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Pregnancy Dental Attention

William B Grant
Vitamin D, traditionally well known for its role in maintaining optimal health through its contribution to calcium metabolism and skeletal health, has received increased attention over the past two decades, with considerable focus being placed on its nonskeletal benefits. This paper is a narrative review of the nonskeletal health benefits of vitamin D, of particular interest to inhabitants of Mediterranean countries, namely, autism, cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dental caries, diabetes mellitus, erectile dysfunction, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, respiratory tract infections, all-cause mortality, and pregnancy and birth outcomes, because of the relatively high incidence and/or prevalence of these disorders in this region...
September 12, 2018: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Gunvor B Lygre, Heidi Aase, Kjell Haug, Stein A Lie, Lars Björkman
BACKGROUND: ADHD is multifactorial, including both genetic and environmental factors. The safety of amalgam used in dental treatment has been discussed due to its content of mercury and potential risks for negative neurodevelopmental consequences in the offspring. The aim of the study was to investigate possible associations between symptoms related to ADHD in children of three and five years of age and prenatal exposure to mercury from mothers' amalgam fillings. METHODS: Data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) were used...
October 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
T J Lasisi, R A Abdus-Salam
Oral health in pregnancy is important to the health of the pregnant woman; and good oral health plays a role in the outcome of pregnancy. However, many pregnant women and healthcare providers are either unaware of this or accord this less attention. The study was designed to describe pattern of oral health among a cohort of pregnant women. Seventy-seven pregnant women attending antenatal care at a secondary healthcare facility were evaluated in third trimester following written informed consent. Each participant had a structured data collection form administered and clinical examination conducted...
February 2018: Archives of basic and applied medicine
Hannah G Dahlen, Maree Johnson, Julia Hoolsema, Tiffany Patterson Norrie, Shilpi Ajwani, Anthony Blinkhorn, Sameer Bhole, Sharon Ellis, Ravi Srinivas, Albert Yaacoub, Andrew Milat, John Skinner, Ajesh George
BACKGROUND: Despite links between poor maternal oral health, adverse pregnancy outcomes and early childhood decay there is limited emphasis on maternal oral health in Australia. To address this, the Midwifery Initiated Oral Health Dental Service (MIOH-DS) program was developed in collaboration with the Australian College of Midwives. AIMS: To undertake a process evaluation and explore perceptions of midwives involved in the MIOH-DS program to determine its practicability, acceptability and feasibility if it were to be up-scaled and implemented into clinical practice...
July 16, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Amit Arora, Narendar Manohar, Dina Bedros, Anh Phong David Hua, Steven Yu Hsiang You, Victoria Blight, Shilpi Ajwani, John Eastwood, Sameer Bhole
Background: Dental decay in early childhood can be prevented by a model based on shared care utilising members of primary care team such as Child and Family Health Nurses (CFHNs) in health promotion and early intervention. The aims of this study were to identify the facilitators and barriers faced by CFHNs in recruiting research participants from disadvantaged backgrounds to a birth cohort study in South Western Sydney, Australia. Methods: Child and Family Health Nurses recruited mothers-infants dyads ( n  = 1036) at the first post-natal home visit as part of Healthy Smiles Healthy Kids Study, an ongoing birth cohort study in South Western Sydney...
2018: BMC Nursing
E G Margaryan, Yu O Paramonov
The aim of the study was to assess gender-related preferences in the choice of oral rehabilitation methods. The study involved 225 patients aged 16-75. The analysis included patients survey and the assessment of actual procedures received during one year follow-up. The study revealed women to be more attentive to oral health issues resulting in more regular appointments and better compliance. Dental treatment before planned pregnancy was, however, completed in only half of the patients. When choosing materials and constructions for oral rehabilitation the leading criteria for men were 'quality' and 'safety', while women chose 'esthetics' and 'quality'...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
José G Dórea
Exposure through human skin from application of skin lightening creams and soaps (SLCS) based on mercury salts has often escaped attention of environmental scientists. The skin absorption of Hg from an adult on a daily basis in this type of exposure, depending on the product used, can be higher than Hg originated from dental amalgam filling, Thimerosal-containing flu vaccine, and fish-methylmercury. Hg from SLCS is retained more in brain of albino than pigmented animals. Therefore, environmental Hg scientists should be aware of this important but often neglected source of low-dose Hg exposure during pregnancy and lactation when measuring adverse health effects on child growth and development...
