Marc Meller Søndergaard, Phillip Freeman, Anna Meta Dyrvig Kristensen, Su Min Chang, Khurram Nassir, Martin Bødtker Mortensen, Bjarne Linde Nørgaard, Michael Maeng, Mikkel Porsborg Andersen, Peter Søgaard, Bhupendar Tayal, Manan Pareek, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Lars Køber, Gunnar Gislason, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Kristian Hay Kragholm
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) can guide downstream preventive treatment and improve patient prognosis, but its use in relation to education level remains unexplored. METHODS: This nationwide register-based cohort study assessed all residents in Denmark between 2008-2018 without coronary artery disease (CAD) and 50-80 years of age (n = 1 469 724). Residents were divided according to four levels of education: low, lower-mid, higher-mid, and high...
September 22, 2023: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
Linda S Nield, Emily K Nease, Lesley E Cottrell, Kathryn S Moffett, Renee B Saggio, Shelia S Price
PURPOSE: To improve health equity, dental and medical students must have a firm grasp of the proper use of race as a social construct. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree to which an innovative learning event affected students' understanding of race as a social construct. It also sought to examine the effects that personally experienced and/or witnessed racism and previous education had on students' responses to the learning event. METHODS: In 2022, all incoming first-year dental (N = 48) and medical (N = 114) students completed an online pre-matriculation assignment about the use of race in healthcare...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Dental Education
Kisoo Kim, Hyosill Yang, Jihun Lee, Won Gu Lee
The recent exponential growth of metaverse technology has been instrumental in reshaping a myriad of sectors, not least digital healthcare. This comprehensive review critically examines the landscape and future applications of metaverse wearables toward immersive digital healthcare. The key technologies and advancements that have spearheaded the metamorphosis of metaverse wearables are categorized, encapsulating all-encompassed extended reality, such as virtual reality, augmented reality, mixed reality, and other haptic feedback systems...
September 22, 2023: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Alexander Pfeil, Philipp Klemm, Axel J Hueber, Tobias Hoffmann, Tobias Weise, Peter Oelzner, Stefan Knop, Ulf Müller-Ladner, Uwe Lange, Gunter Wolf, Georg Schett, David Simon, Arnd Kleyer
OBJECTIVE: The possibility of combining real and virtual environments is driving the increased use of augmented reality (AR) in education, including medical training. The aim of this multicentre study was to evaluate the students' perspective on the AR-based Rheumality GO!® app as a new teaching concept, presenting six real anonymised patient cases with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHODS: The study encompassed 347 undergraduate medical students (232 women and 115 men) from four medical universities in Germany (Jena, Bad Nauheim/Gießen, Nuremberg, Erlangen)...
September 22, 2023: Rheumatology
Shan-Wei Lu, Li-Chen Hung, Chieh-Yu Liu, Chu-Yu Huang, Su-Fen Cheng
BACKGROUND: Outpatient clinics in medical centers are the most common location where people seek medical treatment. Because they must provide patients with treatment information in a timely manner, good communication skills are a key competency for outpatient nurses. However, the tools available for communication behavior assessment are general and rarely tailored for outpatient settings. PURPOSE: The purpose was to develop a communication behavior inventory for outpatient nurses and to examine its reliability and validity...
October 2023: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Yi-Ling Lu
With the rise of the medical tourism industry in Taiwan and changes in the country's population structure, nurses are facing greater challenges than ever before. Both professional knowledge and English proficiency are indispensable. Various types of English for Specific Purposes (ESP) courses have emerged to assist healthcare professionals to build their English abilities and cope with the changing demands of their profession. However, related research indicates that the deficient state of English communication skills among nurses in Taiwan may hinder the country's ability to effectively promote medical internationalization and handle ongoing changes in its population structure...
October 2023: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Shih-Chieh Liao, Miau-Rong Lee, Yung-Lin Chen, Hank Szuhan Chen
BACKGROUND: Due to COVID-19, face-to-face service activities in service-learning courses have become unfeasible. To address this challenge, this study aims to integrate project-based learning into medical education's service-learning curriculum. This study also seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of this instructional approach and identify factors that influence its success. METHODS: A total of 135 first-year medical students enrolled in a mandatory 1-credit service-learning course were recruited...
