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Nutrition And Dietician

A Sánchez-Villegas, B Cabrera-Suárez, P Molero, A González-Pinto, C Chiclana-Actis, C Cabrera, F Lahortiga-Ramos, M Florido-Rodríguez, P Vega-Pérez, R Vega-Pérez, J Pla, M J Calviño-Cabada, F Ortuño, S Navarro, Y Almeida, J L Hernández-Fleta
BACKGROUND: The role of dietary patterns in the prevention of unipolar depression has been analyzed in several epidemiological studies. The primary aims of this study are to determine the effectiveness of an extra-olive oil-enriched Mediterranean diet in reducing the recurrence of depression and improving the symptoms of this condition. METHODS: Multicenter, two-arm, parallel-group clinical trial. Arm 1, extra-virgin olive oil Mediterranean diet; Arm 2, control group without nutritional intervention...
February 11, 2019: BMC Psychiatry
Jean-Michel Hascoët, Martine Chauvin, Christine Pierret, Sébastien Skweres, Louis-Dominique Van Egroo, Carole Rougé, Patricia Franck
(1) Background: Premature infants require mothers' milk fortification to meet nutrition needs, but breast milk composition may be variable, leading to the risk of inadequate nutrition. We aimed at determining the factors influencing mothers' milk macronutrients. (2) Methods: Milk samples were analyzed for the first five weeks after premature delivery by infrared spectroscopy. Mothers' nutritional intake data were obtained during standardized interviews with dieticians, and then analyzed with reference software...
February 10, 2019: Nutrients
M-C Piperini, J Berger, L Devaux, M Ginet, K Samson
AIM: As with many chronic diseases, most French diabetes services for patients with type II diabetes now have a structured reception approach including collective educational sessions in the form of targeted workshops, thematic days, or even programs with several sessions. The aim of our study is to understand the interlocutory dynamics favorable to the adoption of new cognitions and attitudes during these sessions. METHODS: We studied the verbal exchanges of nine collective nutrition education sessions (five focusing on knowledge input, and four implementing behavioral simulation)...
February 4, 2019: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
G Buckland, N Travier, L Arribas, S Del Barco, S Pernas, E Zamora, M Bellet, B Cirauqui, M Margelí, M Muñoz, I Tusquets, A Arcusa, C Javierre, F Moreno, Y Valverde, E Jansen, V Chajès, C Castro, A Agudo
BACKGROUND: The influence of nutrition on breast cancer prognosis is still inconclusive and therefore dietary interventions incorporating dietary biomarkers are needed to confirm compliance with dietary goals and clarify biological mechanisms. The present study assessed whether a lifestyle intervention in breast cancer survivors could affect dietary biomarkers of fruit and vegetables and fatty acids. METHODS: In this phase II single-arm trial, 37 overweight/obese early stage breast cancer patients completed a 12-week diet and exercise intervention...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Sultan Mahmood, Leah Hoffman, Ijlal Akbar Ali, Yan D Zhao, Allshine Chen, Karen Allen
Background: Resident physicians are frequently uncomfortable ordering enteral nutrition (EN) and are unaware of the variety of formulas and supplements available for different disease processes. Many depend on a clinical dietician to assist with recommending EN formulas and patient energy requirements that may not be readily available on patient admission. This creates a barrier to early initiation of EN and non-compliance with Society of Critical Care Medicine and American Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition clinical guidelines...
2019: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
Kathleen Abu-Saad, Ronit Endevelt, Rebecca Goldsmith, Tal Shimony, Lesley Nitsan, Danit R Shahar, Lital Keinan-Boker, Arnona Ziv, Ofra Kalter-Leibovici
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is a substantial body of evidence supporting the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet, which has differing variations across the Mediterranean region. Abbreviated dietary screeners can be adapted and used to assess adherence to the local Mediterranean diet variant. We aimed to describe the process of adapting the Spanish Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) for use in Israel, and to test the predictive utility of the adapted score for mortality...
