Jialei Yang, Xiaoyu Lin, Anxin Wang, Xia Meng, Xingquan Zhao, Jing Jing, Yijun Zhang, Hao Li, Yongjun Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Guidelines for posterior circulation ischemic stroke (PCIS) treatment are lacking and outcome prediction is crucial for patients and clinicians. We aimed to develop and validate a prognostic score to predict the poor outcome for patients with PCIS. METHODS: The score was developed from a prospective derivation cohort named the Third China National Stroke Registry (August 2015-March 2018) and validated in a spatiotemporal independent validation cohort (December 2017-March 2023) in China...
June 11, 2024: Neurology
Yasuaki Kusumoto, Eri Takahashi, Yasuhiro Endo, Akihiko Asao, Yoshinobu Tanaka, Kanako Okazaki, Mieko Yokozuka, Junichi Omata, Shoji Yabuki, Hideto Kanzaki
BACKGROUND: Backpack syndrome (BS) is a term used to describe symptoms such as shoulder and back pain that are believed to be caused by carrying a backpack. Few studies have investigated the changes in walking and running parameters with and without backpacks. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the differences in walking and running parameters with and without backpacks in primary school children with and without BS. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 51 children (average age 9...
May 15, 2024: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Renzo Bianchi, Gail Swingler, Irvin Sam Schonfeld
For decades, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) has been regarded as the "gold standard" for the assessment of burnout. The present paper demonstrates that the MBI fails to measure the construct it is purported to measure. On a deeper level, the problems affecting the MBI question the very idea of burnout. These problems may be unsurprising in light of the genesis of the burnout construct. Burnout emerged in the mid-1970s as a largely predefined entity. Burnout's definition was not predicated on robust empirical investigations or sound theorizing, nor was it anchored in a systematic review of the literature on stress and health...
May 13, 2024: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Addie Segal, Nancy W Doyle
BACKGROUND: Given the evolving digital revolution, technology and digital tools are becoming inseparable from work and daily occupations. Occupational therapy practitioners (OTPs) focus on supporting individuals in their desired and needed activities. Many of these daily activities (i.e., online banking, shopping, social media, smartphone use) require digital skills at a growing rate, and insufficient technological skills may subject individuals to limited engagement and social isolation...
May 16, 2024: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Róisín Devoy, Rebecca Maguire
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of distress and barriers to healthcare have coincided with increasing use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM). While mindfulness and movement interventions may improve wellbeing, little research has compared the effectiveness of these two approaches. OBJECTIVE: This single intervention study aimed to (1) explore the effects of two brief, online, self-administered mindfulness and movement interventions on affect and vitality, and (2) establish whether changes in affect and vitality could be predicted by age, gender, general distress, previous CAM experience and enjoyment of the intervention...
May 13, 2024: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Maria Luisa Farnese, Liliya Scafuri Kovalchuk, Eleonora Cova
BACKGROUND: The literature acknowledges that when there is a failure of expectations in the organization-employee relationship, namely the Psychological Contract Breach, it can potentially contribute to deviant behavior such as Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB). A justice perspective helps to disentangle this link by suggesting that unethical behaviors may represent the revenge response to perceived organizational unfairness. OBJECTIVE: To gain a more granular understanding of the pathway from Psychological Contract Breach to CWB, this study explores the mediating role of negative emotions in eliciting CWB...
May 16, 2024: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Isabelle Boets, Steven Luyten, Sofie Vandenbroeck, Lode Godderis
BACKGROUND: Long term sick leave (SL) is increasing in Europe, several countries have legislative initiatives to reduce long-term absenteeism. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the impact of a legally defined return-to-work (RTW) trajectory on the RTW of employees on sick leave in Belgium. METHODS: This was a retrospective register-based cohort study of employees (n = 1416) who followed an RTW trajectory in 2017. We linked workers' data from a prevention service with social security data...
May 16, 2024: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Tomoko Miyahara, Yuya Nakajima, Atsuo Naya, Daisuke Shimizu, Rumi Tanemura
BACKGROUND: Employment for people with brain injuries is challenging, and identifying the factors that can be improved by rehabilitation and establishing appropriate intervention methods are imperative. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether differences in cognitive functions and self-regulation skills exist between employed and non-employed people with brain injuries. In addition, we explored the self-regulation skills characteristic of employed people by qualitatively comparing them to those of non-employed people...
May 16, 2024: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Cagla Yigitbas, Handan Ozcan, Ayse Elkoca
BACKGROUND: When faced with a health crisis, most people tend to seek solutions through modern or traditional medicine. However, there is a group of people who tend to take a fatalistic approach to health crises and tend not to do what is necessary. When such approaches are exhibited in disadvantaged groups, there may be a chain reaction resulting in much more important problems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine whether the fatalistic approach is realized during a health crisis period in people 65 years and older, pregnant women, people with chronic diseases, and healthcare workers who are considered disadvantaged...
May 11, 2024: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Zhang Yaqian, Wang Chonggao, Zhang Fan
BACKGROUND: COVID-19 poses great challenges for preschool teachers in China, which will increase the level of job stress and job burnout, and have an impact on the relationship between job stress, job burnout, and perceived organizational support (POS). However, few studies have examined trilateral relationships, especially the role of POS concerning job stress and job burnout of preschool teachers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship among the three variables of job burnout, job stress, and POS, as well as explore the moderating effects of POS between job stress and job burnout...
