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"Triage" AND "Emergency"

Samuel P Trethewey, Shantal Deepak, Samuel Saad, Ellen Hughes, George Tadros
BACKGROUND: Busy emergency departments (EDs) are not the optimum environment for assessment of patients in mental health crisis. The Psychiatric Decisions Unit (PDU) was developed by the Birmingham and Solihull Mental Health Foundation Trust as an enhanced assessment service to ensure patients in mental health crisis receive optimal care. AIMS: To evaluate the activities of the PDU and its impact on the frequency of ED presentations and inpatient admissions, and to explore patient satisfaction...
February 14, 2019: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Ross M Clark, Dyann Weingardt, James M Goff, Erika R Ketteler
OBJECTIVE: Vascular laboratory (VL) venous duplex ultrasound is the "gold standard" for diagnosis of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (DVT), which is linked to many morbid conditions. Decreasing night and weekend use of VL services in the emergency department (ED) represents a potentially viable means of reducing costs as skilled personnel must remain on call and receive a wage premium when activated. We investigated the effects of workflow changes that required ED providers to use a computerized decision-making tool, integrated into the electronic medical record, to calculate a Wells score for each patient considered for an after-hours venous duplex ultrasound study for suspected DVT...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Helena A Watson, Naomi Carlisle, Katy Kuhrt, Rachel M Tribe, Jenny Carter, Paul Seed, Andrew H Shennan
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of preterm labour is needed to ensure correct management of those most at risk of preterm birth and to prevent the maternal and fetal risks incurred by unnecessary interventions given to the large majority of women, who do not deliver within a week of presentation. Intervention "just-in-case" results in many avoidable admissions, women being transferred out of their local hospital unnecessarily and most women receiving unwarranted drugs, such as steroids and tocolytics...
February 13, 2019: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Lars Petter Bjørnsen, Lars Eide Naess-Pleym, Jostein Dale, Bjørnar Grenne, Rune Wiseth
OBJECTIVES: Chest pain is one of the most frequent chief complaints in patients admitted to the emergency department (ED). No study has evaluated this patient population in Norway. The aim of the present study was to describe the diagnoses and logistics of chest pain patients admitted to the ED at a Norwegian university hospital. DESIGN: Data were collected from all patients referred to the ED at St. Olav's Hospital-Trondheim University Hospital in 2015. Patients presenting at the ED with a chief complaint of chest pain based on the Rapid Emergency Triage and Treatment System were included in this study...
February 14, 2019: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
Mohammad Anadani, Eyad Almallouhi, Amy E Wahlquist, Ellen Debenham, Christine A Holmstedt
INTRODUCTION: A significant proportion of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients who are evaluated through telestroke consultation are transferred to thrombectomy-capable stroke centers (TSCs) for concern of large vessel occlusion (LVO). Patient triage selection is commonly based on the clinical suspicion of LVO, which lacks specificity and could result in unnecessary transfers. In this study, we aimed to assess the accuracy of the most commonly used LVO recognition scales in telestroke setting...
February 13, 2019: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Harel Gilutz, Sevatlana Shindel, Ilana Shoham-Vardi
BACKGROUND: Adherence to guidelines for the initial treatment of ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction has been thoroughly studied, whereas the study of emergency department (ED) adherence to guidelines for Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction-Acute Coronary Syndrome (NSTEMI-ACS) has been much scarcer. The recommended guidelines for the initial prompt workup and treatment of NSTEMI-ACS remains a challenge. AIM: We studied adherence to guidelines for NSTEMI in the ED...
March 2019: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
Asad Shabbir, Lampson Fan, Gregory Fraser, Mark Philip Cassar, Jon Swinburn
The latest European Society of Cardiology guideline on the management of acute coronary syndromes without persistent ST-elevation stipulates several acceptable pathways through which patients presenting with chest pain can be assessed for unstable coronary disease. This article reviews the data behind the "rule-in and rule-out algorithm," which can exclude acute myocardial infarction within 1 hour of presentation through the use of fifth generation high-sensitivity troponin assays.
