Cathy Perry, Kimberly Alsbrooks, Alicia Mares, Klaus Hoerauf
BACKGROUND: A systematic literature review was performed to understand the prevalence, advantages, and disadvantages of blood collection using different approaches (direct venipuncture or vascular access devices), and interventions used to mitigate the disadvantages. METHODS: The review included a broad range of study designs and outcomes. Database searches (Embase, MEDLINE, Cochrane library, and Centre for Reviews and Dissemination) were conducted in March 2021 and supplemented by hand searching...
September 27, 2023: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
Joel Yager, Jerald Kay
Clinicians often encounter patients whose presentations are characterized by long lists of complaints about their biological, psychological, interpersonal, and social conditions. The problems on which the complaints are based are variably reality-based and variably modifiable. Some of these patients display chronic complaining as a core, distinguishing feature. Accordingly, the aims of this article are to consider excesses of chronic complaining as psychiatric phenomena, explore possible pathogenetic contributions, describe approaches for treating conditions marked by clinically pertinent chronic complaining, and suggest areas for future research...
October 3, 2023: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Timothy D Brewerton, Ismael Gavidia, Giulia Suro, Molly M Perlman
OBJECTIVE: Major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD) are commonly comorbid with eating disorders (EDs). However, there is limited data about the clinical features of such patients, especially their association with traumatic histories and PTSD, which occur commonly in patients admitted to residential treatment. METHODS: Adults (≥18 years, 91% female, n = 2155) admitted to residential ED treatment were evaluated upon admission for DSM-5 defined MDD and BD...
October 3, 2023: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Frederic Balen, Simon Routoulp, Sandrine Charpentier, Olivier Azema, Charles-Henri Houze-Cerfon, Xavier Dubucs, Dominique Lauque
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Emergency Department (ED) workload may lead to ED crowding and increased ED length of stay (LOS). ED crowding has been shown to be associated with adverse events and increasing mortality. We hypothesised that ED-LOS is associated with mortality. OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between ED-LOS and in-hospital mortality. DESIGN: Observational retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: From 1 January 2015 to 30 September 2018, all visits by patients aged 15 or older to one of the two ED at Toulouse University Hospital were screened...
October 2, 2023: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Kathryn Kieran
AIM: Examine frameworks of myth in the theory and treatment of sequalae of intimate and interpersonal traumas, often seen and experienced by practicing nurses. DESIGN: A discursive narrative review using a trauma-informed lens. METHODS: Review of existing frameworks using myth to understand or treat trauma. Due to limited literature from 1945 to 2023, a strategy akin to snowball sampling was used: exploration of source references, an unstructured interview, and a synthesis of existing approaches to interpersonal and intimate trauma...
October 3, 2023: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Priya Mallikarjuna, Saikat Goswami, Sandy Ma, Won Baik-Han, Kelly L Cervellione, Gagan Gulati, Lily Q Lew
Background: Acute appendicitis (AA) is the most common abdominal surgical emergency in children and adolescents. In the year immediately following the declaration of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO), there was a precipitous decline in emergency department (ED) visits especially for surgical conditions and infectious diseases. Fear of exposure to severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 infection resulted in delay in presentation and time to surgery, and a shift toward more conservative management...
September 2023: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Francisco Martín-Rodríguez, Ancor Sanz-García, Ana Benito Justel, Almudena Morales Sánchez, Cristina Mazas Perez Oleaga, Irene Delgado Noya, Irene Sánchez Soberón, Carlos Del Pozo Vegas, Juan F Delgado Benito, Raúl López-Izquierdo
Background: Prehospital emergency medical services (EMS) are the main gateway for trauma patients. Recent advances in point-of-care testing and the development of early warning scores have allowed EMS to improve patient classification. We aimed to identify patients presenting with major trauma involving life-saving interventions (LSI) using the modified Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (mSOFA) score in the prehospital scenario, and to compare these results with those of other trauma scores. Methods: This was a prospective, ambulance-based, multicenter, training-validation study in trauma patients who were treated in a prehospital setting and subsequently transported to a hospital...
September 2023: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
Andrew Milewski, Eliana Weinstein, Jacob Lurie, Annabel Lee, Faten Taki, Tara Pilato, Caroline Jedlicka, Gunisha Kaur
IMPORTANCE: Despite its prohibition by the United Nations Convention against Torture and other international treaties, torture has been perpetrated against countless individuals worldwide, and health care practitioners globally are increasingly encountering refugee torture survivors in their clinical practices. The methods, geographic distribution, and frequency of torture globally are not well described, which limits health care practitioners' ability to adequately diagnose and treat the sequelae of torture...
October 2, 2023: JAMA Network Open
Emel Genc, Joyce Baptist
Muslims in the USA experience unfair treatment and direct exposure to discriminatory acts because of their religion. Trauma stemming from discrimination can strengthen couples' relationships as they find solace in each other, or strain relationships if couples struggle to cope with the stress. This study examined the relationship between experiencing anti-Muslim hate and couples' interactional quality. Further, the role of open communication between partners in moderating the impact of anti-Muslim hate on couple interactions was examined...
October 3, 2023: Journal of Religion and Health
Matteo Bulloni, Francesco Manlio Gambaro, Katia Chiappetta, Guido Grappiolo, Valentina Corino, Mattia Loppini
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to develop artificial intelligence models for predicting hip implant failure from radiological features. Analyzing the evolution of the periprosthetic bone and implant's position throughout the entire follow-up period has shown the potential to be more relevant in outcome prediction than simply considering the latest radiographic images. Thus, we investigated an AI-based model employing a small set of evolutional parameters derived from conventional radiological features to predict hip prosthesis failure...
