Adalberto Ochoa, Beatriz Mantese, Flavio Requejo
Cerebral proliferative angiopathy (CPA) is an infrequent vascular malformation. It is composed of a nidus, arterial feeders, and venous drainage. Some special features differentiate it from the common arteriovenous malformations (AVM). The nidus has normal cerebral tissue intermingled and occupies a large portion of the brain. There is a frequent transdural arterial supply. Arterial feeders and draining veins are of small caliber concerning the nidus size. Ischemic strokes are the most common clinical event...
May 6, 2021: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Margherita Lofrumento, Peppino Tropea, Michela Picardi, Paola Antoniotti, Silvestro Micera, Massimo Corbo, Vito Monaco
Post-stroke locomotion is usually characterized by asymmetrical gait patterns, compensatory movements of trunk and nonparetic limb, altered motor coordination, and wide inter-stride variability. This pilot study was designed to test a twofold hypothesis: post-stroke survivors can exploit the redundancy of the segmental angles to stabilize the 3D footpath trajectory during the swing phase, in accordance with the Uncontrolled Manifold (UCM) theory; an intense rehabilitative treatment improves both motor performance and outcomes of the UCM analysis...
May 6, 2021: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Rony Lenz-Alcayaga, Daniela Paredes-Fernández, Karla Hernández-Sánchez, Juan E Valencia-Zapata
Introduction: Several studies demonstrate the therapeutic superiority of thrombolysis plus mechanical thrombectomy versus thrombolysis alone to treat stroke. Objective: To analyze the cost-utility of thrombolysis plus mechanical thrombectomy versus thrombolysis in patients with ischemic stroke due to large vessel occlusion. Methods: Cost-utility analysis. The model used is blended: Decision Tree (first 90 days) and Markov in the long term, of seven health states based on a disease-specific scale, from the Chilean public insurance and societal perspective...
April 13, 2021: Medwave
Ryan Hanson, Peter Brown, Mary Temple-Cooper, McCallum Hoyt
We report a case of ischemic stroke in an apparently healthy 35-year-old gravida 2 para 1 who was treated with tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) 9 hours after vaginal delivery that resulted in severe hemorrhage. Limited data suggest use of thrombolytics in pregnancy is safe, but there is a paucity of evidence assessing their use immediately postpartum. We describe successful combination of tPA with endovascular mechanical thrombectomy (EMT) for treatment of postpartum stroke, which was followed by extensive uterine bleeding...
May 6, 2021: A&A Practice
Jian Shen, Ganglei Li, Yu Zhu, Qingsheng Xu, Hengjun Zhou, Kangli Xu, Kaiyuan Huang, Renya Zhan, Jianwei Pan
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage is a momentous pathological process of ischaemic stroke. NADPH oxidases 4 (NOX4) boosts BBB damage after ischaemic stroke and its expression can be influenced by microRNAs. This study aimed to probe into whether miR-92b influenced the BBB damage after ischaemic stroke by regulating NOX4 expression. Here, miR-92b expression was lessened in the ischaemic brains of rats and oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs). In middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) rats, miR-92b overexpression relieved the ameliorated neurological function and protected the BBB integrity...
May 6, 2021: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Alexander T Janke, Snigdha Jain, Ula Hwang, Mark Rosenberg, Kevin Biese, Sandra Schneider, Pawan Goyal, Arjun K Venkatesh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Emergency department (ED) visits have declined while excess mortality, not attributable to COVID-19, has grown. It is not known whether older adults are accessing emergency care differently from their younger counterparts. Our objective was to determine patterns of ED visit counts for emergent conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic for older adults. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study SETTING: Observational analysis of ED sites enrolled in a national clinical quality registry PARTICIPANTS: 164 ED sites in 33 states from January 1st , 2019 through November 15th , 2020...
May 6, 2021: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Han Wang, Xianming Cao, Xiaoqing Wen, Dongling Li, Yetong Ouyang, Bing Bao, Yuqin Zhong, Zhengfang Qin, Min Yin, Zhiying Chen, Xiaoping Yin
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has the highest mortality rate of all stroke subtypes but an effective treatment has yet to be clinically implemented. Transforming growth factor‑β1 (TGF‑β1) has been reported to modulate microglia‑mediated neuroinflammation after ICH and promote functional recovery; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Non‑coding RNAs such as microRNAs (miRNAs) and competitive endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) have surfaced as critical regulators in human disease. A known miR‑93 target, nuclear factor erythroid 2‑related factor 2 (Nrf2), has been shown to be neuroprotective after ICH...