November 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Eline H Wilson, Chris Farrell, Ruth E Zielinski, Bernard Gonik
OBJECTIVE: To examine the practices and attitudes of obstetric providers in the state of Michigan on their approach to perinatal oral health. METHODS: An online survey was distributed using health care provider databases in the state of Michigan. Descriptive statistics were tabulated and Fisher's Exact Test was used for categorical variables. RESULTS: There were 146 respondents, 80 obstetrician-gynecologist (OB/GYN) and 66 certified nurse midwife (CNM) providers...
May 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Hiroshi Yokomichi, Taichiro Tanaka, Kohta Suzuki, Tomoki Akiyama, Zentaro Yamagata
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have discussed health risks in neonates with a low birth weight, few studies have focused on the risks in neonates with a high birth weight. The objective of this study was to determine whether differences in the incidence of dental caries in early childhood are associated with birth weight status. METHODS: A total of 117,175 children born in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan from 1997 to 2007 were included in this study. Medical professionals collected information about birth records, growth and development, parental child-rearing practices and dental health at 3 months, 18 months and 3 years of age...
2015: PloS One
Narjes Bahri, Hamid R Tohidinik, Nasrin Bahri, Hamid R Iliati, Mahdi Moshki, Fateme Darabi
BACKGROUND: Oral and dental health is one of the most important aspects of public health, which becomes more important during pregnancy. Health education may effectively prevent a considerable percent of oral and dental diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of an oral and dental health educational intervention during pregnancy on the beliefs and behaviors of pregnant women on oral and dental health. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: In this randomized-controlled clinical trial, 160 pregnant women were allocated randomly to intervention and control groups (80 in each group)...
June 2015: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association
Parappa Sajjan, Jyoti I Pattanshetti, Chiyadu Padmini, Veeresh M Nagathan, Mangala Sajjanar, Taha Siddiqui
BACKGROUND: Cumulative evidence in the dental literature strongly supports the fact that poor oral hygiene practices and inadequate attention toward oral health during pregnancy have an impact on developing the fetus and significant adverse postnatal effects. Available literature suggests that the research is deficit in assessing knowledge and practices related to exposure to radiation, use of medication and safe period for dental treatment during pregnancy. Assessing the knowledge and practices among pregnant women could be a valuable tool for policy makers to improve the oral health...
February 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
Mario Trottini, Maurizio Bossù, Denise Corridore, Gaetano Ierardo, Valeria Luzzi, Matteo Saccucci, Antonella Polimeni
The problem of identifying potential determinants and predictors of dental caries is of key importance in caries research and it has received considerable attention in the scientific literature. From the methodological side, a broad range of statistical models is currently available to analyze dental caries indices (DMFT, dmfs, etc.). These models have been applied in several studies to investigate the impact of different risk factors on the cumulative severity of dental caries experience. However, in most of the cases (i) these studies focus on a very specific subset of risk factors; and (ii) in the statistical modeling only few candidate models are considered and model selection is at best only marginally addressed...
2015: Caries Research
Tove I Wigen, Nina J Wang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to study associations between tooth brushing frequency, use of fluoride lozenges and consumption of sugary drinks at 1.5 years of age and having caries experience at 5 years of age. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health and by the Public Dental Services. A total of 1095 children were followed from pregnancy to the age of 5 years. Questionnaires regarding oral health behavior were completed by the parents at 1...
