Read by QxMD icon Read

Finger stick glucose testing

Gayotri Goswami, Nataliya Scheinberg, Clyde B Schechter, Vincent Ruocco, Nichola J Davis
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the impact of multidisciplinary process improvement interventions on glycemic control in the inpatient setting of an urban community hospital, utilizing the daily simple average as the primary glucometric measure. METHODS: From 2010-2014, 5 process of care interventions were implemented in the non-critical care inpatient units of the study hospital. Interventions included education of medical staff, implementation of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia protocols, computerized insulin order entry, and coordination of meal tray delivery with finger stick and insulin administration...
March 13, 2019: Endocrine Practice
C Ratnayake, N D Weerasekara, D H Suranimala, S Muhandiram
Introduction: Self-monitoring of fasting, pre and postprandial blood glucose (SMBG) is an integral part of diabetic care. The validity and accuracy of different glucometer types vary significantly and at present ,none of the local authorities carry out pre or post marketing evaluation of these devices in Sri Lanka. This study evaluated the accuracy and validity of 3 types of SMBG devices available over the counter, Device 1, Device 2 and Device 3 against a standard laboratory reference method...
December 31, 2018: Ceylon Medical Journal
Breberg Breanna, Halikas Alicia
Anxiety is prevalent among young adults; research shows metabolic inflexibility, the inability to oxidize fat, can increase the occurrence of hyper-aroused states. Fasting blood glucose is the current protocol for assessing metabolic impairment. However, recent studies have shown young adults may have normal fasting blood glucose levels with underlying irregularities in postprandial glucose regulation, insulin secretion and cortisol release, which causes a pattern of visceral fat accumulation. Visceral fat of the volunteers was assessed using the DXA (Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) full body scanning method; the waist was assessed by taking the circumference at the midpoint between the lower margin of the last palpable rib and the top of the iliac crest to formulate a waist to height ratio (WHtR); fasting glucose levels were measured via point-of-care (POC) finger-stick method using the Abbott Precision blood glucose meter and anxiety levels...
January 2019: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Roy W Beck, Richard M Bergenstal, Tonya D Riddlesworth, Craig Kollman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of biochemical hypoglycemia with subsequent severe hypoglycemia (SH) events using the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) data set. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The frequency of biochemical hypoglycemia (percentage of values <70 and <54 mg/dL [3.9 and 3.0 mmol/L) was assessed using DCCT blood glucose concentrations measured at a central laboratory from seven finger-stick samples (7-point testing: pre- and 90-min postmeals and at bedtime) collected during 1 day every 3 months...
January 2019: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
Eric Bartholomae, Zachary Johnson, Jeffery Moore, Kathryn Ward, Jochen Kressler
Investigate the effects of short duration stair climbing/descending at a self-selected pace on post-prandial glucose responses in adults. Thirty participants (10 female) completed 4 oral glucose tolerance tests on separate days. Following glucose consumption, participants underwent seated rest (control) or walked up/down 21 stairs at a self-selected comfortable pace for 10, 3, and 1min in randomized order. Blood glucose was measured by capillary sampling from finger sticks every 15min until values for all trials converged...
December 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Mihyun Jeong, Elizabeth Reifsnider
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations of diabetes-related distress and depressive symptoms with glycemic control in Korean Americans (KAs) with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: The cross-sectional, correlational descriptive study explored glycemic control in KA. A total of 119 KA adults with T2DM were recruited from Korean communities in Arizona between July and November 2016. Data were collected by a finger-stick glucose test for A1C, the Diabetes Distress Scale for diabetes-related distress, the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression for depressive symptoms, and sociodemographics...
