Ahmad Salah Eldin Alreni, Heba Rohy Abdo Aboalmaty, Willem De Hertogh, Sionnadh Mairi McLean
BACKGROUND: Performance measures that assess the upper limb disability (ULD) in patients with neck pain can provide useful information for making clinical decisions regarding the optimal management of those patients. The Single Arm Military Press (SAMP) test is a performance based ULD measure developed specifically for populations with neck pain. In this test, patients are asked to lift a 1 kg weight repetitively overhead for 30 s with repetitions counting as the score. Whilst the test has been shown to be acceptable and feasible for use by clinicians and patients, its reliability in a patient group is still unknown...
July 20, 2021: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Makito Iizuka, Araya Ruangkittisakul, Klaus Ballanyi
Abdominal muscles are involved in respiration and locomotion. In the isolated pons-spinal cord-rib attached preparation from neonatal rat, the phrenic nerve and abdominal muscles show inspiratory and expiratory activity, respectively. Using this preparation, we investigated whether the bath application of NMDA and 5-HT could evoke locomotor activities in the fourth cervical ventral root (C4VR), phrenic nerve, and abdominal muscle nerve (ilioinguinal nerve, IIG-n). We also observed rib and abdominal muscle movements visually...
July 26, 2021: Neuroscience Research
Xiao Bao, Ming-Hong Wang, Howe Liu, Hong-Fei Shi, Yasser Salem, Shu Xu, Zhi-Min Zhu, Ju-Ying Xie, Quan Yang
Fu's subcutaneous needling (FSN) is a new acupuncture therapy developed from acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine models. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of FSN on shoulder pain. In this retrospective comparative study, patient case files with shoulder pain (Group A) treated with FSN were analyzed and compared with the same number of patients with shoulder pain (Group B) treated with conventional acupuncture and physical therapy. Motion-related pain (MRP), pain under pressure (PUP), and Range of motion (ROM) were collected before and after intervention...
July 29, 2021: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
Shunpei Hama, Mitsuhiro Okada, Takuya Yokoi, Takuya Uemura, Hiroaki Nakamura
A number of outcome predictors for carpal tunnel release (CTR) for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) have been reported. However, some predictors are controversial, and few studies have referred to the early postoperative outcome prognostic factors after CTR. The aim of this study was to investigate whether pain and numbness at 1 month post-CTR were early postoperative predictors of clinical outcomes 6 months after surgery. Pain and numbness were evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) preoperatively and at 1 month post-surgery...
July 29, 2021: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Richard Eamon Pow, Des Bokor, Luke Deady, Mario D'Souza, Salman Ansari
INTRODUCTION: MRI is generally considered the modality of choice for the assessment of rotator cuff pathology including tendinosis. Assessment of severity is currently subjective primarily based on tendon morphology and signal intensity. Limited data are available evaluating the inter-observer agreement regarding the assessment of tendinosis severity. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-four patients were prospectively enrolled in the study. Patients included were referred to two private radiology practices for shoulder MRI for any reason...
July 29, 2021: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
E Nöske, M Stolzer, M Racher, H Baumann, K-J Lehmann, M Henrich
A 78-year-old patient received an interscalene plexus catheter for perioperative pain therapy during implantation of an inverse shoulder prothesis. After stimulation-assisted puncture under sonographic control, 25 ml of local anesthetic (LA) were first administered and then the catheter was placed using the through the needle technique. Immediately after the administration of another 5 ml of local anesthetic via the inserted catheter, the patient showed symptoms of total spinal anesthesia, so that she had to be intubated and ventilated...
July 29, 2021: Der Anaesthesist
Julia M Unglaub, Thomas Bruckner, Thomas J Heyse, Peer Eysel, Martin F Langer, Christian K Spies
PURPOSE: Goal of this study was the assessment of long-term outcome of arthroscopically assisted repair of Palmer 1B/Atzei 1 triangular fibrocartilage complex tears and the comparison with short- and mid-term results. METHODS: The study included nineteen patients (mean 49.2 years of age) with a mean follow-up time of 13.6 years (13.1-14.3 years). Examination parameters included disabilities of arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) questionnaire, modified Mayo Wrist Score (MMWS), Krimmer Score, determination of range of motion in comparison to the contralateral extremity...
July 29, 2021: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Gonca Saglam, Dilek Çetinkaya Alisar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2021: Pain Physician
Aakanksha Aggarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2021: Pain Physician
W Ben Kibler, Aaron Sciascia, John Stuart Mattison Pike, Michael Howell, Kevin E Wilk
BACKGROUND: Alterations in glenohumeral internal rotation (GIR), glenohumeral external rotation (GER), and the total arc of motion (TAM) have been linked with increased injury risk in the shoulder and elbow. These motions have been routinely measured with the forearm in neutral rotation (GIRN, GERN, TAMN). GER capacity appears to be especially important. The throwing motion, however, requires forearm pronation as GER occurs to achieve optimal cocking (GERP). No previous studies have evaluated GERP to determine GER capacity or pronated TAM (TAMP) values...
July 29, 2021: Sports Health
Alaa N Turkistani, Arwa Al-Romaih, Majd M Alrayes, Abdulrazaq Al Ojan, Wisam Al-Issawi
Introduction: In the recent era of technological evolution, electronic devices have become an essential part of our lives, not merely in professional work settings, but also in daily leisure activities. Although these devices have simplified our lives, they are associated with a wide variety of health complaints. Thus, the so-called computer vision syndrome (CVS) has become a growing public health problem and has gained significant attention as it plays an important role in the quality of life of each individual, which in turn has put an increased burden on the health care system...
