Hui Li, Xiangping Kong, Lulu Sun, Yuanyuan Zhu, Bo Li
BACKGROUND: As the main group of healthcare providers in hospitals, nurses have more frequent contacts than any other clinician and thus are in a better position to improve patient safety. With the purpose of cultivating competent nurses, nursing educators have the responsibility to promote patient safety. A better understanding of educational factors affecting nursing adverse events by nursing students undergoing clinical practice can help nursing educators find appropriate ways to fulfil their duty...
December 26, 2020: Nurse Education Today
Oliver Diaz, Gabriele Guidi, Oleksandra Ivashchenko, Niall Colgan, Federica Zanca
PURPOSE: To assess current perceptions, practices and education needs pertaining to artificial intelligence (AI) in the medical physics field. METHODS: A web-based survey was distributed to the European Federation of Organizations for Medical Physics (EFOMP) through social media and email membership list. The survey included questions about education, personal knowledge, needs, research and professionalism around AI in medical physics. Demographics information were also collected...
January 13, 2021: Physica Medica: PM
Gaëlle Ambroise Grandjean, Paul Berveiller, Gabriela Hossu, Charline Bertholdt, Philippe Judlin, Olivier Morel
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a customized variant for fetal biometry of the generic OSAUS score (Objective Structured Assessment of Ultrasound Skills). METHODS: The 5-points OSAUS METHOD grid was elaborated by defining five target skills specific to fetal biometry for each thematic item of the generic score. The level of skills of 43 trainees was prospectively assessed during an ultrasound examination by using this grid. The results of the "novice" level group (experience < 10 ultrasounds) were compared to those of the "intermediate" level group (experience ≥ 10 ultrasounds) (I)...
January 13, 2021: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Miguel A Ruiz-Barrera, Mariana Agudelo-Arrieta, Rafael Aponte-Caballero, Santiago Gutierrez-Gomez, Miguel Angel Ruiz-Cardozo, Humberto Madrinan-Navia, David Vergara-Garcia, William M Riveros-Castillo, Javier M Saavedra
BACKGROUND: Continuing Medical Education (CME) and Continuing Professional Development (CPD) have been affected by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Accordingly, the authors developed the 2020 International Web-Based Neurosurgery Congress (2020-IWBNC), which became the first successful virtual neurosurgical congress. The current article aims to describe this experience in designing and organizing a web-congress by the 2020-IWBNC method. METHODS: The 2020-IWBNC was organized by the Center for Research and Training in Neurosurgery (CIEN in Spanish) in a record time of four weeks...
January 13, 2021: World Neurosurgery
Danielle Rodin, Bouchra Tawk, Osama Mohamad, Surbhi Grover, Fabio Y Moraes, Mei Ling Yap, Eduardo Zubizarreta, Yolande Lievens
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multiple large trials have established the non-inferiority of hypofractionated radiotherapy compared to conventional fractionation. This study will determine real-world hypofractionation adoption across different geographic regions for breast, prostate, cervical cancer, and bone metastases, and identify barriers and facilitators to its use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous, electronic survey was distributed from January 2018 through January 2019 to radiation oncologists through the ESTRO-GIRO initiative...
January 13, 2021: Radiotherapy and Oncology
Viral G Jain, Christy Kessler, Linda Lacina, Greg A Szumlas, Clare Crosh, John S Hutton, Robert Needlman, Thomas G Dewitt
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a citywide structured book-sharing program (NICU Bookworms) designed to promote reading to infants while admitted in the NICU would increase parental reading behaviors (≥3-4 days/week) in the NICU and after discharge home, including high-risk parents who do not themselves enjoy reading. STUDY DESIGN: The NICU Bookworms program comprised staff training, parent education, and building a literacy-rich environment. In this quasi-experimental intervention study, parents of medically high-risk NICU graduates <6 months of age were administered a questionnaire at their first NICU follow-up clinic visit...
January 13, 2021: Journal of Pediatrics
Eileen M Crimmins, Bharat Thyagarajan, Morgan E Levine, David R Weir, Jessica Faul
BACKGROUND: Many DNA methylation based indicators have been developed as summary measures of epigenetic aging. We examine the associations between 13 epigenetic clocks, including 4 second generation clocks, as well as the links of the clocks to social, demographic and behavioral factors known to be related to health outcomes: sex, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, obesity and lifetime smoking pack years. METHODS: The Health and Retirement Study is the data source which is a nationally representative sample of Americans over age 50...
January 16, 2021: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Peter R Swiatek, Joseph A Weiner, Daniel J Johnson, Philip K Louie, Michael H McCarthy, Garrett K Harada, Niccole Germscheid, Jason P Y Cheung, Marko H Neva, Mohammad El-Sharkawi, Marcelo Valacco, Daniel M Sciubba, Norman B Chutkan, Howard S An, Dino Samartzis
PURPOSE: The COVID-19 pandemic forced many surgeons to adopt "virtual medicine" practices, defined as telehealth services for patient care and online platforms for continuing medical education. The purpose of this study was to assess spine surgeon reliance on virtual medicine during the pandemic and to discuss the future of virtual medicine in spine surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive survey addressing demographic data and virtual medicine practices was distributed to spine surgeons worldwide between March 27, 2020, and April 4, 2020...
January 16, 2021: European Spine Journal
Kim Jose, Anneke Le Roux, Lisa Jeffs, Matthew Jose
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the impact of establishing a transition clinic in a regional Australian setting on the lives of young adults living with severe chronic kidney disease and their families. DESIGN: A qualitative design using the experience-based co-design framework. SETTING: Interviews were held at the Royal Hobart Hospital or the Menzies Institute for Medical Research. The co-design workshop was held at the Royal Hobart Hospital...
