keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34332499/microsurgical-resection-of-dorsal-pontine-cavernous-malformation-the-telovelar-approach-augmented-by-the-tonsillouvular-fissure-exposure-2-dimensional-operative-video
#1
Devi P Patra, Evelyn L Turcotte, Bernard R Bendok
Surgical approaches to lesions of the fourth ventricle (FV) have been modified over the years to reduce the complications associated with splitting the inferior cerebellar vermis (ICV) and disrupting the brainstem and critical surrounding structures.1-4 Two common approaches to lesions of this region include the transvermian approach (TVA) and telovelar approach (TeVA).2 The TVA was initially considered the conventional route of access to lesions of the FV1 but has been associated with significant risks, including possible gait ataxia and dysarthria...
July 31, 2021: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34332454/degree-of-interruptions-experienced-by-emergency-department-nurses-and-interruption-related-factors
#2
Yong Eun Kwon, Miyoung Kim, Sujin Choi
AIMS: This study examined the degree of interruptions experienced by emergency department nurses and related factors. METHODS: This study is a descriptive survey using standardized observation tools. A total of 23 nurses working in an emergency department participated in this study. Using a stopwatch over 120 h, the degree of interruptions was investigated by measuring start and end times of tasks and interruptions. Factors related to interruptions were classified as communication, telephone calls, medical device alarms, changes in patient condition, and other factors...
July 28, 2021: International Emergency Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34332270/the-joint-effects-of-clinically-relevant-depressive-symptoms-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-on-incident-cardiovascular-disease-among-older-adults-in-the-community
#3
Elisabeth M van Zutphen, Almar A L Kok, Didericke Rhebergen, Martijn Huisman, Aartjan T F Beekman
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a synergistic effect between clinically relevant depressive symptoms and cardiovascular risk factors that disproportionately increases the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among older adults with depressive symptoms. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam, a longitudinal cohort study. N = 3091 respondents with up to seven years of follow-up were included. Incident CVD was based on self-report, medication use, general practitioners' diagnoses and causes of death...
July 16, 2021: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34331669/cyclothymic-temperament-is-associated-with-poor-medication-adherence-and-disordered-eating-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-case-control-study
#4
Tetsuya Yamamoto, Kenichi Sakurai, Masahiro Watanabe, Ikki Sakuma, Nobuhisa Kanahara, Akihiro Shiina, Tadashi Hasegawa, Hiroyuki Watanabe, Masaomi Iyo, Ryoichi Ishibashi
INTRODUCTION: Poor medication adherence and disordered eating are major self-care problems in patients with type 2 diabetes that worsen glycemic control and increase the risk of developing severe diabetes complications. Affective temperament, which remains mostly unchanged throughout life, is speculated to predict poor treatment response and high comorbidity. The aim of this study was to explore the link between affective temperament and poor glycemic control due to insufficient self-care...
July 31, 2021: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34331444/knowledge-and-perceptions-about-antibiotic-resistance-and-prudent-antibiotic-prescribing-among-final-year-medical-students-in-two-african-countries
#5
Bashar M Augie, Robyn L van Zyl, Patricia A McInerney, Jacqui Miot
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the knowledge and perceptions of final year medical students about antibiotic resistance and antibiotic use to assist in the development of an antibiotic stewardship curriculum for teaching medical students in South Africa and Nigeria and the principles of prudent antibiotic prescribing. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the knowledge and perceptions of final year medical students in one South African and three Nigerian universities about prudent antibiotic use, antibiotic resistance and antibiotic stewardship...
July 31, 2021: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34331343/distributional-consequences-of-including-survivor-costs-in-economic-evaluations-distributional-consequences-of-survivor-costs-in-economic-evaluations
#6
Klas Kellerborg, Werner Brouwer, Matthijs Versteegh, Bram Wouterse, Pieter van Baal
Medical interventions that increase life expectancy of patients result in additional consumption of non-medical goods and services in 'added life years'. This paper focuses on the distributional consequences across socio-economic groups of including these costs in cost effectiveness analysis. In that context, it also highlights the role of remaining quality of life and household economies of scale. Data from a Dutch household spending survey was used to estimate non-medical consumption and household size by age and educational attainment...
