keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36442219/research-on-skull-trauma-biomechanical-stress-distribution-in-case-of-dental-implants-existence
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yang An, Ling Xie, Yu Liu, Po Wu, Hao Li, Ji Jiang, Zhengrui Zhang, Shuyong Yang
BACKGROUND: When the jaw bone is subjected to an external force, the stress is transmitted from the force point along the alveolar bone to the skull and skull base. In the case of a dental implant, the stress distribution is mainly dependent on the implant position, type, and mechanical properties. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the dental implant position influence on the stress distribution and transmission in case of facial frontal trauma. Furthermore, the correlation between facial trauma and skull trauma in the case of a dental implant exists...
November 17, 2022: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441866/correction-to-disrupting-the-trauma-to-prison-pipeline-for-justice-involved-young-women-victimized-by-violence
#2
Sujeeta Elizabeth Menon, Juan J Barthelemy
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/s40653-022-00488-9.].
December 2022: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441609/serratus-anterior-plane-block-for-clinically-suspected-rib-fractures-in-prehospital-and-retrieval-medicine
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christopher Harrington Facem, Jimmy Bliss Facem, Leon Lam Franzcr, Christopher Partyka Facem
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of the serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) in the prehospital and retrieval environment including the ability to accurately identify those patients with thoracic trauma and clinically suspected rib fractures who would benefit from this procedure. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of all patients with thoracic trauma and clinically suspected rib fractures who received SAPB by a prehospital and retrieval medical team in New South Wales, Australia, between 2018 and 2021...
November 28, 2022: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441601/surface-charge-and-dynamic-mechanoelectrical-stimuli-improves-adhesion-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-neuron-like-cells
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
T Marques-Almeida, H J R Fernandes, S Lanceros-Mendez, C Ribeiro
Neuronal diseases and trauma are among the current major health-care problems. Patients frequently develop an irreversible state of neuronal disfunction that lacks treatment, strongly reducing life quality and expectancy. Novel strategies are thus necessary and tissue engineering research is struggling to provide alternatives to current treatments, making use of biomaterials capable to provide cell supports and active stimuli to develop permissive environments for neural regeneration. As neuronal cells are naturally found in electrical microenvironments, the electrically active materials can pave the way for new and effective neuroregenerative therapies...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Materials Chemistry. B, Materials for Biology and Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441530/into-the-future-of-pediatric-trauma-and-critical-care-science
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cinnamon A Dixon, Tammara Jenkins, Valerie Maholmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2022: JAMA Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441514/organ-donation-and-transplants-during-major-us-motorcycle-rallies
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
David C Cron, Christopher M Worsham, Joel T Adler, Charles F Bray, Anupam B Jena
IMPORTANCE: Large-scale motorcycle rallies attract thousands of attendees and are associated with increased trauma-related morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of major US motorcycle rallies with the incidence of organ donation and transplants. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This population-based, retrospective cross-sectional study used data from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients for deceased organ donors aged 16 years or older involved in a motor vehicle crash and recipients of organs from these donors from March 2005 to September 2021...
November 28, 2022: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441473/helmet-use-among-two-wheeler-riders-road-accident-victims-in-benin
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bella Hounkpè Dos Santos, Alphonse Kpozehouen, Yolaine Glèlè Ahanhanzo, Donatien Daddah, Alain Levêque, Yves Coppieters
BACKGROUND: In Benin, some riders of two-wheeled vehicles still do not wear helmets, the main protection against head injuries in road accidents. The objective of this study is to describe the characteristics of two-wheeled users, and to determine the factors influencing helmet use among this group. METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study of 977 two-wheeled road accident victims from a cohort. Proportions or means were calculated for the different variables...
November 28, 2022: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441414/flow-simulation-based-particle-swarm-optimization-for-developing-improved-hemolysis-models
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
B Torner, D Frank, S Grundmann, F-H Wurm
The improvement and development of blood-contacting devices, such as mechanical circulatory support systems, is a life saving endeavor. These devices must be designed in such a way that they ensure the highest hemocompatibility. Therefore, in-silico trials (flow simulations) offer a quick and cost-effective way to analyze and optimize the hemocompatibility and performance of medical devices. In that regard, the prediction of blood trauma, such as hemolysis, is the key element to ensure the hemocompatibility of a device...
