Neera Gajree
BACKGROUND: Emotions play a fundamental role in the professional development of doctors. Teaching medical students about the role of emotions in illness and relationships with patients can be challenging. Balint groups involve a case presentation and discussion focussed on the emotional component of patient interactions. This study aimed to assess whether a Balint group helped medical students to gain a better understanding of the role of emotions in the doctor-patient relationship, and whether students believed that the group provided a valuable educational opportunity...
October 19, 2020: Clinical Teacher
Zelda Gibbs, Gloria Duke
Retention of registered nurses (RNs) and health care assistants continue to be a challenge in acute care settings. This descriptive, comparative study examined differences of job embeddedness (JE) scores between RNs and health care assistants (HCAs) in acute care facilities. Generational differences for JE scores were also compared. A convenience sample of RNs and HCAs from medical and surgical units at two Texas hospitals completed the surveys. RNs valued community sacrifices significantly higher than HCAs...
October 19, 2020: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Satid Thammasitboon, Moushumi Sur, Joseph J Rencic, Gurpreet Dhaliwal, Shelley Kumar, Suresh Sundaram, Parthasarathy Krishnamurthy
BACKGROUND: Assessing learners' competence in diagnostic reasoning is challenging and unstandardized in medical education. We developed a theory-informed, behaviorally anchored rubric, the Assessment of Reasoning Tool (ART), with content and response process validity. This study gathered evidence to support the internal structure and the interpretation of measurements derived from this tool. METHODS: We derived a reconstructed version of ART (ART-R) as a 15-item, 5-point Likert scale using the ART domains and descriptors...
October 17, 2020: Medical Teacher
Belinda W C Ommering, Merel van Diepen, Floris M van Blankenstein, Peter G M de Jong, Friedo W Dekker
Engaging students in research during medical school could contribute to creating an academic attitude among students, which underlies practicing evidence-based medicine in future professional practice. However, attempts to involve undergraduate students in research during medical training remain inadequate. Most medical schools educate large numbers of students at the same time, especially in early phases of medical training. Large scale education on the one hand and individually providing students with authentic research experiences on the other hand is considered not that easy to achieve...
October 2020: Medical Teacher
Usman Raja, Mohammad S A Amin, Ahmed Soualhi
Surgery is a highly competitive specialty that offers a wide range of subspecialties. The presence of surgical education and rotations in the medical school curriculum is often lacking, and for this reason many medical students have little experience of surgery during their time in medical school. This paper presents twelve tips for medical students who are interested in pursuing a career in surgery, offering different ways of exposure into activities related to surgical care. Understanding the practice of surgery and self-reflecting on one's personality and suitability for a career in surgery are key...
October 17, 2020: Medical Teacher
Ji S Hong, Vini Singh, Luke Kalb
The purpose of the current study was to examine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), child and parent-related demographic and clinical correlates of ADHD symptoms, and the relationships between co-occurring mental health problems and ADHD symptoms. Data for this cross-sectional study came from 979 toddlers and preschoolers, ages 1.5-5 years, with ASD. The primary outcome, ADHD symptoms, was measured using the Child Behavior Check List 1...
October 19, 2020: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Yan Zhang, Simiao Xie, Pu Wang, Guixiang Wang, Li Zhang, Xiaochen Cao, Wenzhi Wu, Yueran Bian, Fei Huang, Na Luo, Mingyan Luo, Qiang Xiao
Background: Since the outbreak of COVID-19, physical and psychological harm has been spreading across the global population alongside the spread of the virus. Currently, the novel coronavirus has spread to most countries in the world, and its impact on the public is also increasing. As a high-risk group in direct contact with the virus, medical workers should be monitored, and their mental health deserves extensive attention. The aim of this study was to explore the mental health of medical workers facing the novel coronavirus and the main factors affecting it...
2020: Frontiers in Public Health
Qingchun Zhao, Chun Yang, Shanshan Tang, Yuejia Zhao, Hongzhe Dou, Yanhong Chen, Yanrong Lu, Lingwei Tao
Objectives: To develop a Brief Haze Weather Health Protection Behavior Assessment Scale-Adolescent Version (BHWHPBAS-AV). Methods: Considering primary prevention, secondary prevention and tertiary prevention as a theoretical basis, researchers developed a Brief Haze Weather Health Protection Behavior Assessment Scale-Adolescent Version -I( BHWHPBAS-AV -I) . After performing 6 reviews by related experts, and after conducting six adolescent tests for BHWHPBAS-AV -I , researchers developed an updated BHWHPBAS-AV-II...
2020: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Hsing-Ying Ho, Yi-Lung Chen, Cheng-Fang Yen
Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic spread rapidly, as did COVID-19-related information on diverse media platforms. Excessive COVID-19-related information caused substantial mental distress among the public. Although most studies focused on the impact of information on individuals during the pandemic, they usually focused on information from internet sources, and few studies compared the impacts between different information sources. We examine the sociodemographic profiles of participants receiving different information sources and the impact of various COVID-19-related information sources on public worry...
October 12, 2020: Internet Interventions
Saravgunjit Singh Daid, Adderly D Toribio, Seetha Lakshmanan, Ayad Sadda, Alan Epstein
Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been presenting with varying signs and symptoms. The medical community is being updated with new knowledge about this disease daily. We present a case of intrahepatic hemorrhage in a patient diagnosed with C0VID-19 which we believe was caused by endothelialitis, which is a characteristic feature of COVID-19. Nevertheless, further continued studies are required to validate this point. We aim to educate the medical community about the possible complications by COVID-19 in the liver and highlight that N-acetylcysteine (NAC) may be a useful option in these cases...
