Bahareh Karami, Azam Azimi, Zohreh Rahimi, Sousan Mahmoudi, Nazanin Jalilian
Hypertension (HTN) is a global health challenge and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Hypertension has a multifactorial course of evolution, with both genetic and environmental factors playing an important role. To date, a number of genes and pathways have been proposed to be associated with HTN, among which is Nitric Oxide pathway. NO levels can be regulated by reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide and post-transcriptional mechanisms, including sense-anti sense interactions. NOS3AS gene encodes an antisense RNA (sONE) which is complementary to NOS3 transcript in 662 nucleotides and may regulate NOS3 in a post-transcriptional manner...
March 26, 2023: Biochemical Genetics
Hagay Hayat, Asaf Achiron, Dua Masarwa, Mordechai Goldberg
Netarsudil ophthalmic solution 0.02% is a new treatment for open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension, which was approved for treatment in the United States and in the European Commission. The drug is a rho- kinase inhibitor (ROCK) that lowers intraocular pressure by enhancing the outflow at the trabecular meshwork and decreasing both aqueous humor production and episcleral venous pressure. This literature review aims to present this new treatment, characterize its specific mechanism of action, and discuss its effect and adverse events profile...
March 2023: Harefuah
Kwame Adu-Bonsaffoh, Evelyn Tamma, Adanna Nwameme, Phyllis Dako-Gyeke, Emmanuel Srofenyoh, Evelyn K Ansah, Diederick E Grobbee, Arie Franx, Joyce L Browne
BACKGROUND: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) remain a leading global health problem with complex clinical presentations and potentially grim birth outcomes for both mother and fetus. Improvement in the quality of maternal care provision and positive women's experiences are indispensable measures to reduce maternal and perinatal adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To explore the perspectives and lived experiences of healthcare provision among women with HDP and the associated challenges...
March 25, 2023: Reproductive Health
Ingrid Pelgrims, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Eva M De Clercq, Stijn Vansteelandt, Vanessa Gorasso, Johan Van der Heyden
BACKGROUND: In many countries, the prevalence of non-communicable diseases risk factors is commonly assessed through self-reported information from health interview surveys. It has been shown, however, that self-reported instead of objective data lead to an underestimation of the prevalence of obesity, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. This study aimed to assess the agreement between self-reported and measured height, weight, hypertension and hypercholesterolemia and to identify an adequate approach for valid measurement error correction...
March 25, 2023: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Hongzhi Yang, Ruwu Yang
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between renal artery anatomical configuration and renal artery plaque (RAP) based on 320-row CT. METHODS: The abdominal contrast-enhanced CT data from 210 patients was retrospectively analyzed. Among 210 patients, there were 118 patients with RAP and 92 patients with no RAP. The anatomical parameters between lesion group and control group were compared and analyzed by using t-test, χ2-test and logistic regression analysis...
March 25, 2023: BMC Medical Imaging
Sunandini Ghosh, Manabi Paul, Kousik Kumar Mondal, Sandip Bhattacharjee, Pritha Bhattacharjee
Ectopic fat deposition is more strongly associated with obesity-related health problems including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), cardiovascular diseases (CVD), hypothyroidism, arthritis, etc. Our study aimed at identifying the cumulative role of several risk factors in developing obesity and the role of ectopic fat (visceral fat) in predicting cardiovascular disease risk in varied age groups among urban adult academic professionals in West Bengal. 650 adults (Male = 456; Female = 194) associated with the academic job (age 20-65 years) in urban West Bengal were randomly selected for anthropometric, blood biochemical, and questionnaire-based analyses...
March 25, 2023: Scientific Reports
Leah Rethy, Vincenzo B Polsinelli, Paul Muntner, Natalie A Bello, Jordana B Cohen
Postmenopausal women have a higher risk of hypertension compared with premenopausal women possibly related to increased endothelial dysfunction in the setting of lower levels of circulating estrogen. Using data from 660 women in the Jackson Heart Study (JHS), postmenopausal women had higher daytime, nighttime and 24 h systolic blood pressure variability (BPV) compared with premenopausal women, and higher nighttime systolic BPV was associated with higher endothlin-1 (a marker of endothelial dysfunction) in postmenopausal women (ß = 0...
