Carolyn Sawyer, Julia Adrian, Roger Bakeman, Martha Fuller, Natacha Akshoomoff
BACKGROUND: Children born preterm are at risk for difficulties in executive function (EF), however there are limited tools to assess EF in young children and it is not fully understood how these early deficits are related to emerging academic skills. AIMS: To examine (a) early EF differences in young children born preterm, (b) how a measure of behavioral self-regulation correlates with other measures of EF in children born preterm, and (c) how this measure relates to academic outcomes in children born preterm...
March 26, 2021: Early Human Development
Suhani Ghai, Ajay Pillai, Yogesh Sharma, Renu Singh, Neha Jain, Shreshth Sharma
BACKGROUND: In early stage buccal mucosa carcinoma, in spite of successful curative surgery, the health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) may not improve. We aimed to study HRQoL in these patients who had undergone successful curative surgery and determined factors that influence the HRQoL. METHODS: Subjects, aged 18-70 years, who had undergone successful curative surgery for stage I and II buccal mucosa cancer, were assessed for HRQoL using the University of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire and factors affecting HRQoL were determined...
April 10, 2021: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Majid Chalian, Nicholas C Nacey, Udit Rawat, Joshua Knight, Timothy Lancaster, D Nicole Deal, Jennifer Pierce
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle tenotomy (USPNT) has been proposed as an alternative treatment to surgical intervention for lateral epicondylitis (LE). The Tenex system (Tenex Health Inc., Lake Forest, CA, USA) for USPNT is an ultrasonic device involving a needle which oscillates at high frequency to debride and aspirate diseased tendon under ultrasound image guidance. This investigation evaluates the efficacy of USPNT using the Tenex system for LE refractory to conservative management...
April 10, 2021: Skeletal Radiology
Pavlos Angelopoulos, Konstantinos Mylonas, Elias Tsepis, Evdokia Billis, Nikolaos Vaitsis, Konstantinos Fousekis
CONTEXT: Instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM), tissue flossing, and kinesiology taping are increasingly popular treatments among athletes for improving functional performance, despite limited evidence for their efficacy. OBJECTIVE: Previous research regarding the efficacy of soft tissues and neuromuscular techniques on improving functional capacity of shoulder joints in athletes has yielded conflicting results. We examined the immediate and short-term effects of IASTM, flossing, and kinesiology taping on the functional capacities of amateur athletes' shoulders...
April 9, 2021: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Ramesh C Srinivasan, Bassem T Elhassan, Thomas W Wright
Rotator cuff pathology is the most common shoulder condition for which patients seek treatment. Schmidt et al covered the relevant anatomy, natural history, nonsurgical and surgical treatment, biological augmentation, and postoperative rehabilitation in their comprehensive review published in 2015. This current review builds upon the last update, discussing the most recent evidence-based medicine regarding rotator cuff repair: primary repair, revision repair, and reconstructive techniques for superior capsular reconstruction, subacromial balloon spacers, tendon transfer options (pectoralis major, latissimus dorsi, and lower trapezius), and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty...
April 6, 2021: Journal of Hand Surgery
Sumadi Lukman Anwar, Widya Surya Avanti, Lina Choridah, Ery Kus Dwianingsih, Herjuna Hardiyanto, Teguh Aryandono
BACKGROUND: Esophageal involvement and Horner's syndrome are rare manifestations of breast cancer distant metastases that can pose a significant challenge in diagnosis and treatment. In addition to the more aggressive behavior of breast cancer diagnosed in young women, non-adherence to treatment is associated with increased risk of distant metastasis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old Javanese woman presented to our institution with dysphagia, hoarseness, and frequent hiccups...
April 9, 2021: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Hasani W Swindell, David P Trofa, Frank J Alexander, Julian J Sonnenfeld, Bryan M Saltzman, Christopher S Ahmad
Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries are a common source of pain and disability in the overhead athlete and often result in notable loss of time from competition. Over the past 10 to 15 years, the prevalence of UCL injury and reconstruction has undergone a dramatic increase, making it imperative to determine which patients may benefit from a nonsurgical regimen. Nonsurgical treatment involves a multidisciplinary approach of rehabilitation with tailored physical therapy programs and, in certain cases, biologic adjuncts...
