Mari Fukao, Keita Okamura, Shotaro Sabu, Yuichi Akino, Takehiro Arimura, Shinichi Inoue, Ryoko Kado, Yuji Seo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the reproducibility of patient shoulder position immobilized with a novel and innovative prototype mask (E-Frame, Engineering System). METHODS: The E-frame mask fixes both shoulders and bisaxillary regions compared with that of a commercial mask (Type-S, CIVCO). Thirteen and twelve patients were immobilized with the Type-S and E-Frame mask systems, respectively. For each treatment fraction, cone-beam CT (CBCT) images of the patient were acquired and retrospectively analyzed...
May 22, 2020: Physica Medica: PM
Alessio Tarantino, Emilio Romanini, Michele Venosa, Marina Torre, Irene Schettini, Remo Goderecci, Giandomenico Logroscino, Vittorio Calvisi
Arthroplasty registries represent a fundamental tool for the production of evidence in total joint replacement. Italy started in 2005 a national registry (Italian Arthroplasty Registry - RIAP) organised as federation of regional registries under the coordination of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità. However, data collection still appears to be hardened by the additional workload required from clinicians. The aim of the study was to evaluate the data entry times for an inexperienced operator and the relative learning curve...
May 2020: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Mahmoud Fadul, Alois von Rotz, Maher Alsaaod, Reiichiro Sato, Adrian Steiner
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic surgery is described as a minimally invasive technique for diagnosis, exploration and treatment of joint disorders. It allows intraarticular structures to be assessed accurately, thereby improving the diagnostic capabilities, and it broadens the spectrum of surgical techniques feasible for treatment of articular pathologies in cattle. This study aimed to assess for cattle the described arthroscopic approaches to the shoulder joint of horses, and to describe the appearance of the corresponding intraarticular structures of the shoulder joint...
May 24, 2020: BMC Veterinary Research
Josiane Sotrate Gonçalves, Tatiana de Oliveira Sato
BACKGROUND: The professionals who perform cleaning activity constitute a major economic sector in Brazil. Cleaners may develop health problems related to the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems. It is necessary to understand the working and health conditions of cleaners in Brazil. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify factors associated with musculoskeletal symptoms and heart rate variability (HRV) among cleaners. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted at a public higher education institution with 45 outsourced cleaners following approval from the institutional ethics committee...
May 24, 2020: BMC Public Health
Paul D Minetos, Jeffrey D Trojan, Symone M Brown, Mary K Mulcahey
Softball is the third most popular women's collegiate sport in the United States, with 19,680 total athletes as of the 2015-2016 season. Despite its popularity and growth in recent years, research focusing on the biomechanics of the windmill pitch and its associated shoulder injuries is relatively scarce. The incidence of shoulder injury is highest during the preseason and the beginning of the regular season. The windmill pitch can be divided into distinct phases, with the shoulder experiencing the greatest force during the delivery phase...
May 24, 2020: Sports Biomechanics
Massimo De Filippo, Silvia Schirò, Dani Sarohia, Antonio Barile, Luca Saba, Simone Cella, Alessandro Castagna
The shoulder enjoys the widest range of motion of all the joints in the human body, therefore requires a delicate balance between stability and motility. The glenohumeral joint is inclined to fall into two main instability categories: macro and micro. Macroinstability can be traumatic or atraumatic, with anterior or posterior dislocation of the humeral head. Microinstability falls within the broader section of acquired instability in overstressed shoulder caused by repeated joint stress. Anterior traumatic instability is the most frequent entity and a relatively common injury in young and athletic population...
May 23, 2020: Skeletal Radiology
Manuel Zafra, Pilar Uceda
The purpose of this paper is to examine the results of reconstruction of the dorsal and palmar limbs of the scapholunate interosseous ligament in flexible static scapholunate instability using a slip of flexor carpi radialis tendon. Between June 2012 and August 2018, 13 patients with flexible static scapholunate instability underwent with this surgical technique. Mean patient age at surgery was 42 years. Average follow-up was 52, 8 months. The functional outcome postoperative according to Green and O'Brien was excellent in 1, good in 9 and regular in 3 patients...
