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Norazlin Kamal Nor, Azilawati Hanim Ghozali, Juriza Ismail
Introduction: Prevalence of obesity in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been reported to be higher than in the general population. Determining prevalence may help increase awareness of obesity in ASD and potentially lead to initiatives to reduce obesity. In order to understand obesity in ASD children, common risk factors were assessed including physical activity, feeding problems and sleep disturbances. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study performed at the Child Development Center at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center on 151 ASD children aged 2-18 years...
2019: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Deborah Da Costa, Coraline Danieli, Michal Abrahamowicz, Kaberi Dasgupta, Maida Sewitch, Ilka Lowensteyn, Phyllis Zelkowitz
BACKGROUND: Recent studies show that paternal depression negatively impacts children's behavioral and emotional development. This study determined the prevalence of depressed mood in first-time fathers at 2 and 6 months postpartum and identified associated risk factors. METHODS: A prospective cohort study with 622 men who completed sociodemographic and psychosocial questionnaires during their partner's third trimester of pregnancy. Fathers completed measures again at 2 and 6 months postpartum and partners completed the depressed mood measure at all three timepoints...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
Yeon Jung Lee, Soyoung Irene Lee, Kyungdo Han
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression and suicidal ideation (SI) predict adolescent SI. However, the influence of paternal psychopathology is less clear. This study examines how parental psychopathology contributes to adolescent SI. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional, nationwide, population-based survey was used. It assessed 4,073 adolescents (12-18 years) and their parents identified through random sampling of the non-institutionalized population in Korea. Stress, depressed mood, and SI of parents and adolescents were assessed using multivariate logistic regression to determine the association of adolescents' SI with parental stress, depressed mood, and SI...
December 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Timo Partonen, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Anneli Kylliäinen, Pirjo Pölkki, Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen, Tiina Paunio, E Juulia Paavonen
BACKGROUND: Chronotype is a construct contributing to individual differences in sleep-wake timing. Previous studies with children have found that evening-types exhibit greater sleep difficulties. Infant sleep quality can be modulated by several factors, such as parental characteristics. We examined the association between parental circadian preference and sleep in early childhood. METHODS: This study was based on a longitudinal birth cohort, with several measurement points...
November 24, 2018: Sleep Medicine
Z Kljajic, Z Roje, K Becic, V Capkun
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children on maternal and paternal anxiety. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted from January 2013 until January 2016 in the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department at the University Hospital of Split, Croatia. The parents of 59 children with a median age of 5 years (range: 2-9) who were suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy were enrolled into the study...
November 30, 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Jennifer Proffitt, Kathryn Osann, Barbara McManus, Virginia E Kimonis, Janalee Heinemann, Merlin G Butler, David A Stevenson, June-Anne Gold
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a multi-system disorder resulting from a lack of paternal gene expression in the 15q11.2-q13 region. Using databases compiled through response questionnaires completed by families known to the Prader-Willi Syndrome Association (USA), this study tested the hypothesis that PWS genetic subtype, BMI, age of diagnosis, clinical symptoms, and growth hormone treatment differ among deceased and living individuals with PWS. Categorical and continuous variables were compared using chi-square and two-group t tests, respectively...
December 19, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Sean Kow, Jessica Groot, Jessica Puthenparampil, Jordana Faruqi, Fizza Naqvi, Iman Ali, Arushi Verma, Mubariz Naqvi
Texas Tech Pediatrics at Northwest Texas Hospital System in Amarillo, Texas, currently practices giving "Mom/Dad of the Day" cards to all new parents, offering the opportunity for fathers to auscultate the newborn heart sound, and encouraging maternal and paternal skin-to-skin contact. New parents were asked to fill out 2 anonymous surveys regarding these practices. Survey results showed statistically significant positive responses by the parents for subjective improvement in fetal sleep and feeding as well as parental confidence and preparedness for taking care of their newborn...
