Paul Biggs, Anders Holsgaard-Larsen, Cathy A Holt, Josefine E Naili
Summarizing results of three-dimensional (3D) gait analysis into a comprehensive measure of overall gait function is valuable to discern to what extent gait function is affected, and later recovered after surgery and rehabilitation. This study aimed to investigate whether preoperative gait function, quantified and summarized using the Cardiff Classifier, can predict improvements in postoperative patient-reported activities of daily living, and overall gait function one year after total hip arthroplasty (THA)...
July 30, 2021: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Enora Le Flao, Andrew W Pichardo, Sherwin Ganpatt, Dustin J Oranchuk
CONTEXT: Neck size and strength may be associated with head kinematics and concussion risks. However, there is a paucity of research examining neck strengthening and head kinematics in youths. In addition, neck training is likely lacking in youth sport due to a perceived inadequacy of equipment or time. OBJECTIVE: Examine neck training effects with minimal equipment on neck strength and head kinematics following chest perturbations in youth athletes. DESIGN: Single-group, pretest-posttest case series...
July 30, 2021: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
David Suárez-Iglesias, Iraia Bidaurrazaga-Letona, Miguel A Sanchez-Lastra, Susana María Gil, Carlos Ayán
BACKGROUND: Scientific evidence has shown that equine-assisted therapies (EAT) lead to improvements in the physical function and the quality of life (QoL) of people with disabilities through the practice of hippotherapy or therapeutic riding (TR). There is a need to confirm whether people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) can also benefit from its practice. This review aimed to systematically evaluate and meta-analyze the available data on the potential health benefits of EAT in PwMS. METHODS: Four electronic databases (MEDLINE/PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, and Scopus) were searched systematically from their inception until June 2021 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and comparative studies that provided information regarding the effects of EAT on PwMS...
July 23, 2021: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
S Mahsa Sadeghian, Frederic D Shapiro, Sandra J Shefelbine
Mechanical loading is a crucial factor in joint and bone development. Using a computational model, we investigated the role of mechanics on cartilage growth rate, ossification of the secondary center, formation of the growth plate, and overall bone shape. A computational algorithm was developed and implemented into finite element models to simulate the endochondral ossification for symmetric and asymmetric motion in a generic diarthrodial joint. Under asymmetric loading condition the secondary center ossifies asymmetrically leaning toward the external load and results in tilted growth plate...
July 27, 2021: Bone
Rie Yamawaki, Manabu Nankaku, Chinatsu Umaba, Masaya Ueda, Nan Liang, Yohei Mineharu, Yukihiro Yamao, Ryosuke Ikeguchi, Shuichi Matsuda, Susumu Miyamoto, Yoshiki Arakawa
OBJECTIVE: High-grade gliomas are fast-growing and may exhibit more severe neurocognitive function (NCF) decline compared with low-grade gliomas. A comprehensive understanding of the NCF in patients with glioma may be critical for developing effective glioma treatments and rehabilitation interventions. This study evaluated NCF more comprehensively in patients with glioma using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Third Edition (WAIS-III) and the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised (WMS-R), and also determined the differences in NCF in relation with the WHO grades of gliomas...
July 21, 2021: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Carlos Henrique Fernandes, Estevão Juliano Lopes, Lia Miyamoto Meirelles, João Baptista Gomes Dos Santos, Flavio Faloppa, Walter Manna Albertoni
Anatomical variations may entail increased volume within the carpal tunnel and consequently the development of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) symptoms. The clinical importance of anomalous connection between the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) and flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) tendons was described by Linburg and Comstock. The objective of the present study was to compare postoperative outcomes of carpal tunnel release surgery in patients with and without Linburg-Comstock anomaly (LCA). Hands of CTS patients with and without LCA were evaluated for finger sensitivity, grip, tip, key and tripod pinch strength, pain intensity and Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire score...
July 27, 2021: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Sara Souto-Miranda, Guilherme Rodrigues, Martijn A Spruit, Alda Marques
BACKGROUND: The magnitude of response to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is influenced by the selection of outcomes and measures. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to review all outcomes and measures used in clinical trials of PR for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: The review involved a search of Scopus, Web of Knowledge, Cochrane Library, EBSCO, Science Direct and PubMed databases for studies of stable individuals with COPD undergoing PR...
July 27, 2021: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Jsabel Hodel, Gerold Stucki, Birgit Prodinger
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore existing prediction models of functioning in spinal cord injury (SCI). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: The databases PubMed, EBSCOhost CINAHL Complete, and IEEE Xplore were searched for relevant literature. The search strategy included published search filters for prediction model and impact studies, index terms and keywords for SCI, and relevant outcome measures able to assess functioning as reflected in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)...
July 27, 2021: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
Laura C Myers, Mohammad Kamal Faridi, Kohei Hasegawa, Carlos A Camargo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2021: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases: Journal of the COPD Foundation
Florian Giesche, Solveig Vieluf, Jan Wilke, Tobias Engeroff, Daniel Niederer, Winfried Banzer
CONTEXT: Athletes with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction exhibit increased cortical motor planning during simple sensorimotor tasks compared to healthy controls. This may interfere with proper decision-making during time-constrained movements elevating the re-injury risk. OBJECTIVE: To compare cortical motor planning and biomechanical stability during jump-landings between participants with ACL-reconstruction and healthy individuals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional exploratory study...
