Navya N Kamath, Paulina A Kulesz, Jack M Fletcher, Amy J Houtrow, Amery Treble-Barna
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate associations of ethnicity and adaptive function with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in youths with spina bifida myelomeningocele (SBM). METHODS: Participants included Hispanic (n = 75) and non-Hispanic White (n = 86) children and adolescents with SBM. Participants completed ratings of adaptive function and SBM-specific HRQOL. A series of linear multiple regression models was computed to investigate whether ethnicity moderates the relation between adaptive function and HRQOL...
November 25, 2022: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Tapas Bandyopadhyay, Arti Maria, Nagaratna Vallamkonda
PURPOSE: To assess the performance of premature infant oral motor intervention for transition from gavage to full spoon feeding in preterm infants. METHODS: Preterm neonates born between 28 + 0-32 + 6 weeks gestation (n = 32) were randomised into an intervention group (premature infant oral motor intervention) for five minutes twice a day along with routine care (n = 16) and a control group (routine care, n = 16) once they reached a feed volume of at least 150 ml/kg/day administered by gavage method...
November 21, 2022: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Cecily L Betz, Sharon M Hudson, Adam L Skura, Nithya D Rajeev, Kathryn A Smith, Alexander Van Speybroeck
PURPOSE: The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate the types of academic and health-related accommodations provided to adolescents and emerging adults with spina bifida aged 9-20 years. METHODS: Data was extracted from the paper and electronic records of transition-age youth enrolled in the study. Four open ended items involved content analysis. RESULTS: The most frequently identified accommodation was enrollment in special education classes in 47...
November 21, 2022: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Meta N Eek, Annika Blomkvist, Karin Romberg
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe brace use, progression of scoliosis, and surgery in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and spina bifida (SB) who were initially treated with a brace. METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively analysed for brace compliance, treatment complications, curve size measurements with and without the brace at both start and at follow-up, and number of patients undergoing spine surgery. RESULTS: Sixty-eight children were included (CP 47, SB 21), 37 of whom were girls, with a mean age at start of treatment of 11...
November 23, 2022: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Carlo Abbate, Pietro D Trimarchi, Giorgio G Fumagalli, Alessia Gallucci, Emanuele Tomasini, Stefania Fracchia, Isabella Rebecchi, Elisabetta Morello, Anna Fontanella, Paola M R Parisi, Federica Tartarone, Fabrizio Giunco, Simona Ciccone, Paola Nicolini, Tiziano Lucchi, Beatrice Arosio, Silvia Inglese, Paolo D Rossi
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is clinically heterogeneous, including the classical-amnesic (CA-) phenotype and some variants. OBJECTIVE: We aim to describe a further presentation we (re)named confabulation-misidentification (CM-) phenotype. METHODS: We performed a retrospective longitudinal case-series study of 17 AD outpatients with the possible CM-phenotype (CM-ADs). Then, in a cross-sectional study, we compared the CM-ADs to a sample of 30 AD patients with the CA-phenotype (CA-ADs)...
November 21, 2022: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Nicolas Larinier, Nicolas Vuillerme, Alexandre Jadaud, Solène Malherbe, Romain Balaguier
BACKGROUND: Physical activity programs at the workplace have shown positive results on physical capacities and pain for several years. Due to the duration of the training session or the need for an instructor, these supervised programs are rather difficult to implement. For this reason, numerous companies, especially companies in manual sectors, are turning to another solution, i.e. warm-up intervention before the work shift. These interventions present various advantages such as short duration and the possibility to perform exercises in working clothes...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Ahmet Sertcelik, Banu Cakir, Gokhan Metan
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers (HCWs) were seriously affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). It is a priority to protect HCWs against COVID-19 and ensure the continuity of the health care system. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors for COVID-19 in HCWs and the effectiveness of the measures taken on protection. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted in two hospitals serving on the same campus which are affiliated with a university from Turkey, between 03...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Charlotte Labrecque, Alexandra Lecours, Marie-Hélène Gilbert, Frédérique Boucher
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic caused an unprecedented health emergency across the world. Public health measures aimed at slowing the spread of the virus impose measures concerning physical distancing that citizens must observe. Thousands of workers quickly found themselves having to telework, with no preparation by their organizations. The literature reports the positive effects of teleworking on certain indicators of well-being, as well as best teleworking practices in a normal context...
November 25, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Berivan Tatar, Büşra Müceldili, Oya Erdil
BACKGROUND: As an unprecedented outbreak, the COVID-19 pandemic has restricted and dramatically changed several respects of life. In terms of working life, the transition to a remote working system has brought several changes and interrupted the continuity between past and present working life. In this case, this adversity has led people to past experiences and memories, and many people have used nostalgia as a crucial resource for alleviating the negative impact of the outbreak. OBJECTIVE: In this context, as a form of nostalgia, the current study particularly investigated memories eliciting organizational nostalgia and antecedents and consequences of organizational nostalgia in the pandemic era...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Øystein Spjelkavik, Heidi Enehaug, Pål Klethagen, Emilie Isager Howe, Silje C R Fure, Hans Christoffer Aargaard Terjesen, Marianne Løvstad, Nada Andelic
BACKGROUND: While a vast amount of research focuses on unmodifiable and individual factors that may impact return to work (RTW) for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), less knowledge exists of the relationship between specific workplace factors and work retention. OBJECTIVE: Identify types of accommodation in the workplace that influence the RTW process for employees with TBI and the challenges associated with them. METHODS: A multiple case study consisting of 38 cases and 109 interviews of employees with TBI and their managers conducted between 2017 and 2020 at two time points...
