Yannic N T van den Eeden, Moez Zeiton, Mustafa Akkaya, Jochen Salber, Thorsten Gehrke, Mustafa Citak
PURPOSE: In the case of stemmed implants for lower limb joint arthroplasty procedures, implant stability and survivorship generally rely on the strength of fixation in the medullary canal regardless of whether the procedure is primary or revision surgery. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the proximal (Dorr classification) and distal (Citak classification) femoral canal geometry classification systems. METHODS: A total of 200 patients who received standing long leg radiographs (hip to ankle) at our institution were identified using our institutional electronic radiology database...
March 19, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Daniel Perez-Marcos, Roberta Ronchi, Arthur Giroux, Fanny Brenet, Andrea Serino, Tej Tadi, Olaf Blanke
BACKGROUND: Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) is a debilitating neuropsychological syndrome that often follows brain injury, in particular a stroke affecting the right hemisphere. In current clinical practice, the assessment of neglect is based on old-fashioned paper-and-pencil and behavioral tasks, and sometimes relies on the examiner's subjective judgment. Therefore, there is a need for more exhaustive, objective and ecological assessments of USN. METHODS: In this paper, we present two tasks in immersive virtual reality to assess peripersonal and extrapersonal USN...
March 18, 2023: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Gustavo Cruz, Santiago Pedroza Gómez, Akemi Arango, Andrea Galvis, Joaquin O Lemos
CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a case of a 65-year-old patient who underwent heart transplantation. After the surgery, left proptosis, conjunctival chemosis, and ipsilateral palpebral ecchymosis were found while he was still intubated. A retrobulbar hematoma was suspected, confirmed by a computed tomography scan. Initially, expectant management was considered, but with the appearance of an afferent pupillary defect, the patient underwent orbital decompression and posterior collection drainage, which prevented visual impairment...
March 16, 2023: Transplantation Proceedings
Tracy Caroline Bank, George Macones, Anthony Sciscione
Initially developed from hospital feasibility data from the 1980s, the "30-minute rule" has perpetuated the belief that the decision-to-incision time in an emergency cesarean delivery should be <30 minutes to preserve favorable neonatal outcomes. Through a review of the history, available data on delivery timing and associated outcomes, and consideration of feasibility across several hospital systems, the use and applicability of this "rule" are explored, and its reconsideration is called for. Moreover, we have advocated for balanced consideration of maternal safety with rapidity of delivery, encouraged process-based approaches, and proposed standardization of terminology regarding delivery urgency...
March 15, 2023: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kate Curtis, Anna Devlin, Emily McKie, Humaira Haider Mahin, Soni Putnis, Kate Hunter
BACKGROUND: The leading global cause of death for people aged 5-29 years is road traffic injury, a quarter of which is borne by pedestrians. The epidemiology of major hospitalised pedestrian injury across Australia is not reported. This study aims to address this gap using data from the Australia New Zealand Trauma Registry. METHODS: The registry hosts information on patients admitted to 25 major trauma centres across Australia who sustain a major injury (ISS > 12) or die following injury...
March 16, 2023: Australasian emergency care
Peng Yuan, Li Shan, Xiaohua Yang, Fan Yu, Zhonghu Ge, Mengyao Wang, Hongwei Tan
Uncontained power morcellation during laparoscopic myomectomy may spread tissue fragments or malignant cells in the abdominal cavity. Recently, various approaches to contained morcellation have been taken to retrieve the specimen. However, each of these methods has its own drawbacks. Intra-abdominal bag-contained power morcellation adopts a complex isolation system which prolongs the operation and increases medical costs. Contained manual morcellation via colpotomy or mini-laparotomy increases the trauma and the risk of infection...