July 30, 2021: Health Economics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34331273/the-development-and-current-status-of-subspecialty-training-and-certification-in-addiction-psychiatry
#7
Dorthea Juul, William F Haning, Robert J Ronis, Larry R Faulkner
OBJECTIVE: This article describes the evolution of subspecialty training and certification in addiction psychiatry. The impact of the newer subspecialty in addiction medicine is also addressed. METHODS: Information about programs and trainees was obtained from records of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Information about addiction psychiatry certification was obtained from the records of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN)...
July 30, 2021: Academic Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34331260/a-scoping-review-of-non-medical-and-extra-medical-use-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids
#8
REVIEW
Rebekah Brennan, Mayyada Wazaify, Haneen Shawabkeh, Ian Boardley, Jim McVeigh, Marie Claire Van Hout
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most commonly used medications worldwide and have analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties. Although NSAIDs are recognised as generally safe and effective, non-medical and extra-medical use of these products can occur. Unlike the use of illegal and many prescription drugs, which are subject to extensive research attention, inappropriate use of NSAIDs has been less well investigated. This scoping review collates and describes what is known regarding non-medical and extra-medical use of NSAIDs...
July 30, 2021: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34331197/development-of-prognostic-models-for-health-related-quality-of-life-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Isabel R A Retel Helmrich, David van Klaveren, Simone A Dijkland, Hester F Lingsma, Suzanne Polinder, Lindsay Wilson, Nicole von Steinbuechel, Joukje van der Naalt, Andrew I R Maas, Ewout W Steyerberg
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of impairments affecting Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). We aimed to identify predictors of and develop prognostic models for HRQoL following TBI. METHODS: We used data from the Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) Core study, including patients with a clinical diagnosis of TBI and an indication for computed tomography presenting within 24 h of injury...
July 30, 2021: Quality of Life Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34331173/child-and-parental-mental-health-as-correlates-of-school-non-attendance-and-school-refusal-in-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#10
Dawn Adams
Children on the autism spectrum miss more school than their peers, but limited work has explored why this may be. This study aimed to document the frequency at which children on the autism spectrum miss half and full days of school and the reasons for these absences. Parents of 106 school-aged children on the autism spectrum completed online questionnaires on rates of school non-attendance, family factors, child anxiety, and parental mental health. On average across a four week period, children missed 6 full days of school...
July 30, 2021: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34331096/evaluating-the-reliability-and-quality-of-the-upper-eyelid-blepharoplasty-videos-on-youtube
#11
Mehmet Egemen Karataş, Gamze Karataş
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the quality of videos on YouTube as educational resources for patients and physicians about blepharoplastic surgery. METHODS: This study is a retrospective and cross-sectional study. A YouTube search for the term "blepharoplasty" was made and the first 210 videos were recorded (all video searches were done by clearing all search history without any user login). The number of views, likes and dislikes, upload time (i.e...
July 30, 2021: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34331074/manikins-versus-simulated-patients-in-emergency-medicine-training-a-comparative-analysis
#12
Jasmina Sterz, Niklas Gutenberger, Maria-Christina Stefanescu, Uwe Zinßer, Lena Bepler, Svea Linßen, Verena Schäfer, Patrick Carstensen, René Danilo Verboket, Farzin Adili, Miriam Ruesseler
PURPOSE: Every physician must be able to sufficiently master medical emergencies, especially in medical areas where emergencies occur frequently such as in the emergency room or emergency surgery. This contrasts with the observation that medical students and young residents often feel insufficiently prepared to handle medical emergencies. It is therefore necessary to train them in the treatment of emergency patients. The aim of this study is to analyze the influence of the assignment of manikin versus simulated patients during a training for undergraduate medical students on learning outcomes and the perceived realism...
