Renata L Riha, Serafeim-Chrysovalantis Kotoulas, Athanasia Pataka, John Arthur Kvamme, Pavol Joppa, Jan Hedner
BACKGROUND: The impact of removing the upper airway lymphoid tissue and in particular, tonsillectomy, in adults with OSA has not been demonstrated in large populations. AIMS: To compare the severity of OSA and the prevalence of cardiovascular, metabolic and respiratory co-morbidities between patients with OSA who had undergone previous tonsillectomy and those who had not. METHODS: The 19,711 participants in this study came from the European sleep apnea database (ESADA) which comprises data from unselected adult patients aged 18-80 years with a history of symptoms suggestive of OSA referred to sleep centers throughout Europe...
November 24, 2020: Sleep Medicine
Zahra Hoodbhoy, Nuruddin Mohammed, Shafquat Rozi, Nadeem Aslam, Shazia Mohsin, Salima Ashiqali, Hina Ali, Saima Sattar, Devyani Chowdhury, Babar Sultan Hasan
OBJECTIVE: Keeping in view the Developmental Origin of Health and Disease hypothesis, this study aimed to assess differences in cardiac and vascular structure and function in children exposed to preeclampsia in-utero as compared to those of normotensive mothers. We hypothesized that children exposed to preeclampsia had altered cardiac and vascular structure and function as compared to the unexposed group. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study which included children between 2-10 years of age born to mothers with and without exposure to preeclampsia in-utero (n= 80 in each group)...
January 13, 2021: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Manish Dwivedi, Anshu Shaw
Cation and protons perform a substantial role in all the organism and its homeostasis within the cells are maintained by the cation-proton antiporters (CPAs). CPA is the huge family of the membrane transporter protein throughout the plant and animal kingdom including microorganism. In human, any malfunctioning of these proteins may lead to severe diseases like hypertension, heart diseases etc and CPAs are recently proposed to be responsible for the virulent property of various pathogens including Vibrio cholerae, Yersinia pestis etc...
January 13, 2021: Biochimie
Prateek Lohia, Shweta Kapur, Sindhuri Benjaram, Abhilasha Pandey, Tanveer Mir, Berhane Seyoum
BACKGROUND: Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is highly prevalent worldwide and its individual components obesity, diabetes and hypertension have been identified as risk factors to develop severe COVID-19 illness, however data on MetS and clinical outcomes in COVID-19 is scarce. This study aims to determine association between MetS and severe disease outcomes, i.e. mortality, need for mechanical ventilation and ICU requirement among COVID-19 patients. METHODS: A retrospective multi-hospital cohort study on 1871 patients with confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis...
January 16, 2021: Journal of Diabetes
José Alfie, Lucas S Aparicio, Paula E Cuffaro
INTRODUCTION: Low resting heart rate (RHR) increases augmentation pressure (AP) and central pulse pressure (central PP) and decreases peripheral pressure wave amplification. Given that the contribution of AP to central PP increases with age we hypothesized that the influence of RHR on AP, central PP and peripheral amplification varies with age. AIM: To evaluate the interaction between age and RHR on the forward and backward components of central PP. METHODS: A cohort of 1249 ambulatory hypertensive patients with good quality radial wave recordings was stratified into age groups and quartiles of RHR (< 61, 61-68, 69-76 and > 76 bpm)...
January 16, 2021: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
Tran Thi Thu Nga, Christopher Leigh Blizzard, Luong Ngoc Khue, Truong Le Van Ngoc, Tran Quoc Bao, Petr Otahal, Mark R Nelson, Costan G Magnussen, Bui Van Tan, Velandai Srikanth, Au Bich Thuy, Ha Thai Son, Phung Ngoc Hai, Tran Hoang Mai, Michele Callisaya, Seana Gall
INTRODUCTION: Modelling of associations of systolic blood pressure (BP) and blood glucose (BG) with their explanatory factors in separate regressions treats them as having independent biological mechanisms. This can lead to statistical inferences that are unreliable because the substantial overlap in their etiologic and disease mechanisms is ignored. AIM: This study aimed to examine the relationship of systolic blood pressure (BP) and blood glucose (BG) with measures of obesity and central fat distribution and other factors whilst taking account of the inter-dependence between them...