March 16, 2023: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Gregory R Toci, Jeffrey B Stambough, J Ryan Martin, Simon C Mears, Arjun Saxena, Paul M Lichstein
BACKGROUND: The treatment of Vancouver B periprosthetic proximal femur fractures (PPFF) is complex due to the overlap between arthroplasty and orthopaedic trauma techniques. Our purpose was to assess the effects of fracture type, treatment difference, and surgeon training on the risk of reoperation in Vancouver B PPFF. METHODS: A collaborative research consortium of eleven centers retrospectively reviewed PPFFs from 2014 to 2019 to determine the effects of variations in surgeon expertise, fracture type, and treatment on surgical reoperation...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Arthroplasty
Jessica C Rohr, Katelynn A Bourassa, Dominique S Thompson, J Christopher Fowler, B Christopher Frueh, Benjamin L Weinstein, Joseph Petrosino, Alok Madan
BACKGROUND: Traumatic life events are associated with the development of psychiatric and chronic medical illnesses. This exploratory study examined the relationship between traumatic life events and the gut microbiota among adult psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: 105 adult psychiatric inpatients provided clinical data and a single fecal sample shortly after admission. A modified version of the Stressful Life Events Screening Questionnaire was used to quantify history of traumatic life events...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Affective Disorders
Yuan-Yuan Guo, Jing-Jing Gu, James Gaskin, Xue-Qin Yin, Yu-Han Zhang, Jin-Liang Wang
OBJECTIVES: Childhood maltreatment, cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERSs), and depression can be important in adolescents' Internet addiction. The current study aims to investigate the direct effect of childhood maltreatment on Internet addiction and its indirect effects via CERSs and depression. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 4091 adolescents (age M = 13.64, SD = 1.59; 48.9 % males) were recruited from a public school in China. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, participants completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire-Short version (CERQ-Short), the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and the Internet Addiction Test (IAT)...
March 16, 2023: Child Abuse & Neglect
Wenliang Gong, Xinyu Li, Yuliang Feng, Ming Ji, Dianjun Zhang, Binjie Chen, Siman Wang, Xiafang Wu, Lulu Cui, Baoman Li, Maosheng Xia
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is very common after exposure to trauma, mental stress or violence. Because objective biological markers for PTSD are lacking, exactly diagnosing PTSD is a challenge for clinical psychologists. In-depth research on the pathogenesis of PTSD is a key for solving this problem. In this work, we used male Thy1-YFP transgenic mice, in which neurons are fluorescently labeled, to research the effects of PTSD on neurons in vivo. We initially discovered that pathological stress associated with PTSD increased the activation of glycogen synthesis kinase-beta (GSK-3β) in neurons and induced the translocation of the transcription factor forkhead box-class O3a (FoxO3a) from the cytoplasm to the nucleus, which decreased the expression of uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) and increased mitochondrial production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to trigger neuronal apoptosis in the prefrontal cortex (PFC)...
March 6, 2023: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Travis S CreveCoeur, Nikita G Alexiades, Christopher M Bonfield, Douglas L Brockmeyer, Samuel R Browd, Jason Chu, Anthony A Figaji, Mari L Groves, Todd C Hankinson, David H Harter, Steven W Hwang, Andrew Jea, Steven G Kernie, Jeffrey R Leonard, Jonathan E Martin, Matthew E Oetgen, Alexander K Powers, Curtis J Rozzelle, David L Skaggs, Jennifer M Strahle, John C Wellons, Michael G Vitale, Richard C E Anderson
OBJECTIVE: The focus of this modified Delphi study was to investigate and build consensus regarding the medical management of children with moderate and severe acute spinal cord injury (SCI) during their initial inpatient hospitalization. This impetus for the study was based on the AANS/CNS guidelines for pediatric SCI published in 2013, which indicated that there was no consensus provided in the literature describing the medical management of pediatric patients with SCIs. METHODS: An international, multidisciplinary group of 19 physicians, including pediatric neurosurgeons, orthopedic surgeons, and intensivists, were asked to participate...
March 17, 2023: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Naomichi Makino
Intergenerational transmission of attachment is one of the core hypotheses of attachment theory. How parents or other caregivers look back on their childhood attachment experiences is suggested to shape their infants' attachments. In the current paper, we show that a new twist to correspondence analysis (Canonical Correlation Analysis [CCA]) of cross-tabulated attachment classifications with oblique rotation Correspondence Analysis (CA) may uncover the latent structure of intergenerational transmission showing the unique role of parental Unresolved representations in predicting infant Disorganized attachments...
March 18, 2023: Attachment & Human Development
David C Rubin, Carolyn F Bell
Tonic immobility (TI) is a phylogenetically conserved, passive, obligatory defense mechanism commonly engaged during sexual and physical assaults. During TI, people become immobile while remaining conscious and later reexperience intrusive memories of both their assault and of its accompanying immobility. Here we show that this well-studied biological process has powerful effects on memory and other processes. Participants had experienced either a serious sexual ( n  = 234) or physical ( n  = 137) assault...
March 18, 2023: Memory
M C Liebensteiner, A Ruzicka, M Hinz, H Leitner, A Harrasser, D Dammerer, M Krismer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical outcome of patients that underwent conversion of a medial unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) to a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and to compare that outcome to patients that underwent primary TKA. It was hypothesized that those groups would significantly differ in terms of knee score outcome and implant survival. METHODS: A retrospective-comparative study was conducted utilizing data from the Federal state's arthroplasty registry...
