin of P. nigra and P. sylvestris are used externally for wound healing. They are also used in cattle for treating worms and as boiling essence against cold and stomachache. Protoscoleces were aseptically aspirated from sheep livers having hydatid cysts...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Fatma Kulali, Aylin Acar, Aslihan Semiz-Oysu, Tolga Canbak, Kerem Tolan, Yasar Bukte
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (CE-MRCP) and T2-weighted half-Fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spin-echo (T2W HASTE) sequences for diagnosis of cysto-biliary communication in hydatid cysts compared to surgical results. METHODS: Preoperative abdominal magnetic resonance imaging examinations of patients who underwent surgery for hepatic hydatid cysts were reviewed by two radiologists retrospectively...
February 6, 2019: La Radiologia Medica
Nathalie Bakker, Johanna E W Leijnse, Annebeth de Vries
A 19-year old woman with acute pain in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen was seen in the emergency room. Because we suspected an anomaly of the appendix, we performed a laparoscopy. We unexpectedly found a torsion of a Hydatid of Morgagni, a stalked cyst of the fallopian tube.
January 25, 2019: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Meni Bracha, Tawfik Khoury, Gad Marom, Samir Abu Gazla, Muhammad Adeleh, A I Bloom, Hadar Merhav, Abed Khalaileh
Hepatic Hydatid cyst (HHC) are common in endemic areas. Mostly they are asymptomatic but some cause serious complications. We report two cases of HHC complicated arterial bleeding. Due to signs of active bleeding, the patients were treated with selective embolization of the hepatic artery to stop the bleeding and stabilize the patients' condition. Subsequently, partial hepatectomy of the involved liver lobe was performed in an elective setting and without post-operative complications. We recommend bridging therapy by selective angiography and embolization for hemorrhagic hepatic Hydatid cyst before definitive surgical treatment...
January 31, 2019: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Afnan Alkhotani, Babar Butt, Muhammad Khalid, Mohammed Binmahfoodh
INTRODUCTION: Hydatid cyst represents the parasitic infection by Genus Echenococcus Granulosis. This disease usually involves liver followed by lungs and rarely the CNS. The CNS involvement by the Hydatid Cyst is present in 1-2% of all hydatidosis. Even when it is found in the Brain it presents usually in the supratentorial compartment. However this case was unique in having the Hydatid cyst within the infratentorial fossa. With multiple small cysts, causing mass effect and challenging for surgical resection...
January 18, 2019: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
A D Moudgil, P Moudgil, R K Asrani, R K Agnihotri
The present study determined the prevalence of hydatid cysts in different organs of slaughtered hilly 'Gaddi' breed small ruminants-sheep (n = 230) and goats (n = 197)-in Kangra Valley of the north-western Himalayas, India. Hydatid cysts were found in 12.2% (n = 28) of sheep and 10.7% (n = 21) of goats. Pulmonary echinococcosis was more prevalent in slaughtered sheep and goats (sheep 56.36%; goats 62.90%) than hepatic echinococcosis (sheep 43.64%; goats 37.10%). Fertility rates were higher in hepatic (81.25%) and pulmonary cysts of sheep (83...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Helminthology
Christian Hidalgo, Caroll Stoore, Karen Strull, Carmen Franco, Felipe Corrêa, Mauricio Jiménez, Marcela Hernández, Karina Lorenzatto, Henrique B Ferreira, Norbel Galanti, Rodolfo Paredes
BACKGROUND: Cystic echinococcosis is caused by the metacestode of the zoonotic flatworm Echinococcus granulosus. Within the viscera of the intermediate host, the metacestode grows as a unilocular cyst known as hydatid cyst. This cyst is comprised of two layers of parasite origin: germinal and laminated layers, and one of host origin: the adventitial layer, that encapsulates the parasite. This adventitial layer is composed of collagen fibers, epithelioid cells, eosinophils and lymphocytes...
2019: PloS One
Mitra Salehi, Saeed Yaghfoori, Pejman Bahari, Mohsen Seyedabadi, Sima Parande Shirvan
Background: Echinococcus granulosus is one the most important zoonotic disease which is endemic in worldwide. Molecular method has allowed discrimination of different genotypes (G1-G10), providing new approach in development of prevention and control program of hydatid cyst. This study was conducted to identify the genotypes of E. granulosus from domestic animals in nine districts of North Khorasan Province using the mitochondrial cox1 gene sequence. Methods: Overall, 122 hydatid cyst were collected during 2016-2017 from sheep (n=43) and cattle (n=79)...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
Ravi Kumar Garg, Aseem Katyal, Sarita Rani Bishnoi, Amit Dahiya
Hydatid cyst is a zoonotic disease caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus. Humans are incidental intermediate host. Liver and lungs are most common sites involved in hydatid cyst. Spleen, kidney, central nervous system, thyroid, breast are other rare sites. Here we present a unique case of a 48 yr female having isolated hydatid cyst of spleen, with the cyst having ruptured into the splenic flexure of colon.
July 2018: Tropical Parasitology
Samer Makki Mohamed Al-Hakkak, Firas Shaker Mahmoud Al-Faham, Ali Najeh Al-Awwady
INTRODUCTION: Acute limb ischemia is a sudden decrease in limb perfusion that threatens the viability of the limb. Complete or even partial occlusion of the arterial supply to a limb can lead to rapid ischemia and poor functional outcomes within hours. In human echinococcosis cardiac involvement is a rare presentation, it may lead to life-threatening complications including cyst rupture; anaphylactic shock; tamponade; pulmonary, cerebral or peripheral arterial embolism. Cardiac hydatid cyst (CHC) may have different presentation include acute lower limb ischemia secondary to embolization from a ruptured cyst...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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