November 25, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Andrea de Sousa Figueira, Stella Regina Reis Costa, Fernando Toledo Ferraz, Izabela Simon Rampasso, David Nunes Resende
BACKGROUND: Organizational changes in the traditional work models demand studies on the management of the so called "Teleworking". OBJECTIVE: This research aims to analyse the teleworking management practices to subside organizations and leaders to improve their performance and enhance workers quality of life. METHODS: A survey was carried out with teleworkers to obtain their perception of the analyzed factors, using the survey monkey tool...
November 19, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Jun-Hee Kim, Chung-Hwi Yi, Hye-Seon Jeon, Woo-Chol Joseph Choi, Jong-Hyuck Weon, Oh-Yun Kwon
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of subacromial pain syndrome (SPS) is associated with the frequent handling and lifting of heavy loads and excessive repetitive work. Thus, assembly workers have a high prevalence of SPS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in shoulder ROM, muscle strength, asymmetry ratio, function, productivity, and depression between workers with and without SPS. METHODS: Sixty-seven male workers (35 workers with SPS and 32 workers without SPS) participated in this study...
November 24, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Mustafa Aslan, Yu-Feng L Lee, Fatih Yaman, Ayhan Aksu
BACKGROUND: Work stress and feeling of entrapment are harmful physical and emotional results for employees when the workload demands exceed their capacities. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effects of the career management system and succession plan on employees' work stress and feelings of entrapment in hopes of improving employees' well-being to promote business continuity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the convenient sampling method was adopted...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Tao Xiaolong, Nida Gull, Muhammad Asghar, Muddassar Sarfraz, Zhang Jianmin
BACKGROUND: The study's value is based on a complete understanding of the employee polychronicity-employee intention to leave the relationship in the health care sector. OBJECTIVE: This study examines (1) the role of job engagement in alleviating the relationship between employee polychronicity and intention to leave, and (2) the moderating impact of perceived supervisor support as a relationship. METHOD: This study employed a cross-cultural research design and collected data from nurses working in public sector hospitals...
November 24, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Dave Stynen, Inge Houkes, Ludo van Amelsvoort, Nicole Jansen, IJmert Kant
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of an indicated prevention strategy for long-term absence due to sickness has been demonstrated and is implemented in multinational companies. Such a strategy may also be beneficial for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). However, due to the different contexts, adaption, and implementation of this strategy in SMEs may be quite different. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the opportunities, barriers, and facilitators for adoption and implementation of this preventive strategy, as anticipated by employers and employees of SMEs...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Nicole Hoefsmit, Bart Pennings, Inge Houkes
BACKGROUND: Dutch legislation encourages active participation of employees in their return-to-work (RTW) process. Empowering leadership may support employees' self-direction in this process (i.e. by allowing and enabling their involvement in decision-making). OBJECTIVE: Building upon a previous study, we aimed to study (1) how representatives of a university, i.e. an employer for employees with high levels of education (EH), manage RTW, (2) the similarities and differences between the RTW management of employers (or representatives thereof) of employees with low (EL) and high levels of education, and (3) the degree to which the employers' roles resemble empowering leadership...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Yumiao Chen, Ziting Wu
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) is a combination of technologies that allow the user to interact with a computer-simulated environment with the experience of immersion, interactivity, and imagination. However, ergonomic problems related to virtual reality have adverse effects on the health and experience of users, which restrict the application of virtual reality technology. OBJECTIVE: The paper aims to provide an overview of the ergonomics evaluation of VR for further development of software and hardware of VR...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Erica L Bettac, Tahira M Probst
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable differences in national work-family (WF) policies offered in countries around the world, research concerning the implications of such policies for employee reactions to work-family and family-work conflict (WFC/FWC) is limited. OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the contextual role of country-level national WF policies as a moderator of the relationships between individual-level WFC/FWC and job stress, job satisfaction, turnover intentions, organizational commitment, and general health...
November 24, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Sandra Isabel Jiménez-Gayosso, Raúl Alberto Morales-Luckie, Norma Leticia Robles-Bermeo, César Tadeo Hernández-Martínez, Juan José Villalobos-Rodelo, Rosalina Islas-Zarazúa, José de Jesús Navarrete-Hernández, Nuria Patiño-Marín, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, Gerardo Maupomé
BACKGROUND: Prefabricated metal crowns (PMCs) have been widely used in pediatric dentistry due to their great success in various clinical situations. However, it is important to know the local effects, such as changes in pH in the oral environment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pH variations before and after placement of PMCs. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study (before and after) was performed with 32 pediatric patients who needed rehabilitation with PMCs at a pediatric dentistry clinic in a public university...
November 17, 2022: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Stephanie Chambers-Baltz, Douglas Knutson, Kathleen Chwalisz, Amber Canby, Tyler Kane
PURPOSE: Employee turnover is a major issue for health care organizations. Burnout is a leading contributor to such turnover. Extensive research on burnout has been conducted in health care settings; however, it has primarily been focused on health care professionals ignoring other critical staff. In particular, traumatic brain injury rehabilitation is an area of health care that includes unique challenges and stressors that may contribute to burnout. Brain injury professionals report experiencing high levels of burnout that further increase as they spend more time with patients; however, little is known about the experiences of brain injury paraprofessionals...
November 28, 2022: Rehabilitation Psychology
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