March 18, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Thomas Marcus Paulus Nijdam, Duco Willem Pieter Marie Laane, Tim Ellen Eloeska Schiepers, Diederik Pieter Johan Smeeing, Diederik Hendrik Ruth Kempen, Hanna Cunera Willems, Detlef van der Velde
PURPOSE: For geriatric hip fracture patients, the decision between surgery and palliative, non-operative management is made through shared decision making (SDM). For this conversation, a physician must be familiar with the patient's goals of care (GOC). These are predominantly unknown for hip fracture patients and challenging to assess in acute setting. The objective was to explore these GOC of geriatric patients in case of a hip fracture. METHODS: An expert panel gathered possible outcomes after a hip fracture, which were transformed into statements where participants indicated their relative importance on a 100-point scoring scale during interviews...
March 18, 2023: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Katherine Flannigan, Nancy Poole, Jocelynn Cook, Kathy Unsworth
BACKGROUND: Consideration of sex- and gender-related factors is critical for understanding and supporting health and wellbeing. Although both sex and gender influence people with developmental disabilities, there is relatively little research on these factors and their influences among individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), a complex neurodevelopmental disability impacting an estimated 4%-5% of the population. Understanding sex- and gender-related differences in FASD is needed to facilitate evidence-informed assessment, treatment planning, and advocacy...
March 18, 2023: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Syed Faraz Ul Hassan Shah Gillani, Sadaf Iftikhar, Ahmed Fayyaz Bajwa, Tauseef Ahmed Baloch
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of restless leg syndrome in patients with spinal cord injury using a consensus criterion. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from November 29, 2018, to February 28, 2021 at the departments of Neurology and Orthopaedic Surgery, King Edward Medical University, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, and comprised patients of either gender aged 18-80 years having spinal cord injuries. All the patients were interviewed using a 10-item questionnaire, and were assessed using the five-point consensus criteria of the International Restless Leg Syndrome Study Group...
March 2023: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Buse Sarigul, Randy S Bell, Randall M Chesnut, Sergio Aguilera, Andras Buki, Giuseppe Citerio, D James Cooper, Ramon R Diaz-Arrastia, Michael Diringer, Anthony Figaji, Guoyi Gao, Romer Geocadin, Jamshid Ghajar, Odette A Harris, Alan Hoffer, Peter John Hutchinson, Matthew Joseph, Ryan Seiji Kitagawa, Geoffrey T Manley, Stephan Mayer, David Menon, Geert Meyfroidt, Daniel Michael, Mauro Oddo, David O Okonkwo, Mayur B Patel, Claudia S Robertson, Jeffrey V Rosenfeld, Andres M Rubiano, Juan Sahuquillo, Franco Servadei, Lori Shutter, Deborah Stein, Nino Stocchetti, Fabio Taccone, Shelly Timmons, Eve Tsai, Jamie S Ullman, Paul M Vespa, Walter Videtta, David Wright, Christopher Zammit, Gregory Hawryluk
Best practice guidelines have advanced severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) care, however, little currently informs goals of care decisions and processes despite their importance and frequency. Panelists from the Seattle International severe traumatic Brain Injury Consensus Conference (SIBICC) participated in a survey consisting of 24 questions. Questions queried use of prognostic calculators, variability in and responsibility for goals of care decisions, acceptability of neurological outcomes as well as putative means of improving decisions which may limit care...
March 18, 2023: Journal of Neurotrauma
Patrick J Kellam, Zachary A Cutshall, Graham J Dekeyser, David L Rothberg, Thomas F Higgins, Justin M Haller, Lucas S Marchand
BACKGROUND: The time frame in which patients can expect functional improvement after open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of pilon fractures is unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine the trajectory and rate at which patients' physical function improves up to 2 years postinjury. METHODS: The patients studied sustained a unilateral, isolated pilon fractures (AO/OTA 43B/C) and followed at a level 1 trauma center over a 5-year period (2015-2020)...
March 17, 2023: Foot & Ankle International
Peter E Langdon, Jonathan I Bisson, Gemma Rogers, Sophie Swain, Steve Hiles, Alan Watkins, Paul Willner
AIMS: The International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ) is a novel assessment instrument that is aligned to the ICD-11 diagnoses of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD). The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an adapted version of the ITQ suitable for use by people with intellectual disabilities. METHODS: The ITQ-ID follows the original ITQ, using wording developed in collaboration with a focus group of people with intellectual disabilities The ITQ-ID was administered to 40 people with intellectual disabilities recruited from learning disability forensic and community settings, alongside a Trauma Information Form and the Impact of Event Scale-Intellectual Disabilities (IES-IDs)...
March 17, 2023: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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