Nicolas Larinier, Nicolas Vuillerme, Alexandre Jadaud, Solène Malherbe, Romain Balaguier
BACKGROUND: Physical activity programs at the workplace have shown positive results on physical capacities and pain for several years. Due to the duration of the training session or the need for an instructor, these supervised programs are rather difficult to implement. For this reason, numerous companies, especially companies in manual sectors, are turning to another solution, i.e. warm-up intervention before the work shift. These interventions present various advantages such as short duration and the possibility to perform exercises in working clothes...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Charlotte Labrecque, Alexandra Lecours, Marie-Hélène Gilbert, Frédérique Boucher
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic caused an unprecedented health emergency across the world. Public health measures aimed at slowing the spread of the virus impose measures concerning physical distancing that citizens must observe. Thousands of workers quickly found themselves having to telework, with no preparation by their organizations. The literature reports the positive effects of teleworking on certain indicators of well-being, as well as best teleworking practices in a normal context...
November 25, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Andrea de Sousa Figueira, Stella Regina Reis Costa, Fernando Toledo Ferraz, Izabela Simon Rampasso, David Nunes Resende
BACKGROUND: Organizational changes in the traditional work models demand studies on the management of the so called "Teleworking". OBJECTIVE: This research aims to analyse the teleworking management practices to subside organizations and leaders to improve their performance and enhance workers quality of life. METHODS: A survey was carried out with teleworkers to obtain their perception of the analyzed factors, using the survey monkey tool...
November 19, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Mustafa Aslan, Yu-Feng L Lee, Fatih Yaman, Ayhan Aksu
BACKGROUND: Work stress and feeling of entrapment are harmful physical and emotional results for employees when the workload demands exceed their capacities. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effects of the career management system and succession plan on employees' work stress and feelings of entrapment in hopes of improving employees' well-being to promote business continuity. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the convenient sampling method was adopted...
November 21, 2022: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Gakuto Kitamura, Manabu Nankaku, Takayuki Kikuchi, Hidehisa Nishi, Hiroki Tanaka, Toru Nishikawa, Honami Yonezawa, Taishi Kajimoto, Takumi Kawano, Ayumi Ohtagaki, Eriko Mashimoto, Susumu Miyamoto, Ryosuke Ikeguchi, Shuichi Matsuda
This study aimed to determine whether the distance of gait training using a hybrid assistive limb (HAL) is related to the improvement of walking independence in patients with acute brain injury. This was an exploratory, observational study. Thirty patients having hemiplegia (functional ambulation category, FAC score ≤ 2) with acute stroke or after brain tumor surgery were included. Patients performed 4 sessions of gait training using HAL (60 min/session), 1-3 sessions/week, combined with conventional physical therapy...
November 28, 2022: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
Eeva Aartolahti, Maarit Janhunen, Niina Katajapuu, Juha Paloneva, Konsta Pamilo, Airi Oksanen, Hannes Keemu, Mikko Karvonen, Mika Luimula, Raija Korpelainen, Timo Jämsä, Keijo Mäkelä, Ari Heinonen
BACKGROUND: Exergames can provide encouraging exercise options. Currently, there is limited evidence regarding home-based exergaming in the postoperative phase of total knee replacement (TKR). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a 4-month postoperative home-based exergame intervention with an 8-month follow-up on physical function and symptoms among older persons undergoing TKR compared with home exercise using a standard protocol. In addition, a concurrent embedded design of a mixed methods study was used by including a qualitative component within a quantitative study of exergame effects...
November 28, 2022: JMIR Research Protocols
Catherine Paré, Pascal Thibault, Junie S Carriere, Michael J L Sullivan
Previous research has shown that depression is associated with adverse recovery outcomes following work-related musculoskeletal injury. Treatment outcome expectancies have also been shown to predict recovery trajectories following musculoskeletal injury. The present study examined the role of positive and negative treatment outcome expectancies as mediators of the relation between depressive symptoms and treatment outcome for individuals receiving physical therapy for a musculoskeletal injury. The study sample consisted of 153 individuals who had sustained a work-related musculoskeletal injury to the back or neck within 6 months of enrolment...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Stanley Cohen, Jeffrey R Curtis, Theodore Mellors, Lixia Zhang, Johanna B Withers, Alex Jones, Susan D Ghiassian, Viatcheslav R Akmaev
A 2021 study described the development and validation of a blood-based precision medicine test called the molecular signature response classifier (MSRC) that uses 23 features to identify rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who are likely nonresponders to tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNFi) therapy. Both the gene expression features and clinical components (sex, body mass index, patient global assessment, and anti-cyclic citrullinated protein) included in the MSRC were statistically significant contributors to MSRC results...
November 27, 2022: Rheumatology and Therapy
Kimberly Luu, Ravi Sidhu, Neil K Chadha, Kevin W Eva
Clinical supervisors are known to assess trainee performance idiosyncratically, causing concern about the validity of their ratings. The literature on this issue relies heavily on retrospective collection of decisions, resulting in the risk of inaccurate information regarding what actually drives raters' perceptions. Capturing in-the-moment information about supervisors' impressions could yield better insight into how to intervene. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to gather "real-time" judgments to explore what drives preceptors' judgments of student performance...
November 28, 2022: Advances in Health Sciences Education
Lilis Novitarum, Muhammad Fidel Ganis Siregar, Fazidah Aguslina Siregar, Namora Lumongga Lubis
Considering that breast cancer diagnosis affects a woman physically and emotionally, treatment during the therapy phase requires enthusiasm. Therefore, this study aims to explore breast cancer survivors' experiences with treatment. A qualitative methodology was used, while the data were collected with in-depth interviews and analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. The study samples included up to five individuals who met the inclusion criteria of having stage III breast cancer for longer than 5 years without metastases and were obtained using the purposive sampling technique...
