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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30760102/nitrogen-inhalation-suicide-pacts
#1
Roger W Byard, Carl Winskog, Karen Heath
Suicide pacts usually result in simultaneous deaths by mutual arrangement. While nitrogen and helium gas inhalation are being increasingly used in solitary suicide attempts, for some reason they have been rarely utilised in suicide pacts. A search of autopsy files at Forensic Science SA over a 15-year period (2003-2017) was undertaken to determine how often this method of joint suicide occurs. Only two cases were found. Case 1 comprised a 64-year-old husband and wife (who had a history of multiple sclerosis)...
February 13, 2019: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744830/california-s-comprehensive-background-check-and-misdemeanor-violence-prohibition-policies-and-firearm-mortality
#2
Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Rose M C Kagawa, Magdalena Cerdá, Cassandra K Crifasi, Jon S Vernick, Daniel W Webster, Garen J Wintemute
PURPOSE: In 1991, California implemented a law that mandated a background check for all firearm purchases with limited exceptions (comprehensive background check or CBC policy) and prohibited firearm purchase and possession for persons convicted within the past 10 years of certain violent crimes classified as misdemeanors (MVP policy). We evaluated the population effect of the simultaneous implementation of CBC and MVP policies in California on firearm homicide and suicide. METHODS: Quasi-experimental ecological study using the synthetic control group methodology...
February 2019: Annals of Epidemiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30736267/suicide-mortality-patterns-in-greek-work-force-before-and-during-the-economic-crisis
#3
Evangelos C Alexopoulos, Katerina Kavalidou, Fani Messolora
Background : The global recession of 2007 has attracted research attention in regard to a possible increase of deaths by suicide among employed populations. The aim of the current study was to update the first Greek study on suicide mortality among broad occupational groups during 2000⁻2009, with the last available data covering the first period of economic crisis and recession in Greece. Methods : Data on suicide deaths for the age groups of 15⁻39, 40⁻49 and 50⁻59, between 2000⁻2013 were retrieved from the national statististical authority of Greece, ELSTAT...
February 6, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719898/%C3%A2-semenly%C3%A2-harmless-back-pain-an-unusual-presentation-of-a-subcutaneous-abscess
#4
L Dunne, E Murphy, R Rutledge
Aims We report, with review of the literature, the case of a patient who developed a subcutaneous abscess after intravenously injecting his own semen in an attempt to treat longstanding back pain. He had devised this “cure” independent of medical advice. Methods A review of EMBASE, PubMed, google scholar and the wider internet was conducted with an emphasis on parenteral semen for the treatment of back pain and for other medical and non-medical uses. Results There were no other reported cases of intravenous semen injection found across the medical literature...
January 15, 2019: Irish Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30717808/an-evaluation-of-the-maintenance-to-abstinence-mta-program-in-achieving-abstinence-in-opioid-users-and-improving-mental-health-and-quality-of-life
#5
Madeleine M Southey, Trent Rees, Margaret Rolfe, Sabrina Pit
BACKGROUND: Residential opioid rehabilitation aims to improve the mental health and quality of life of opioid users through abstinence and residential program participation. This study aimed to determine the depression, anxiety, stress and quality of life amongst maintenance to abstinence (MTA) program residents. Secondary study aims were to assess the personal characteristics of MTA clients, addiction and risk taking behaviours, factors associated with program completion, as well as to assess the reliable change in participants' mental health and quality of life on exit...
February 4, 2019: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715721/the-implementation-and-first-insights-of-the-french-speaking-swiss-programme-for-monitoring-self-harm
#6
Louise Ostertag, Philippe Golay, Yves Dorogi, Sebastien Brovelli, Marta Bertran, Ioan Cromec, Bénédicte Van Der Vaeren, Riaz Khan, Alessandra Costanza, Karine Wyss, Anne Edan, Francesca Assandri, Rémy Barbe, Solenn Lorillard, Stéphane Saillant, Laurent Michaud
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Self-harm is a major risk factor for suicide but remains poorly documented. No data on self-harm in French-speaking Switzerland exist. To address this deficiency, the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health commissioned a specific self-harm monitoring programme. We present and discuss its implementation and first findings. METHODS: Every patient aged 18–65 years presenting for self-harm to the emergency departments of the Lausanne and Neuchâtel general hospitals were included in the monitoring programme over a 10-month period (December 2016 to September 2017)...
January 28, 2019: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710859/comparison-of-suicide-attempts-in-individuals-with-major-depressive-disorder-with-and-without-history-of-subthreshold-hypomania-a-nationwide-community-sample-of-korean-adults-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2
#7
Kwan Woo Choi, Eun Jin Na, Jin Pyo Hong, Maeng Je Cho, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Hong Jin Jeon
BACKGROUND: Subthreshold hypomania is defined as a distinct period of elevated, expansive or irritable mood lasting for at least four days, but insufficient to fulfill the criteria of hypomania. This study aimed to investigate the association between suicidality and subthreshold hypomania in subjects with and without major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were completed for 12,526 adults, randomly selected through a one-person-per-household method, using the Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (K-CIDI) and a questionnaire relative to lifetime suicide attempts (LSA)...