March 2019: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
Brittany M Stopa, Stefano Amoroso, Luca Ronfani, Elena Neri, Egidio Barbi, Lois K Lee
BACKGROUND: Pediatric head trauma management varies between emergency departments globally. Here we aim to compare the pediatric minor head trauma management between a US and Italian hospital. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of children 0-18 years old presenting after minor head trauma (Glasgow Coma Scale 14-15) from two emergency departments, in Boston, Massachusetts, United States and Trieste, Italy, between January and December 2013. Frequencies of demographic, clinical, and management characteristic were calculated...
February 11, 2019: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Jordan R Anderson, Vihang Nakhate, Christopher D Stephen, David L Perez
Functional neurological disorders (FND) are complex and prevalent neuropsychiatric conditions. Importantly, some patients with FND develop acute onset symptoms requiring emergency department (ED) evaluations. Historically, FND was a "rule-out" diagnosis, making assessment and management in the ED difficult. While the rapid triage of potential neurological emergencies remains the initial task, advancements have altered the approach to FND. FND is now a "rule-in" diagnosis based on validated neurological examination signs and semiological features...
February 2019: Seminars in Neurology
Elizabeth Brigham, Jodi Brady, Robert P Olympia
Illness and injury associated with sport and physical activities may occur in the school setting. Although most sport-related illness and injury in students are considered minor emergencies, life- and limb-threatening illnesses or injuries may occur, such as sudden cardiac arrest, heat stroke, status asthmaticus, catastrophic brain or cervical spine injuries, hypoglycemia, blunt chest/abdominal injuries, or extremity fractures requiring surgery. It is important for the school nurse to recognize potential life- and limb-threatening emergencies associated with sport and physical activity, to initiate stabilization of the student with life- and limb-threatening symptoms, and to triage these students to an appropriate level of care (back to the classroom, home with their guardian with follow up at their primary healthcare provider's office, or directly to the closest emergency department via emergency medical services)...
February 9, 2019: NASN School Nurse
Gökhan Torun, Vahide Aslihan Durak
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic injuries are among the most frequent reasons of admission to emergency room services (ERs). In the first assessment of the cases, ATLS protocols recommends use of triage decision scheme consisting of parametres of abnormal physiologic findings, anatomic injury site, pathogenic mechanism of injury, concomitant diseases and conditions, and activation of trauma teams in line with these criteria. The aim of this study is to evaluate TEWS(Triage Early Warning Score) as a marker for predicting mortality in trauma patients who presented to Emergency Services...
February 4, 2019: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Mariza Elsi, Iswenti Novera
OBJECTIVE: Triage is basically a categorization process to prioritize various treatments for patients based on the types of disease, severity, prognosis and resource availability. However, the term triage is more appropriate to be used in the context of natural disaster or mass casualties. Within the context of emergency situation in emergency department, the term triage refers to a method used to assess the severity of patients' condition, determine the level of priority, and mobilize the patients to the suitable care unit...
February 4, 2019: Enfermería Clínica
Calvin J Chiew, Nan Liu, Takashi Tagami, Ting Hway Wong, Zhi Xiong Koh, Marcus E H Ong
Early identification of high-risk septic patients in the emergency department (ED) may guide appropriate management and disposition, thereby improving outcomes. We compared the performance of machine learning models against conventional risk stratification tools, namely the Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA), National Early Warning Score (NEWS), Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS), and our previously described Singapore ED Sepsis (SEDS) model, in the prediction of 30-day in-hospital mortality (IHM) among suspected sepsis patients in the ED...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Eveline A J van Rein, Rogier van der Sluijs, Frank J Voskens, Koen W W Lansink, R Marijn Houwert, Rob A Lichtveld, Mariska A de Jongh, Marcel G W Dijkgraaf, Howard R Champion, Frank J P Beeres, Luke P H Leenen, Mark van Heijl
Importance: Prehospital trauma triage protocols are used worldwide to get the right patient to the right hospital and thereby improve the chance of survival and avert lifelong disabilities. The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma set target levels for undertriage rates of less than 5%. None of the existing triage protocols has been able to achieve this target in isolation. Objective: To develop and validate a new prehospital trauma triage protocol to improve current triage rates...