January 16, 2021: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
A Dutta, N Gupta, R Walia, A Bhansali, P Dutta, S K Bhadada, R Pivonello, C K Ahuja, S Dhandapani, A Hajela, C Simeoli, N Sachdeva, U N Saikia
AIM: To ascertain the predictors of remission and relapse in patients of Cushing's disease (CD) undergoing pituitary transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). METHODS: Patients with CD subjected to TSS over 35 years at a tertiary care center were included. Patients were grouped into remission and persistent disease at 1 year after surgery, and were further followed up for relapse. Demographic, clinical, biochemical, histological, radiological and post-operative follow-up parameters were analyzed...
January 16, 2021: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Dimitrios Spinos, Konstantinos Skarentzos, Stepan M Esagian, Keri A Seymour, Konstantinos P Economopoulos
Single-anastomosis duodenoileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy/one anastomosis duodenal switch (SADI-S/OADS) was developed as a bariatric operation with reduced overall morbidity and lasting weight loss results. We performed a systematic review of the literature, including 14 studies reporting on weight loss, comorbidity resolution, postoperative complications, and nutritional deficiencies following SADI-S. Twelve months after SADI-S, the mean total body weight lost ranged from 21.5 to 41.2%, with no weight regain being observed after 24 months...
January 16, 2021: Obesity Surgery
Jaspreet S Brar, Amanda A Maise, Patricia Schake, Lyndra J Bills, Leslie Washington, Cara Nikolajski, Amy D Herschell
Behavioral health home models are increasingly being utilized to provide physical-behavioral health integration for individuals with mental illness. The Behavioral Health Home Plus model (BHHP) is a phased approach designed to instill a culture of wellness, provide wellness coaching, and offer care coordination for individuals with serious mental illness. The present study utilized a 12-month Learning Collaborative to implement scaling of BHHP in two cohorts totaling 24 community mental health provider organizations in Pennsylvania to include population-wide screening and intervention for tobacco use and hypertension...
January 16, 2021: Community Mental Health Journal
Maxens Decavèle, Aliénor Dreyfus, Nicolas Gatulle, Nicolas Weiss, Caroline Houillier, Sophie Demeret, Julien Mayaux, Isabelle Rivals, Martin Dres, Julie Delemazure, Elise Morawiec, Charles-Edouard Luyt, Khe Hoang-Xuan, Sylvain Choquet, Thomas Similowski, Alexandre Demoule
INTRODUCTION: To describe the reasons for intensive care unit (ICU) admission and to evaluate the outcomes and prognostic factors of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) admitted to the ICU. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective observational cohort study of 101 PCNSL patients admitted to 3 ICUs over a two-decade period. RESULTS: Acute respiratory failure, mainly secondary to aspiration pneumonia and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia, was the leading reason for ICU admission (33%)...
January 16, 2021: Journal of Neurology
Nicholas Carlson, Karl-Emil Nelveg-Kristensen, Ellen Freese Ballegaard, Bo Feldt-Rasmussen, Mads Hornum, Anne-Lise Kamper, Gunnar Gislason, Christian Torp-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: The significance of chronic kidney disease on susceptibility to COVID-19 and subsequent outcomes remains unaddressed. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of eGFR on risk of contracting COVID-19 and subsequent adverse outcomes. METHODS: Rates of hospital-diagnosed COVID-19 were compared across strata of eGFR based on conditional logistic regression using a nested case-control framework with 1:4 matching of patients diagnosed with COVID-19 with controls from the Danish general population on age, gender, diabetes, and hypertension...
January 16, 2021: Journal of Internal Medicine
Yacong Bo, Kin-On Kwok, Kareen Ka-Yin Chu, Eppie Yu-Han Leung, Chun Pong Yu, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong, Eric Kam-Pui Lee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Automated office blood pressure (AOBP) measurements may provide more accurate estimation of blood pressure (BP) than manual office blood pressure (MOBP) measurements. This systematic review investigated the diagnostic performance of AOBP and MOBP using ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM) as reference. Several databases including MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, and China Academic Journals were searched. Data were extracted, double-checked by two investigators, and were analysed using a random effects model...
January 15, 2021: Current Hypertension Reports
Jeonggyu Kang, Jong-Young Lee, Mi Yeon Lee, Ki-Chul Sung
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) and maintenance of a normal weight contribute to the prevention of hypertension but not always concurrently. Our aim was to investigate whether maintaining PA, regardless of weight change, is associated with a reduced risk of developing hypertension. METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 195,045 Koreans (mean age, 37.7 years; standard deviation, 7.1 years) who participated in an occupational health screening program from January 2011 to December 2016...