June 2021: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Arvind Kumar, Javed Jameel, Siddhartha Sinha, Sandeep Kumar, Yawar Haider
Seizure disorders have been commonly linked with fractures and dislocations of the shoulder region. However, catastrophic failure of plate osteosynthesis of a proximal humerus fracture, following a seizure episode in an early postoperative period, has not been reported. We present a case report of a middle-aged male patient who was treated satisfactorily for a right proximal humerus fracture with plate osteosynthesis but experienced a seizure episode in the early postoperative period. The seizure episode resulted in a catastrophic failure of the plate fixation...
June 2021: Curēus
Lucy Cureton, Ioana R Marian, Vicki S Barber, Adwoa Parker, David J Torgerson, Sally Hopewell
BACKGROUND: Use of a person's name in a text message has been shown to be effective in instigating behaviour change. We evaluated the effectiveness of a personalised text message (including the recipient's name) versus a standardised text message for prompting a response from trial participants to complete and return postal follow-up questionnaires. METHODS: Using a randomised study within a trial (SWAT) embedded within the host GRASP (Getting it Right: Addressing Shoulder Pain) trial, participants who provided a mobile telephone number were randomised (1:1) by a central computer system to receive either (1) a personalised text message which included their name or (2) a standard text message...
July 28, 2021: Trials
Philipp Maurus, Isaac L Kurtzer, Ryan Antonawich, Tyler Cluff
Limb dominance is evident in many daily activities leading to the prominent idea that each hemisphere of the brain specializes in controlling different aspects of movement. Past studies suggest the dominant arm is primarily controlled via an internal model of limb dynamics that enables the nervous system to produce efficient movements. In contrast, the non-dominant arm may be primarily controlled via impedance mechanisms that rely on the strong modulation of sensory feedback from individual joints to control limb posture...
July 28, 2021: Journal of Neurophysiology
Michael G Saper, John Courson, Charles Milchteim, Hillary Plummer, James R Andrews, Roger V Ostrander
OBJECTIVE: To characterize recurrent instability, return to sport (RTS), and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) after arthroscopic Bankart repair for acute traumatic anterior shoulder instability in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and National Football League (NFL) football players. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Orthopaedic and sports medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: National Collegiate Athletic Association and NFL football athletes with traumatic anterior shoulder instability who underwent arthroscopic shoulder stabilization at a single institution with at least 2-year follow-up...
July 27, 2021: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Neville A Stanton, Aaron P J Roberts, Kiome A Pope, Daniel Fay
Submarine control room layouts have remained similar across decades of operation, despite the introduction of new technologies that allow for the co-location of the sound and control room. Operation of an inwards, rather than outwards, facing ring control room configuration was examined in three scenarios: Return to Periscope Depth, Inshore Operations, and Dived Tracking. A case study design employed a serving team of qualified submariners participated in all three scenarios with high and low demand. Communications and activities in the control room were recorded and analysed using the Event Analysis of Systemic Teamwork (EAST) method...
July 28, 2021: Ergonomics
Federico Ferraris, Tommaso Mascetti, Michele Tognini, Marco Testori, Alberto Colledani, Giulio Marchesi
AIM: To investigate whether different restoration designs, overlay types, and full crowns in posterior teeth have similarly acceptable marginal sealing and quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For Part 1 of the present study (investigation of fracture resistance), 70 extracted molars were divided into five groups (N = 14), prepared with four different posterior indirect adhesive restoration (PIAR) overlay design types, according to the adhesthetics classification. The groups were: 1...
August 17, 2021: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Hao-Xu Dong, Qing Wang, Zhi Wang, Xiao-Ke Wu, Ling Cheng, Zhong-Ming Zhou, Li Yang, Ping Yi, Dong-Mei Huang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on glucose and lipid metabolism in unmarried patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Fifty-four PCOS patients were equally randomized into true acupuncture group and sham acupuncture group (control) for totally 16 weeks of treatment by random method with a computerized randomization program. Patients in true acupuncture group accepted traditional acupuncture methods with EA and two sets of acupoint groups were used alternatively...
July 28, 2021: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Olivia M G Aguiar, Olga Radivojevic, Brigitte M Potvin, Omid Vakili, Stephen N Robinovitch
Ice hockey is a fast-paced sport with a high incidence of collisions between players. Shoulder checks are especially common, accounting for a large portion of injuries including concussions. The forces generated during these collisions depend on the inertial and viscoelastic characteristics of the impacting bodies. Furthermore, the effect of shoulder pads in reducing peak force depends on the baseline (unpadded) properties of the shoulder. We conducted experiments with nine men's ice hockey players (aged 19-26) to measure their effective shoulder stiffness, damping and mass during the impact stage of a shoulder check...
July 28, 2021: Sports Biomechanics
Lisa A Simpson, Kathryn S Hayward, Moira McPeake, Thalia S Field, Janice J Eng
Background . Recent studies have reported lower statistics of upper limb (UL) weakness (48-57%) compared to widely cited values collected over 2 decades ago (70-80%). Objective . To explore potential factors contributing to the accuracy of prevalence values of UL weakness using a case study from a single regional centre. Methods . All patients admitted to the acute stroke unit with suspected diagnosis of stroke were screened from February 2016 to August 2017. Upper limb weakness was captured (a) prospectively using the Shoulder Abduction and Finger Extension (SAFE) score performed by unit physical therapists within 7 days post-stroke and (b) retrospectively via chart review using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) arm score at admission and 24 hours post-admission...
July 28, 2021: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
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