February 6, 2019: JAMA Surgery
Grace E Marx, Yushiuan Chen, Michele Askenazi, Bernadette A Albanese
OBJECTIVES: In Colorado, legalization of recreational marijuana in 2014 increased public access to marijuana and might also have led to an increase in emergency department (ED) visits. We examined the validity of using syndromic surveillance data to detect marijuana-associated ED visits by comparing the performance of surveillance queries with physician-reviewed medical records. METHODS: We developed queries of combinations of marijuana-specific International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) diagnostic codes or keywords...
February 5, 2019: Public Health Reports
Rasmus Bo Hasselbalch, Mia Pries-Heje, Martin Schultz, Louis Lind Plesner, Lisbet Ravn, Morten Lind, Rasmus Greibe, Birgitte Nybo Jensen, Thomas Høi-Hansen, Nicholas Carlson, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Lars S Rasmussen, Kasper Iversen
INTRODUCTION: Triage systems with limited room for clinical judgment are used by emergency departments (EDs) worldwide. The Copenhagen Triage Algorithm (CTA) is a simplified triage system with a clinical assessment. METHODS: The trial was a non-inferiority, two-center cluster-randomized crossover study where CTA was compared to a local adaptation of Adaptive Process Triage (ADAPT). CTA involves initial categorization based on vital signs with a final modification based on clinical assessment by an ED nurse...
2019: PloS One
Kristyn C Huffman
Fast tracks are widely used in emergency departments to increase patient throughput as annual visits continue to rise in the United States. A modified triage process known as QuickLook, which omits patients' past medical history, is used in some hospitals to further increase throughput. This article discusses the effects of QuickLook on patient placement, reviews the role of past medical history in triage, and discusses the impact of integrating a targeted history question into the QuickLook process of an emergency department in Arizona...
March 2019: Nursing Clinics of North America
J F Ebert, L Huibers, B Christensen, M B Christensen, F K Lippert
OBJECTIVE: Acute out-of-hours (OOH) healthcare is challenged by potentially long waiting time for callers in acute need of medical aid. OOH callers must usually wait in line, even when contacting for highly urgent or life-threatening conditions. We tested an emergency access button (EAB), which allowed OOH callers to bypass the waiting line if they perceived their health problem as severe. We aimed to investigate EAB use and patient characteristics associated with this use. DESIGN: Comparative intervention study...
February 2, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Yi-Chih Lin, Hua-Kuei Hsu, Tai-Shuan Lai, Wen-Chih Chiang, Shuei-Liong Lin, Yung-Ming Chen, Chu-Chieh Chen, Tzong-Shinn Chu
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a growing global health concern with increased disease burden and high medical costs. Utilization of the emergency department (ED) among dialyzed patients and the associated risk factors remain unknown. METHODS: Participants of this study, selected from the National Health Insurance Database in Taiwan, were aged 19-90 years and received maintenance hemodialysis from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2010. A control group consisting of individuals who did not receive dialysis, selected from the same data source, were matched for age, sex, and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI)...
January 31, 2019: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
Nafsa R Marombwa, Hendry R Sawe, Upendo George, Said S Kilindimo, Nanyori J Lucumay, Kilalo M Mjema, Juma A Mfinanga, Ellen J Weber
BACKGROUND: A number of region-specific validated triage systems exist; however very little is known about their performance in resource limited settings. We compare the local triage tool and internationally validated tools among under-fives presenting to an urban emergency department in Tanzania. METHODOLOGY: Prospective descriptive study of consecutive under-fives seen at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), ED between November 2017 to April 2018. Patients were triaged according to Local Triage System (LTS), and the information collected were used to assign acuities in the other triage scales: Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale (CTAS), Australasian Triage Scale (ATS), Manchester Triage Scale (MTS) and South African Triage Scale (SATS)...
February 1, 2019: BMC Pediatrics
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