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"Hypokalaemia" OR "Hypokalemia" AND "Treatment"

Aqian Wang, Xiang Li, Muhammad Nabeel Dookhun, Tiancheng Zhang, Ping Xie, Yunshan Cao
RATIONALE: Prominent J waves can be seen in life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias such as Brugada syndrome, early repolarization syndrome, and ventricular fibrillation. We herein present an unusual case report of hypokalemia-induced J wave syndrome and ST (a part of ECG) segment elevation. PATIENTS CONCERNS: A 52-year-old woman with chief complaints of chest pain for 2 hours and diarrhea showed a marked hypokalemia (2.8 mmol/L) and slightly elevated creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) (57...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Tarek Kamal Eldin, Grazia Tosone, Alfredo Capuano, Raffaele Orlando
We present the case of a 58-year-old woman who developed hypokalaemia and metabolic alkalosis 2 weeks after therapy with colistimethate sodium for the treatment of chronic lower limb ulcer infection by extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The metabolic changes observed resembled Bartter syndrome, a group of congenital disorders affecting the distal segments of the renal tubules. The metabolic abnormalities reversed spontaneously 6 days after drug discontinuation. Acquired forms of Bartter syndrome have been reported during courses of antibiotic therapy; however, to our knowledge, this is the first documented case associated with colistimethate therapy in an adult...
December 2017: Drug Safety—Case Reports
Péter Arányi, János Tomcsányi
Hydrochlorothiazide became one of the most commonly prescribed first-line antihypertensive medication, though its use is often complicated with serious side-effects. A 66-year-old female patient with a history of hypertension had suffered a transient loss of consciousness, and referred to our cardiology unit with an ST-segment elevation and giant negative T-waves in V1-2 ECG leads, long QT-segment and elevated serum creatine-kinase (5392 U/L) and troponin I (4,357 ng/ml) levels. Acute myocardial infarction was not proven (later coronarography revealed preserved coronary circulation), but severe hyponatraemia and hypokalaemia was detected, explaining a possible symptomatic seizure, and which could be accounted for a 25 mg daily hydrochlorothiazide antihypertensive treatment and - as a precipitating insult - a one-week history of gastroenteritis...
March 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
Matthew David Kagan, Kara Schmidt, Gurtej Sangha
This paper details the case of a 26-year-old woman with depletion syndrome and the effectiveness of her treatment with indomethacin. Villous adenomas are benign neoplasms with a high incidence of becoming malignant. A small percentage of villous adenomas are known to cause depletion syndrome, also referred to as the McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome, a condition characterised by secretory diarrhoea, dehydration, hyponatremia, hypokalaemia, hypochloraemia, metabolic acidosis and acute renal failure. Prostaglandin-E2 mediates the hypersecretion mechanism observed in depletion syndrome, and can be inhibited by cyclo-oxygenase inhibitors...
February 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
L M Ten Bos, T C Veenstra, B D Westerhof, F H Bosch
Hypokalaemia is a common clinical problem. It can lead to severe disturbances in cardiac, neurological and muscle function. We present the case of a 45-year-old woman who was transported to our hospital with cardiac arrest following ventricular fibrillation. Blood sampling revealed severe acidosis (pH 7.02) and extreme hypokalaemia (0.9 mmol/l). The low serum potassium level was most likely caused by the combination of a very deficient diet and use of a thiazide diuretic. She never reported any symptoms. An acute intracellular shift of potassium due to epinephrine and perhaps also the cathecholamines in Red Bull may have further decreased the serum potassium concentration...
November 2016: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
Jasmin Arrich, Michael Holzer, Christof Havel, Marcus Müllner, Harald Herkner
BACKGROUND: Good neurological outcome after cardiac arrest is difficult to achieve. Interventions during the resuscitation phase and treatment within the first hours after the event are critical. Experimental evidence suggests that therapeutic hypothermia is beneficial, and several clinical studies on this topic have been published. This review was originally published in 2009; updated versions were published in 2012 and 2016. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the influence of therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest on neurological outcome, survival and adverse events...
