Muhammad Asif Naveed, Javed Iqbal, Muhammad Zaheer Asghar, Rozeen Shaukat, Rabia Kishwer
This research investigated the influence of information literacy on the creative skills of medical students through the mediation of lifelong learning. A cross-sectional survey was conducted for data collection among medical students, recruited through a stratified convenient sampling procedure, of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The questionnaire was personally administered by visiting each college with written permission. A total of 473 survey responses were collected and analysed using the partial least squares structural equation modelling...
December 2023: Medical Education Online
André de Sá Braga Oliveira, Luciano César P C Leonel, Edward R LaHood, Hana Hallak, Michael J Link, Carlos D Pinheiro-Neto, Jonathan M Morris, Maria Peris-Celda
Hands-on dissections using cadaveric tissues for neuroanatomical education are not easily available in many educational institutions due to financial, safety and ethical factors. Supplementary pedagogical tools, for instance 3D models of anatomical specimens acquired with photogrammetry are an efficient alternative to democratize the 3D anatomical data. The aim of this study was to describe a technical guideline for acquiring realistic 3D anatomic models with photogrammetry and to improve the teaching and learning process in neuroanatomy...
March 19, 2023: Anatomical Sciences Education
K Hambridge, S Banerjee, L Winfield, J Gripton
BACKGROUND: Worldwide there are concerns about the supply of nurses into health systems. Understanding and balancing the supply of and demand for healthcare professionals is crucial to efficient healthcare delivery, yet there is relatively little research that examines in detail where nursing students come from and where they go after qualification. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the demographic characteristics of applicants to nursing and midwifery programmes in England, those that are enrolled, attrition during study, and their career intentions on graduation...
March 18, 2023: BMC Nursing
Xuan Zhou, Lin Rao, Dongjian Yang, Tong Wang, Hong Li, Zhiwei Liu
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is the most common medical condition among women of reproductive age worldwide. The pre-pregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain have been suggested to be associated with maternal mental disorders. This study aimed to investigate the effects of the pre-pregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain on antenatal depression, stress, and anxiety. METHODS: In total, 4,890 pregnant women were enrolled in the present study, which is based on an ongoing prospective cohort study...
March 18, 2023: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Anum Iqbal, Charlotte Richardson, Zain Iqbal, Hannah O'Keefe, Barbara Hanratty, Fiona E Matthews, Adam Todd
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) may influence prescribing, concordance and adherence to medication regimens. This review set out to investigate the association between polypharmacy and an individual's socioeconomic status. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analyses of observational studies was conducted across four databases. Older people (≥ 55 years) from any healthcare setting and residing location were included. The search was conducted across four databases: Medline (OVID), Web of Science, Embase (OVID) and CINAHL...
March 18, 2023: BMC Geriatrics
Jessica Oudenampsen, Marjolein van de Pol, Nicole Blijlevens, Enny Das
BACKGROUND: In order to best prepare medical students for their increasingly complex future career, interdisciplinary higher education is swiftly gaining popularity. However, the implementation of interdisciplinary learning in medical education is challenging. The present study deepens the understanding of the challenges and opportunities inherent to the implementation of an interdisciplinary course. We elucidated the attitudes and beliefs of students participating in a newly developed interdisciplinary minor, in which students of medicine (MS) and communication and information sciences (CISS) were involved...
March 18, 2023: BMC Medical Education
Arghavan Etebarian, Somayeh Khoramian Tusi, Zahra Momeni, Kimia Hejazi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Lack of knowledge on COVID-19 among people and healthcare staff significantly impacts late management and its rapid transmission. Dental students must be aware of the exact preventive instructions due to their close contact with patients and clinical work in the dental setting during the pandemic. This interventional study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of designed educational content regarding COVID-19 on Iranian dental students' knowledge, attitudes, and practices at Alborz University of medical sciences...