December 10, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
Caroline Buff Gouveia Passone, Paula Lage Pasqualucci, Ruth Rocha Franco, Simone Sakura Ito, Larissa Baldini Farjalla Mattar, Celia Priszkulnik Koiffmann, Leticia Azevedo Soster, Jorge David Aivazoglou Carneiro, Hamilton Cabral Menezes-Filho, Durval Damiani
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a review about Prader-Willi Syndrome based on the most recent data about the subject and to give recommendation for the general pediatricians for early diagnoses and follow-up. DATA SOURCES: Scientific articles in the PubMed and SciELO databases. The research was not limited to a specific time period and included all articles in such databases. DATA SYNTHESIS: The Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is a rare genetic disorder resulting from the loss of imprinted gene expression within the paternal chromosome 15q11-q13...
July 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Jianjun Liu, Hongtian Li, Fan Yang, Yingyun Ren, Tianbao Xia, Zigang Zhao, Xiaojia Cao, Zekun Wang, Mengmeng Yin, Shichao Lu
In this study, the hands and feet of 15,384 undergraduate and postgraduate students in 3 colleges in Beijing were examined for the presence of cutaneous warts at college-entry, and those diagnosed with warts were followed up 2-3 years later. We identified totally 215 (1.4%; 95% CI, 1.2-1.6%) students with warts. The prevalence was significantly higher in male than in female students (2.0% vs. 0.9%, P < 0.0001). Of the 215 patients, 66.9% and 62.1% had only one wart and 98.3% and 93.2% had warts <1 cm in diameter, on the hands and feet, respectively...
October 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
Antonino Crinò, Danilo Fintini, Sarah Bocchini, Graziano Grugni
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex multisystem disorder due to the absent expression of the paternally active genes in the PWS critical region on chromosome 15 (15q11.2-q13). The syndrome is considered the most common genetic cause of obesity, occurring in 1:10,000-1:30,000 live births. Its main characteristics include neonatal hypotonia, poor feeding, and lack of appetite in infancy, followed by weight gain, lack of satiety, and uncontrolled appetite, frequently after the age of 2-3 years. The clinical picture includes short stature, multiple endocrine abnormalities (hypogonadism, growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-I axis dysfunction, hypothyroidism, central adrenal insufficiency), dysmorphic features, scoliosis, osteoporosis, mental retardation, and behavioral and psychiatric problems...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
John McCarthy, Philip J Lupo, Erin Kovar, Megan Rech, Bret Bostwick, Daryl Scott, Katerina Kraft, Tony Roscioli, Joel Charrow, Samantha A Schrier Vergano, Edward Lose, Robert Smiegel, Yves Lacassie, Christian P Schaaf
Schaaf-Yang Syndrome (SYS) is a genetic disorder caused by truncating pathogenic variants in the paternal allele of the maternally imprinted, paternally expressed gene MAGEL2, located in the Prader-Willi critical region 15q11-15q13. SYS is a neurodevelopmental disorder that has clinical overlap with Prader-Willi Syndrome in the initial stages of life but becomes increasingly distinct throughout childhood and adolescence. Here, we describe the phenotype of an international cohort of 78 patients with nonsense or frameshift mutations in MAGEL2...
October 10, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Lotte Kleinendorst, Graciela Pi Castán, Alfonso Caro-Llopis, Elles M J Boon, Mieke M van Haelst
Schaaf-Yang syndrome (SYS) was recently identified as a genetic condition resembling Prader-Willi syndrome. It is caused by mutations on the paternal allele of the MAGEL2 gene, a gene that has been mapped in the Prader-Willi critical region. Here, we present an infant with SYS who sadly died because of the combination of hypotonia, sleep apnea, and obesity. A heterozygous premature stop mutation in MAGEL2 was identified in the patient. The main factors reported in the mortality of SYS are lethal arthrogryposis multiplex congenita, fetal akinesia, and pulmonary problems...
September 20, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Rochelle L Coulson, Weston T Powell, Dag H Yasui, Gayathri Dileep, James Resnick, Janine M LaSalle
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), an imprinted neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by metabolic, sleep and neuropsychiatric features, is caused by the loss of paternal SNORD116, containing only non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). The primary SNORD116 transcript is processed into small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs), which localize to nucleoli, and their spliced host gene 116HG, which is retained at its site of transcription. While functional complementation of the SNORD116 ncRNAs is a desirable goal for treating PWS, the mechanistic requirements of SNORD116 RNA processing are poorly understood...