January 26, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30708203/predicting-status-along-the-continuum-of-suicidal-thoughts-and-behavior-among-those-with-a-history-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#8
Anne C Knorr, Brooke A Ammerman, Alexander J Hamilton, Michael S McCloskey
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal thoughts and behavior often co-occur, representing a growing public health concern. Despite extensive research examining suicidal thoughts and behavior among those who engage in NSSI, there is a lack of research investigating factors that, when considered together, can differentiate individuals along the continuum of suicidal thoughts and behavior (no history, suicidal ideation, suicide plan, suicide attempt). This study sought to address this question using a sample of 1178 college students with NSSI history (68...
January 24, 2019: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30707991/suicide-attempt-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#9
Wei-Syun Hu, Cheng-Li Lin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We analyze the incidence of suicide attempt in a Taiwanese population following admission to hospital between 2000 and 2010 for atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Using a large National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan, the study cohort and the comparison cohort were 1-fold matched according to propensity score method. Cox proportion hazard regression models were used to examine the effect of AF on the risk of suicide attempt, and were shown as hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
January 29, 2019: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30707673/drugs-most-frequently-involved-in-drug-overdose-deaths-united-states-2011-2016
#10
Holly Hedegaard, Brigham A Bastian, James P Trinidad, Merianne Spencer, Margaret Warner
Objective-This report identifies the specific drugs involved most frequently in drug overdose deaths in the United States from 2011 through 2016. Methods-Record-level data from the 2011-2016 National Vital Statistics System-Mortality files were linked to electronic files containing literal text information from death certificates. Drug overdose deaths were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision underlying causeof- death codes X40-X44, X60-X64, X85, and Y10-Y14. Drug mentions were identified by searching the literal text in three fields of the death certificate: the causes of death from Part I, significant conditions contributing to death from Part II, and a description of how the injury occurred...
December 2018: National Vital Statistics Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706954/-hey-let-me-hold-your-guns-for-a-while-a-qualitative-study-of-messaging-for-firearm-suicide-prevention
#11
Rocco Pallin, Bonnie Siry, Deborah Azrael, Christopher E Knoepke, Daniel D Matlock, Ashley Clement, Megan L Ranney, Garen J Wintemute, Marian E Betz
A recommended component of suicide prevention is encouraging at-risk individuals to voluntarily and temporarily reduce access to firearms and other lethal methods. Yet delivering counseling on the topic can be difficult, given the political sensitivity of firearm discussions. To support such counseling, we sought to identify recommended framing and content of messages about reducing firearm access for suicide prevention. Through qualitative interviews with firearm owners and enthusiasts, we identified key points for use in framing (identity as a gun owner, trust, voluntary and temporary storage, and context and motivation) and specific content (preference for "firearm" over "gun," and legal issues such as background checks for transfers)...
February 1, 2019: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30705051/status-of-legal-firearm-possession-and-violent-deaths-methods-and-protocol-for-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#12
Jennifer L Hernandez-Meier, Brenna Akert, Cheng Zheng, Clare E Guse, Peter M Layde, Stephen Hargarten
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This project links population data to the Wisconsin Violent Death Reporting System (WVDRS) to determine the extent to which firearm possession criteria are being followed as well as the potential impact of the adoption of proposed possession criteria. DESIGN AND STUDY POPULATION: Criminal justice data for WVDRS homicide suspects and victims and suicide decedents 2008-2011 and a sample of matched control group of driver's license holders (to characterise the state population) will be abstracted...