September 22, 2023: BMC Medical Education
Meklit Endalcachew, Jennifer Deberg, Melissa Swee, Manish Suneja, Bharat Kumar
BACKGROUND: Professional Identity formation is the process by which learners internalize a profession's values, behaviors, and perceptions. With respect to physicians, this occurs at multiple levels of medical education, including the undergraduate, graduate, and continuing medical education stages. Professional identity formation likely starts even earlier, during the undergraduate pre-medical years but, to date, no known scoping or systematic review has been conducted on this topic...
September 23, 2023: Systematic Reviews
Pingping Song, Xiangchun Shen
BACKGROUND: The problem-based learning (PBL) model has been widely carried out in many fields of medical colleges and universities. Immunochemistry as a cross-disciplinary science plays a vital role in preventing the occurrence of diseases and bridging the development of Life Science and Medicine. But now the Immunochemistry course still lacks the teaching practice in PBL. To explore the significance of PBL applied in the Immunochemistry course, the effect of the PBL model on the learning of undergraduates majoring in Chemicobiology was systematically evaluated...
September 22, 2023: BMC Medical Education
Tingting Zhang, Hanyi Lin, Xinping Zhao, Wei Wang, Fei Yan, Helen Lambert
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance rates remain high in China where antibiotics are widely used for common illnesses. This study aimed to investigate the influences on people's decisions on treatment and antibiotic use for common illnesses in eastern China. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 29 patients recruited through convenience sampling between July 2020 and January 2021 in one hospital in County A in Zhejiang Province, and one hospital and one village clinic in County B in Jiangsu Province, respectively...
September 23, 2023: BMC Public Health
Sandra Kemp, Margo Brewer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) is a core element of many health professional education curricula. To date the focus of much research has been on student perceptions of, and attitudes towards, the learning experience. Little is known about the impact of early IPE experience on how students understand and learn about effective interprofessional teamwork. METHODS: This qualitative study involved first year university students enrolled in health professions degrees and investigated their descriptions of interprofessional teamwork through graphic elicitation and interviews...
September 22, 2023: BMC Medical Education
Shuroug A Alowais, Sahar S Alghamdi, Nada Alsuhebany, Tariq Alqahtani, Abdulrahman I Alshaya, Sumaya N Almohareb, Atheer Aldairem, Mohammed Alrashed, Khalid Bin Saleh, Hisham A Badreldin, Majed S Al Yami, Shmeylan Al Harbi, Abdulkareem M Albekairy
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare systems are complex and challenging for all stakeholders, but artificial intelligence (AI) has transformed various fields, including healthcare, with the potential to improve patient care and quality of life. Rapid AI advancements can revolutionize healthcare by integrating it into clinical practice. Reporting AI's role in clinical practice is crucial for successful implementation by equipping healthcare providers with essential knowledge and tools. RESEARCH SIGNIFICANCE: This review article provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the current state of AI in clinical practice, including its potential applications in disease diagnosis, treatment recommendations, and patient engagement...
September 22, 2023: BMC Medical Education
Ibrahim Al-Sawalha, Nebras Jaloudi, Shaima' Zaben, Rawan Hamamreh, Hala Awamleh, Sondos Al-Abbadi, Leen Abuzaid, Faisal Abu-Ekteish
BACKGROUND: Patient safety practices are crucial in healthcare as they aim to reduce harm, medical errors, and ensure favorable outcomes for patients. Therefore, this study aims to examine the attitudes towards patient safety among undergraduate medical students in Jordanian medical schools. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among undergraduate medical students. Participants completed the Attitudes to Patient Safety Questionnaire- III (APSQ-III), which examines students' attitudes in 26 items distributed in nine domains...
September 22, 2023: BMC Medical Education
Kuan Chin Huang, Shiow-Rong Jeang, Hsing-Ling Hsieh, Jing-Wen Chen, Ching-Hsien Yi, Yung-Chih Chiang, Han-Ping Wu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the knowledge, self-efficacy, and attitudes toward suicide prevention among nurses with different demographic characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive design was adopted, and the study was conducted between August and September 2020. The content of the questionnaire included basic demographics, knowledge, self-efficacy, and attitudes toward suicide prevention. Correlation analysis was performed to determine nurses' knowledge, self-efficacy, and attitudes toward suicide prevention...