December 1, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Jose Ricardo Magliocco Ceroni, Diogo Cordeiro de Queiroz Soares, Larissa de Cássia Testai, Rachel Sayuri Honjo Kawahira, Guilherme Lopes Yamamoto, Sofia Mizuho Miura Sugayama, Luiz Antonio Nunes de Oliveira, Debora Romeo Bertola, Chong Ae Kim
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the natural history of 39 achondroplastic patients diagnosed by clinical, radiological and molecular assessments. METHODS: Observational and retrospective study of 39 patients who were attended at a public tertiary level hospital between 1995 and 2016. RESULTS: Diagnosis was made prenatally in 11 patients, at birth in 9 patients and within the first year of life in 13 patients. The most prevalent clinical findings were short stature, high forehead, trident hands, genu varum and macrocephaly...
July 2, 2018: Clinics
Natalie Urfer-Maurer, Serge Brand, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Alexander Grob, Peter Weber, Sakari Lemola
OBJECTIVE: Parents are often the first to report children's sleep difficulties. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of parent reports by examining the correspondence of maternal and paternal reports of children's sleep with in-home electroencephalography (EEG) sleep assessment and sleep diary reports. METHODS: A total of 143 children (57 formerly very preterm born children) aged 7-12 years underwent one night of in-home sleep-EEG; mothers and fathers reported children's sleep-related behavior by using the German version of the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire, and children and parents together completed a sleep diary of children's sleep...
August 2018: Sleep Medicine
Anna Adhikari, Nycole A Copping, Beth Onaga, Michael C Pride, Rochelle L Coulson, Mu Yang, Dag H Yasui, Janine M LaSalle, Jill L Silverman
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is an imprinted neurodevelopmental disease caused by a loss of paternal genes on chromosome 15q11-q13. It is characterized by cognitive impairments, developmental delay, sleep abnormalities, and hyperphagia often leading to obesity. Clinical research has shown that a lack of expression of SNORD116, a paternally expressed imprinted gene cluster that encodes multiple copies of a small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) in both humans and mice, is most likely responsible for many PWS symptoms seen in humans...
May 23, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Damayanthi Durairajanayagam
Objective: To examine the potential effects of lifestyle factors on male reproductive health. Evidence of a global decline in human sperm quality over recent decades has been accumulating. Environmental, occupational, and modifiable lifestyle factors may contribute to this decline. This review focuses on key lifestyle factors that are associated with male infertility such as smoking cigarettes, alcohol intake, use of illicit drugs, obesity, psychological stress, advanced paternal age, dietary practices, and coffee consumption...
March 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
Darby Saxbe, Geoffrey W Corner, Mona Khaled, Katelyn Horton, Brian Wu, Hannah Lyden Khoddam
Men appear to gain weight during the transition to parenthood, and fathers are heavier than non-fathers. Paternal perinatal weight gain may set weight trajectories in midlife and have long-term health implications. Since men do not undergo the physical demands of pregnancy and breastfeeding, the specific mechanisms underlying weight gain in new fathers warrant investigation. This review aims to stimulate research on paternal perinatal weight gain by suggesting testable potential mechanisms that (1) show change across the transition to parenthood and (2) play a role in weight and body composition...
September 2018: Health Psychology Review
Adam Bonfield, Savitha Shenoy
A previously well, 4-year-old girl presented with a 4-6 weeks' history of increased appetite, weight loss, tiredness, sleep difficulty, excessive sweating, swelling in the neck and new-onset 'prominent, protruding eyes.' Family history revealed paternal grandmother receiving treatment for hyperthyroidism. Clinical assessment demonstrated features of thyrotoxicosis (tachycardia, warm peripheries, small smooth goitre with no nodules, exophthalmos). TFT (Free T4=101 pmol/L, thyroid-stimulating hormone <0...
March 23, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Tiffany Field
The increasing prevalence of postnatal anxiety highlights the need for summarizing the recent research on this condition to inform screening and intervention efforts. This narrative review of the literature was derived from a search on PubMed and PsycINFO for papers published since 2010. The demographic risk factors for postnatal anxiety include being a young mother, having more education and being employed. Childbirth risk factors include being primiparous in one sample and multiparous in another, caesarean delivery, fear of the birth and of death during delivery, lack of control during labor, low self-confidence for the delivery and the delivery staff, and premature delivery...
May 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
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