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"Basic Life Support" OR "BLS"

Erlinda The, Michael J Jarrett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2019: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Violeta González-Salvado, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Francisco Gude, Carlos Peña-Gil, Carmen Neiro-Rey, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
BACKGROUND: Training families of patients at risk for sudden cardiac death in basic life support (BLS) has been recommended, but remains challenging. This research aimed to determine the impact of embedding resuscitation training for patients in a cardiac rehabilitation programme on relatives' BLS skill retention at six months. DESIGN: Intervention community study. METHODS: Relatives of patients suffering acute coronary syndrome or revascularization enrolled on an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation programme were included...
February 19, 2019: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Rainer Haseneder, Matthias Skrzypczak, Bernhard Haller, Stefan K Beckers, Julia Holch, Christina Wank, Eberhard Kochs, Christian M Schulz
INTRODUCTION: To increase the rate of bystander resuscitation, basic life support (BLS) training for schoolchildren is now recommended on a broad level. However, debate continues about the optimal teaching methods. In this study, we investigated the effects of a 90 min BLS training on female pupils' BLS knowledge and self-confidence and whether learning outcomes were influenced by the instructors' professional backgrounds or test-enhanced learning. METHODS: We conducted a cluster randomised, longitudinal trial in a girls' grammar school in Germany from 2013 to 2014...
February 16, 2019: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Noah Berland, Daniel Lugassy, Aaron Fox, Keith Goldfeld, So-Young Oh, Babak Tofighi, Kathleen Hanley
PURPOSE: In response to the opioid epidemic and efforts to expand substance use education in medical school, the authors introduced opioid overdose prevention training (OOPT) with naloxone for all first-year medical students (MS1s) as an adjunct to required basic life support training (BLST). The authors previously demonstrated improved knowledge and preparedness following in-person OOPT with BLST; however, it remains unclear whether online-administered OOPT would produce comparable results...
February 15, 2019: Substance Abuse
Violeta González-Salvado, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Carlos Peña-Gil, Carmen Neiro-Rey, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a novel cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training method embedded in a cardiac rehabilitation program at enhancing patients' CPR and defibrillation skills. One hundred and fourteen participants with coronary heart disease enrolled on an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program were included. Two groups were randomly allocated to different training programs: CPR-retraining based on hands-on rolling refreshers during the 2-month program (G-CPR, n = 53) versus standard one-time training (G-Stan, n = 61)...
February 11, 2019: Health Education Research
Martine E Bol, Martje M Suverein, Roberto Lorusso, Thijs S R Delnoij, George J Brandon Bravo Bruinsma, Luuk Otterspoor, Marijn Kuijpers, Ka Yan Lam, Alexander P J Vlaar, Carlos V Elzo Kraemer, Joris J van der Heijden, Erik Scholten, Antoine H G Driessen, José M Montero Cabezas, Saskia Z H Rittersma, Bram G Heijnen, Fabio S Taccone, Brigitte Essers, Tammo Delhaas, Patrick W Weerwind, Paul M H J Roekaerts, Jos G Maessen, Marcel C G van de Poll
Return of spontaneous circulation occurs in less than 10% of patients with cardiac arrest undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for more than 15 minutes. Studies suggest that extracorporeal life support during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) improves survival rate in these patients. These studies, however, are hampered by their non-randomized, observational design and are mostly single-center. A multicenter, randomized controlled trial is urgently warranted to evaluate the effectiveness of ECPR...
December 14, 2018: American Heart Journal
Itamar Netzer, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Mor Nissan, Jessica L McKee, Paul McBeth, Alex Dobron, Elon Glassberg
BACKGROUND: Most deaths in military trauma occur soon after wounding, and demand immediate on scene interventions. Although hemorrhage predominates as the cause of potentially preventable death, airway obstruction and tension pneumothorax are also frequent. First responders caring for casualties in operational settings often have limited clinical experience. INTRODUCTION: We hypothesized that communications technologies allowing for real-time communications with a senior medically experienced provider might assist in the efficacy of first responding to catastrophic trauma...