September 14, 2020: Curēus
Karl Schranz, Daltrey Meitz, Bethany Powers, Adrienne Ables
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a challenging disease to treat and requires a multidisciplinary and multimodal approach. We discuss the use of a novel approach to counterstrain using irritants - as identified by the patient - to induce symptoms of neuropathy and paresthesia and treat these symptoms as if they were counterstrain tender points. This treatment approach to CRPS has not previously been described in osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) literature, including Foundations of Osteopathic Medicine...
October 14, 2020: Curēus
Ezza Fatima Tariq, Prem Kumar Sah, Adnan Malik
In this pandemic situation, medical students find them in a state of apprehension. With medical institutions closed and switch to online teaching and telehealth, many aspects of medical learning are still compromised, including core clinical rotations, clinical skills evaluation, and exams cancelation. The medical students are distressed about their continuity of education and developing the necessary skill to feel confident enough to practice in the future. The involvement of medical students as frontline workers with inadequate clinical training, the uncertainty of future, lack of knowledge, and access to personal protective equipment have aroused a sense of fear in them...
December 2020: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Swikrity Upadhyay Baskota, Ashish Chandra, Paul Cross
This paper reviews the challenges faced by cytology laboratories during the COVID-19 pandemic. Various safety guidelines regarding collection, handling, transport and sampling in cytology laboratory are presented. A brief literature overview of adapted changes regarding new safety techniques, processing, sampling techniques implemented by the cytology laboratories in the this part of the world is presented. The use of cytology in COVID-19 patients is discussed. The authors have also tried to present the challenges and changes faced for training and education during this time...
October 12, 2020: Diagnostic Histopathology
Piotr Szczudlik, Ewa Sobieszczuk, Beata Szyluk, Marta Lipowska, Justyna Kubiszewska, Anna Kostera-Pruszczyk
Background: Although approximately half of myasthenia gravis (MG) patents achieve remission, for the remaining group MG is often a life-long disease. Better understanding of the determinants of Quality of Life (QoL) in MG is needed to optimize treatment goals in chronic cases. Materials and Methods: We performed a single center cross-sectional study in 339 MG adult patients (64.9% women), with ocular or generalized disease. SF-36 and a structured questionnaire was administered, including information on previous and current MG severity, medications, comorbidities, education, occupation and BMI of the patient...
2020: Frontiers in Neurology
Muhammad Bader Hammami, Kamran Hussaini, Anuj Chhaparia, Hamza Khalid, Robin Chamberland, Brent Neuschwander-Tetri
Background: Unnecessary laboratory tests contribute to the financial burden placed on hospitals, patients, insurers, and taxpayers. In our institution, we noted acute viral hepatitis serologic testing in patients with chronic liver disease, sometimes done repetitively, in the absence of substantially elevated aminotransferase levels. The goal of this study was to determine the frequency of unnecessary testing for acute hepatitis A and B infections and then reduce testing rates by implementing an intervention in the electronic health record...
2020: Ochsner Journal
Michael T Tseng, P Eugene Parrino, G Dodd Denton
Background: Surgical procedures require the collaboration of medical personnel with multiple skill sets who have different levels of training. Someone new to surgical procedures, such as a medical student, faces a steep learning curve. Studies have shown that video-assisted learning is associated with improved learning of surgical procedures. Methods: During their surgical rotation orientation, third-year medical students were invited via email to participate in a learning study featuring a cardiopulmonary bypass video...
2020: Ochsner Journal
Angela Byrd, Kelechi Iheagwara, Pamela McMahon, Michael Bolton, Melissa Roy
Background: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires evaluation of residents' communication skills. These evaluations should involve assessments from a variety of persons with different perspectives and opportunities to observe resident behavior. Our objectives with this study were to determine if parents, nurses, and physicians significantly differed in their ratings of residents' communication skills; to ascertain the degree of association between these evaluations and ACGME milestone data; and to elicit feedback from residents about the specificity and usefulness of this type of evaluation compared to the evaluations they were typically provided...
2020: Ochsner Journal
Eric I Ly, Blas S Catalani, Steven D Boggs, Kathleen E McGreevey, Amelia B Updegraff, Joy L Steadman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2020: Ochsner Journal
Lindsay Rogers, Meryl S Cohen
Medical education is a complex interplay between teacher and trainee with the ultimate goal of producing competent physicians who provide excellent patient care. Physician education has evolved over centuries, from the apprenticeship of barber-surgeon through generations of bedside teachers and now evolving use of technology based instruction. All of these educational practices are based on expert assessment of effective techniques for imparting experience and knowledge on a new group of learners, the young doctor...
October 10, 2020: Progress in Pediatric Cardiology
Alexander L Lindqwister, Saeed Hassanpour, Petra J Lewis, Jessica M Sin
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Artificial intelligence (AI) has rapidly emerged as a field poised to affect nearly every aspect of medicine, especially radiology. A PubMed search for the terms "artificial intelligence radiology" demonstrates an exponential increase in publications on this topic in recent years. Despite these impending changes, medical education designed for future radiologists have only recently begun. We present our institution's efforts to address this problem as a model for a successful introductory curriculum into artificial intelligence in radiology titled AI-RADS...
October 15, 2020: Academic Radiology
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