April 9, 2021: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Global Research & Reviews
Toshiaki Furukawa, Hidenori Kanke, Yoshihisa Masakado
A 40-year-old female patient with no medical history or family history of dystonia showed no abnormalities on cranial MRI. However, flexions and extensions were poor during the right arm and elbow movements, and tremors were observed during the finger separation movement. The tremors reduced when the left hand was placed on the right shoulder. The patient was, therefore, diagnosed with right hand dystonia and treated with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) therapy. The motor cortex regulating the right arm was stimulated with a 1 Hz rTMS, performed 350-500 times at an intensity 1...
April 20, 2021: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
Eric T Ricchetti, Bong-Jae Jun, Yuxuan Jin, Jason C Ho, Thomas E Patterson, Jarrod E Dalton, Kathleen A Derwin, Joseph P Iannotti
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate glenoid component position and radiolucency following anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) using sequential 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) analysis. METHODS: In a series of 152 patients (42 Walch A1, 16 A2, 7 B1, 49 B2, 29 B3, 3 C1, 3 C2, and 3 D glenoids) undergoing anatomic TSA with a polyethylene glenoid component, sequential 3D CT analysis was performed preoperatively (CT1), early postoperatively (CT2), and at a minimum 2-year follow-up (CT3)...
April 8, 2021: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Danielle G Weekes, Richard E Campbell, Eric D Wicks, Christopher J Hadley, Zaira S Chaudhry, Aaron H Carter, Matthew D Pepe, Bradford S Tucker, Kevin B Freedman, Fotios P Tjoumakaris
BACKGROUND: Pain after rotator cuff repair is commonly managed with opioid medications; however, these medications are associated with serious adverse effects. Relaxation exercises represent a potential nonpharmacologic method of pain management that can be easily implemented without substantial adverse effects; however, the effects of relaxation exercises have not been studied in a practical, reproducible protocol after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Does performing relaxation exercises after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR) decrease pain compared with standard pain management medication? (2) Does performing relaxation exercises after ARCR decrease opioid consumption? (3) What proportion of patients who used the relaxation techniques believed they decreased their pain level, and what proportion continued using these techniques at 2 weeks? (4) Does performing relaxation exercises after ARCR affect shoulder function? METHODS: During the study period, 563 patients were eligible for inclusion; however, only 146 were enrolled, randomized, and postoperatively followed (relaxation group: 74, control group: 72); 68% (384 of 563) of patients were not contacted due to patient and research staff availability...
April 8, 2021: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Nicole G Lemaster, Carolyn M Hettrich, Cale A Jacobs, Nick Heebner, Philip M Westgate, Scott Mair, Justin R Montgomery, Tim L Uhl
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported measures guide physicians in clinical decision making and therefore it is critical to determine what clinical factors are associated with these scores. Psychological and physical factors are commonly studied separately in patients with rotator cuff tears to determine their influence on outcomes. It is well established that psychological distress and scapular motion change in the presence of a symptomatic rotator cuff tear. However, these factors have not been studied simultaneously in a clinical setting to determine their association with shoulder outcome scores...
April 8, 2021: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Dimitri Juré, Yoann Blache, Matthieu Degot, Grégory Vigne, Laurent Nové-Josserand, Arnaud Godenèche, Philippe Collotte, Gabriel Franger, Florent Borel, Isabelle Rogowski, Lionel Neyton
BACKGROUND: The time elapsed since surgery is the primary criterion for allowing athletes to return to sport after shoulder stabilization surgery using the Latarjet procedure. The objective assessment of shoulder functional status through the return-to-sport continuum demands a scoring instrument that includes psychological and physical dimensions. This study aimed to statistically validate the Shoulder-SanTy Athletic Return To Sport (S-STARTS) score in patients who have undergone primary shoulder stabilization surgery...
April 9, 2021: Sports Health
Tyler W Henry, Jacob E Tulipan, Stephanie A Kwan, Pedro K Beredjiklian, Kevin F Lutsky, Jonas L Matzon
BACKGROUND: Long oblique extra-articular proximal phalanx fractures are common orthopedic injuries. When unstable and without substantial comminution, treatment options include closed-reduction percutaneous pinning (CRPP) and open-reduction internal fixation using lag screws (ORIF-screws). The aims of this study are primarily to compare the functional outcomes and complication rates between these techniques and secondarily to assess potential factors affecting outcomes after surgery. METHODS: All patients with long oblique extra-articular proximal phalanx fractures treated surgically within a single orthopedic institution from 2010 to 2017 were identified...
