Saad Alresayes, Modhi AlDeeb, Sameer A Mokeem, Nawaf Alhmaoudi, Paras Ahmad, Khulud A Al Aali, Fahim Vohra, Tariq Abduljabbar
BACKGROUND: Obesity appears to govern peri-implant hard and soft tissue health. We hypothesized that adjunctive photodynamic therapy aPDT improves clinical peri-implant perimeters and alleviates peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) levels of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6 and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in obese with moderate peri-implantitis. The current clinic-laboratory study aimed to determine whether obesity influences the outcomes of aPDT in patients with moderate peri-implantitis...
May 22, 2020: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Chang-Man An, Myoung-Hwan Ko, Dae-Hyun Kim, Gi-Wook Kim
BACKGROUND: Lateropulsion after stroke is defined as a postural bias toward the paretic side and push away from the non-paretic side. New rehabilitation techniques and programs should be designed to attenuate lateropulsion and improve functions of balance and gait. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effects of whole-body tilting postural training (WTPT) using a Spine Balance 3D on lateropulsion and postural control as compared with general postural training (GPT)...
May 22, 2020: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Hannah L Jarvis, Neil D Reeves, Martin Twiste, Rhodri D Phillip, John Etherington, Alexander N Bennett
BACKGROUND: Previous work has highlighted the highly functional post-rehabilitation level of military individuals who sustained traumatic amputation. Understanding how these individuals walk with their prosthesis could be key to setting a precedent for what is realistically possible in the rehabilitation of individuals with amputations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to answer how "normal" should the gait of an individual with an amputation(s) be and can we aspire to mimic able-bodied gait with the most advanced prosthetics in highly functioning individuals? METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study comparing the gait of severely injured and highly functional UK trans-tibial (n=10), trans-femoral (n=10) and bilateral trans-femoral (n=10) military amputees after completion of their rehabilitation programme to that of able-bodied controls (n=10)...
May 22, 2020: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
S Christen, P Larsson, J Hainich, J Gruenert, M Brodbeck
We sought to compare the strength and rupture sites of a new 8-strand suture technique with those of an established 6-strand flexor tendon repair through biomechanical analysis. This new 8-strand suture pattern places minimal suture material in the remodeling zone and focuses on protecting the knot, a well-known weak point of the suture construct. The knot was buried within the tendon so as to not interfere with tendon gliding. In a biomechanical simulation, strength and rupture sites were compared with those of the 6-strand repair...
May 22, 2020: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Nantawan Koonalinthip, Aungsumalin Sukthongsa, Siriporn Janchai
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a removable rigid dressing (RRD) on the time to residual limb maturation compared with elastic bandage (EB) in transtibial amputees. DESIGN: Experimental single-blinded (assessor-blinded) randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five transtibial amputees with immature residual limb. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were allocated to use RRD or EB to achieve residual limb maturation, and all participants in both groups were trained with the same pre-prosthetic program...
May 22, 2020: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Ruth E Barclay, Ted J Stevenson, William Poluha, Brenda Semenko, Julie Schubert
BACKGROUND: Stroke is caused by the interruption of blood flow to the brain (ischemic stroke) or the rupture of blood vessels within the brain (hemorrhagic stroke) and may lead to changes in perception, cognition, mood, speech, health-related quality of life, and function, such as difficulty walking and using the arm. Activity limitations (decreased function) of the upper extremity are a common finding for individuals living with stroke. Mental practice (MP) is a training method that uses cognitive rehearsal of activities to improve performance of those activities...
May 25, 2020: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Ferda Özkaya, Jorma Virtanen, Lars Thore Fadnes
Objective: To assess knowledge, beliefs and attitudes related to treatment of MAR patients among dentists and dental hygienists. Secondly, to investigate to what extent dental health care professionals' attitudes associate with their treatment experience and beliefs regarding MAR patients. Material and Method: We conducted a cross-sectional study, involving a census of dental hygienists and dentists in the public dental health care services in Hordaland and Rogaland counties in Norway. Data were collected by electronically administered questionnaires...
May 25, 2020: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Narges Dabbaghipour, Mohammad Javaherian, Behrouz Attarbashi Moghadam
One of the most common problems associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is cognitive impairments (CIs) leading to reduced quality of life and treatment adherence in patients. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effects of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on cognitive function in CVD patients. Material and method: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Ovid MEDLINE databases were searched for identification the relevant studies without language restriction. We included the studies published from root to August 2019, evaluating the effects of CR on at least one type of cognitive functions through valid neuropsychological tests...
May 25, 2020: International Journal of Neuroscience
Juan-Juan Liu, Qi Liu, Yan-Jin Huang, Wen Wang, Guo-Ping He, Ying Zeng
Family caregivers play an important role in the rehabilitation of stroke survivors. The aim of this study was to describe preparedness, uncertainty and knowledge regarding stroke in family caregivers of people who have undergone strokes, and to investigate factors influencing preparedness. A total of 306 caregivers completed the questionnaires including the Caregiver Preparedness Scale, the Mishel Uncertainty in Illness Scale and Knowledge of Stroke. The result showed that the mean score of the family caregivers preparedness was 14...
May 25, 2020: Nursing & Health Sciences
Marcin Bączyk, Piotr Krutki
Intracellular recording of spinal motoneurons in vivo provides a "gold standard" for determining the cells' electrophysiological characteristics in the intact spinal network and holds significant advantages relative to classical in vitro or extracellular recording techniques. An advantage of in vivo intracellular recordings is that this method can be performed on adult animals with a fully mature nervous system, and therefore many observed physiological mechanisms can be translated to practical applications...