March 25, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
Rafael Lopez, Timothy Copeland, Charles McCulloch, Elaine Ku
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2023: Journal of Human Hypertension
David B Nelson, Robert Martin, Elaine L Duryea, Ashlyn K Lafferty, Donald D McIntire, Jessica Pruszynski, Elizabeth Rochin, Catherine Y Spong
PROBLEM DEFINITION: A substantial proportion of maternal morbidity and mortality occurs after birth. However, little is known about the optimal design of programs to improve outcomes and decrease disparities during this period. CONTEXT: Parkland Health is a tax-supported health system in Dallas that delivers more than 11,000 patients annually. A community needs assessment identified substantial health disparities in this community. The proportion of women in this region with diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic hypertension (CHTN) during pregnancy is higher than surrounding regions, but access to care in the area is difficult because of the limited availability of ambulatory care...
February 15, 2023: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Derek A Riffert, Lea Matsuoka, Daniel B Brown, Sophoclis P Alexopoulos
BACKGROUND: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in patients with cirrhosis complicated by portal hypertension, portosystemic shunts, and chronic portal vein thrombosis (PVT) has long been challenging. Spontaneous spleno-renal shunts (SRS) allow new surgical techniques to restore portal vein patency and hepatopetal flow. Renoportal anastomosis (RPA) has emerged as an accepted method for transplanting these patients, with good long-term patient and graft survival. Orthotopic liver transplantation with RPA is known to be complicated by recurrent PVT, with few details discussed in the literature...
March 23, 2023: Transplantation Proceedings
Mary E Norton, Cora Macpherson, Zachary Demko, Melissa Egbert, Fergal Malone, Ronald J Wapner, Ashley S Roman, Asma Khalil, Revital Faro, Rajeevi Madankumar, Noel Strong, Sina Haeri, Robert Silver, Nidhi Vohra, Jon Hyett, Kimberly Martin, Matthew Rabinowitz, Bo Jacobsson, Pe'er Dar
BACKGROUND: The clinical implications of non-reportable cfDNA screening results are uncertain, but this may reflect poor placental implantation in some cases and be associated with adverse obstetrical and perinatal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes of pregnancies with non-reportable cell-free DNA (cfDNA) screening in a cohort of patients with complete genetic and obstetric outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prespecified secondary analysis of a multicenter prospective observational study of prenatal cfDNA screening for fetal aneuploidy and 22q11...
March 23, 2023: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mario Funes Hernandez, Vivek Bhalla
A clinical condition may be missed due to its higher-than-recognized prevalence or inadequate diagnostic screening. Primary aldosteronism suffers from both of these factors and thus, is woefully underdiagnosed as a cause of hypertension and end-organ damage. Furthermore, screening tests should be strongly considered in diseases that pose significant morbidity or mortality if left untreated; have a high prevalence; and have treatments that lead to improvement or cure. In this review we present evidence on each of these points...
March 23, 2023: American Journal of Kidney Diseases
Yongqing Sun, Man Zhang, Shirui Chen, Wangjian Zhang, Yue Zhang, Shaofei Su, Enjie Zhang, Lijuan Sun, Kai Yang, Jingjing Wang, Wentao Yue, Qingqing Wu, Ruixia Liu, Chenghong Yin
Limited evidence exists regarding the association between ambient temperature and blood pressure (BP) level of pregnant women. To investigate the associations of ambient temperature with maternal BP and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), we studied 105,063 participants in 38 centers of 17 provinces from November 2017 to December 2021. BP was measured with standardized automated digital sphygmomanometers. Ambient temperature was classified into five classes as very hot, moderate hot, mild, moderate cold, and very cold...
March 23, 2023: Environmental Research
Jaimon T Kelly, Dev K Jegatheesan, Jessica Dawson, Amandine Barnett, Ban-Hock Khor, Alex R Chang, Juan-Jesus Carrero, Katrina L Campbell
People living with chronic kidney disease (CKD) require long-term support at varying levels of individualization, intensity and frequency. Mobile and digital models of nutrition care can facilitate long-term behavior change, address nutrition issues proactively, reduce travel burden, and reach people without access to healthcare more easily. However, while the traditional health delivery continues to be digitally disrupted, there are many barriers to address before mobile and digital supported models of nutrition care can become business as usual in nephrology and nutrition care practice...