September 22, 2023: BMC Medical Education
Amanda A Foster, Jennifer Stoll, Christopher J Daly, Collin M Clark, Sanjay Sethi, David M Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Transition from hospital to home is a vulnerable period for patients with COPD exacerbations, with a high risk for readmission and mortality. Twenty percent of patients with an initial hospitalization for a COPD exacerbation are readmitted to a hospital within 30 days, costing the health care system over $15 billion annually. While nebulizer therapy directed at some high-risk COPD patients may improve the transition from hospital to home, patient and social factors are likely to contribute to difficulties with their use...
September 23, 2023: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Akira Uchiyama, Shunhei Yamashina, Toshifumi Sato, Satoshi Sakuma, Yuichi Tomiki, Hiroyuki Isayama, Akihito Nagahara, Kenichi Ikejima
BACKGROUND: Endoscopy is an important form of clinical gastroenterology education because it gives students the opportunity to learn about diagnosis procedures and even treatment. During the COVID-19 pandemic, medical students were observed from outside the endoscopy room due to the risk of airborne infection. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of combining endoscopy education with doctor's-eye-view videos of the procedure obtained using live-action cameras (GoPro®). METHODS: From February to May 2021, endoscopists wore GoPro Hero8 cameras on their heads to display a doctor's-eye view video outside the room...
September 22, 2023: BMC Medical Education
Fatemeh Keshmiri
INTRODUCTION: The Educational Scholar Program (ESP) is designed and implemented as a longitudinal and institution-based faculty development program. The present study aimed to assess the effect of the ESP on educators' capabilities to undertake SoTL activities associated with their scholar role. METHODS: This study was conducted from 2017 to 2022. The participants (n = 64) were educators in six schools of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences...
September 22, 2023: BMC Medical Education
Megan Howard, Tracey Ledoux, Danielle Llaneza, Ashley Taylor, Evan Sattem, Deleene S Menefee
US female veterans have higher rates of mental health (MH) disorders compared to US civilian females and, consequently, are at risk for poor MH outcomes during pregnancy. This study evaluated the MH burden and identified the prevalence of antidepressant prescription and discontinuation among pregnant veterans (PGVets). The electronic health records (EHR) of PGVets using the US Veterans Administration's (VA) maternity care benefits over a two-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Inclusion criteria for this study were a current MH diagnosis of depression, anxiety, or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at the onset of pregnancy (n=351)...
September 23, 2023: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Michelle Putnam, Kerri Morgan, Holly Hollingsworth, Rachel Heeb Desai, Szu-Wei Chen, Susan L Stark
BACKGROUND: Community participation measures for persons aging with disability were developed and evaluated to support community-based organizations (CBOs) with efficient assessment of change in participation and need for supports/services to facilitate participation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a set of nine activity domain measures to broadly assess community participation and change in participation over time. METHODS: A community-based sample (N = 323) of persons ages 45-65 responded to a survey with repeated measures three times annually (T1, T2, T3) between 2019 and 2022...
August 24, 2023: Disability and Health Journal
Cheryl A Dickson, Berrin Ergun-Longmire, Donald E Greydanus, Ransome Eke, Bethany Giedeman, Nikoli M Nickson, Linh-Nhu Hoang, Uzochukwu Adabanya, Daniela V Pinto Payares, Summer Chahin, Jerica McCrary, Katie White, Jin Hyung Moon, Nizoramo Haitova, Jocelyn Deleon, Roger W Apple
This is an analysis of important aspects of health equity in caring for children and adolescents written by a multidisciplinary team from different medical centers. In this discussion for clinicians, we look at definitions of pediatric health equity and the enormous impact of social determinants of health in this area. Factors involved with pediatric healthcare disparities that are considered include race, ethnicity, gender, age, poverty, socioeconomic status, LGBT status, living in rural communities, housing instability, food insecurity, access to transportation, availability of healthcare professionals, the status of education, and employment as well as immigration...
September 20, 2023: Disease-a-month: DM
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