January 5, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Marinde van Lennep, Michiel P van Wijk, Taher I M Omari, Silvia Salvatore, Marc A Benninga, Maartje M J Singendonk
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric achalasia is a rare neurodegenerative disorder of the esophagus that requires treatment. Different diagnostic and treatment modalities are available, but there are no data that show how children can best be diagnosed and treated. We aimed to identify current practices regarding the diagnostic and therapeutic approach toward children with achalasia. METHODS: Information on the current practice regarding the management of pediatric achalasia was collected by an online-based survey sent to members of the European and North American Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition involved in pediatric achalasia care...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Mayu Uemura, Fumikazu Hayashi, Ken Ishioka, Kunio Ihara, Kazushi Yasuda, Kanako Okazaki, Junichi Omata, Tatsuo Suzutani, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Chifa Chiang, Atsuko Aoyama, Tetsuya Ohira
PURPOSE: Gut microbiota composition was supposedly related to obesity and psychological factors. We examined the effects of a nutritional education intervention focusing on gut microbiota composition on obesity and psychological factors among obese women. METHODS: Forty-four obese Japanese women aged 40 or older were randomly assigned to either an intervention group (n = 22) or control group (n = 22). The intervention consisted of a 20-min dietary lecture and a 10-min counselling session by registered dieticians, every 2 weeks for eight consecutive weeks...
December 6, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Judy Schoeman, Elena J Ladas, Paul C Rogers, Suvekshya Aryal, Mariana Kruger
Background: Up to 50% of children diagnosed with cancer in low- and middle-income countries are malnourished, which likely affects survival. Subjects and methods: An online survey to paediatric oncology units (POUs) in Africa was done regarding nutritional assessment and care. Results: Sixty-six surveys were received from POUs in 31 countries. Only 44.4% had a dedicated dietician for nutritional assessment and support; 29.6% undertook routine nutritional assessment during treatment...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Elisabeth Stamm, Anne Kouadio, Esther Guex, Pedro Marques-Vidal
Malnutrition is a common but underestimated condition in the hospital setting. Malnutrition increases in-hospital mortality and complications, and treatment costs. Simple screening tools such as the mini-nutritional assessment and the nutritional risk score allow identifying patients at risk of malnutrition and starting management. Malnutrition management is a multidisciplinary issue including dieticians, physiatrists, nurses, caregivers and doctors. Meal fractioning and oral nutritional supplements (ONS) should be provided...
November 21, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
M N van Doorn-van Atten, A Haveman-Nies, P Pilichowski, R Roca, J H M de Vries, C P G M de Groot
BACKGROUND: A good nutritional status is key for maintaining health and quality of life in older adults. In the Netherlands, 11 to 35% of the community-dwelling elderly are undernourished. Undernutrition or the risk of it should be signalled as soon as possible to be able to intervene at an early stage. However, in the context of an ageing population health care resources are scarce, evoking interest in health enabling technologies such as telemonitoring. This article describes the design of an intervention study focussing at telemonitoring and improving nutritional status of community-dwelling elderly...
November 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Inessa Normatov, Shiran Kaplan, Ruba K Azzam
More than one-half of children with chronic liver disease suffer from malnutrition, which leads not only to a poor quality of life and even possibly catastrophic complications, but also to poor outcomes after a liver transplantation. These children have increased metabolic demands but often decreased intake with malabsorption and altered nutrient utilization, all of which make it difficult to keep up with nutritional demands. Assessment of a patient's nutritional status should be timely, and it should be performed routinely and proactively...
November 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Jeanne H M de Vries, Milou Dijkhuizen, Petra Tap, Ben J M Witteman
BACKGROUND: The inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic lifelong inflammation that may affect the entire gastro-intestinal tract in Crohn's disease and the colon in ulcerative colitis (UC). Diet plays an important role in IBD patients and many of them follow strict diet restriction in order to reduce complaints and prolong remission intervals. The aim of this study was to assess dietary beliefs, dietary behaviour and nutrition knowledge in Dutch adults with IBD to enable considering the patient's perspective on dietary advice...