March 23, 2023: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Jinwoo Lee, Hyunjin Ryu, Yong-Chul Kim, Hayne Cho Park, Curie Ahn, Kyu-Beck Lee, Yeong Hoon Kim, Yaerim Kim, Seungyeop Han, Eun Hui Bae, Kook-Hwan Oh, Yun Kyu Oh
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition is a common complication in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). We examined whether nutritional status is associated with the preservation of kidney function, using a cohort of typical ADPKD. METHODS: We enrolled ambulatory ADPKD patients in nine tertiary medical centers in Korea from May 2019 to December 2021. We excluded patients who were aged less than 18 years, who had known end-stage kidney disease at the time of enrollment, who had a diagnosis of atypical ADPKD, and who were Tolvaptan users...
March 23, 2023: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Hsin-Yu Fang, Kenneth R Wilund
Skeletal muscle has recently been recognized as a nonosmotic sodium reservoir that buffers dietary sodium. The in-vivo quantification of muscle sodium is based on a novel technology, sodium magnetic resonance imaging (23 Na-MRI). Studies using this technology have shown that muscle sodium accumulation may be a clinical complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This review aims to summarize existing evidence on muscle sodium accumulation in patients with CKD and to identify knowledge gaps and topics for further research...
March 23, 2023: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Paige E Brlecic, Clark A Bonham, Todd K Rosengart, Megumi Mathison
Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with myocardial infarctions being amongst the deadliest manifestations. Reduced blood flow to the heart can result in the death of cardiac tissue, leaving affected patients susceptible to further complications and recurrent disease. Further, contemporary management typically involves a pharmacopeia to manage the metabolic conditions contributing to atherosclerotic and hypertensive heart disease, rather than regeneration of the damaged myocardium...
March 23, 2023: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Sierra L Alban, Kirsten M Lynch, John M Ringman, Arthur W Toga, Helena C Chui, Farshid Sepehrband, Jeiran Choupan
White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) frequently occur in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and have a contribution from ischemia, though their relationship with β-amyloid and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) is not completely understood. We used AT classification to categorize individuals based on their β-amyloid and tau pathologies, then assessed the effects of β-amyloid and tau on WMH volume and number. We then determined regions in which β-amyloid and WMH accumulation were related. Last, we analyzed the effects of various CVRFs on WMHs...
March 20, 2023: NeuroImage: Clinical
Yuqing Xiong, Jiamin Huang, Adwoa Nyantakyiwaa Amoah, Bingrui Liu, Yacong Bo, Quanjun Lyu
We hypothesized that the prevalence of hypertension is related to B-vitamin intake in the general population, but it has not been sufficiently studied. This study aimed to investigate the intakes of dietary folate, vitamin B6 , and vitamin B12 concerning hypertension in US adults. A total of 55 569 adults from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III and 1999-2014 were included in this study. Nutrient intake was collected from subjects through one or two 24-hour dietary reviews. Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between these nutrient intakes and hypertension...
March 8, 2023: Nutrition Research
Daniel D Cohen, Gustavo Aroca-Martinez, Javier Carreño-Robayo, Alvaro Castañeda-Hernández, Yaneth Herazo-Beltran, Paul A Camacho, Johanna Otero, Daniel Martinez-Bello, Jose P Lopez-Lopez, Patricio Lopez-Jaramillo
Isometric handgrip or (wall) squat exercise performed three times per week produces reductions in systolic blood pressure (SBP) in adults with hypertension. We aimed to compare these interventions and the potential to retain benefits with one exercise session per week. We compared blood pressure changes following handgrip and squat isometric training interventions with controls in a randomized controlled multicentre trial in 77 unmedicated hypertensive (SBP ≥ 130 mmHg) adults. Exercise sessions were performed in the workplace and consisted of four repetitions-three sessions per week for the first 12 weeks (phase 1), and one session per week for the subsequent 12 weeks (phase 2)...
March 25, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
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