December 2018: Diabetes Educator
Harmony Thompson, Helen Lunt, Cate Fleckney, Steven Soule
An adolescent with type 1 diabetes and a history of self-harm, which included intentional overdoses and insulin omission, presented with an insulin degludec overdose. She had been commenced on the ultra-long-acting insulin, degludec, with the aim of reducing ketoacidosis episodes in response to intermittent refusal to take insulin. Insulin degludec was administered under supervision as an outpatient. Because it was anticipated that she would attempt a degludec overdose at some stage, the attending clinicians implemented a proactive management plan for this (and related) scenarios...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Ramachandram Badugu, Edward Albert Reece, Joseph R Lakowicz
Accurate and reliable monitoring of blood glucose is needed for the treatment of diabetes, which has many challenges, including lack of patient compliance. Measuring tear glucose is an alternative to traditional finger-stick tests used to track blood sugar levels, but glucose sensing using tears has yet to be achieved. We report a methodology for possible tear glucose monitoring using glucose-sensitive silicone hydrogel (SiHG) contact lenses, the primary type of lenses available in today's market. Initially, we assessed the interpenetrating polymer network, with nearly pure silicone and water regions, existing in the SiHGs using a polarity-sensitive probe Prodan...
May 2018: Journal of Biomedical Optics
Katherine A Araque, Deepak K Kadayakkara, Nino Gigauri, Diane Sheehan, Sachin Majumdar, Gregory Buller, Clare A Flannery
Background: Severe hypoglycaemic events (HGEs) in hospitalised patients are associated with poor outcomes and prolonged hospitalization. Systematic, coordinated care is required for acute management and prevention of HGEs; however, studies evaluating quality control efforts are scarce. Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of system-based interventions to improve management response to HGEs. Methods: System-based interventions were designed and implemented following a root cause analysis of HGE in adult patients with diabetes from two general medical wards with the highest incidence of HGE...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
Signe M Lundsgaard-Nielsen, Anders Pors, Stefan O Banke, Jan E Henriksen, Dietrich K Hepp, Anders Weber
One of the most ambitious endeavors in the field of diabetes technology is non-invasive glucose sensing. In the past decades, a number of different technologies have been assessed, but none of these have found its entry into general clinical use. We report on the development of a table-top confocal Raman spectrometer that was used in the home of patients with diabetes and operated for extended periods of time unsupervised and without recalibration. The system is based on measurement of glucose levels at a 'critical depth' in the skin, specifically in the interstitial fluid located below the stratum corneum but above the underlying adipose tissue layer...
2018: PloS One
Ann R Kaisen, Janet A Parkosewich, Kelly A Bonito
Purpose The purpose of the study was to identify the rate and factors associated with timely mealtime capillary blood glucose (CBG) testing and insulin coverage in hospitalized patients with diabetes. Methods A descriptive-correlational design was used with a random sample of patients (n = 77) and nurses (n = 36) on a medicine and a neuroscience unit of a large Magnet hospital. After written consent was obtained, post-meal patient and nurse interviews were conducted to collect information about patient, nurse, and situational factors known to influence timely mealtime diabetes care...
April 2018: Diabetes Educator
L Leelarathna, E G Wilmot
The FreeStyle Libre flash glucose monitor became available on prescription (subject to local health authority approval) in all four nations of the UK from November 2017, a watershed moment in the history of diabetes care. Calibration free, the FreeStyle Libre is a disc worn on the arm for 14 days which is designed largely to replace the recommended 4-10 painful finger-stick blood glucose tests required each day for the self-management of diabetes. This review discusses clinical data from randomized and observational studies, considers device accuracy metrics and deliberates its popularity and the potential challenges that this new device brings to diabetes care in the UK...
April 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Jayoung Kim, Alan S Campbell, Joseph Wang
The growing recent interest in wearable and mobile technologies has led to increased research efforts toward development of non-invasive glucose monitoring platforms. Continuous glucose monitoring addresses the limitations of finger-stick blood testing and provides the opportunity for optimal therapeutic interventions. This article reviews recent advances and challenges toward the development of non-invasive epidermal electrochemical glucose sensing systems. Recent reports claim success in glucose monitoring in human subjects using skin-worn electrochemical sensors...