July 30, 2021: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34331064/thematic-analysis-of-military-medical-ethics-publications-from-2000-to-2020-a-bibliometric-approach
#13
Zachary Bailey, Peter Mahoney, Marina Miron, Martin Bricknell
INTRODUCTION: There has been external criticism of the compliance of military health personnel with internationally agreed principles in military medical ethics (MME). In response, a number of authors have called for clarity on the principles and topics within the domain of MME. This complements an increased acknowledgment of the need for education in MME for military health personnel. Our paper utilizes bibliometric techniques to identify key themes in MME to inform the development of a curriculum for this subject...
July 31, 2021: Military Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34330890/genetic-association-study-of-childhood-aggression-across-raters-instruments-and-age
#14
Hill F Ip, Camiel M van der Laan, Eva M L Krapohl, Isabell Brikell, Cristina Sánchez-Mora, Ilja M Nolte, Beate St Pourcain, Koen Bolhuis, Teemu Palviainen, Hadi Zafarmand, Lucía Colodro-Conde, Scott Gordon, Tetyana Zayats, Fazil Aliev, Chang Jiang, Carol A Wang, Gretchen Saunders, Ville Karhunen, Anke R Hammerschlag, Daniel E Adkins, Richard Border, Roseann E Peterson, Joseph A Prinz, Elisabeth Thiering, Ilkka Seppälä, Natàlia Vilor-Tejedor, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Felix R Day, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Andrea G Allegrini, Kaili Rimfeld, Qi Chen, Yi Lu, Joanna Martin, María Soler Artigas, Paula Rovira, Rosa Bosch, Gemma Español, Josep Antoni Ramos Quiroga, Alexander Neumann, Judith Ensink, Katrina Grasby, José J Morosoli, Xiaoran Tong, Shelby Marrington, Christel Middeldorp, James G Scott, Anna Vinkhuyzen, Andrey A Shabalin, Robin Corley, Luke M Evans, Karen Sugden, Silvia Alemany, Lærke Sass, Rebecca Vinding, Kate Ruth, Jess Tyrrell, Gareth E Davies, Erik A Ehli, Fiona A Hagenbeek, Eveline De Zeeuw, Toos C E M Van Beijsterveldt, Henrik Larsson, Harold Snieder, Frank C Verhulst, Najaf Amin, Alyce M Whipp, Tellervo Korhonen, Eero Vuoksimaa, Richard J Rose, André G Uitterlinden, Andrew C Heath, Pamela Madden, Jan Haavik, Jennifer R Harris, Øyvind Helgeland, Stefan Johansson, Gun Peggy S Knudsen, Pal Rasmus Njolstad, Qing Lu, Alina Rodriguez, Anjali K Henders, Abdullah Mamun, Jackob M Najman, Sandy Brown, Christian Hopfer, Kenneth Krauter, Chandra Reynolds, Andrew Smolen, Michael Stallings, Sally Wadsworth, Tamara L Wall, Judy L Silberg, Allison Miller, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Christian Hakulinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Alexandra Havdahl, Per Magnus, Olli T Raitakari, John R B Perry, Sabrina Llop, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Klaus Bønnelykke, Hans Bisgaard, Jordi Sunyer, Terho Lehtimäki, Louise Arseneault, Marie Standl, Joachim Heinrich, Joseph Boden, John Pearson, L John Horwood, Martin Kennedy, Richie Poulton, Lindon J Eaves, Hermine H Maes, John Hewitt, William E Copeland, Elizabeth J Costello, Gail M Williams, Naomi Wray, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Matt McGue, William Iacono, Avshalom Caspi, Terrie E Moffitt, Andrew Whitehouse, Craig E Pennell, Kelly L Klump, S Alexandra Burt, Danielle M Dick, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Nicholas G Martin, Sarah E Medland, Tanja Vrijkotte, Jaakko Kaprio, Henning Tiemeier, George Davey Smith, Catharina A Hartman, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Miquel Casas, Marta Ribasés, Paul Lichtenstein, Sebastian Lundström, Robert Plomin, Meike Bartels, Michel G Nivard, Dorret I Boomsma
Childhood aggressive behavior (AGG) has a substantial heritability of around 50%. Here we present a genome-wide association meta-analysis (GWAMA) of childhood AGG, in which all phenotype measures across childhood ages from multiple assessors were included. We analyzed phenotype assessments for a total of 328 935 observations from 87 485 children aged between 1.5 and 18 years, while accounting for sample overlap. We also meta-analyzed within subsets of the data, i.e., within rater, instrument and age. SNP-heritability for the overall meta-analysis (AGGoverall ) was 3...