May 16, 2024: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Rachel D Wellons, Sydney E Duhe, Sara G MacDowell, Sara Oxborough, K C Madhav
BACKGROUND: Health disparities (HD) impact care delivery and health outcomes in individuals with vestibular disorders (IVD). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify whether health disparities (HD) exist in Vestibular Rehabilitation (VR) between individuals identifying as Caucasians or racial or ethnic minorities (REM). METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review of IVD who attended outpatient VR between 1/2014 and 9/2020...
May 11, 2024: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
Yang Cao, Chunjiang Fan, Gang Li, Jian Huang, Jinli Zhang
BACKGROUND: Aphasia is a communication disorder that affects the ability to process and produce language, which severely impacting their lives. Computer-aid exercise rehabilitation has shown to be highly effective for these patients. OBJECTIVE: In our study, we proposed a speech rehabilitation system with mirrored therapy. The study goal is to construct a effective rehabilitation software for aphasia patients. METHODS: This system collects patients' facial photos for mirrored video generation and speech synthesis...
April 17, 2024: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Shinbae Seo, Taekyu Kwon, Miyeon Shin, Hochoon Jeong, Mi Yu, Jongkyun Jeong, Changho Yu
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a disease that has recently become an issue, and research on various assessment methods is being conducted based on guidelines published for the diagnosis of sarcopenia. However, most assessments are complex because the inspector must measure each device to collect data, or the elderly must directly manipulate and get assessment. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we developed an sarcopenia assessment system to assess and analyze various sarcopenia in one system...
April 18, 2024: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Xiang Li, Ke-Yi Wang, Zi-Yi Yang
BACKGROUND: In recent years, exoskeleton robot technology has developed rapidly. Exoskeleton robots that can be worn on a human body and provide additional strength, speed or other abilities. Exoskeleton robots have a wide range of applications, such as medical rehabilitation, logistics and disaster relief and other fields. OBJECTIVE: The study goal is to propose a lower limb assistive exoskeleton robot to provide extra power for wearers. METHODS: The mechanical structure of the exoskeleton robot was designed by using bionics principle to imitate human body shape, so as to satisfy the coordination of man-machine movement and the comfort of wearing...
April 25, 2024: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Sujiao Li, Wenqian Cai, Pei Zhu, Wanying He, Jinyu Zheng, Fanfu Fang, Hongliu Yu
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation assessment is a critical component of rehabilitation treatment. OBJECTIVE: This study focuses on a comprehensive analysis of patients' movement performance using the upper limb rehabilitation robot. It quantitatively assessed patients' motor control ability and constructed an intelligent grading model of functional impairments. These findings contribute to a deeper understanding of patients' motor ability and provide valuable insights for personalized rehabilitation interventions...
March 28, 2024: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Abdullah Alzahrani, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri, Hosam Alzahrani
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapists must identify potential red flags that may impede recovery and function in individuals with low back pain (LBP) or put them at risk. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to (1) investigate physiotherapists' awareness and use of red flags for individuals with LBP in Saudi Arabia and (2) identify factors associated with their awareness and use of LBP red flags. METHODS: This cross-sectional study collected data using an anonymous online questionnaire (February-July 2023)...
April 18, 2024: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Bin Zhang, Jiahao Zeng, Jiayi Zhang, Keyan Song, Liang Kuang, Xiangbo Wu, Guang Zhao, Huijuan Shang, Zhenhong Ni, Lin Chen
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound has a long history as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS), whose intensity is below 300 mW/cm2, has been widely used in orthopedic rehabilitation treatment. However, the detailed bioeffects and underlying mechanisms of LIPUS treatment need to be explored. OBJECTIVE: To make a comprehensive view of the field, bibliometric and visualization analysis was used to reveal the global research trends of LIPUS in orthopedics and rehabilitation treatment between 1994 and 2023...
April 17, 2024: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Riley O'Toole, Martina Hale, Michael J Scarcella
CASE: This report describes the case of quadriceps contusion progressing to acute compartment syndrome (ACS) of the thigh. A 17-year-old football player presented the morning after a direct impact injury to the anterior thigh in intractable pain and pain with short arc motion. He was diagnosed with ACS and underwent successful fasciotomy, ultimately returning to play at 4 months. CONCLUSION: ACS is rare but potential catastrophic progression of quadriceps contusion...
April 1, 2024: JBJS Case Connector
Xiaoli Yin, Cuiping Huang, Binglai Lin
The aim of this study is to assess the impact of intensive risk awareness management along with cardiac rehabilitation nursing in elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction and heart failure. We selected 101 elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction and heart aging treated from January 2022 to March 2023. They were divided into control and observation groups based on hospitalization numbers. The control group (n = 50) received routine nursing, while the observation group (n = 51) received intensive risk awareness management and cardiac rehabilitation nursing...
May 17, 2024: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ziqing Liu, Zhangjie Li, Chaoyang Duan
BACKGROUND: The recovery of upper limb function is of great significance for stroke patients to regain their self-care ability, yet it is still a difficult point in clinical practice of neurological rehabilitation. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Maitland joint mobilization technique on the recovery of upper extremity function in patients with spasticity after stroke. METHODS: From August to December 2023, 71 patients with upper extremity flexor spasm after stroke were recruited and randomly divided into experimental group (n = 35) and control group (n = 36)...
May 17, 2024: Medicine (Baltimore)
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.