May 11, 2020: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Sarah Deans, Alison Kirk, Anthony McGarry, David Rowe
BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals play a key role in supporting physical activity participation for people with lower limb absence. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to survey healthcare professionals' views of people with lower limb absence in the United Kingdom, explore their awareness and knowledge of physical activity recommendations and investigate their current and desirable practice towards physical activity promotion. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
May 24, 2020: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Claudia Zanini, Maddalena Fiordelli, Julia Amann, Mirjam Brach, Armin Gemperli, Sara Rubinelli
Purpose: To identify the coping strategies used by family caregivers of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Switzerland in order to develop tailored support programs. Materials and methods: Purposive sample of >18 years participants, speaking an official Swiss language fluently, being family caregivers of persons with SCI for at least 4 years, and perceiving either a high or low burden in relation to caregiving. Data were collected through face-to-face semi-structured interviews ( N  = 22). Thematic analysis was performed...
May 23, 2020: Disability and Rehabilitation
Tamer I Gawdat, Mostafa M Diab
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of a transcutaneous surgical technique for orbital volume augmentation with secondary alloplastic implants in acquired anophthalmia. METHODS: Retrospective case note review of patients who underwent secondary orbital implant insertion through a subciliary incision between January 2006 and December 2017. Collected data included age, gender, type and cause of primary surgery, time interval before secondary implantation, and details of secondary implantation surgery...
May 24, 2020: Orbit
Luigi Zagra, Martina Faraldi, Fabrizio Pregliasco, Anna Vinci, Giovanni Lombardi, Immacolata Ottaiano, Riccardo Accetta, Paolo Perazzo, Rocco D'Apolito
PURPOSE: The COVID-19 pandemic is importantly affecting the orthopaedic practice all over the world with Northern Italy being the first European area that faced the worst scenario. In this study, the changes in clinical practice occurred in an orthopaedic center in Milan are described. METHODS: Number and type of admissions, outpatients cancelled and preserved, emergency room, and intensive care unit activities have been analyzed in the timeframe of seven weeks since the beginning of the pandemic (from February 24th to April 10th) and compared with the same period in 2019...
May 24, 2020: International Orthopaedics
James R Dornhoffer, Yuan F Liu, Lane Donaldson, Habib G Rizk
PURPOSE: To identify patient factors that influence response to therapy in patients with vestibular migraines. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed at a university-based tertiary medical center. PATIENTS: 47 patients evaluated for treatment of definite vestibular migraine, per the Barany Society criteria, from 2015 to 2019. INTERVENTIONS: A protocol of antidepressants, antiepileptics, beta blockers, and vestibular rehabilitation...
May 24, 2020: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Victrine Tseung, Susan Jaglal, Nancy Margaret Salbach, Jill I Cameron
OBJECTIVE: To qualitatively explore factors affecting implementation of caregiver support programmes in healthcare institutions in a regional stroke system. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study with the Ontario Stroke System (OSS) was conducted. Data were collected through focus groups and in-depth interviews. Transcripts were coded and analysed using inductive thematic analysis. SETTING: Regional Stroke System, Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: OSS stakeholders including medical directors, executives, programme directors, education coordinators, rehabilitation and community and long-term care specialists, primary care leaders and healthcare professionals...
May 24, 2020: BMJ Open
Laura Jolliffe, Tammy Hoffmann, Leonid Churilov, Natasha A Lannin
BACKGROUND: Hand and arm activity after stroke improves with evidence-based rehabilitation. Therapists face known barriers when providing evidence-based rehabilitation and require support to implement guidelines. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of two implementation packages on guideline adherence by occupational therapists and physiotherapists, and explore effect on patient upper limb outcomes. METHOD: This was a non-randomised clustered feasibility study of occupational and physiotherapy rehabilitation services (n=3 inpatient and n=3 outpatient services)...
May 2020: BMJ Open Quality
Haifaa A Mahjoub, Nicole Murphy, Paula-Marie Mather, Spencer J Greenwood, Gary A Conboy
An orphaned black bear (Ursus americanus) cub, estimated to be 9 months-of-age was presented to a wildlife rehabilitation facility in December of 2016. The cub was afebrile, under-weight (6.8 kg) and had a cough condition. Centrifugal sugar fecal flotation examination failed to detect any gastrointestinal helminth or protozoan parasites, but revealed the presence of first-stage nematode larvae (L1 ). Large numbers of L1 (>8000 L1 /g) identified as Crenosoma sp. based on morphology were recovered using the Baermann technique...
April 2020: Veterinary Parasitology (Amsterdam)
Erin Donohoe, Heather J Roberts, Theodore Miclau, Hans Kreder
Fractures in the elderly population are increasing in incidence and represent a rising burden of disease. It is difficult for the elderly population to adhere to restricted weight bearing, and immobility poses significant risks and increased morbidity. Therefore, a primary goal of fracture management in the elderly population is early post-operative weight bearing. This review examines published literature regarding lower extremity fracture management in the elderly, with a focus on post-operative rehabilitation...
May 11, 2020: Injury
Janine McKay, Nicola Maffulli, Rocco Aicale, Jack Taunton
BACKGROUND: Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) carries marked morbidity in runners. Its management is not standardized and lacks evidence base. We evaluated the effectiveness of three different exercises programs in reducing ITBS symptoms. METHODS: Patients were divided into three equal treatment groups: ITB stretching (group A), conventional exercise (group B), and experimental hip strengthening exercise (group C). Numeric pain rating scale (NPRS; every week), lower extremity functional scale (LEFS; every 2 weeks), dynamometer (DN; weeks 0, 2, 4, 6, 8), single-limb mini squat (SLMS; week 0, 8), and Y-balance test™ (YBT), between and within group's differences were evaluated using ANOVA model...
May 24, 2020: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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