April 9, 2021: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Shahbaz Khan, Nida Hameed, Saddam Mazar, Imtiaz A Hashmi, Mohammad S Rafi, Mohammad Idrees Shah, Nadeem A Baloch
Purpose It is often difficult for the clinician to isolate the etiology of pain occurring either in the neck or shoulder because of the reason that neck pain can refer to the shoulder and vice versa. Concordance research has found that around one in 10 patients who were referred for cervical radiculopathy had comorbid shoulder pathology. The goal of this research is to analyze and correlate risk factors for persistent shoulder pain (non-dermatomal) following cervical spine surgery. Methods This was a single-center, retrospective study...
March 5, 2021: Curēus
George El Rassi, Nabil Dib, Joseph Maalouly, Rita Moukarzel, Dany Aouad
Proximal humerus fracture is a common orthopedic presentation, with bimodal age distribution. On the other hand, bilateral proximal humerus fracture dislocation is a rarely reported pathology, especially when it is not the result of direct trauma. We present a case of a 71-year-old female patient found to have simultaneous bilateral 4-part proximal humerus fractures following status epilepticus treated surgically with bilateral reverse shoulder arthroplasty with constraint and soft tissue release. In a patient with recurrent status epilepticus episodes, the combination of constrained reverse shoulder arthroplasty and the extensive soft tissue release should decrease the rate of failure and dislocation dramatically...
2021: Case Reports in Orthopedics
Joseph V Pergolizzi, Peter Magnusson, Jo Ann LeQuang, Frank Breve, Kailyn Mitchell, Maninder Chopra, Giustino Varrassi
Transdermal buprenorphine is indicated for chronic pain management, but as its role in the clinical management of acute pain is less clear, this narrative review examines studies of the patch for acute pain, mainly in the postoperative setting. Although perhaps better known for its role in opioid rehabilitation programs, buprenorphine is also an effective analgesic that is a Schedule III controlled substance. Although buprenorphine is a partial agonist at the μ-opioid receptor, it is erroneous to think of the agent as a partial analgesic; it has full analgesic efficacy and unique attributes among opioids, such as a ceiling for respiratory depression and low "drug likeability" among those who take opioids for recreational purposes...
2021: Journal of Pain Research
Rachel N Cohen-Shohet, Sonja S Samant, Harvey Chim
BACKGROUND: The free anterior branch split latissimus dorsi flap has a reliable anatomy and advantages over the traditional latissimus dorsi flap. By preserving the posterior branch of the thoracodorsal nerve, morbidity at the donor site is reduced, preserving shoulder strength. METHODOLOGY: The purpose of this article is to review our experience with the split latissimus flap, describe our surgical technique, and finally review representative cases of reconstruction in different anatomical regions...
April 5, 2021: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Eoghan T Hurley, Jordan W Fried, Michael J Alaia, Eric J Strauss, Laith M Jazrawi, Bogdan A Matache
IMPORTANCE: Cadaveric and MRI findings have demonstrated significantly less labral separation and displacement when the shoulder is placed in external rotation as compared with internal rotation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study is to meta-analyse the randomised controlled trials in the literature to compare immobilisation in external versus internal rotation after first-time anterior shoulder dislocation. EVIDENCE REVIEW: A literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library was performed based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
January 2021: Journal of ISAKOS
Daniël E Verstift, Matthijs P Somford, Derek F P van Deurzen, Michel P J van den Bekerom
This classic discusses the original publication "Treatment of acromioclavicular injuries, especially complete acromioclavicular separation" by Weaver and Dunn, which collaborated to develop a technique for acromioclavicular joint reconstruction in 1972. Their surgical technique described resection of 2 cm of the distal clavicle and transfer of the acromial end of the coracoacromial ligament into the medullary canal of the distal clavicle. (modified) Weaver-Dunn procedures have been regarded as one of the most effective techniques to treat complete acromioclavicular joint dislocation for a long time...
March 2021: Journal of ISAKOS
Frank Hoexum, Vincent Jongkind, Hans Me Coveliers, Kak K Yeung, Willem Wisselink
BACKGROUND: Venous thoracic outlet syndrome (vTOS) is caused by external compression of the subclavian vein at the costoclavicular junction. It can be subdivided in McCleery Syndrome and Paget-Schroetter Syndrome (PSS). To improve the venous outflow of the arm and to prevent recurrent thrombosis, first rib resection with venolysis of the subclavian vein can be performed. Open transaxillary, supraclavicular, infraclavicular or combined paraclavicular approaches are well known, but more recent robot-assisted techniques are introduced...
April 9, 2021: Vascular
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