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Tian Qiu, LiLi Jiang, ShanZhi Li, YunFei Yang
Flexibility of photosynthetic pigment traits is an important adaptive mechanism through which plants can increase mean fitness in a variable environment. Unlike morphological traits in plants, photosythesis has been shown to exhibit phenotypic plasticity, responding rapidly to environmental conditions. Meanwhile, local adaptation at small scales is considered to be rare. Thus, detecting the small-scale adaptive divergence of photosynthetic pigments presents a challenge. Leaf concentrations of photosynthetic pigments under stressful conditions may be reduced or maintained...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
S A Crowe, J A Maresca, C Jones, A Sturm, C Henny, D A Fowle, R P Cox, E F Delong, D E Canfield
Ferruginous Lake Matano, Indonesia hosts one of the deepest anoxygenic photosynthetic communities on Earth. This community is dominated by low-light adapted, BChl e-synthesizing green sulfur bacteria (GSB), which comprise ~25% of the microbial community immediately below the oxic-anoxic boundary (OAB; 115-120 m in 2010). The size of this community is dependent on the mixing regime within the lake and the depth of the OAB-at ~117 m, the GSB live near their low-light limit. Slow growth and C-fixation rates suggest that the Lake Matano GSB can be supported by sulfide even though it only accumulates to scarcely detectable (low μm to nm) concentrations...
July 2014: Geobiology
U Heber, S Neimanis, O L Lange
Carbon dioxide exchange, transpiration, chlorophyll fluorescence and light scattering of leaves of Lycopersicom esculentum, Helianthus annuus and Arbutus unedo were measured simultaneously before and after abscission of leaves. Scattering of a weak green measuring beam was used to monitor water fluxes across the thylakoid membranes of the mesophyll. When leaves were cut under water, stomata initially closed partially and then occasionally exhibited distinct regulatory oscillations. As stomata closed, light scattering decreased indicating water influx into the mesophyll...
April 1986: Planta
Man-Li Wang, Xiao-Hui Zhang, Hong-Zong Yin, Kun Xu
Terbium was selected as test material for its strong fluorescence effect, and sulfosalicylic acid was used as first ligand, polyvinyl alcohol and polyethylene glycol 2000 as co-ligand, the fluorescence property of complexes in the two systems of ethanol solution and aqueous solution was explored. It was obtained that the polyvinyl alcohol and polyethylene glycol 2000 are the excellent co-ligands. Further study showed that sufactant is good for fluorescence enhancement of the different complexes and especially sodium dodecyl sulfate is best while exploring the impact of acidity on the fluorescence intensity...
April 2013: Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi, Guang Pu
Xiao Wang, Jian Cai, Dong Jiang, Fulai Liu, Tingbo Dai, Weixing Cao
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of pre-anthesis high-temperature acclimation on leaf physiology of winter wheat in response to post-anthesis heat stress. The results showed that both pre- and post-anthesis heat stresses significantly depressed flag leaf photosynthesis and enhanced cell membrane peroxidation, as exemplified by increased O₂⁻(·) production rate and reduction in activities of antioxiditave enzymes. However, under post-anthesis heat stress, plants with pre-anthesis high-temperature acclimation (HH) showed much higher photosynthetic rates than those without pre-anthesis high-temperature acclimation (CH)...
April 15, 2011: Journal of Plant Physiology
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