January 15, 2018: Talanta
Ayse Aytaman, Nwakile Ojike, Samantha Zizi, S R Pandi-Perumal, Ismet Lukolic, Amit Bhanvadia, Felix Nwamaghinna, Haroon Kamran, Alla Akivis, Olusegun Bankole, Moro O Salifu, Samy I McFarlane
INTRODUCTION: Less hygienic use of blood glucose monitoring equipment such as blood glucose meters, lancets, finger stick devices or other diabetes-care equipment such as syringes or insulin pens by self-administration often exposes the diabetic patient to Hepatitis B infection. This study evaluates hepatitis B vaccination among individuals with diabetes. METHODS: The study used data from the 2000-2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Vaccination rates among adult individuals with diabetes of various ethnic backgrounds was accessed and compared using chis-square tests...
2016: International Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Joy Woods, Micki Nadelson
Diabetes affects approximately 26% of individuals oldeR THAN 65 years of age in the United States and up to 33% of patients in long-term care facilities. The most commonly prescribed insulin therapy for patients in long-term care is sliding-scale insulin (SSI): the use of finger-stick blood glucose testing to assess the need for insulin administration based on current blood glucose levels. SSI has been on the Beers Criteria of Potentially Inappropriate Medications since 2012. However, its sole use for long-term treatment is specifically not recommended by the American Diabetes Association and other stakeholders in diabetes management...
February 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
Baris Kuru, Mustafa Sever, Ersin Aksay, Tarik Dogan, Necmiye Yalcin, Ezgi Seker Eren, Fusun Ustuner
OBJECTIVES: Blood ketone (beta-hydroxybutyrate) measurements are suggested instead of urine ketone (acetoacetate) measurements in the diagnosis of diabetic ketoacidosis. Urine ketone examination is difficult and time consuming, and may result in an incorrect interpretation. Studies performed in emergency departments on blood ketones are limited. Our objective is to compare urine ketones and capillary blood ketones in patients whose serum glucose levels were ≥150 mg/dl. METHODS: In our cross-sectional prospective study, finger-stick blood beta-hydroxybutyrate, arterial blood gas and urine ketone measurements of patients whose serum glucose levels were 150 mg/dL and higher were performed in the emergency department...
June 2014: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
M D Shylaja, Prashant A Punde, George Sam, S Nubesh Khan, Abhilash Abdul Latheef, Ashutosh J Thorat
AIM: The present study was aimed to assess the fasting and postprandial gingival crevicular blood (GCB) glucose and finger stick blood glucose measurements using a glucometer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 subjects with periodontitis and positive bleeding on probing were considered. Subjects were instructed to report to the department after overnight fasting. Gingival crevicular blood samples were collected from anterior region showing bleeding on probing followed by finger stick blood sample collection...
March 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ellen L Terry, Yvette M Güereca, Satin L Martin, Jamie L Rhudy
OBJECTIVES: Prior research has shown a relationship between blood glucose levels and some forms of self-regulation (eg, executive function), with low blood glucose levels associated with impaired self-regulation. Further, engagement in self-regulation tasks depletes blood glucose. Given these relationships, the present study examined whether blood glucose is associated with another form of self-regulation, ie, descending pain modulatory processes. METHODS: Forty-seven (32 female) pain-free participants were recruited and completed testing...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
T S Srinivasa, Parul Agrawal, Pravesh Goyal, Sana Farista, N K Sowmya, Sushmita Deonani
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level can consequently be interpreted as an average of the blood glucose present over the past 3-4 months. Periodontitis is associated with glycemic control in patients with diabetes. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of HbA1c in healthy and periodontitis patients who were previously not diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients were selected for study and divided into two groups...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Lesley Jo Weaver, S V Madhu
OBJECTIVES: We explored the relationship between mental health and type 2 diabetes among women in New Delhi, India, in 2011. METHODS: We recruited a convenience sample of 184 diabetic women from 10 public and private clinics. They completed a finger-stick blood test and a questionnaire assessing demographic characteristics, depression and anxiety symptoms, and diabetes-related disabilities restricting their performance of daily tasks. A subsample of 30 women participated in follow-up qualitative interviews at their homes...
November 2015: American Journal of Public Health
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"