July 30, 2021: Translational Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34330883/covid-19-focuses-attention-on-medical-dental-collaboration
#15
Louay Jaber, Steph Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2021: International Journal of Medical Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34330870/collaboration-to-improve-neuroprotection-and-neuropromotion-in-the-nicu-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#16
Kati Knudsen, Eileen Steffen, Lisa Sampson, Karen Bong, Mindy Morris
Implementation of neuroprotective and neuropromotive (NP2 ) strategies is essential to optimize outcomes for premature infants. Developmental care, once an addition to medical care, is now recognized by the NICU team as foundational to support long-term neurodevelopment of micropremature infants. A group approach to education and sharing implementation processes can result in collaborative and individual center improvements. This article includes examples of quality improvement (QI) education and tools inspired by implementation of NP2 strategies in a consortium of 11 NICUs in the United States and Canada...
July 1, 2021: Neonatal Network: NN
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34330862/two-year-follow-up-cohort-study-focused-on-gender-specific-associations-between-socioeconomic-status-and-body-weight-changes-in-overweight-and-obese-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#17
Malgorzata Biskup, Pawel Macek, Stanislaw Gozdz, Malgorzata Terek-Derszniak, Halina Krol, Piotr Kedzierawski, Marek Zak
OBJECTIVE: As overall spread of obesity in populations is generally acknowledged to result from unhealthy lifestyles rather than individual genetic makeup, this study aimed to gain specific insights into its determinants through assessing the prevalent associations between individual socioeconomic status (SES) and weight loss in overweight and obese men and women. METHODS: A prospective, 2-year follow-up study covered 3362 (38.0% men) respondents, aged 43-64 years, body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 ...
July 30, 2021: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34330854/hands-up-program-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-combined-6-week-exercise-and-education-intervention-in-adults-aged-50-65-with-a-distal-radius-fracture
#18
Christina Ziebart, Joy MacDermid, Dianne Bryant, Mike Szekeres, Nina Suh
INTRODUCTION: This pilot study will determine the feasibility of recruitment, retention and adherence for the online combined exercise and education programme (Hands-Up) compared with usual care. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The proposed randomised controlled trial will be a pilot feasibility study with a 1:1 randomisation to the Hands-Up programme or usual physical therapy. The programme setting is an online home exercise and education program. Outcome assessments will take place at the Roth|McFarlane Hand and Upper Limb Clinic in London, Ontario, which is a tertiary care academic centre...
July 30, 2021: BMJ Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34330725/diffuse-normolipaemic-plane-xanthoma-in-a-patient-with-monoclonal-gammopathy
#19
Sónia Raquel Mendes, Ana Rita Gameiro, Inês Coutinho, José Carlos Cardoso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 30, 2021: BMJ Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34330685/what-and-who-should-we-focus-in-pediatric-injury-prevention-an-analysis-of-critical-pediatric-trauma-in-a-major-trauma-center-in-hong-kong
#20
Chon In Kuok, Winnie Kwai Yu Chan, Anthony Wai Leung Kwok
BACKGROUND: Understanding trauma epidemiology is essential in formulating region-specific strategies for injury prevention. Our study aimed to evaluate the characteristics and clinical outcomes of critical pediatric trauma requiring intensive care in Hong Kong. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on pediatric patients who were injured and admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong between 2014 and 2018. Clinical features of patients who sustained injuries before and after 2 years old were compared...
July 13, 2021: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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