March 18, 2023: BMC Oral Health
Meghan Munisteri, Rebecca Wong, Lina Loza, Laura L F Scott, Erin A Keyser, Veronica Gonzalez-Brown
OBJECTIVE: Resident physician wellness has been a highly contentious topic in graduate medical education over the past 2 decades. Physicians, including residents and attending physicians, are more likely than other professionals to work through illness and delay necessary healthcare screening appointments. Potential reasons for underutilization of health care include-unpredictable work hours, limited time, concerns about confidentiality, poor support from training programs, and apprehension about the impact on their peers...
April 2023: Journal of Surgical Education
Temitayo A Ogunleye
Unconscious biases (also known as implicit biases) are involuntary stereotypes or attitudes held about certain groups of people that may influence our behaviors, understandings, and actions, often with unintended detrimental consequences. Implicit bias appears in multiple facets of medical education, training, and promotion with negative effects on diversity and equity efforts. Notable health disparities exist among minority groups in the United States, which may partly be attributable to unconscious biases...
April 2023: Dermatologic Clinics
Bonnie Simpson Mason, Candrice Heath, Jennifer Parker, Kamaria Coleman
Addressing continued inequities in medicine, and especially in dermatology, requires a strategic approach and meaningful actions that will yield and result in sustainable change in our medical, clinical, and learning environments. Heretofore, most solutions-based actions and programs in DEI have focused on developing and edifying the diverse learner or faculty member. Alternatively, accountability rests with the entities that wield the power and ability and authority to shift culture change such that the diverse learner, faculty member, and patient can receive equitable access to care and educational resources in environments within a culture of belonging...
April 2023: Dermatologic Clinics
Jennifer L Bacci, Zachary A Marcum, Patricia Rodriguez, Ryan N Hansen, Aasthaa Bansal, Tara Pfund, Jenny J Kim, Peggy Odegard
BACKGROUND: Statin use in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) reduces cardiovascular events, yet adherence remains suboptimal. OBJECTIVE(S): This study evaluated the impact of a community pharmacist intervention on statin adherence in new users with T2D. METHODS: As part of a quasi-experimental study, community pharmacy staff proactively identified adult patients with T2D who were not prescribed a statin. When appropriate, the pharmacist prescribed a statin via a collaborative practice agreement or facilitated acquisition of a prescription from another prescriber...
March 16, 2023: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Amanda Azer, Guergana G Panayotova, Karen Kong, Daniel Hakakian, Fariha Sheikh, Elizabeth Gorman, Anne Sutherland, Zaid Tafesh, Helen Horng, James V Guarrera, Nina E Glass
INTRODUCTION: Thromboelastography (TEG) is a functional test of coagulation used to guide transfusions. Despite literature supporting its utility, its use remains limited to select populations. In patients with cirrhosis, conventional coagulation tests are notoriously inaccurate, and TEG may be a better measure of coagulopathy. We aimed to assess the utilization of TEG in patients with cirrhosis to steward blood transfusions in this high-risk group. METHODS: A single-center retrospective chart review of all patients ≥18 y old with a diagnosis of liver cirrhosis who had TEG results documented in the electronic medical record from January 1 to November 1, 2021...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Surgical Research
Hossein Nematian, Amir Masoud Masoumnia, Saeed Shakiba, Nesa Milan, Zahra Vahdati, Leila Oryadi Zanjani, Farhoud Saeid Ershadi, Saeed Reza Mehrpour, Morteza Payeshenas, Mohammad Hossein Nabian
INTRODUCTION: We conducted a single-blind, prospective, randomized, 3-arm controlled trial to compare the efficacy of interactive and noninteractive video-based with instructor-led teaching in acquiring and retaining basic surgical skills. METHODS: Participants were pretested after providing written instruction using a simulator. After the pretest, students were randomized to three groups: noninteractive video-based instruction (NIVBI), instructor-led teaching with concurrent feedback, and interactive video-based instruction (IVBI)...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Surgical Research
Marloes A Meijer, Anne E M Brabers, Judith D de Jong
It is argued that solidarity-based healthcare systems are under pressure and that public support is decreasing. It can, therefore, be expected that support for solidarity in healthcare financing has diminished over time. However, little research has been conducted into this. To fill this gap, we used survey data from 2013, 2015, 2017, 2019, and 2021 to examine changes in public support for solidarity in healthcare financing in the Netherlands over time. This was operationalised as the own willingness and the expected willingness of others to contribute to other people's healthcare costs...
