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"artificial light" AND Plant

Matthew Tridgett, Charles Moore-Kelly, Jean-Louis H A Duprey, Lorea Orueta Iturbe, Chi W Tsang, Haydn A Little, Sandeep K Sandhu, Matthew R Hicks, Timothy R Dafforn, Alison Rodger
It is a challenge within the field of biomimetics to recreate the properties of light-harvesting antennae found in plants and photosynthetic bacteria. Attempts to recreate these biological structures typically rely on the alignment of fluorescent moieties via attachment to an inert linear scaffold, e.g. DNA, RNA or amyloid fibrils, to enable Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) between attached chromophores. While there has been some success in this approach, refinement of the alignment of the chromophores is often limited, which may limit the efficiency of energy transfer achieved...
August 23, 2018: RSC Advances
S A Abbasi, G Ponni, S M Tauseef
In a first-ever report on this subject, it is shown that a common amphibious plant joyweed (Alternanthera sessilis) can be used in rapid and efficient treatment of biodegradable wastewaters, typified by domestic sewage. The plant was effective when used indoors under artificial lighting, as well as outdoors. It enabled treatment of sewage, varying widely in strength (from 300 mg/L to 1800 mg/L in chemical oxygen demand), to the extent of 78.9-83.9%. It was also able to remove biological oxygen demand, suspended solids, phosphorous, nitrogen, and the heavy metal copper to the extent of 87%, 93%, 45%, and 43%, respectively...
January 31, 2019: International Journal of Phytoremediation
Aleksandra Bawiec, Katarzyna Pawęska, Krzysztof Pulikowski
Effective removal of nitrogen and phosphorus from sewage before its discharge to the receiving water body is now a key task for scientists and technologists around the world. The widespread problem of eutrophication in the watercourses as well as in the seas and oceans obliges to take actions leading to more effective protection of water resources and implementation of sustainable development principles. One of the methods of increased wastewater treatment from nutrients is the use of a third stage of treatment with the use of macrophytes for the uptake of nitrogen and phosphorus...
November 28, 2018: Environmental Technology
Shaopeng Feng, Lijiang Fu, Qian Xia, Jinglu Tan, Yongnian Jiang, Ya Guo
Green houses play a vital role in modern agriculture. Artificial light illumination is very important in a green house. While light is necessary for plant growth, excessive light in a green house may not bring more profit and even damages plants. Developing a plant-physiology-based light control strategy in a green house is important, which implies that a state-space model on photosynthetic activities is very useful because modern control theories and techniques are usually developed according to model structures in the state space...
December 2018: IET Systems Biology
Jianmin Xu, Zhiming Yan, Zhigang Xu, Yuanhua Wang, Zhenqiang Xie
Light is an important factor for plant development and has serious effects on the growth, production and quality of potatoes. However, the physical and molecular mechanisms by which potato plantlets cope with different light qualities are not understood. In this study, the potato "Zhuanxinwu", which is a germplasm potato resource with a high anthocyanin content, was used for physiological and transcriptome profiling analyses to uncover the different mechanisms that occur in response to blue, red and white light conditions, with the white light condition serving as the control...
September 2018: 3 Biotech
Dirk Sanders, Rachel Kehoe, Dave Cruse, F J Frank van Veen, Kevin J Gaston
Artificial light has transformed the nighttime environment of large areas of the earth, with 88% of Europe and almost 50% of the United States experiencing light-polluted night skies [1]. The consequences for ecosystems range from exposure to high light intensities in the vicinity of direct light sources to the very widespread but lower lighting levels further away [2]. While it is known that species exhibit a range of physiological and behavioral responses to artificial nighttime lighting [e.g., 3-5], there is a need to gain a mechanistic understanding of whole ecological community impacts [6, 7], especially to different light intensities...
