Jimin Yoon, Yu Meng Zhang, Cheenou Her, Robert A Grant, Anna I Ponomarenko, Bryce E Ackermann, Tiffani Hui, Yu-Shan Lin, Galia T Debelouchina, Matthew D Shoulders
Nucleoprotein (NP) is a key structural protein of influenza ribonucleoprotein complexes and is central to viral RNA packing and trafficking. NP also determines the sensitivity of influenza to myxovirus resistance protein 1 (MxA), an innate immunity factor that restricts influenza replication. A few critical MxA-resistant mutations have been identified in NP, including the highly conserved proline-283 substitution. This essential proline-283 substitution impairs influenza growth, a fitness defect that becomes particularly prominent at febrile temperature (39°C) when host chaperones are depleted...
April 19, 2024: Science Advances
Özde Depreli, Zehra Güçhan Topçu, Hayriye Tomaç
BACKGROUND: Appropriate arrangement of classroom ergonomics is necessary for maintaining health and improving academic performance, learning, and motivation. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the anthropometric measurements and ergonomic risk levels of students during a handwriting activity on a fixed desk and chair and to analyze the mismatch and relationships between these factors. METHODS: This study included 149 university students (female:73, male:76)...
April 16, 2024: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Sonia Giouleka, Ioannis Tsakiridis, Elpida Ralli, Apostolos Mamopoulos, Ioannis Kalogiannidis, Apostolos Athanasiadis, Themistoklis Dagklis
IMPORTANCE: Macrosomia represents the most significant risk factor of shoulder dystocia (SD), which is a severe and emergent complication of vaginal delivery. They are both associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review and compare the most recently published influential guidelines on the diagnosis and management of fetal macrosomia and SD. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comparative review of guidelines from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG), and the Department for Health and Wellbeing of the Government of South Australia on macrosomia and SD was conducted...
April 2024: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Yan Liu, Yanli Xia, Hongwei Chen, Yuanyuan Zhu, Chaoju Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the optimal duration of thumb cupping therapy for frozen shoulder (FS) by thermal metabolic imaging (TMI) and to provide clinical evidence. METHODS: From April 2022 to August 2023, 120 patients with FS who received thumb cupping therapy at our hospital were randomized into groups A, B, and C for 5, 10, and 15 minutes of cupping, respectively. The clinical efficacy, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, and shoulder range of motion (ROM) of the three groups were compared, and the skin blood flow and the incidence of adverse reactions during treatment were analyzed...
April 18, 2024: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Haiyang Wang, Daohua Fan, Qiang Lan, Huaqu Gong
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of combining adhesion release under brachial plexus block with silver needle warm acupuncture for the treatment of frozen shoulder, compared to adhesion release under brachial plexus block alone. METHODS: A total of 72 patients with frozen shoulder were randomly assigned to receive either adhesion release under brachial plexus block (control group) or adhesion release under brachial plexus block plus silver needle warm acupuncture (treatment group)...
April 18, 2024: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
A Alqarni, F Khan
OBJECTIVE: Shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) is one of the most frequent causes of shoulder pain. Evidence supported the use of conservative treatment for SIS. Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) indicated that physical therapy interventions, including therapeutic exercises, manual therapy, patient education, and advice, were recommended for the treatment of SIS. This study's purpose was to investigate physical therapists' adherence to the CPGs for treating SIS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Physical therapists in Saudi Arabia were invited to participate in an online survey via the Saudi Physical Therapy Association between May and December 2022...
April 2024: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Shivani R Uttamchandani, Pratik Phansopkar
Background Lateral epicondylitis (LE), sometimes referred to as tennis elbow or lateral elbow tendinopathy (LET), is one of the most common repetitive stress disorders in the elbow joint. Often, this involves the attachment of the extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle. This study's primary focus is on treating people with LE, a condition that causes repetitive movements of the upper extremities. There is currently no research on how PowerBall gadget workouts affect the function and pain of individuals with lateral epicondylitis...
March 2024: Curēus
James Zhang, Florence Bradshaw, Michal Duchniewicz, Fernanda W Fernandes, Rahul Geetala, Matjia Krkovic
Introduction Understanding the different opioid pain relief requirements between patients with upper limb fractures can be useful in forming specific evidence-based guidelines and balancing patient-clinician prescribing discussions with opioid stewardship. We investigated the predictors for opioid requirements in upper limb fractures. Methods We retrospectively investigated all upper limb fractures from the shoulder to the wrist treated at a major trauma center from January 2015 to January 2022. The data collected consisted of fracture location, demographics, comorbidities, and management options...
March 2024: Curēus
A Ulusoy, N Turgut, F Cilli, A M Unal
INTRODUCTION: This study reports the results of surgical anatomic reconstruction of torn coracoclavicular ligaments with an autogenous semitendinosus graft and temporary Kirschner wires (K-wires) in chronic acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen shoulders underwent surgical anatomic reconstruction of torn coracoclavicular (CC) ligaments with an autogenous semitendinosus tendon graft and temporary K-wires for Rockwood grade III, IV and V chronic AC joint dislocations...
March 2024: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
V Jain, H Gupta, N Mehta, D Joshi, H Kataria
INTRODUCTION: Both knotted all suture anchors and metal anchors are used for arthroscopic Bankart repair. We retrospectively evaluated and compared clinical and functional outcomes after arthroscopic Bankart repair using the knotted all-suture anchors and knotted metal anchors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective cohort analysis, patients who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair without any concomitant additional lesion repair using either all-suture anchors or metal anchors, between January 2015 and May 2018 were identified...