January 16, 2021: American Journal of Hypertension
You-Bin Lee, Ji Sung Lee, So-Hyeon Hong, Jung A Kim, Eun Roh, Hye Jin Yoo, Sei Hyun Baik, Kyung Mook Choi
The effect of blood pressure (BP) on the incident cardiovascular events, progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and mortality were evaluated among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with and without antihypertensive treatment. This nationwide study used the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort data. The hazards of outcomes were analysed according to the systolic BP (SBP) or diastolic BP (DBP) among adults (aged ≥ 40 years) with CKD and without previous cardiovascular disease or ESRD (n = 22,278)...
January 15, 2021: Scientific Reports
María I Canut, Olaya Villa, Bachar Kudsieh, Heidi Mattlin, Isabel Banchs, Juan R González, Lluís Armengol, Ricardo P Casaroli-Marano
Predicting the therapeutic response to ocular hypotensive drugs is crucial for the clinical treatment and management of glaucoma. Our aim was to identify a possible genetic contribution to the response to current pharmacological treatments of choice in a white Mediterranean population with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) or ocular hypertension (OH). We conducted a prospective, controlled, randomized, partial crossover study that included 151 patients of both genders, aged 18 years and older, diagnosed with and requiring pharmacological treatment for POAG or OH in one or both eyes...
January 15, 2021: Scientific Reports
Fatemeh Zeynab Kiani, Ali Ahmadi
Comorbidities are common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of common comorbidities in patients with COPD compared with people without COPD. This cross-sectional, population-based study was performed on 6961 adults aged 35-70 years enrolled in the Shahrekord PERSIAN cohort study. Data (demographic and clinical characteristics, comorbidities, anthropometric and blood pressure measurements, laboratory, and spirometry tests) collection was performed according to the cohort protocol from 2015 to 2019...
January 15, 2021: Scientific Reports
Yu-Yen Chen, Yun-Ju Lai, Yung-Feng Yen, Hsin-Hua Chen, Pesus Chou
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether uveitis is a predictor of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) among patients with Behcet's disease (BD). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Patients with BD were retrieved from the whole population of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database from 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Among the 6508 patients with BD, 2517 (38.7%) were in the uveitis group and 3991 were in the non-uveitis group...
January 15, 2021: BMJ Open
Valentina Mercurio, Alicia M Hinze, Laura K Hummers, Fredrick M Wigley, Ami A Shah, Monica Mukherjee
OBJECTIVE: Primary cardiac involvement in systemic sclerosis (SSc) is prevalent and morbid, however the influence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors such as essential hypertension (HTN) are unclear. In the present study, we sought to understand the effects of HTN on left ventricular (LV) contractility in SSc patients using echocardiographic speckle-derived global longitudinal strain (GLS). METHODS: 56 SSc patients with HTN (SSc+HTN+) and 82 SSc patients without HTN (SSc+ HTN-) were compared with 40 non-SSc controls with HTN (SSc-HTN+) and 40 non-SSc controls without HTN (SSc-HTN-), matched by age and sex...
January 15, 2021: Journal of Rheumatology
Feng-You Kuo, Wei-Chun Huang, Pei-Ling Tang, Chin-Chang Cheng, Cheng-Hung Chiang, Hsiao-Chin Lin, Tzu-Jung Chuang, Shue-Ren Wann, Guang-Yuan Mar, Chun-Peng Liu, Juei-Tang Cheng, Ming-Chang Wu
BACKGROUND: Use of statin has been associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases events and mortality. However, in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the protective effects of statin are controversial. To evaluate the impact of chronic statin use on clinical outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with ESRD. METHODS: We enrolled 8056 patients with ESRD who were initially diagnosed and admitted for first AMI from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database...
January 15, 2021: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Januar Wibawa Martha, Arief Wibowo, Raymond Pranata
PURPOSE: This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the prognostic performance of elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, Embase and EuropePMC on 19 November 2020. The outcome of interest was composite poor outcome, defined as a combined endpoint of mortality, severity, need for invasive mechanical ventilation and need for intensive care unit care. Severity followed the included studies' criteria...
January 15, 2021: Postgraduate Medical Journal
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