November 2, 2018: Digestive Diseases
Estelle Guerdoux-Ninot, Nicolas Flori, Chloé Janiszewski, Arnaud Vaillé, Hélène de Forges, Bruno Raynard, Vickie E Baracos, Simon Thezenas, Pierre Senesse
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Energy intake and food ingesta are central in nutritional screening and assessment. Cancer patients are at nutritional risk of losing weight, and clinicians need quick and easy tools to identify patients for nutritional support. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and the accuracy of a Visual/Verbal Analogue Scale of food ingesta (ingesta-VVAS) to assess energy food intake and nutritional risk in medical oncology patients. METHODS: Dieticians administered prospectively the ingesta-VVAS in 1762 medical oncology patients...
June 30, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Mélissa Roy, Julie A Perry, Karen M Cross
The objective of this article is to convey the importance of nutrition in plastic surgery, to offer possible outpatient nutritional interventions within the surgical care setting, and to guide the plastic surgeon in integrating nutrition as a key practice enhancement strategy for the care of wound patients and beyond. The impact of nutritional status on surgical outcomes is well recognized. Malnutrition is very frequent among the hospitalized patient population and up to 1 in 4 plastic surgery outpatient is at risk for malnutrition...
August 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Regina Wierzejska, Mirosław Jarosz, Michał Bachanek, Włodzimierz Sawicki
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D plays a crucial role in the development of healthy fetal bone tissue. Analysis of fetal bone parameters versus maternal vitamin D status is necessary to shed some light on the matter. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between maternal and cord vitamin D concentrations and other factors which might affect fetal bone development and femur length. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 94 term pregnancies, delivered at the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Oncology, Medical University of Warsaw...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Hardip Malhi
The term malnutrition refers to both undernutrition and overnutrition. In healthcare, it most often refers to undernutrition, in particular disease-related malnutrition, which can be a result or a cause of an illness. The reasons for malnutrition are multifactorial, and its consequences may include an increased risk of pressure ulcers, reduced mobility and psychological effects such as depression. It is essential that nurses prioritise the nutritional care of all patients and identify those at risk of malnutrition using accurate and reliable nutrition screening tools...
October 4, 2018: Nursing Standard
Afton M Koball, Dylan J Jester, Marisa A Pruitt, Rebecca V Cripe, Jill J Henschied, Sarah Domoff
BACKGROUND: Support after bariatric surgery is critical. Access to bariatric support groups is sometimes challenging, leading people to seek support on social media platforms like Facebook. Given the ubiquity of recommendations solicited and provided on Facebook regarding nutrition and bariatric surgery, understanding the content and accuracy of these posts is important. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the present study was to describe the content of nutrition-related information sought on bariatric Facebook support groups/pages...
August 28, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Mai Ohkubo, Takayuki Ueda, Hiroki Sugito, Akira Watanabe, Fumi Seshima, Toshiyuki Morioka, Yasutomo Yajima
A working group established at Tokyo Dental College Suidobashi Hospital considered how to manage patients experiencing difficulties with food intake during the process of dental treatment. This resulted in the opening of an in-hospital booth dedicated to providing advice on such problems. A survey was performed to determine the number of patients utilizing this facility and the department which they were attending with the aim of investigating factors involved in eating-related problems. The results revealed that patients were being referred to the booth from the departments of dental prosthetics, conservative dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery (by both dentists and dietitians), oral implantation, and orthodontics...
2018: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
Jamie F Chriqui, Rebecca M Schermbeck, Julien Leider
BACKGROUND: More than 3.6 million children are served daily by the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)-participating child day care centers. This study provides a nationwide assessment of center-level responsibilities for menu, meal/snack preparation, meal preparer training, and food and beverage (F&B) purchasing. METHODS: A nationally representative survey of 5483 CACFP child day care centers was conducted between August 22, 2017, and September 30, 2017...
August 2018: Childhood Obesity
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