April 2015: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Sherry Zhou, David G Rosenthal, Scott Sherman, Judith Zelikoff, Terry Gordon, Michael Weitzman
The purpose of this review is to examine the rapidly expanding literature regarding the effects of prenatal tobacco and postnatal secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure on child health and development. Mechanisms of SHS exposure are reviewed, including critical periods during which exposure to tobacco products appears to be particularly harmful to the developing fetus and child. The biological, biochemical, and neurologic effects of the small fraction of identified components of SHS are described. Research describing these adverse effects of both in utero and childhood exposure is reviewed, including findings from both animal models and humans...
September 2014: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
Wei Sun, Jing Guo, Xiuyang Li, Yongqi Zhao, Hui Chen, Gang Wu
OBJECTIVES: Oral diseases are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The routine utilization of dental care (RUDC) during pregnancy is an effective way to improve pregnant women's oral health, and thus safeguard the health of their babies. As China has one fifth of the world's population, it is especially meaningful to encourage RUDC there. However, the status of RUDC in China and the key underlying factors are largely unknown. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey investigated the current status of RUDC during pregnancy and the key underlying factors in Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, eastern China...
2014: PloS One
Celina Cornejo, Glenda Rossi, Andres Rama, Narda Gomez-Gutierrez, Gabriela Alvaredo, Aldo Squassi, Graciela Klemonskis
The aim of the present work was to explore whether there is a relationship between oral health status and oral health-related quality of life in pregnant women from socially deprived populations in Buenos Aires City. Eighty pregnant women (age 18-39 x = 25.19 +/- 6.56) in their 1st/2nd trimester were sampled from the population of women visiting a health center located in the south of Buenos Aires City for their pregnancy check-ups. The impact of oral disease was assessed using the Spanish validated version (López, 2006) of OHIP-49 (Slade and Spencer, 1994), which includes 49 items grouped into 7 domains...
2013: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Kim G Harley, Robert B Gunier, Katherine Kogut, Caroline Johnson, Asa Bradman, Antonia M Calafat, Brenda Eskenazi
INTRODUCTION: Early life exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), an endocrine disrupting chemical used in some food and beverage containers, receipts, and dental sealants, has been associated with anxiety and hyperactivity in animal studies. A few human studies also show prenatal and childhood BPA exposure to be associated with behavior problems in children. METHODS: We measured BPA in urine from mothers during pregnancy and children at 5 years of age (N=292). Child behavior was assessed by mother and teacher report at age 7 years and direct assessment at age 9 years...
October 2013: Environmental Research
Hemalatha Vt, Manigandan T, Sarumathi T, Aarthi Nisha V, Amudhan A
Pregnancy is a dynamic physiological state which is evidenced by several transient changes. These can develop as various physical signs and symptoms that can affect the patients health, perceptions and interactions with others in the environment. The patients may not always understand the relevance of the adaptations of their bodies to the health of their foetuses. A gestational woman requires various levels of support throughout this time, such as medical monitoring or intervention, preventive care and physical and emotional assistance...
May 2013: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
György Komlós, Kinga Körmöczi, Ildikó Miklya, Arpád Joób-Fancsaly
Physiological differences occuring in pregnancy modify certain steps of dental treatments. Since in our everyday practice we meet expectant patients, we have to be aware of what kind of changes does this transitional state require from the dentist, how to do a good timing in the course of dental treatment, which are those medicaments that can be used safely and those which should be avoided. The summerized data in the article are to contribute the safe choice of the possibly necessary antibiotics during the treatments...
March 2013: Fogorvosi Szemle
Yan-min Wu, Jia Liu, Wei-lian Sun, Li-li Chen, Li-guo Chai, Xiang Xiao, Zheng Cao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the periodontal status and associated risk factors among women of childbearing age to increase the awareness of oral health. METHODS: The study was conducted on childbearing age women in Cixi, a city in Zhejiang Province in the southeast of China. A total of 754 women participated in periodontal examination while receiving prenatal care. Data of the women were collected from the Cixi Family Planning Commission and during an interview. Clinical periodontal indices, such as bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), and clinical attachment level (CAL) were measured during the examination...
March 2013: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
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