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R R Shi, C C Li, L Fang, J Xu, Q B Guan, X L Zhou, J Guo, W X Han, Q Chen, L Feng, J J Zhao, C Xu
Objective: To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of 5 pedigrees of Gitelman syndrome (GS), and summarize its advances in genetics, diagnosis and management. Methods: Five families with GS were identified and total genome DNA were extracted from the peripheral blood of all the family members. The exons and their flanking introns of SLC12A3 gene were amplified by PCR and screened for mutation using Autoassembler 2.0 software. Results: Six heterozygous SLC12A3 gene mutations were found in the five pedigrees, including two complex combination of deletion and insertion mutation (c...
February 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Sylvie Crauste-Manciet, Karel Khawand, Nathalie Mignet
Spherulites are onion-like structures composed of phospholipids and excipients. Initially discovered in an academic laboratory, these autoassembled nano-objects have been developed further by the start-up Capsulis (Bordeaux, France), and commercialized for veterinary and dermatological applications. Owing to economical strategies, the development of these objects have not been pursued, however, they are very interesting systems, which should be exploited further. The autoassembly of amphiphiles followed by a shear stress allows the formation of nano- to micrometer range nanoparticles, which could be interesting either for systemic or local delivery...
2015: Therapeutic Delivery
A Chrouda, A Sbartai, A Baraket, L Renaud, A Maaref, N Jaffrezic-Renault
A novel strategy for the fabrication of an electrochemical label-free aptasensor for small-size molecules is proposed and demonstrated as an aptasensor for ochratoxin A (OTA). A long spacer chain of polyethylene glycol (PEG) was immobilized on a boron-doped diamond (BDD) microcell via electrochemical oxidation of its terminal amino groups. The amino-aptamer was then covalently linked to the carboxyl end of the immobilized PEG as a two-piece macromolecule, autoassembled at the BDD surface, forming a dense layer...
November 1, 2015: Analytical Biochemistry
Taha Azad, Amin Tashakor, Fereshteh Rahmati, Roohullah Hemmati, Saman Hosseinkhani
In this study, we used spilt luciferase complementation assay strategy in order to further elucidate the main role of WD-40 repeats of Apaf-1 molecules in apoptosome formation. In the presence of ATP and cytochrome c, Apaf-1 monomers oligomerize and provide a platform for the activation of procaspase-9 and subsequently procaspase-3/7. For a detailed biochemical and structural investigation of Apaf-1 function and apoptosome formation, several studies have been made in recent years. However, many questions related to in vivo evaluation of this phenomenon have been persisting to answer...
August 5, 2015: European Journal of Pharmacology
Rodrigue Djeda, Christophe Desmarets, Lise-Marie Chamoreau, Yanling Li, Yves Journaux, Geoffrey Gontard, Hani Amouri
The self-assembly of two novel metallosupramolecular complexes of the general formulas [L2M2(CH3CN)4][BF4]4 (M = Co, 1a; M = Ni, 1b), where L stands for the tetradentate ligand 3,5-bis[4-(2,2'-dipyridylamino)phenylacetylenyl]toluene, is reported together with their molecular structures ascertained by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. Complexes 1a and 1b are isostructural and show the formation of dinuclear meso-helicates with the two octahedral metal centers displaying respectively Δ and Λ configurations...
November 18, 2013: Inorganic Chemistry
Daniela Lalli, Paola Turano
Ferritins are intracellular proteins that can store thousands of iron(III) ions as a solid mineral. These structures autoassemble from four-helix bundle subunits to form a hollow sphere and are a prototypical example of protein nanocages. The protein acts as a reservoir, encapsulating iron as ferric oxide in its central cavity in a nontoxic and bioavailable form. Scientists have long known the structural details of the protein shell, owing to very high resolution X-ray structures of the apoform. However, the atomic level mechanism governing the multistep biomineralization process remained largely elusive...
November 19, 2013: Accounts of Chemical Research
Nicholas N Nickerson, Sophie S Abby, Eduardo P C Rocha, Mohamed Chami, Anthony P Pugsley
Secretins form large multimeric complexes in the outer membranes of many Gram-negative bacteria, where they function as dedicated gateways that allow proteins to access the extracellular environment. Despite their overall relatedness, different secretins use different specific and general mechanisms for their targeting, assembly, and membrane insertion. We report that all tested secretins from several type II secretion systems and from the filamentous bacteriophage f1 can spontaneously multimerize and insert into liposomes in an in vitro transcription-translation system...