February 1, 2019: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Peter N Johnson, Amy Mitchell-Van Steele, Amy L Nguyen, Sylvia Stoffella, J Maria Whitmore
The Pediatric Pharmacy Advocacy Group (PPAG) understands the dilemma and varying factors that many institutions face concerning the routine participation of pharmacists in emergency resuscitation events. Acknowledging these obstacles, the PPAG encourages all institutions to strongly consider creating, adopting, and upholding policies to address pharmacists' participation in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as evidenced by the impact pharmacist participation has shown on the reduction of hospital medication error and mortality rates in children...
November 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
Israel Olatunji Gabriel, Joel O Aluko
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to evaluate the theoretical knowledge and psychomotor skill acquisition of basic life support (BLS) by a group of secondary school students in Nigeria pre and post BLS training. METHODS: This was quasi-experimental study design with 210 participants. They were taught on adult BLS and all the participants practiced BLS on a Resusci-Anne manikin immediately after the training. Data were collected using American Heart Association (AHA) structured questionnaire and psychomotor skills checklist for BLS at baseline, and post BLS training...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Robert D Willmore, Damjan Veljanoski, Feray Ozdes, Bethan Stephens, James Mooney, Seamus G Crumley, Arpan Doshi, Philippa Davies, Shreya Badhrinarayanan, Emily Day, Kristian Tattam, April Wilson, Nathan Crang, Lorna Green, Craig A Mounsey, Howell Fu, Joseph Williams, Michelle S D'souza, Dhanya Sebastian, Liam A Mcgiveron, Matthew G Percy, James Cohen, Imogen J John, Alice Lethbridge, Imogen Watkins, Omar Amin, Mubasher A Qamar, John Gerrard Hanrahan, Emily Cramond-Wong
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals have a duty to maintain basic life support (BLS) skills. This study aims to evaluate medical students' factual knowledge of BLS and the training they receive. METHODS: A cross-sectional, closed-response questionnaire was distributed to the first- and fourth-year students studying at institutions in the United Kingdom. The paper questionnaire sought to quantify respondent's previous BLS training, factual knowledge of the BLS algorithm using five multiple choice questions (MCQs), and valuate their desire for further BLS training...
2019: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Karen Jean Craig-Brangan, Mary Patricia Day
In November 2017, the American Heart Association published updates to its adult and pediatric Basic Life Support and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation guidelines; one year later, it published updates to its Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support and Pediatric Advanced Life Support guidelines. This article reviews these updated guidelines and highlights the key changes and how to integrate them into practice.
February 2019: Nursing
Stuart Barker
Stuart Barker, Graduate Tutor in Adult Nursing, Northumbria University ( ), discusses assessing the unresponsive patient and performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation as the crucial first steps in the chain of survival.
January 10, 2019: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Nouf Al Harbi, Ayman Afifi, Mohammed Alateeq, Ayla Tourkmani, Turki Alharbi, Saad Albattal
Background and Objective: Basic life support (BLS) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are urgently required and must be performed when cardiac arrest occurs. These lifesaving procedures must be learned by healthcare professionals. In developed countries, members of the public, academics, and students learn how to carry out these emergency procedures. Knowledge of these simple procedures determines successful outcome. This study was conducted to determine the level of awareness of BLS and CPR among female secondary students at governmental schools in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia (SA)...
November 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Ronny Lehmann, Thomas Lutz, Astrid Helling-Bakki, Sebastian Kummer, Sören Huwendiek, Hans Martin Bosse
BACKGROUND: Several promising studies suggest a positive impact of interactive and media-enriched e-learning resources such as virtual patients (VP) on skill acquisition in pediatric basic life support (PBLS). This study investigates which immanent VP components account for this effect. METHODS: N = 103 medical students in their 5th year were assigned to one of three groups: a video group prepared with self-instructional videos on PBLS (N = 37); an animation-enriched VP group with VP containing interactive questions (N = 35), static and animated media, and a static VP group with VP containing interactive questions and only static media (N = 31)...