August 6, 2018: Current Biology: CB
Kazuyoshi Kitazaki, Atsushi Fukushima, Ryo Nakabayashi, Yozo Okazaki, Makoto Kobayashi, Tetsuya Mori, Tomoko Nishizawa, Sebastian Reyes-Chin-Wo, Richard W Michelmore, Kazuki Saito, Kazuhiro Shoji, Miyako Kusano
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are an artificial light source used in closed-type plant factories and provide a promising solution for a year-round supply of green leafy vegetables, such as lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). Obtaining high-quality seedlings using controlled irradiation from LEDs is critical, as the seedling health affects the growth and yield of leaf lettuce after transplantation. Because key molecular pathways underlying plant responses to a specific light quality and intensity remain poorly characterised, we used a multi-omics-based approach to evaluate the metabolic and transcriptional reprogramming of leaf lettuce seedlings grown under narrow-band LED lighting...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Meredith C Schuman, Ian T Baldwin
Plants are at the trophic base of most ecosystems, embedded in a rich network of ecological interactions in which they evolved. While their limited range and speed of motion precludes animal-typical behavior, plants are accomplished chemists, producing thousands of specialized metabolites which may function to convey information, or even to manipulate the physiology of other organisms. Plants' complex interactions and their underlying mechanisms are typically dissected within the controlled environments of growth chambers and glasshouses, but doing so introduces conditions alien to plants evolved in natural environments, such as being pot-bound, and receiving artificial light with a spectrum very different from sunlight...
July 17, 2018: Chemical Society Reviews
Mohammad Moazeni, Amin Ahmadi, Amir Mootabi Alavi
In this study a relatively large and open top aquarium was designed, constructed and introduced as a suitable habitat for nutrition, growth and development as well as for egg laying and breeding of Galba truncatula under laboratory conditions. The soil and water used in the aquarium were collected from the locality in which the snails were collected. The aquarium was placed in a laboratory with temperature of 18-32 ºC and relative humidity of 22-37% respectively, according to the season. The artificial light was controlled by a light timer, giving 12 h of light and 12 h of darkness...
April 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Renee M Borges
The night is a special niche characterized by dim light, lower temperatures, and higher humidity compared to the day. Several animals have made the transition from the day into the night and have acquired unique adaptations to cope with the challenges of performing nocturnal activities. Several plant species have opted to bloom at night, possibly as a response to aridity to prevent excessive water loss through evapotranspiration since flowering is often a water-demanding process, or to protect pollen from heat stress...
March 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Yiyong Chen, Bo Zhou, Jianlong Li, Hao Tang, Jinchi Tang, Ziyin Yang
Photosynthesis is the central energy conversion process for plant metabolism and occurs within mature chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are also the site of various metabolic reactions involving amino acids, lipids, starch, and sulfur, as well as where the production of some hormones takes place. Light is one of the most important environmental factors, acting as an essential energy source for plants, but also as an external signal influencing their growth and development. Plants experience large fluctuations in the intensity and spectral quality of light, and many attempts have been made to improve or modify plant metabolites by treating them with different light qualities (artificial lighting) or intensities...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Petronia Carillo
Plant responses to salinity are complex, especially when combined with other stresses, and involve many changes in gene expression and metabolic fluxes. Until now, plant stress studies have been mainly dealt only with a single stress approach. However, plants exposed to multiple stresses at the same time, a combinatorial approach reflecting real-world scenarios, show tailored responses completely different from the response to the individual stresses, due to the stress-related plasticity of plant genome and to specific metabolic modifications...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Kylee Grenis, Shannon M Murphy
Light pollution is a global disturbance with resounding impacts on a wide variety of organisms, but our understanding of these impacts is restricted to relatively few higher vertebrate species. We tested the direct effects of light pollution on herbivore performance as well as indirect effects mediated by host plant quality. We found that artificial light from streetlights alters plant toughness. Additionally, we found evidence of both direct and indirect effects of light pollution on the performance of an herbivorous insect, which indicates that streetlights can have cascading impacts on multiple trophic levels...