May 23, 2020: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Bingbing Zhang, Yongsheng Sun, Long Liang, Xing Yu, Liguo Zhu, Si Chen, Yifei Wei, Guannan Wen
INTRODUCTION: Recurrence rates after primary traumatic shoulder dislocation are distinctly high. Whether the early external immobilization (ER) is better than the internal immobilization (IR) is still controversial. HYPOTHESIS: To perform a systematic review of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that assessed the ability of external immobilization to reduce the recurrence in patients with primary anterior shoulder instability. MATERIAL AND METHOD: As with the original review, we used the search strategies recommended by the Cochrane Back Review Group for the identification of RCTs...
May 20, 2020: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Steven D Jones, Stephen Thon, Rachel M Frank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 29, 2020: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
A K Molvaer, M M Iversen, J Igland, M Peyrot, G S Tell, K Bech Holte, T J Berg
AIMS: To compare reported level of bodily pain, overall and health-related quality of life (QoL), depression and fatigue in people with long-term type 1 diabetes vs. a comparison group without diabetes. Further, to examine the associations of total bodily pain with QoL, depression, fatigue and glycaemic control in the diabetes group. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 104 (76% of eligible) people with type 1 diabetes of ≥ 45 years' duration attending the Norwegian Diabetes Centre and 75 persons without diabetes who completed questionnaires measuring bodily pain (RAND-36 bodily pain domain), shoulder pain (Shoulder Pain and Disability Index), hand pain (Australian/Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index), overall QoL (World Health Organization Quality of Life - BREF), health-related QoL (RAND-36), diabetes-specific QoL (Audit of Diabetes-Dependent Quality of Life; only diabetes group), depression (Patient Health Questionnaire) and fatigue (Fatigue questionnaire)...
May 23, 2020: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Daniel Silverberg, Michal Fish, Aharon Lubetsky, Uri Rimon, Daniel Raskin, George Greenberg, Moshe Halak
OBJECTIVE: Paget- Schroetter syndrome (PSS) is an uncommon disease, with potentially debilitating long term effects. The optimal therapy of PSS is unclear and the role of surgical decompression of the thoracic outlet is still being questioned. In this study we present long term results of patients treated with catheter directed thrombolysis (CDT) and anticoagulation, without undergoing surgical management. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series performed on all patients who previously underwent treatment for PSS in our institution between the years 2007-2019...
May 20, 2020: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Young-Eun Moon, Sang-Hyun Kim, Hyun Seok, Seung Yeol Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to compare the effects of a vapocoolant spray and an eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA) cream on reducing pain during intraarticular (IA) injection of the shoulder. DESIGN: Double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-three patients who underwent IA injection of the shoulder joint were randomized into the spray group, EMLA group, or placebo group...
May 20, 2020: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
T Goyal, S Paul, S S Sethy, A K Choudhury
PURPOSE: Local subacromial infiltration with steroids is a common method of treatment of subacromial impingement syndrome. However, the use of steroids has concerns like tendon rupture, articular cartilage changes and infections. Local NSAIDs infiltration has recently been tried in literature. This study compares the effect of subacromial injections of ketorolac with steroids. METHODS: A randomized controlled study was planned with 35 patients in each group. Patients in group-1 were infiltrated with subacromial ketorolac (60 mg with 2% lignocaine) and in group-2 with a steroid (methylprednisolone-40 mg with 2% lignocaine)...
May 22, 2020: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Rosanna M Viglialoro, Sara Condino, Giuseppe Turini, Virginia Mamone, Marina Carbone, Vincenzo Ferrari, Giulia Ghelarducci, Mauro Ferrari, Marco Gesi
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality is becoming popular in the rehabilitation field thanks to the several advantages it can offer to patients and physicians. Indeed, serious games can: motivate and engage the patient; offer different levels of challenge and difficulty based on the patient baseline, and integrate objective measures of the patient's performance during each rehabilitation session. OBJECTIVE: We designed and implemented a serious game for shoulder rehabilitation based on real-time hand tracking...