November 28, 2022: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441280/injury-by-knife-crime-amongst-children-is-associated-with-socioeconomic-deprivation-an-observational-study
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
John-Joe Reilly, David N Naumann, Louise Morris, Lauren Blackburn, Adam Brooks
PURPOSE: Children who live in areas of socioeconomic deprivation may be at higher risk of being victims of violent crime such as knife wounds. The current study investigated whether socioeconomic disparity was associated with higher risk of knife crime. METHODS: An observational study included patients aged ≤ 17 years at a UK Major Trauma Centre injured by knife trauma from 2016 to 2022. Indices of deprivation were recorded according to the zip code of residence and compared with those of all of England...
November 28, 2022: Pediatric Surgery International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441223/-application-of-navigation-in-the-fractured-spine
#10
REVIEW
Peter Hinnerk Richter, Florian Gebhard
OBJECTIVE: Computer navigation is used in patients with spine fractures to optimize the accuracy of pedicle screws and thereby reduce intra- and postoperative complications, such as injuries to vessels, nerves and accompanying structures. In addition, the ideal screw length and diameter for each pedicle can be detected to ensure optimal stability. INDICATIONS: Intraoperative navigation is suitable for the treatment of spine fractures, which require dorsal stabilization or fusion...
November 28, 2022: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441213/long-term-results-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-patellar-tendon-versus-hamstring-tendon-autograft-with-a-minimum-follow-up-of-10%C3%A2-years-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
V D Sollberger, A Korthaus, A Barg, G Pagenstert
INTRODUCTION: A lot of research addresses superiority of the two commonly used autografts bone-patellar tendon-bone (BPTB) and hamstring tendon for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, without getting to consensus. While there are numerous studies and reviews on short- to mid-term follow-up, not much literature is available on long-term follow-up. As patients suffering ACL injuries are often of young age and high athletic activity, it is crucial to have the best evidence possible for graft choice to minimize consequences, like osteoarthritis later on...
November 28, 2022: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441159/meetings-courses
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2022: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441093/delays-in-presentation-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tej D Azad, Sumil K Nair, Anita L Kalluri, Joshua Materi, A Karim Ahmed, Jawad Khalifeh, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, Lisa N Sharwood, Robert C Sterner, Nathaniel P Brooks, Safwan Alomari, Farah N Musharbash, Kevin Mo, Daniel Lubelski, Timothy F Witham, Nicholas Theodore, Ali Bydon
BACKGROUND: Prompt surgical decompression after traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) may be associated with improved sensorimotor outcomes. Delays in presentation may prevent timely decompression after TSCI. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review existing studies investigating delays in presentation after TSCI in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and high-income countries (HICs). METHODS: A systematic review was conducted and studies featuring quantitative or qualitative data on prehospital delays in TSCI presentation were included...
October 28, 2022: World Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441090/perioperative-complications-of-a-transvaginal-cervical-cerclage-in-singleton-pregnancies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Charlotte E van Dijk, Sofie H Breuking, Sophie Jansen, Jacqueline C E J M Limpens, Brenda M Kazemier, Eva Pajkrt
OBJECTIVE: Given that many studies report on a limited spectrum of adverse events of transvaginal cervical cerclage for preventing preterm birth, but are not powered to draw conclusions about its safety, the objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review with pooled risk analyses of perioperative complications and compare characteristics on the basis of indication for cerclage in singleton pregnancies. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and the prospective trial registers ClinicalTrials...
October 28, 2022: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36441074/impact-of-the-russian-invasion-on-mental-health-of-adolescents-in-ukraine
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Olga Osokina, Sanju Silwal, Tatiana Bohdanova, Matthew Hodes, Andre Sourander, Norbert Skokauskas
OBJECTIVE: Very limited evidence is available on the psychological impact of war on adolescents in Ukraine. This study compared war experiences and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety and depression in adolescents living in war-torn and peaceful regions of Ukraine, more than 2 years after Russia first invaded in 2014. METHOD: The cross-sectional study included 2,766 students aged 11-17 years living in the war-torn Donetsk region and in Kirovograd in central Ukraine...