February 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mark Jordan, Jenny Caesar
Hypokalaemia is prevalent in 20% of hospitalised patients. Furthermore, inadequate management of hypokalemia was identified in 24% of these patients. Associated with significant patient morbidity and mortality, the identification, investigation, and treatment of hypokalaemia was identified as an area for improvement in the management of medical inpatients. The project aims to measure the assessment, management, and therapeutic monitoring of medical inpatients with hypokalaemia in a district general hospital...
2015: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Katrin Alizadeh, Andreas V Hadjinicolaou, Christopher Hadjittofi, Arjun Shankar
A 52-year old man developed hyperkalaemia on the 11th postoperative day following an extensive open retroperitoneal liposarcoma resection that included splenectomy. Despite thorough investigations, no aetiology for the hyperkalaemia was identified and standard empirical treatment was ineffective. On reconsideration, in view of the patient's concurrent thrombocytosis, a pseudofactual or artefactual hyperkalaemia was suspected. This was confirmed by contemporaneous testing of serum and plasma potassium levels, with the latter value lying within the normal range...
September 7, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Yinru Lim, Hermione Lyall, Caroline Foster
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In 2012, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) was approved for use in children over 2 years of age at a dose of 8 mg/kg/day, and is the WHO recommended first-line therapy for children over 10 years of age or 35 kg in weight, at 300 mg daily. Whilst postmarketing experience of paediatric TDF is limited, prior off-licence use has occurred at our centre due to its tolerability, efficacy and resistance profiles. In this article we describe a single-centre experience of TDF nephrotoxicity in children aged <16 years...
May 2015: Clinical Drug Investigation
Kevin Mohee, Katarzyna Kucharska-Pietura, Amalan Karthigeyan, Asif Naqvi
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that continues to have a devastating impact on the lives of both adolescents and adults worldwide. We present a case of persistent chronic hypokalaemia in a patient with anorexia nervosa. CASE PRESENTATION: A 26-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted to our eating disorders unit under Section 2 of Mental Health Act (1983) with a body mass index of 13.5 kg/m2. On admission, biochemical tests highlighted moderate hypokalaemia (3...
2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Quratulain Merchant, Naveed Ur Rehman Siddiqui, Amina Rehmat, Muneer Amanullah, Anwar Ul Haq, Babar Hasan
BACKGROUND: Hypokalaemia is frequently encountered in the daily clinical practices of a paediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU). It is a strong independent predictor of mortality in patients with heart failure. Thus, prompt potassium replacement therapy holds pivotal importance in therapy for hypokalaemia. Although intravenous potassium replacement (IVPR) in hypokalaemia is the preferred route in most intensive care settings, it is associated with known safety risks and can lead to arrhythmias, cardiac arrest and death if inappropriately administered...
September 4, 2014: BMJ Open
V Martín-Miguel, M A Lafarga-Giribets, L Garcia-Esteve, M D Rodrigo-Claverol
Gitelman's syndrome is a renal tubule disease of recessive autosomal inheritance in which the fundamental alteration is found in the distal tubule, specifically at the level of the Na/Cl cotransporter, is sensitive to thiazides, and coded in chromosome 16q. It is characterised by a metabolic alkalosis with normal blood pressure, hypokalaemia, as well as hypomagnesaemia and hypocalciuria, which separate it from Bartter's syndrome. Its diagnosis can be delayed up to the adult age, as patients may remain asymptomatic for long periods of time...
October 2014: Semergen
Ulrika Marking, Margriet den Boer, Asish Kumar Das, Elshafie Mohamed Ahmed, Victoria Rollason, Be-Nazir Ahmed, Robert N Davidson, Koert Ritmeijer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Aileen Azul Bautista, Jose Eduardo De Leon Duya, Mark Anthony Santiago Sandoval
A 35-year-old man presented with recurrent lower extremity weakness associated with polyuria later progressing to generalised weakness with difficulty in breathing. The patient was hypotensive and dry, with normal thyroid and chest examination, weak lower extremity and carpopedal spasm. Workup revealed hypokalaemia, hyponatraemia, hypocalcaemia, hypomagnesaemia, hypochloraemia and hypophosphataemia. Arterial blood gas showed respiratory alkalosis with good oxygenation. Twenty-four-hour urine collection showed normal volume with electrolyte wasting...