2022: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
Lana Sargent, Jonice Smitherman, Matthew Sorenson, Roy Brown, Angela Starkweather
STUDY DESIGN: Scoping review. OBJECTIVE: To examine potential underlying mechanisms of cognitive and physical impairment in patients with spinal cord injury and identify current research gaps. METHODS: A scoping review of the literature was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) extension for scoping reviews to identify primary studies that explored mechanisms of cognitive and/or physical impairment after spinal cord injury...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Seçil Taylan, İlknur Özkan, Nurcan Kolaç
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the dyadic adjustment between individuals with SCI and their spouses and the relationship between their sexual self-consciousness and sexual life and to evaluate it according to the objectification theory. METHOD: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted with 131 married individuals with SCI registered in the physical therapy and rehabilitation outpatient clinic of a university hospital between February 2020 and April 2021...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Nancy Elmer, Anett REIßHAUER, Katharina Brehm, Clarissa Vockeroth, Max E Liebl
INTRODUCTION: Prone positioning ventilation (PPV) is an effective treatment for patients with moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Despite the benefits of PPV, different kinds of short and long-term consequences have been noted. This review summarizes long-term complications of PPV that impact treatment strategies and outcomes in acute and postacute rehabilitation. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed/Medline, Cochrane Library, Cochrane COVID-19 Study Register databases and the Google Scholar search engine were systematically searched for studies investigating long-term complications of PPV...
November 28, 2022: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
O A Shavlovskaya, O A Gromova, I Yu Torshin
The dominant collagen of the cartilaginous matrix in adults is type II collagen. The amount of type II collagen in the intercellular matrix of cartilage is significantly reduced against the background of musculoskeletal system diseases. The basis of articular cartilage is hyaline cartilage tissue consisting of chondrocytes with tissue-specific antigens that induce the production of antibodies in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Today, new approaches are being considered in the treatment of OA with the use of udenatured type II collagen (UC-II)...
2022: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Xin Luan, Hao Kong, Peng He, Guozheng Yang, Danzhu Zhu, Lei Guo, Gang Wei
Functional nanomaterials as nanodrugs based on the self-assembly of inorganics, polymers, and biomolecules have showed wide applications in biomedicine and tissue engineering. Ascribing to the unique biological, chemical, and physical properties of peptide molecules, peptide is used as an excellent precursor material for the synthesis of functional nanodrugs for highly effective cancer therapy. Herein, recent progress on the design, synthesis, functional regulation, and cancer bioimaging and biotherapy of peptide-based nanodrugs is summarized...
November 28, 2022: Small
Amanda Feldt, Anita Kärner Köhler, Sara Bergstrand
BACKGROUND: Continuous positive airway pressure is a non-invasive therapy beneficial for patients with acute respiratory failure. The need for this therapy outside intensive care units is growing, but nurses face many challenges to enable this therapy in general medical wards. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore nurses' strategies for enabling continuous positive airway pressure therapy in a general medical ward context. METHOD: An explorative qualitative design was used including semi-structured interviews with 15 Swedish nurses...
November 28, 2022: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Snophia Suresh, Jaideep Mahendra, Parthiban Saketharaman, P Sivsankar, J Selvakumar, Ramnath Elangovan
AIM: The study's aim was to assess and compare the clinical parameters, plasma reactive oxygen metabolites (ROM) levels, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) resistin, serum resistin values, and red complex bacteria in obese or overweight subjects with and without periodontitis and also to determine the effect of non-surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) on plasma ROM, serum, and GCF resistin values in obese or overweight subjects with chronic periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 160 subjects were recruited and designated into four groups with 40 subjects each as group I - obese with chronic periodontitis; group II - normal weight subjects with chronic periodontitis; group III - obese subjects with healthy periodontium; and group IV - normal weight subjects with healthy periodontium...
July 1, 2022: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Xue Du, Chunbao Chen, Yu Xiao, Yu Cui, Lu Yang, Xiaochun Li, Xueping Liu, Ruisi Wang, Bangxian Tan
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma, one of the common tumors of the central nervous system (CNS), is prone to recurrence even after standard treatment protocols. As an innovative physiotherapy method emerging in recent years, the tumor treating fields (TTFields) technique has been approved for the treatment of glioblastoma due to its non-invasive and portable features. The purpose of this study is to visualize and analyze the scientific results and research trends in TTFields therapy for glioblastoma...
2022: Frontiers in Oncology
Anders Bertelsen, Uffe Bernchou, Tine Schytte, Carsten Brink, Faisal Mahmood
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: 3D Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is used in radiation therapy for reference planning and, lately, for adaptive treatments on MR accelerators. This study aimed to investigate the impact of different types of respiratory motion on the apparent target position and extent in such scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An MRI motion phantom with a 30 mm diameter target was used to simulate cranial-caudal (CC) motion and imaged at an MR-Linac using a standard clinically released 3D T2w sequence...
October 2022: Physics and imaging in radiation oncology
Azam Mohammadi, Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Fatemeh Ghelichkhani, Farzane Alidost, Somayyeh Naghizadeh, Zeinab Haghparast, Marzieh Azizi
Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease that is associated with negative physical and psychosocial consequences, so understanding the effective strategies that can be used in the prevention of osteoporosis is especially important. The aim of this study was to integrative review the published interventional of nonpharmacological studies regarding the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis among menopausal women. In this systematic review, databases such as PubMed, PsycInfo, Web of Science (ISI), Scopus, ScienceDirect, EmBase, Cochrane library, Google scholar, and Iranian databases, such as Scientific Information Database and Magiran, were searched...
2022: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
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