July 30, 2021: Journal of Athletic Training
Chi Kin Kwan
This article explores the relevance of mezzo-level interventions to help people with disabilities improve their employability. It begins with an overview of the micro-mezzo-macro spectrum in the context of vocational rehabilitation services and shows that corporate culture plays a critical role in determining the employment outcomes of people with disabilities. This case study, a collaborative project of two business enterprises in Hong Kong, illustrates the benefits brought by a mezzo-level intervention for people with disabilities...
July 30, 2021: Social Work
Samuel G Wittekind, Andrew Redington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 30, 2021: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Na Tian, Ying Chen, Wenbo Sun, Huihua Liu, Xiaoyun Wang, Tiebin Yan, Rong Song
Intermuscular coupling is essential in the coordination of agonist and antagonist muscles. However, its dynamic characteristics are not fully understood, especially the alterations of intermuscular coupling induced by stroke and aging. This study aimed to investigate the aging- and stroke-related changes in the global and instantaneous intermuscular coupling between agonist and antagonist muscles. In the experiment, 8 patients after stroke, 18 healthy young subjects and 10 healthy middle-aged subjects were recruited and instructed to finish the elbow flexion and extension tasks...
July 30, 2021: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Kai Li, Jiang Wang, Shanshan Li, Haitao Yu, Lin Zhu, Jing Liu, Lingyun Wu
Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disease in old age, early diagnosis will help to delay the progression of the disease. Presently, the features of brain functional diseases can be obtained with EEG analysis, but the relationship between characteristics of EEG and Alzheimer's disease has not been clearly clarified. In this work, we hypothesize that there exist default brain variables (latent factors) across subjects in disease processes, decoding latent factor from brain activity contributes to the study of cognitive impairment...
July 30, 2021: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Han Gyeol Choi, Joo Sung Kim, You Sun Jung, Hyun Jin Yoo, Yong Seuk Lee
BACKGROUND: Lateral hinge fracture (LHF) is a major complication of opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) and may result in poor outcomes. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to develop preventive strategies by identifying factors that affect LHFs. We hypothesized that (1) each LHF type would have different affecting factors and that (2) specific operative strategies that can contribute to the prevention of each LHF type can be developed. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 30, 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Grace J Kim, Avinash Parnandi, Sharon Eva, Heidi Schambra
PURPOSE: To address the gap in the literature and clarify the expanding role of wearable sensor data in stroke rehabilitation, we summarized the methods for upper extremity (UE) sensor-based assessment and sensor-based treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The guideline outlined by the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis extension for scoping reviews was used to complete this scoping review. Information pertaining to participant demographics, sensory information, data collection, data processing, data analysis, and study results were extracted from the studies for analysis and synthesis...
July 30, 2021: Disability and Rehabilitation
Rosa Abellán, Clara Gómez, Juan Carlos Palma
Objective: The aim of this study was to quantify the changes obtained when the molar intrusion movement is complemented by photobiomodulation (PBM). Background: A common problem in adult patients is the super-eruption of maxillary molars caused by the loss of the antagonist tooth. Super-erupted molars impair oral rehabilitation and can cause both occlusal and functional problems. There is increasing research confirming the benefits of adjunctive PBM during orthodontic treatment. Methods: Twenty patients with indication of a maxillary first molar intrusion for oral rehabilitation were selected...
July 29, 2021: Photobiomodulation, photomedicine, and laser surgery
Karolina Piotrowicz, Jerzy Gąsowski, Jean-Pierre Michel, Nicola Veronese
In this review, we discuss the pathophysiologic and management aspects of acute sarcopenia in relation to SARS-CoV-2 infection. COVID-19 is as a multi-organ infectious disease characterized by a severe inflammatory and highly catabolic status, influencing the deep changes in the body build, especially the amount, structure, and function of skeletal muscles which would amount to acutely developed sarcopenia. Acute sarcopenia may largely impact patients' in-hospital prognosis as well as the vulnerability to the post-COVID-19 functional and physical deterioration...
July 30, 2021: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Yao Liu, Yan Han, Xiang Wang, Yaoxin Chen, Qingqian Mo, Lingyan Li, Yuping Wang, Jie Fan, Yanjie Yang, Tamini Soondrum, Xiongzhao Zhu
PURPOSE: Emotional control, the attempt to suppress the expression of negative effects, is an essential factor in the prevalence of psychological distress in women with breast cancer. The Courtauld Emotional Control Scale (CECS) is a commonly used self-report tool for assessing emotional suppression in both clinical and general groups. This study aimed to validate the Chinese version of the Courtauld Emotional Control Scale (CECS) in women newly diagnosed with breast cancer. METHODS: The study involved 680 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer aged 25 to 76 (mean age = 48...
July 30, 2021: Quality of Life Research
Isabelle Schöffl, Benedikt Ehrlich, Kathrin Rottermann, Annika Weigelt, Sven Dittrich, Volker Schöffl
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity in children and adolescents has positive effects on cardiopulmonary function in this age group as well as later in life. As poor cardiopulmonary function is associated with higher mortality and morbidity, increasing physical activity especially in children needs to become a priority. Trampoline jumping is widely appreciated in children. The objective was to investigate its use as a possible training modality. METHODS: Fifteen healthy children (10 boys and 5 girls) with a mean age of 8...
July 30, 2021: Sports Medicine—Open
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