March 2024: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
S Winkler, B Herbst, K Kafchitsas, P Wohlmuth, P Hoffstetter, M J Rueth
INTRODUCTION: Pathologies of the shoulder, i.e. rotator cuff tears and labral injuries are very common. Most patients receive MRI examination prior to surgery. A correct assessment of pathologies is significant for a detailed patient education and planning of surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine patients were identified, who underwent both, a standardised shoulder MRI and following arthroscopic shoulder surgery in our hospital. For this retrospective comparative study, the MRIs were pseudonymised and evaluated separately by an orthopaedic surgeon and a radiologist...
March 2024: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
Qdn Vo, Hhh Nguyen, H T Nguyen, B N Pham, T K Truong
INTRODUCTION: Deformities of the spine and thorax in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis affect appearance. They are a cause of inferiority, affecting psychological well-being and the social life of the patients. To contribute to curve evaluation, planning in curve correction, and improving the post-operative aesthetics, many studies on the correlation between appearance and radiography in the assessment of shoulder and neck balance have been reported recently. In general, these studies did not clarify which indices are required to evaluate shoulder and neck balance...
March 2024: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
Alexis B Sandler, Clare K Green, John P Scanaliato, Austin B Fares, John C Dunn, Nata Parnes
BACKGROUND: Given the rising prevalence of obesity, the number of patients with obesity undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (RCR) will likely increase; however, there have been mixed results in the existing literature with regard to the effect of elevated body mass index (BMI) on functional outcomes and complications. METHODS: The patient-reported outcome measures included the visual analog scale (VAS) pain score, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, range of motion, and adverse events...
2024: JB & JS Open Access
Mehmed Nuri Tütüncü, Yiğit Kültür, Mahmut Kürşat Özşahin, Nuri Aydın
BACKGROUND This retrospective study investigated the association between the critical shoulder angle (CSA) and the development of full-thickness rotator cuff tears (FTRCTs) in the Turkish population. The CSA is an imaging parameter that quantifies the relationship between the inclination of the glenoid and the lateral extension of the acromion in the coronal plane. The CSA is an anatomical measurement, and higher CSA values have been associated with an increased incidence of FTRCTs. However, there is a lack of data on CSA regarding the Turkish population...
April 19, 2024: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Arno A Macken, Geert Alexander Buijze, Michael Kimmeyer, Tilman Hees, Denise Eygendaal, Michel van den Bekerom, Laurent Lafosse, Thibault Lafosse
BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare the range of motion (ROM) of reverse shoulder arthroplasty lateralised by bony increased offset (BIO-RSA) using a standard 38-mm (mm) component to regular reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) lateralised by using a 42-mm glenoid component. The secondary aims are to compare patient-reported and radiographic outcomes between the two groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with a BIO-RSA and size 38 glenosphere were retrospectively identified and matched to patients with a regular RSA and size 42 glenosphere...
April 18, 2024: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Andriandi, C Tirta
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: It is estimated that 1 out of 5 patients with cancer will experience bone metastasis. With non-small cell lung cancer by itself having 220.000 reported cases per year, but the prevalence of soft tissue metastasis from lung cancer is only 2.3 % making it commonly overlooked as a possible metastasis site. CASE PRESENTATION: Male presents with a lump and pain on the right upper arm. A 8 cm × 8 cm mass was palpated under the biceps...
April 10, 2024: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ricardo Kaempf de Oliveira, João Pedro Farina Brunelli, Fernando Corella Montoya, Pedro J Delgado
Synovial or ganglion cysts are the most common soft tissue tumors of the wrist and hand and can arise from joints or tendons. Intratendinous synovial cysts, in contrast, are rare and their pathogenesis is still a matter of debate. The treatment of synovial cysts of articular origin using arthroscopy is commonly used with good results. For cysts of tendon origin, that is, extra-articular, when located at the ankle, shoulder, knee, and wrist, endoscopic treatment has also been described in a procedure called tenoscopy...
April 18, 2024: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Raghuraman M Sethuraman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2024: Minerva Anestesiologica
Qiyang Zhu, Chenkai Li, Xingqi Fan, Haitao Li, Qingxiang Hu, Yaohua He, Xiaojun Chen
PURPOSE: Reverse shoulder arthroplasty has demonstrated excellent clinical efficacy for patients with shoulder joint diseases and is increasingly in demand. Traditional surgery faces challenges such as limited exposed surfaces and a narrow field of vision, leading to a shorter prosthesis lifespan and a higher risk of complications. In this study, an optical navigation system was proposed to assist surgeons in real-time tracking of the surgical scene. METHODS: Our optical navigation system was developed using the NDI Polaris Spectra device and several open-source platforms...
April 18, 2024: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Masaki Fujioka, Kazufumi Koga
The upper part of the trapezius muscle attaches to the acromion and elevates the shoulder, so a defect in the trapezius muscle greatly impairs shoulder-brachial movement. We encountered a case in which the upper trapezius muscle was completely resected due to myxofibrosarcoma that occurred in the upper part of the left trapezius muscle, and reconstruction was performed using a pedicled latissimus dorsi flap with the accessory nerve transferred, resulting in favorable motor function. A 74-year-old woman developed myxofibrosarcoma in her left neck 1 year and 4 months ago, and underwent two surgical excisions at a nearby hospital...
April 2024: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.