October 3, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Guilherme Guelfi Noffs, Lauro Augusto Veloso Costa
INTRODUCTION: Return to sport is an important measure of treatment success for athletes undergoing rotator cuff repair, which can be challenging in older athletes. The purpose of the present study was to systematically review and summarize the literature regarding the return to sport in athletes older than 35 years undergoing rotator cuff repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed following the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines...
October 3, 2023: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Saskia Malcorps, Nicole Vliegen, Patrick Luyten
Childhood adversity is a well-established risk factor for adolescent acting-out behaviors such as self-harm, bingeing, substance abuse, and aggressive behavior. From a mentalizing perspective, acting-out behaviors are understood as resulting from a combination of impairments in mentalizing and epistemic vigilance that are a consequence of childhood adversity. Yet, few studies have investigated these assumptions. The current study investigated the potential mediating role of mentalizing impairments and epistemic vigilance in the relationship between childhood adversity and acting-out behaviors in adolescents, oversampled for risk status for psychopathology (N = 451, mean age = 15...
October 3, 2023: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Ahmed Elhakim, Sunil Kim, Su-Jung Shin, Han-Sung Jung, Euiseong Kim
AIM: Limiting the incidence of resorption associated with delayed replantation of avulsed teeth is critical for long-term tooth survival. In this study, we assessed whether icariin, a natural product with anti-osteoclastic properties, could reduce root resorption in a rat model of tooth replantation. METHODOLOGY: Cytocompatibility of icariin (10, 20, 40 and 80 μM) was evaluated by CCK-8 proliferation assay in vitro, and an osteoclastogenesis assay was performed to evaluate the effect of icariin on the differentiation of rat bone marrow macrophages and human peripheral blood monocytes into tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-stained (TRAP+ ) multinucleated giant cells (MNGCs)...
October 3, 2023: International Endodontic Journal
Jocelyn C Anderson, Michelle D S Boakye, Jessica Draughon Moret
To explore patient and health care provider HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) decision making following sexual assault, semistructured interviews regarding HIV PEP provision with 15 patients and 10 health care providers were conducted. A qualitative, descriptive, thematic analysis approach was used. Four themes were derived: (a) medical concerns; (b) emotional, trauma, and support factors; (c) daily medication management; and (d) ensuring access to HIV PEP. How participants described these themes and the importance placed on factors within each theme varied between the two groups...
September 28, 2023: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
Amit S Nene, Sheetal Divate, Pushpanjali Ramteke, Pratik Shenoy, Smitesh Shah
BACKGROUND: Currently, vitrectomy is considered as the first line of treatment in the management of macular holes. Various surgical modalities have been described to obtain anatomical closure. However, there are still challenges when the hole is large and chronic (>400 microns) in nature. Here we describe a modified technique of internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling which results in the successful closure of such macular holes. PURPOSE: To demonstrate modified ILM flap techniques in management of chronic macular holes...
October 2023: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Sushmita G Shah, Riddhi Parmar, Gaurav Y Shah
BACKGROUND: Although flap-based laser refractive surgeries are being extensively performed worldwide, complications due to the flap may occur years after the procedure leading to severe vision-threatening complications. PURPOSE: To describe the management of a case of traumatic displacement of a LASIK flap performed 8 years earlier. SYNOPSIS: A 42-year-old male presented to us with complaints of decreased vision in his left eye following trauma with a toy gun sustained a day earlier...
October 2023: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Nishant Kumar, Ramasamy Sarvathikari, Venkatesh Jayaraman, Philips Mathew, Kumari Jyotsana
BACKGROUND: In post-mortem scenarios, often it is a very difficult process to establish a person's identity. Rugae are unique in that they are protected from trauma as they are insulated from heat by tongue and buccal pad of fat unlike fingerprint or lip print that is prone to destruction. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to compare the palatal rugae among people of different races. The sole objectives of the study were to assess the predominant pattern in the selected groups, reliability of rugae pattern in personal identification, to evaluate reliability of sex determination and to compare the total number of rugae on right and left sides of the palate among the males and females...
2023: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Mohammad Kamran Khan, Mahendra Kumar Jindal
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) have become the public dental health problem worldwide in children and adolescents. These injuries are complex and multifactorial in aetiology. This study was done with the aim to analyse the association of 'type of TDI' with its demographic and various predisposing factors in children by an advanced statistical method of machine learning (ML) of artificial intelligence (AI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study's data were gathered by conducting the observational cross-sectional study among index age-groups 12 and 15 years children of randomly selected schools of different geographical regions...
2023: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Francesco Simonit, Ugo Da Broi, Federica Angeli, Dario Innocenti, Lorenzo Desinan
The analysis of charred bodies represents a serious challenge for forensic pathologists, and an interdisciplinary approach is often the only way to determine the cause and manner of death. We present an unusual case in which the charred body of a 61-year-old man was found inside his burning vehicle. In order to determine cause and manner of death, an interdisciplinary team was employed, with experts in forensic pathology, forensic radiology, toxicology and fire investigations. Post-mortem computed tomography, autopsy and toxicology ruled out the presence of trauma injury and detected signs of vital exposure to fire and blood alcohol levels...
October 3, 2023: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Britta E Lindquist
Spreading depolarization (SD) is an electrochemical wave of neuronal depolarization mediated by extracellular K+ and glutamate, interacting with voltage-gated and ligand-gated ion channels. SD is increasingly recognized as a major cause of injury progression in stroke and brain trauma, where the mechanisms of SD-induced neuronal injury are intimately linked to energetic status and metabolic impairment. Here, I review the established working model of SD initiation and propagation. Then, I summarize the historical and recent evidence for the metabolic impact of SD, transitioning from a descriptive to a mechanistic working model of metabolic signaling and its potential to promote neuronal survival and resilience...
October 3, 2023: Journal of Neurochemistry
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