February 9, 2018: Insect Science
H A Solano-Lamphar, M Kocifaj
The increase of artificial light at night has a terrible impact on organisms with nightlife patterns such as a migration, nutrition, reproduction and collective interaction. Plants are not free from this issue as they have life cycle events occurring not only yearly but also daily. Such events relate to daytime variations with seasons in which the flowers of deciduous trees bloom and the leaves of certain trees fall off and change color. A response of plants to artificial light at night still remains poorly quantified; but recent scientific research suggest that skyglow can disturb plants processes...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Dae Ho Jung, Joon Woo Lee, Woo Hyun Kang, In Ha Hwang, Jung Eek Son
Photosynthesis is an important physiological response for determination of CO₂ fertilization in greenhouses and estimation of crop growth. In order to estimate the whole plant photosynthetic rate, it is necessary to investigate how light interception by crops changes with environmental and morphological factors. The objectives of this study were to analyze plant light interception using a three-dimensional (3D) plant model and ray-tracing, determine the spatial distribution of the photosynthetic rate, and estimate the whole plant photosynthetic rate of Irwin mango ( Mangifera indica L...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Patrick J Moran, M Irene Wibawa, Lincoln Smith
Aceria salsolae (Acari: Eriophyidae) is being evaluated as a candidate biological control agent of Russian thistle (Salsola tragus, Chenopodiaceae), a major invasive weed of rangelands and dryland crops in the western USA. Prior laboratory host range testing under artificial lighting indicated reproduction on non-native Bassia hyssopifolia and on a native plant, Suaeda calceoliformis. However, in field tests in the native range, mite populations released on these 'nontarget' plants remained low. We hypothesized that UV-A light, which can affect behavior of tetranychid mites, would affect populations of the eriophyid A...
December 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Anton Sharakshane
Plants sharing a single light environment on a spaceship with a human being and bearing a decorative function should look as natural and attractive as possible. And consequently they can be illuminated only with white light with a high color rendering index. Can lighting optimized for a human eye be effective and appropriate for plants? Spectrum-based effects have been compared under artificial lighting of plants by high-pressure sodium lamps and general-purpose white LEDs. It has been shown that for the survey sample phytochrome photo-equilibria does not depend significantly on the parameters of white LED light, while the share of phytoactive blue light grows significantly as the color temperature increases...
November 2017: Life Sciences in Space Research
Muzammal Rehman, Sana Ullah, Yaning Bao, Bo Wang, Dingxiang Peng, Lijun Liu
Availability of sufficient light for growth optimization of plants in greenhouse environment during winter is a major challenge, as light during winter is significantly lower than that in the summer. The most commonly used artificial light sources (e.g., metal halide lamps, high pressure sodium lamps, and high fluorescent lamps) are of low quality and inefficient. Therefore, better options should be developed for sustaining agricultural food production during low levels of solar radiation. In recent advances, light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have remarkable potential as supplemental source of light for promoting plant growth...
November 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Eva Knop, Leana Zoller, Remo Ryser, Christopher Gerpe, Maurin Hörler, Colin Fontaine
Pollinators are declining worldwide and this has raised concerns for a parallel decline in the essential pollination service they provide to both crops and wild plants. Anthropogenic drivers linked to this decline include habitat changes, intensive agriculture, pesticides, invasive alien species, spread of pathogens and climate change. Recently, the rapid global increase in artificial light at night has been proposed to be a new threat to terrestrial ecosystems; the consequences of this increase for ecosystem function are mostly unknown...
August 10, 2017: Nature
Leire Gartzia-Rivero, Jorge Bañuelos, Iñigo López-Arbeloa
The herein reported work describes the development of hierarchically-organized fluorescent nanomaterials inspired by plant antenna systems. These hybrid materials are based on nanostructured zeolitic materials (LTL zeolite) doped with laser dyes, which implies a synergism between organic and inorganic moieties. The non-interconnected channeled structure and pore dimensions (7.1 Å) of the inorganic host are ideal to order and align the allocated fluorophores inside, inferring also high thermal and chemical stability...
May 4, 2017: Materials
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