September 2012: Journal of Bacteriology
Richard S Gaster, Drew A Hall, Shan X Wang
Driven by scientific progress and economic stimulus, medical diagnostics will move to a stage in which straightforward medical diagnoses are independent of physician visits and large centralized laboratories. The future of basic diagnostic medicine will lie in the hands of private individuals. We have taken significant strides towards achieving this goal by developing an autoassembly assay for disease biomarker detection which obviates the need for washing steps and is run on a handheld sensing platform. By coupling magnetic nanotechnology with an array of magnetically responsive nanosensors, we demonstrate a rapid, multiplex immunoassay that eliminates the need for trained technicians to run molecular diagnostic tests...
March 7, 2011: Lab on a Chip
Olivier Destaing, Emmanuelle Planus, Daniel Bouvard, Christiane Oddou, Cedric Badowski, Valentine Bossy, Aurelia Raducanu, Bertrand Fourcade, Corinne Albiges-Rizo, Marc R Block
Invadosomes are adhesion structures involved in tissue invasion that are characterized by an intense actin polymerization-depolymerization associated with β1 and β3 integrins and coupled to extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation activity. We induced the formation of invadosomes by expressing the constitutive active form of Src, SrcYF, in different cell types. Use of ECM surfaces micropatterned at the subcellular scale clearly showed that in mesenchymal cells, integrin signaling controls invadosome activity...
December 2010: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Richard S Gaster, Drew A Hall, Shan X Wang
We report an autoassembly protein array capable of rapidly screening for aberrant antibody-antigen binding events. Our technique combines magnetic nanoparticle technology with proximity-based, magnetically responsive nanosensors for rapid (under 15 min) and high-density screening of antibody cross-reactivity at sensitivities down to 50 fM in a homogeneous assay. This method will enable the identification of the precise cause of aberrant or cross-reactive binding events in an easy-to-use, rapid, and high-throughput manner...
July 13, 2011: Nano Letters
Michael Knorr, Abdoulaye Pam, Abderrahim Khatyr, Carsten Strohmann, Marek M Kubicki, Yoann Rousselin, Shawkat M Aly, Daniel Fortin, Pierre D Harvey
CuI reacts with SEt(2) in hexane to afford the known strongly luminescent 1D coordination polymer [(Et(2)S)(3){Cu(4)(mu(3)-I)(4)}](n) (1). Its X-ray structure has been redetermined at 115, 235, and 275 K in order to address the behavior of the cluster-centered emission and is built upon Cu(4)(mu(3)-I)(4) cubane-like clusters as secondary building units (SBUs), which are interconnected via bridging SEt(2) ligands. However, we could not reproduce the preparation of a coordination polymer with composition [(Et(2)S)(3){Cu(4)(mu(3)-Br)(4)}](n) as reported in Inorg...
July 5, 2010: Inorganic Chemistry
Kiyoshi Nishikawa, Margaret J Duncan
Porphyromonas gingivalis, a Gram-negative oral anaerobe, is strongly associated with chronic adult periodontitis, and it utilizes FimA fimbriae to persistently colonize and evade host defenses in the periodontal crevice. The FimA-related gene cluster (the fim gene cluster) is positively regulated by the FimS-FimR two-component system. In this study, comparative analyses between fimbriate type strain ATCC 33277 and fimbria-deficient strain W83 revealed differences in their fimS loci, which encode FimS histidine kinase...
April 2010: Journal of Bacteriology
Loic Hamon, Dulal Panda, Philippe Savarin, Vandana Joshi, Johann Bernhard, Elodie Mucher, Alain Mechulam, Patrick A Curmi, David Pastré
We report the surface-mediated polymerization of FtsZ protein, the prokaryote homologue of tubulin, by AFM. FtsZ protein can form filaments on mica whereas the bulk FtsZ concentration is orders of magnitude lower than the critical concentration. Surface polymerization is favored by a local increase in protein concentration and requires a high mobility of proteins on the surface. To generalize to other cytoskeleton protein, we also show that mica can initiate the formation of tubulin protofilaments. This study is of particular interest for studying cytoskeletal protein dynamics by AFM but also for the surface autoassembly of nanostructures...