October 29, 2022: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36440973/molecular-and-clinical-markers-of-pain-relief-in-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-an-observational-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ann Kristin Reinhold, Gudrun-Karin Kindl, Christopher Dietz, Nathalie Scheu, Katharina Mehling, Alexander Brack, Frank Birklein, Heike L Rittner
BACKGROUND: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is marked by disproportionate pain after trauma. While long-term outcome is crucial to patients, predictors or biomarkers of the course of pain or CRPS symptoms are still lacking. In particular, microRNAs, such as miR-223, decreased in CRPS, have been described only in cross-sectional studies. METHODS: In this study, we characterised CRPS patients over a course of 2.5 years of standard treatment. Patient underwent clinical examination including pain measurement, symptom questionnaires, Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) and blood sampling...
November 28, 2022: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36440860/cost-effectiveness-of-universal-screening-for-blunt-cerebrovascular-injury-a-markov-analysis
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ayman Ali, Jacob M Broome, Danielle Tatum, Youssef Abdullah, Jonathan Black, John Tyler Simpson, Ali Salim, Juan Duchesne, Sharven Taghavi
BACKGROUND: Blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality following blunt trauma. Numerous screening strategies exist, although which is used is institution and physician dependent. We sought to identify the most cost-effective screening strategy for BCVI, hypothesizing that universal screening would be optimal among the screening strategies studied. STUDY DESIGN: A Markov decision analysis model was used to compare the following screening strategies for identification of BCVI: (1) no screening (NS); (2) Denver criteria (DC); (3) extended Denver criteria (eDC); (4) Memphis criteria (MC); and (5) universal screening...
November 28, 2022: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36440721/maturing-conversations-developing-climate-engagement-through-group-dialogues
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sally Gillespie
Climate change is a threat to global ecosystems, societies and psychological well-being. As a collectively driven phenomena, I argue that it requires collective responses and action. In order to ease the trauma of awakening to, and engaging with, climate and ecological breakdown, I suggest that individuals and communities need to build safe containers and establish support to help us recognize resistance, explore defences and feel into the territory beyond the known and familiar. Using participatory research as a case study, this paper considers the often intense feelings of confusion, tension and fear that can be generated by climate disruption, and the developmental processes that can arise when these feelings are well supported and contained...
November 2022: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36440661/prehospital-preparedness-for-major-incidents-in-sweden-a-national-survey-with-focus-on-mass-casualty-incidents
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Joakim Agri, Carl Montán, Louise Söderin, Kristina Lennquist-Montán, Elsa Hammarberg
INTRODUCTION: Major incidents (MIs) put great demands on the medical response to effectively organize and redistribute resources and personnel, in prehospital care as well as hospital care, and coordinating functions. Studies indicate that regular training and well-established contingency plans are vital for the medical response to MIs. Previous assessments have concluded that Swedish disaster preparedness requires improved organization and coordination. There is currently no method to easily follow-up the preparedness work of the prehospital medical response organizations for MIs in Sweden...
November 28, 2022: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36440622/interpersonal-stress-mediates-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-depressive-symptoms-findings-from-two-culturally-different-samples
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hong Wang Fung, Stanley Kam Ki Lam, Wai Tong Chien, Suet Lin Hung, Henry Wai-Hang Ling, Vincent Wan Ping Lee, Edward Ks Wang
OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma is associated with adulthood depressive symptoms, but very few studies explored potential social and interpersonal mediators behind this association. This study made the first attempt to test the potential mediating effects of interpersonal stress in the associations between childhood betrayal and non-betrayal trauma and depressive symptoms. METHOD: We analyzed data in a sample of English-speaking adults from diverse backgrounds (from 19 different countries, mainly from Western countries) ( N = 468)...
November 28, 2022: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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