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"Neostigmine" AND "Emergency"

Hans D de Boer, Ricardo V Carlos, Sorin J Brull
BACKGROUND: Sugammadex, a γ-cyclodextrin derivative, belongs to a new class of selective relaxant binding agents. Sugammadex was approved 10-years ago by the European medicines agency and today is used in clinical anesthesia and emergency medicine globally. In this review, indications for neuromuscular block, the challenge of neuromuscular monitoring and the practice of under-dosing of sugammadex as a potential cost-saving strategy are discussed. MAIN BODY: Reversal of neuromuscular block is important to accelerate the spontaneous recovery of neuromuscular function...
November 6, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
Sarah Palsen, Albert Wu, Sascha S Beutler, Robert Gimlich, H Keri Yang, Richard D Urman
There is a growing body of literature documenting the use of deep neuromuscular block (NMB) during surgery. Traditional definitions of depth of NMB rely on train-of-four assessment, which can be less reliable in retrospective studies. The goal of our study was to investigate the real-world practice pattern of dosing of neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA), utilizing the amount of NMBA used during the course of a case, adjusted for patient weight and case duration, as a surrogate measure of depth of NMB. We also aimed to identify case factors associated with larger NMBA doses...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Vikas N O'Reilly-Shah, Grant C Lynde, Matthew L Mitchell, Carla L Maffeo, Craig S Jabaley, Francis A Wolf
BACKGROUND: Sugammadex rapidly reverses deep neuromuscular blockade, but owing to cost, questions remain about its optimal utilization. After the unrestricted introduction of sugammadex at Emory University Hospital, we hypothesized that reductions would be demonstrated in the primary outcome of post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) mechanical ventilation (MV) and secondary outcomes of PACU length of stay (LOS) and emergence time (surgery end to anesthesia end time in the PACU). METHODS: This retrospective observational study included patients undergoing general anesthesia over a 12-month period...
October 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
Xue Zhang, Hui Jiang, Shiyong Li, Ailin Luo, Yilin Zhao
RATIONALE: Thyroid storm is a rare and life-threatening metabolic crisis because of an emergent release of excess thyroid hormone. Sinus tachycardia induced by excess thyroid hormone may result in congestive heart failure due to decreased diastolic filling time. PATIENT CONCERNS: A controlled hyperthyroidism patient with severe sinus tachycardia. DIAGNOSES: A controlled hyperthyroidism patient was induced thyroid storm during huge pelvic mass resection...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Baran S Kizilyildiz, Kamuran Karaman, Selvi Özen, Abdurrahman Üner
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate characteristics, outcomes and clinical features of acute intoxications among children in Van region of Turkey. METHODS: All cases with a diagnosis of acute intoxication admitted to the Pediatric Emergency Department of the Yüzüncü Yıl University of Van from June 1, 2010 to November 30, 2011 were evaluated. We retrospectively examined the medical records for demographical and etiological characteristics of patients below 17 years of age...
February 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Ashutosh Kumar Singh, Abhyuday Kumar, Ashok Kumar, Braj Kishore Prasad, Pradeep Kumar Tiwary, Ranjeet Kumar
Objective: The primary objective of this study was to compare the analgesic effects of intrathecal ropivacaine with or without neostigmine or dexmedetomidine in lower limb surgeries. Secondary objectives were to study the characteristics of block, duration of analgesia, postoperative analgesic requirement, and associated side effects. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five patients posted for elective orthopedic lower limb surgeries under spinal anesthesia were randomly divided into three equal groups to receive intrathecal ropivacaine 0...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Loh P S, M M Miskan, Chin Y Z, R A Zaki
BACKGROUND: Cough on emergence has been reported as a common adverse reaction with sugammadex reversal. We investigated if staggering the dose of sugammadex will reduce emergence cough in a single-center, randomized, double-blinded study. METHODS: A hundred and twenty ASA 1-3 adults were randomly reversed with 1 mg/kg sugammadex prior to extubation followed by another 1 mg/kg immediately after extubation (staggered group), single dose of 2 mg/kg sugammadex (single bolus group) or neostigmine 0...
October 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
Sebastian Daniel Trancă, Robert Szabo, Mihaela Cociş
Datura stramonium (DS) is a widespread annual plant, containing atropine, hyoscyamine, and scopolamine, which can produce poisoning with a severe anticholinergic syndrome. Teenagers ingest the roots, seeds or the entire plant to obtain its hallucinogenic and euphoric effects. We presented the case of a 22 year old male who was admitted to the Emergency Room in a coma after consuming Datura stramonium, 2 hours earlier. The patient presented with fever, tachycardia with right bundle branch block, and urinary retention...
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
James Li, Sharon Arnaud Stokes, Anna Woeckener
γ-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is unfamiliar to many physicians in the United States but enjoys clinical use elsewhere for applications in resuscitation, anesthesia, and addiction therapy. Use within the United States is restricted to Food and Drug Administration- approved clinical trials for treatment of narcolepsy. Recently illicit use of GHB has emerged within the United States where it is distributed for purported euphoric and "fat-burning" metabolic effects. Clinical effects can be severe, progressing rapidly to respiratory arrest and death...