April 9, 2009: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Mildred Noizet, Faouzi Harrabi, Mookambeswaran Vijayalakshmi, David Galbraith, Daniel Thomas, Brigitte Thomasset
The expression of a fusion protein formed between the avian infectious bronchitis virus M protein and the bacterial enzyme beta-glucuronidase (GUS) in plants promotes the formation of new organization of the endoplasmic reticulum in tobacco plants. This unusual organization of the membranes, never present in nontransformed plants, has been explained by the oligomerization of the GUS domains of the IBVM-GUS fusion proteins. These specific organized membranes could have broad implications for biotechnology since their formation could be used as a mechanism for retaining and accumulating resident proteins in specific and discrete membrane compartments...
March 2008: Biotechnology Journal
Maria Moccia, Domenica Musumeci, Margherita Valente, Giovanni N Roviello, Roberto Sapio, Carlo Pedone, Enrico M Bucci
In this work we report a kinetic and thermodynamic study relative to the formation of gel systems based on PNA and PNA/DNA dendrimers, useful for drug delivery or diagnostic applications. We realized two kinds of systems: a PNA-based monomolecular system formed by an autoassembling PNA tridendron (A) and a PNA/DNA bimolecular system based on a PNA tridendron with a mixed sequence and a DNA crosslinker (B). Both systems have the ability to form a three-dimensional network by means of specific W-C base pairing...
2007: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids
Anne-Sophie Belmont, Stefanie Jaeger, Dietmar Knopp, Reinhard Niessner, Guenter Gauglitz, Karsten Haupt
Reflectometric interference spectroscopic measurements were performed on molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) films with the herbicide atrazine as the template molecule. A conventional imprinting protocol was used relying on non-covalent interactions between the functional monomers and the template. The MIPs were deposited on glass transducers by two different methods: spin-coating followed by in situ polymerization of thin films of monomers containing a sacrificial polymeric porogen, and autoassembly of MIP nanoparticles with the aid of an associative linear polymer...
June 15, 2007: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Svetlana Ivanova, Benoit Louis, Marc-Jacques Ledoux, Cuong Pham-Huu
ZSM-5 zeolite nanofibers with a size of 90 nm and lengths up to several micrometers were prepared via in-situ silicon carbide support self-transformation. The morphology and aggregation degree of these zeolite nanofibers could be modified by adjusting the pH conditions, the nature of the mineralizer (OH- or F-), or the synthesis duration. The novelty consists of the preparation of zeolite nanowires without the use of any organogelating agent, along with controlled macroscopic shapes (extrudates, foam monolith) for direct use as a structured reactor...
March 21, 2007: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Janina Hahn, Holger M Strauss, Frank T Landgraf, Hortensia Faus Gimenèz, Günter Lochnit, Peter Schmieder, Jon Hughes
We have investigated mutants of phytochrome Cph1 from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC6803 in order to study chromophore-protein interactions. Cph1Delta2, the 514-residue N-terminal sensor module produced as a recombinant His6-tagged apoprotein in Escherichia coli, autoassembles in vitro to form a holoprotein photochemically indistinguishable from the full-length product. We generated 12 site-directed mutants of Cph1Delta2, focusing on conserved residues which might be involved in chromophore-protein autoassembly and photoconversion...
April 2006: FEBS Journal
Mathias Zeidler, Christina Lang, Janina Hahn, Jon Hughes
The plant photoreceptor phytochrome senses light quality and quantity in the red region of the spectrum, directing adaptation and development. The functional holo-protein is a dimeric chromoprotein which is formed by an autoassembly reaction between the translation product and the open chain tetrapyrroles phytochromobilin (PPhiB) or phycocyanobilin (PCB). We are interested in structure/function relationships within the phytochrome molecule, in particular chromophore/protein interaction during the assembly and photoactivation, using IR and NMR spectroscopy...
August 15, 2006: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Yi-Ran Dong, Yong Ran, Kai-Hong Zhao, Ming Zhou
Genomic DNA sequence analysis of phytochrome like photoreceptors in a number of bacteria revealed several open reading frames (ORFs) encoding proteins with amino acid sequences homologous to plant phytochromes. The phytochrome like photoreceptors, collectively called bacteriophytochromes, contain an N-terminal domain homologous to the chromophore-binding domain (CBD) of higher plants and a C-terminal domain of histidine kinase domain( HKD). Due to their simple structure, bacteriophytochromes broaden the view of phytochrome evolution and provide us with a simple model to investigate phytochrome-mediated light signal in higher plants...
March 2004: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
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