January 16, 2021: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Hyunmin Kim, Asos Mahmood, Joy V Goldsmith, HyukJae Chang, Satish Kedia, Cyril F Chang
Informal caregivers provide unpaid care to their physically or mentally ill loved ones and play a critical role in the healthcare delivery. eHealth tools, including the broadband internet, can facilitate care processes and impact the caregiving burden through seeking health information and health communication. This study examines the predictors of access to broadband internet and the factors associated with health information seeking and health communication among informal caregivers with broadband internet...
January 15, 2021: Journal of Medical Systems
Kana Sato, Yoshimi Kodama
OBJECTIVES: To explore the type of education needed for nurses when dealing with aggression from patients and their families. DESIGN: A two-phase sequential mixed-methods study. SETTING: This study was conducted in Japan, with phase I from March to November 2016 and phase II in November 2018. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The challenges faced by nurses when dealing with incidents of aggression from the neutral perspective of neither nurse nor patient/family and perceptions of the educational contents developed in this study...
January 15, 2021: BMJ Open
Nanna Lind, Dorte Lindqvist Hansen, Signe Sætre Rasmussen, Kirsten Nørgaard
INTRODUCTION: Medical treatment options for type 2 diabetes (T2D) have increased over the last decade and enhance the possibility of individualised treatment strategies where insulin is still one of them. In spite of the advancements in treatment options, less than one-third of the population with T2D obtain their optimal glycaemic goal. In persons with type 1 diabetes, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) has shown to be the most important driver for improvement in glycaemic control, even more than insulin-pump therapy...
January 15, 2021: BMJ Open
Ernest R Vina, Cristian Quinones, Leslie R M Hausmann, Said A Ibrahim, C Kent Kwoh
OBJECTIVE: While opioids are known to cause unintended adverse effects, they are being utilized by a number of patients with osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of patient familiarity and perceptions regarding efficacy and risks with opioid medication use for OA. METHODS: A total of 362 adults with knee and/or hip OA were surveyed in this cross-sectional study. Patients' familiarity with and perceptions of benefits/risks of opioid medications were measured to evaluate potential associations with the utilization of opioid medications for OA within the last 6 months...
January 15, 2021: Journal of Rheumatology
Syed Ahsan Ali, Qamar Riaz, Zain Muhammad Mushtaq, Safia Awan, Muhammad Tariq
We observed an unprecedented and consistent low performance of senior residents as compared with juniors in monthly examinations. This compelled us to evaluate systematically and compare the scores of senior residents with their junior colleagues. This retrospective observational study was conducted in April 2020 among internal medicine residents. Residents in first and second year of their training were labelled as junior residents. Residents in third or fourth year of their training were labelled as senior residents...
January 15, 2021: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Yu-Hsiang Chuang, Victor Jones, Matthew Trail, Magdalena Szewczyk-Bieda, Ghulam Mustafa Nandwani
Facilitating radiological imaging for patients is an essential task for foundation year (FY) doctors. Achieving competence in this task can significantly enhance patient management. We evaluated the confidence and skills of FY doctors in facilitating radiological imaging before and after introduction of formal training. Twenty surgical FYs working at a large teaching hospital were surveyed to evaluate their baseline level of competence in booking and discussing imaging with radiology colleagues. Parameters were measured on a Likert scale, including confidence in discussing requests and satisfaction of their own performance following discussions with radiologists...
January 15, 2021: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Hannah Cheston, David Graham, Gavin Johnson, Philip Woodland
OBJECTIVES: Workplace-based assessments (WPBAs) have become embedded in the training and assessment of UK medical trainees since the onset of the 21st century. When first introduced WPBA required a significant adjustment in both trainees' and educators' training behaviour, and was met with scepticism in some quarters. In this study, we aimed to evaluate how trainees' perceptions of WPBAs have evolved over a 10-year period, as experience with them has increased. DESIGN: Two online questionnaires were constructed and distributed to UK trainees...
January 15, 2021: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Hamza Maqsood, Sadiq Naveed, Amna Mohyud Din Chaudhary, Muhammad Taimoor Khan, Faisal Khosa
Diversification of academic medicine improves healthcare standards and patient outcomes. Gender and racial inequalities are major challenges faced by the healthcare system. This article reviews the trends of gender and racial disparity among residents of neurology. This retrospective analysis of the annual Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Data Resource Books encompassed all residents at US neurology residency training programmes from the year 2007 to 2018. The representation of women steadily increased, with an absolute increase of 3% from the year 2007 to 2018...
January 15, 2021: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Max S Mano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2021: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Chee-Kiat Tan, Wei-Ling Chua, Charles Kien-Fong Vu, Jason Pik-Eu Chang
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted education-related activities, including the conduct of examinations. We review the literature regarding high-stakes examinations during the pandemic, discuss the decision-making process of whether to proceed with a high-stakes examination and share published experiences in conducting high-stakes examinations during the pandemic. We illustrate our own recent experiences of decision-making and conduct of our high-stakes gastroenterology licencing examinations during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic...
January 15, 2021: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Michael Partin, Ana Sanchez, Jessica Poulson, Arthur Berg, Jessica Parascando, Sarah Ines Ramirez
INTRODUCTION: Family Medicine (FM) physicians play a vital role in caring for vulnerable populations across diverse practice settings. The significant decline in FM physicians performing deliveries compounds the estimated shortage of 9000 prenatal care providers expected by 2030.This study investigated the social risk profile, as characterized by social determinants of health, of patients receiving prenatal care from FM versus Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/Gyn) providers. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients receiving prenatal care between 2015 to 2018 at Penn State Health Hershey Medical Center comparing social determinants of health between FM and OB/Gyn...
January 2021: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
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