June 1998: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Paolo Feltracco, Tommaso Tonetti, Stefania Barbieri, Anna Chiara Frigo, Carlo Ori
BACKGROUND: Postoperative residual neuromuscular blockade (RNMB) is a common complication in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU), but also one of the most controversial issues. Many studies and trials demonstrated that some methods and techniques can reduce the incidence and the extent of the phenomenon. STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of RNMB in the PACU at standardized times after extubation with the implementation of a protocol of careful neuromuscular blockade management...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Thomas Fuchs-Buder, Réka Nemes, Denis Schmartz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To revise the current literature on concepts for neuromuscular block management. Moreover, consequences of incomplete neuromuscular recovery on patients' postoperative pulmonary outcome are evaluated as well. RECENT FINDINGS: The incidence of residual paralysis may be as high as 70% and even small degrees of residual paralysis may have clinical consequences. Neostigmine should not be given before return of the fourth response of the train-of-four-stimulation and no more than 40-50 μg/kg should be given...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Jeung Hui Pyo, Yang Won Min, Poong-Lyul Rhee
Neostigmine can successfully decompress patients with acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) who are unresponsive to conservative therapy. However, neostigmine is contraindicated in renal failure, so it is underused in ACPO patients with renal failure who would be otherwise appropriate candidates. We described the first successfully treated case of acute kidney injury (AKI) with neostigmine in a patient with ACPO. A 72-year-old man who underwent a coronary artery bypass graft surgery 11 days prior presented to the emergency room with abdominal distension, peripheral edema, and dyspnea on exertion...
February 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Friederike Haerter, Matthias Eikermann
INTRODUCTION: Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (neostigmine, edrophonium) and encapsulating agents (sugammadex and calabadion) can be used to reverse residual neuromuscular blockade (NMB). AREAS COVERED: This review provides information about efficacy, effectiveness, and side effects of drugs (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and encapsulating agents) used to reverse neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs). EXPERT OPINION: The therapeutic range of acetylcholinesterase-inhibitors is narrow and effectiveness studies demonstrate clinicians don't use these unspecific reversal agents effectively to increase postoperative respiratory safety...
2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Marco Aurelio Rendón-Medina
BACKGROUND: Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, or Ogilvie syndrome, is a motility abnormality characterised by rapid and progressive dilation of the large intestine. To achieve a diagnosis it is fundamental to exclude mechanical obstruction with imaging studies such as computer axial tomography. The combined incidence of Ogilvie and dysmorphic syndrome has not been described. CLINICAL CASE: Female patient of 28 years old with a history of infant cerebral palsy came to emergency room with 4 days of intestinal obstruction...
March 2017: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Sonali Ramakant More, Sangeeta Sanjay Dabhade, Balasaheb Baburao Ghongane
INTRODUCTION: Drug cost is essential component of anaesthesia pharmacoeconomics. Recently pharmacoeconomics has emerged to measure, compare and evaluate cost of drug therapy to health system and decide which strategies produce best outcomes for resources allocated. The present study was planned to find utilization of intravenous anaesthetic agents in a tertiary care hospital and to find the pharmacoeconomics related to utilized and un-utilized drug data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective observational study was conducted for 3 months and 200 cases were recorded undergoing surgical procedures under general anaesthesia only...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Buwei Yu, Baoyi Ouyang, Shengjin Ge, Yan Luo, Jun Li, Dongmei Ni, Shuangfei Hu, Hui Xu, Jin Liu, Su Min, Longyun Li, Zhengliang Ma, Kangjie Xie, Changhong Miao, Xinmin Wu
OBJECTIVE: Evidences demonstrate that postoperative residual neuromuscular blockade (rNMB) is a primary and frequent anesthetic risk factor for postoperative complications. This study was designed to mitigate the paucity of data regarding the occurrence and degree of rNMB in a real-life setting. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter, anesthetist-blind, observational study enrolled 1571 Chinese adults undergoing elective open or laparoscopic abdominal surgery lasting ≤4 hours from 32 hospitals across China...
2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Ronald S Jones, Ulrike Auer, Martina Mosing
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence regarding the reversal of neuromuscular block (NMB) in companion animals with emphasis on the development and use of newer agents. DATABASE USED: Data sources include scientific reviews and original research publications in both human and veterinary literature using Pubmed and Scopus as search data bases. Unpublished and locally published data on reversal of NMB are presented. CONCLUSIONS: Residual NMB has been shown to increase morbidity and mortality in humans and needs to be avoided...
September 2015: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
B Brueckmann, N Sasaki, P Grobara, M K Li, T Woo, J de Bie, M Maktabi, J Lee, J Kwo, R Pino, A S Sabouri, F McGovern, A K Staehr-Rye, M Eikermann
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate whether reversal of rocuronium-induced neuromuscular blockade with sugammadex reduced the incidence of residual blockade and facilitated operating room discharge readiness. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing abdominal surgery received rocuronium, followed by randomized allocation to sugammadex (2 or 4 mg kg(-1)) or usual care (neostigmine/glycopyrrolate, dosing per usual care practice) for reversal of neuromuscular blockade...
November 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Tom Schepens, Guy Cammu
Non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) produce neuromuscular blockade by competing with acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, whereas depolarizing NMBAs open receptor channels in a manner similar to that of acetylcholine. Problems with NMBAs include malignant hyperthermia caused by succinylcholine, anaphylaxis with the highest incidence for succinylcholine and rocuronium, and residual neuromuscular blockade. To reverse these blocks, anticholinesterases can act indirectly by increasing the amount of acetylcholine in the neuromuscular junction; sugammadex is the only selective relaxant binding agent (SRBA) in clinical use...
2014: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
Ciğdem Ozgün, Türkay Cakan, Bülent Baltacı, Hülya Başar
BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare clinical effects of sugammadex versus combination of anticholinergic-anticholinesterase agents for reversing of nondepolarizing neuromuscular block in pediatric patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 pediatric patients whom should be performed general anesthesia in the supine position were enrolled to this randomized double-blinded clinical trial. Fentanyl 1 μg/kg, propofol 2 mg/kg, rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg were used in induction and sevofluran, 50% O2-50% N2O in maintenance of anesthesia...
August 2014: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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