March 12, 2023: Health Policy
Sangami Pugazenthi, Miguel A Hernandez-Rovira, Alexander S Fabiano, James L Rogers, Avi A Gajjar, Raj Swaroop Lavadi, Galal A Elsayed, Jacob K Greenberg, Daniel M Hafez, M Burhan Janjua, John Ogunlade, Brenton H Pennicooke, Nitin Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: Characterizing changes in the geographic distribution of neurosurgeons in the United States (US) may inform efforts to provide a more equitable distribution of neurosurgical care. Herein, the authors performed a comprehensive analysis of the geographic movement and distribution of the neurosurgical workforce. METHODS: A list containing all board-certified neurosurgeons practicing in the US in 2019 was obtained from the American Association of Neurological Surgeons membership database...
March 17, 2023: Journal of Neurosurgery
Andrea Anampa-Guzmán, Pamela Contreras-Chavez, Maryam B Lustberg, Larissa Nekhlyudov
PURPOSE: The American College of Surgeons Standard 4.8 requires an institution to implement a survivorship program to become a Commission on Cancer (CoC)-accredited cancer center. The online information offered by these cancer centers can help educate patients and their caregivers about available services. We assessed the content of survivorship program websites of CoC-accredited cancer centers in the United States. METHODS: Of the 1245 CoC-accredited centers for adults, we sampled 325 institutions (26%) based proportionately on the 2019 new cancer cases by state...
March 18, 2023: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Alexander Goldowsky, Roshni Singh, Alan Moss
BACKGROUND: There is a need to improve speaker diversity at gastroenterology conferences, but little public data exist to quantify this. In addition, the perception of diverse speakers by conference audiences is not appreciated. We sought to identify time trends in speaker profiles and audience ratings at a national inflammatory bowel diseases conference. METHODS: Faculty profiles and audience feedback forms from 2014 to 2020 were reviewed for an annual inflammatory bowel diseases meeting...
March 18, 2023: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Olusesan Oyewole Oyerinde, Essien Annieye Nkanga, Ifeoluwa Emmanuel Oyerinde, Onamade Akintoye, Ifeoluwa Asekun-Olarinmoye, Quadri Kunle Alabi
Anemia progresses due to low red blood cells counts or hemoglobin. The World Health Organization (WHO) has suggested the condition to be a serious global public health problem that affects pregnant women worldwide. Anemic pregnant women may suffer post-partum hemorrhage, pre-term delivery, seizures, and severe cases of anemia that potentially lead to cardiac failure or death. However, it is pertinent for pregnant women and health service providers to have the adequate knowledge about the factors associated with anemia in pregnancy...
2023: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
Yaser M Alahmadi
In this westernized culture, maintaining a healthy lifestyle has become a major health concern internationally. Health literacy is an emerging concept and requires effective measures and reform to improve the health status and health of individuals at both national and international levels, and has become one of the important determinants of individual health and healthcare service. This study aimed to assess health literacy among adults in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among a randomly selected population using a structured validated questionnaire over 4 months in 2021...
2023: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
Zarfasheen Zia, Huma Riaz, Iqra Imtiaz
This study was conducted to determine the effect of early physical therapy intervention on symptoms of post-operative ileus after abdominal hysterectomy. This randomised control trial was carried out at the Railway General Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from February 2021 to July 2021. Participants were randomly allocated to experimental (n=21) and control (n=21) groups using sealed envelope method. The experimental group received an enhanced physiotherapy rehabilitation plan of care consisting of patient education, breathing exercises, early mobilisation, connective tissue manipulation, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, while the control group only performed ambulation...
March 2023: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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