May 21, 2014: BMJ Case Reports
Adele Fryers, Clive Elwood
A 13-year-old female domestic shorthair cat presented with polyphagia and weight loss. Marked systolic hypertension was found on examination. Elevated total thyroxine levels confirmed hyperthyroidism, and hypokalaemia was also documented. A euthyroid state and normotension were achieved following 4 weeks of treatment with carbimazole and amlodipine. Despite potassium supplementation, the hypokalaemia worsened. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed left adrenomegaly. Plasma aldosterone concentrations were initially in the lower half of the reference interval and, when repeated 2 months later, were undetectable...
October 2014: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Valentina G Dell'Orto, Eva A Belotti, Barbara Goeggel-Simonetti, Giacomo D Simonetti, Gian Paolo Ramelli, Mario G Bianchetti, Sebastiano A G Lava
AIMS: The use of topiramate, which is prescribed for the management of epilepsy, for migraine headache prophylaxis and as a weight-loss agent, has been associated with the development of metabolic acidosis, hypokalaemia and renal stone disease. We systematically reviewed all the literature. METHODS: The systematic review of the literature was realized using the principles underlying the UK Economic and Social Research Council guidance on the conduct of narrative synthesis and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement...
June 2014: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Peter F A Mulders, Arturo Molina, Michael Marberger, Fred Saad, Celestia S Higano, Kim N Chi, Jinhui Li, Thian Kheoh, Christopher M Haqq, Karim Fizazi
BACKGROUND: Metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) is a disease that primarily affects older men. Abiraterone acetate (AA), a selective androgen biosynthesis inhibitor, in combination with low-dose prednisone (P) improved overall survival (OS) in a randomised trial in mCRPC progressing after docetaxel versus placebo (PL) plus P. OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy and safety of AA plus P versus PL plus P in subgroups of elderly (aged ≥ 75 yr) (n=331) and younger patients (<75 yr) (n=863)...
May 2014: European Urology
Francisco O Nascimento, Rama K Krishna, Hakop Hrachian, Orlando Santana
A 57-year-old woman presented with nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. She had severe hypokalaemia and hypomagnesemia with marked QTc (680 ms) prolongation after suspected viral diarrhoea. She then developed progressive dyspnoea with congestion. An echocardiogram was obtained and showed severe hypokinesis with apical ballooning and hyperdynamic cardiac base, suggestive of stress cardiomyopathy. A repeat ECG showed further prolongation of the QTc (883 ms) and she rapidly developed polymorphic ventricular tachycardia...
September 13, 2013: BMJ Case Reports
P S Singh, S K Singh, G Singh
Renal involvement in leptospirosis and its association with hypokalaemia is known to occur. Hypokalaemia may lead to paralysis. Herein such a case of hypokalaemic paralysis in leptospirosis is being reported. A 45-years-old male presented with 16 hours duration of myalgia, conjunctival suffusion, progressive flaccid quadriparesis, respiratory muscle weakness and dysphasia. Forty-eight hours later, he developed fever, oliguria and abnormal liver function test. Laboratory investigations showed severe hypokalaemia and serological evidence of leptospirosis...
January 2013: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
M F Thompson, L M Fleeman, A E Kessell, L A Steenhard, S F Foster
BACKGROUND: Proximal renal tubulopathy was reported in Australian dogs with markedly increased frequency from September 2007. METHODS: Two veterinarian-completed surveys were launched in response to an increased incidence of acquired proximal renal tubulopathy in dogs. The selection criterion for inclusion was glucosuria with blood glucose < 10 mmol/L. Data collected included signalment, presenting signs, history of feeding treats, results of urinalysis and blood tests, treatment and time to resolution of clinical signs...
September 2013: Australian Veterinary Journal
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