May 15, 2020: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Andrew Metcalfe, Elke Gemperle Mannion, Helen Parsons, Jaclyn Brown, Nicholas Parsons, Josephine Fox, Rebecca Kearney, Tom Lawrence, Howard Bush, Kerri McGowan, Iftekhar Khan, James Mason, Charles Hutchinson, Simon Gates, Nigel Stallard, Martin Underwood, Stephen Drew
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder pain due to irreparable rotator cuff tears can cause substantial disability, but treatment options are limited. A balloon spacer is a relatively simple addition to a standard arthroscopic debridement procedure, but it is costly and there is no current randomised trial evidence to support its use. This trial will evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a subacromial balloon spacer for individuals undergoing arthroscopic debridement for irreparable rotator cuff tears...
May 21, 2020: BMJ Open
Hans-Kaspar Schwyzer, Alex Marzel, Barbara Wirth, Dominik Rickenbacher, Matthias Flury, Christian Schoch, Mark Tauber, Daniel Rzepka, Lars Lehmann, Sven Lichtenberg, Petra Magosch, Peter Habermeyer, Laurent Audigé
BACKGROUND: The use of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) has dramatically increased in recent years with the advent of new prosthesis designs regularly entering the market. We define the rate of local complications during the first 2 years after RTSA with the Univers Revers prosthesis and describe the changes in radiologic outcomes, as well as function, pain, satisfaction, and quality of life. METHODS: This multicenter, prospective case series included rotator cuff tear arthropathy patients who underwent RTSA with the Univers Revers...
May 20, 2020: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Ya-Peng Zhang, Rui-Xue Hu, Mei Han, Bao-Yong Lai, Shi-Bing Liang, Bing-Jie Chen, Nicola Robinson, Kevin Chen, Jian-Ping Liu
OBJECTIVE: This bibliometric study aimed to systematically and comprehensively summarize the volume, breadth and evidence for clinical research on Qigong. And this bibliometric analysis also can provide the evidence of this field. DESIGN: Bibliometric analysis. METHODS: All types of primary and secondary studies on humans were included: systematic reviews, randomized clinical trials, non-randomized controlled clinical studies, case series and case reports...
May 2020: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Paul H C Stirling, Paul J Jenkins, Andrew D Duckworth, Nicholas D Clement, Jane E McEachan
We compared the functional outcomes, health-related quality of life, and satisfaction in diabetic and non-diabetic patients undergoing A1 pulley release for trigger finger in 192 patients. Preoperative and postoperative Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (Quick DASH), EuroQol-5 dimensions, and satisfaction scores were collected prospectively over a 6-year period. These patients had a mean follow-up of 14 months (range 11-40) after surgery. There were 143 patients (143 trigger fingers) without diabetes and 49 patients (49 trigger fingers) with diabetes...
May 22, 2020: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Chao-Yu Hsu, Der-Shin Ke, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND: Physical diseases, such as infection, and emotional distress are associated with herpes zoster (HZ). However, the relationship between adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder (ACoS) and HZ remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the risk of HZ development in patients with ACoS. METHODS: We analyzed the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, a subset of 1 million beneficiaries from the National Health Insurance Research Database...
May 20, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Abdulrazak O Balogun, Todd D Smith
Stone, sand and gravel mining (SSGM) constitutes the vast majority of mining operations in the United States. Despite musculoskeletal disorders being one of the most common occupational health problems across several industries, limited research has examined the extent of reported musculoskeletal symptoms or disorders among actively employed SSGM workers. To address this knowledge gap, cross sectional data were collected from 459 SSGM workers in the Midwestern United States to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms...
May 18, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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