January 5, 2019: BMC Medical Education
Clémence Delhomme, Mario Njeim, Emilie Varlet, Louis Pechmajou, Nordine Benameur, Pascal Cassan, Clément Derkenne, Daniel Jost, Lionel Lamhaut, Eloi Marijon, Xavier Jouven, Nicole Karam
Out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major public health issue, with a survival rate at hospital discharge that remains below 10% in most cities, despite huge investments in this domain. Early basic life support (BLS) and early defibrillation using automated external defibrillators (AEDs) stand as key elements for improving OHCA survival rate. Nevertheless, the use of AEDs in OHCA remains low, for a variety of reasons, including the number, accessibility and ease of locating AEDs, as well as bystanders' awareness of BLS manœuvres and of the need to use AEDs...
December 26, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Richard Chocron, Thomas Loeb, Lionel Lamhaut, Daniel Jost, Frédéric Adnet, Eric Lecarpentier, Wulfran Bougouin, Franckie Beganton, Philippe Juvin, Eloi Marijon, Xavier Jouven, Alain Cariou, Florence Dumas
BACKGROUND: In out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), geographic disparities in outcomes may reflect baseline variations in patients' characteristics but may also result from differences in the number of ambulances providing basic life support (BLS) and advanced life support (ALS). We aimed at assessing the association between allocated ambulance resources and outcomes in OHCA patients in a large urban community. METHODS: From May 2011 to January 2016, we analyzed a prospectively collected Utstein database for all OHCA adults...
December 4, 2018: Circulation
Nicholas M G Friedman, Emily K O'Connor, Timothy Munro, David Goroff
BACKGROUND: There is insufficient research on medical care at mass-gathering events (MGEs) on college and university campuses. Fun Day is an annual celebratory day held at Skidmore College (Saratoga Springs, New York USA), a small liberal arts college in the Northeastern United States. Fun Day is focused around an outdoor music festival; students also congregate and celebrate throughout the surrounding campus. To improve care and alleviate strain on local resources, a model was developed for the provision of emergency care by a collegiate-based, volunteer first-response service - Skidmore College Emergency Medical Services (EMS) - in coordination with a contracted, private ambulance service...
December 26, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Elena-Laura Lemaitre, Laurent Tritsch, Eric Noll, Pierre Diemunsch, Nicolas Meyer
AIM OF THE STUDY: The role of supraglottic devices in airway management in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of intubation through the Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway (ILMA) when used by prehospital emergency nurses in the setting of OHCA. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational trial during 12 years by the Fire Department and prehospital emergency service of the health district of Strasbourg, France...
December 17, 2018: Resuscitation
Isabel Karolyne Fernandes Costa, Manuela Pinto Tibúrcio, Gabriela de Sousa Martins Melo, José Eugênio Lopes Leite, Rodrigo Assis Neves Dantas, Gilson de Vasconcelos Torres
OBJECTIVE: to describe the content construction and validation process of the Distance Education Basic Life Support Course. METHOD: methodological study, developed through literature review, outlined in the light of the Bloom's Taxonomy and Ausubel's Meaningful Learning Theory. For validation, the analysis was performed with judges, using a structured tool. RESULTS: the construction of the distance course was complex and challenging, since it was tried to develop it with logical-methodological coherence, considering the constructivist perspective, representing an advance in the process of dissemination of the Urgency and Emergency teaching culture...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Na R Yun, Min C Joo, Seungchan Kim, Min-Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Some stroke patients are known to use nonparetic extremities to push toward the paretic side, a movement known as lateropulsion. Lateropulsion impairs postural balance and interferes with rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) on recovery from lateropulsion compared with conventional physical therapy (CPT). DESIGN: This was a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial...
December 3, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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