January 31, 2019: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699872/the-use-of-machine-learning-in-the-study-of-suicidal-and-non-suicidal-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Taylor A Burke, Brooke A Ammerman, Ross Jacobucci
BACKGROUND: Machine learning techniques offer promise to improve suicide risk prediction. In the current systematic review, we aimed to review the existing literature on the application of machine learning techniques to predict self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs). METHOD: We systematically searched PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, ERIC, CINAHL, and MEDLINE for articles published through February 2018. RESULTS: Thirty-five articles met criteria to be included in the review...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30699869/celebrity-suicide-on-twitter-activity-content-and-network-analysis-related-to-the-death-of-swedish-dj-tim-bergling-alias-avicii
#14
Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Benedikt Till, David Garcia
BACKGROUND: Media recommendations for suicide reporting are recommended to prevent imitative suicide but little is known about social media reactions to different revelations about celebrity suicide. METHODS: Using the Twitter Application Programming Interface (API), we recorded public tweets mentioning Avicii from the day when his death was reported (N = 2,865,292). We compared that data with a dataset of random tweets. Furthermore, we recorded tweets including suicide in 124 languages before Avicii's death (N = 5,939,107)...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30694222/mediating-effects-of-social-support-on-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-in-older-korean-adults-with-hypertension-who-live-alone
#15
Eun Jeong Nam, Jong-Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: Older adults who live alone are less physically and emotionally healthy and report higher levels of depression relative to those who do not live alone. Suicide is the most problematic health issue reported by older adults who live alone. In particular, vulnerable older adults who live alone experience difficulty obtaining self-care and medical services; therefore, early detection of depression is difficult, and there are few opportunities to implement suicide prevention strategies in this population...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30684832/multiple-types-of-somatic-pain-increase-suicide-attempts-and-depression-a-nationwide-community-sample-of-korean-adults
#16
Mi Jin Park, Kwan Woo Choi, Eun Jin Na, Jin Pyo Hong, Maeng Je Cho, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Hong Jin Jeon
OBJECTIVE: Somatic pain is an important risk factor for suicide and suicidal behaviors. However, the association between the number of somatic pain conditions and lifetime suicide attempts (LSA) has not been well established yet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine associations between LSA and multiple somatic pain (MSP), singe pain, and no pain in a nationwide survey. METHODS: A total of 12,532 adults were randomly selected from the population using the one-person-per-household method...
December 19, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30680822/providing-support-following-exposure-to-suicide-a-mixed-method-study
#17
Myfanwy Maple, Kathy McKay, Nicole C L Hess, Sarah Wayland, Tania Pearce
Exposure to suicide and the associated impacts for those left behind can be long lasting and traumatic. Literature has predominantly examined the experience of suicide and impact from the perspective of those closest to the deceased-with studies primarily focused on kin relationships. Appropriate and timely support delivered by skilled professionals, through the provision of postvention support, has been suggested as a way to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with exposure to suicide. The evidence regarding what support, for whom, and the timing of support is scarce...
January 24, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663277/a-20-year-study-of-suicide-death-in-a-statewide-autism-population
#18
Anne V Kirby, Amanda V Bakian, Yue Zhang, Deborah A Bilder, Brooks R Keeshin, Hilary Coon
SCIENTIFIC SUMMARY: Growing concern about suicide risk among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) necessitates population-based research to determine rates in representative samples and to inform appropriate prevention efforts. This study used existing surveillance data in Utah to determine incidence of suicide among individuals with ASD over a 20-year period, and to characterize those who died. Between 1998 and 2017, 49 individuals with ASD died by suicide. Suicide cumulative incidence rates did not significantly differ between 1998 and 2012 across the ASD and non-ASD populations...
January 21, 2019: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661029/suicide-in-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Melissa Deanna Shepard, Kate Perepezko, Martijn P G Broen, Jared Thomas Hinkle, Ankur Butala, Kelly A Mills, Julie Nanavati, Nicole Mercado Fischer, Paul Nestadt, Gregory Pontone
Persons with Parkinson's disease (PwP) have many known risk factors for suicide and suicidal ideation (SI). Despite this, there is limited understanding of suicidality in this population. We conducted a systematic review to synthesise the available literature on suicidality in PwP and highlight areas for potential intervention and further research. We identified 116 articles discussing SI, suicidal behaviours, suicide attempts and/or fatal suicide in PwP. These articles describe prevalence, suicide methods, risk factors for suicide and SI and treatment of suicidality...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30660183/screening-for-depression-in-women-during-pregnancy-or-the-first-year-postpartum-and-in-the-general-adult-population-a-protocol-for-two-systematic-reviews-to-update-a-guideline-of-the-canadian-task-force-on-preventive-health-care
#20
Candyce Hamel, Eddy Lang, Kate Morissette, Andrew Beck, Adrienne Stevens, Becky Skidmore, Heather Colquhoun, John LeBlanc, Ainsley Moore, John J Riva, Brett D Thombs, Ian Colman, Sophie Grigoriadis, Stuart Gordon Nicholls, Beth K Potter, Kerri Ritchie, Julie Robert, Priya Vasa, Bianca Lauria-Horner, Scott Patten, Simone N Vigod, Brian Hutton, Beverley J Shea, Shamila Shanmugasegaram, Julian Little, David Moher
BACKGROUND: In 2018, the World Health Organization reported that depression is the most common cause of disability worldwide, with over 300 million people currently living with depression. Depression affects an individual's physical health and well-being, impacts psychosocial functioning, and has specific negative short- and long-term effects on maternal health, child health, developmental trajectories, and family health. The aim of these reviews is to identify evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for depression in the general adult population and in pregnant and postpartum women...
January 19, 2019: Systematic Reviews
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