July 2021: Molecular Medicine Reports
Matthew W McDonald, Angela Dykes, Matthew S Jeffers, Anthony Carter, Ralph Nevins, Allyson Ripley, Gergely Silasi, Dale Corbett
Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) is a noninvasive procedure whereby several periods of ischemia are induced in a limb. Although there is growing interest in using RIC to improve stroke recovery, preclinical RIC research has focused exclusively on neuroprotection, using male animals and the intraluminal suture stroke model, and delivered RIC at times not relevant to either brain repair or behavioral recovery. In alignment with the Stroke Recovery and Rehabilitation Roundtable, we address these shortcomings...
May 6, 2021: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Scott R DeBoer, Robert Hubbard, Mahlet Mersha, Gabriel Pinilla Monsalve, Stefan Winter, Steven R Zeiler
BACKGROUND: Motor recovery after stroke in humans and in rodent models is time sensitive. Recovery in patients is a result of biological spontaneous recovery via endogenous repair mechanisms and is likely improved by enhancing the synaptic plasticity required for endogenous repair. Cerebrolysin is a polypeptide preparation known to enhance neuroplasticity and may improve recovery in patients. In mice, we tested the hypothesis that Cerebrolysin can act poststroke to enhance both spontaneous and training-associated motor recovery...
May 6, 2021: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Fan Yang, Jitao Liu, Lyufan Chen, Ruixin Fan, Hongke Zeng, Qingshan Geng, Jianfang Luo
Lymphocyte-related blood parameters (LRBP), including neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio, and lymphocyte-monocyte ratio, could reflect a patient's overall inflammatory status. We aimed to clarify the association between preoperative LRBP and outcomes of type B aortic dissection (TBAD) patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). A total of 841 patients were enrolled from 2010 to 2017. Twenty-six (3.1%) patients died during hospitalization and 71 (8.7%) patients died after a median follow-up of 47...
May 6, 2021: Angiology
Michelle A King, Ian Rollo, Lindsay B Baker
Intestinal barrier integrity and function are compromised during exertional heat stress (EHS) potentially leading to consequences that range from minor gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances to fatal outcomes in exertional heat stroke or septic shock. This mini-review provides a concise discussion of nutritional interventions that may protect against intestinal permeability during EHS and suggests physiological mechanisms responsible for this protection. Although diverse nutritional interventions have been suggested to be protective against EHS-induced GI permeability, the ingestion of certain amino acids, carbohydrates, and fluid per se are potentially effective strategies, whereas evidence for various polyphenols and pre/probiotics is developing...
May 6, 2021: Journal of Applied Physiology
Kobina K Hagan, Zulqarnain Javed, Miguel Cainzos-Achirica, H Dirk Sostman, Farhaan S Vahidy, Javier Valero-Elizondo, Isaac Acquah, Tamer Yahya, Bita Kash, Julia D Andrieni, Prachi Dubey, Adnan A Hyder, Khurram Nasir
Background : Social determinants of health (SDOH) may limit the practice of COVID-19 risk mitigation guidelines with health implications for individuals with underlying cardiovascular disease (CVD). Population-based evidence of the association between SDOH and practicing such mitigation strategies in adults with CVD is lacking. We used the National Opinion Research Center's COVID-19 Household Impact Survey conducted between April and June 2020 to evaluate sociodemographic disparities in adherence to COVID-19 risk mitigation measures in a sample of respondents with underlying CVD representing 18 geographic areas of the United States (US)...
May 6, 2021: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Laura Rottner, Johannes Brachmann, Thorsten Lewalter, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Stephan Willems, Lars Eckardt, Matthias Hochadel, Dietrich Andresen, Jochen Senges, Andreas Rillig, Andreas Metzner
BACKGROUND: The impact of basic atrial rhythm (sinus rhythm (SR) vs atrial fibrillation (AF)) during AF ablation on efficacy and safety is unknown. METHODS: 3375 patients from the German Ablation Registry undergoing first-time AF ablation were divided according to the type of AF and the basic atrial rhythm during the ablation procedure: paroxysmal AF (PAF) and SR [group Ia], PAF and AF [group Ib]), persistent AF and SR (IIa) and persistent AF and AF (IIb). RESULTS: Patients in SR (n=2312 (67%)) underwent cryoballoon ablation more often (Ia vs Ib p=0...
May 5, 2021: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Hay-Yan J Wang
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) of lipids is considered one of the shotgun lipidomic techniques that explores the in situ distribution of lipids in tissue sections. To successfully perform this task, knowledge and experience in the conventional cryosection, tissue section collection and handling, and mass spectrometry data analysis and signal processing are needed. A MALDI-MSI protocol covering from the fresh organ collection, cryosection and tissue processing, matrix application, MSI data acquisition, to the final MSI display of lipid distribution in the brain section of an ischemic stroke rat is described to exemplify this technique...
2021: Methods in Molecular Biology
Tatjana Marinkovic, Dragan Marinkovic
MYC is well known as a potent oncogene involved in regulating cell cycle and metabolism. Augmented MYC expression leads to cell cycle dysregulation, intense cell proliferation, and carcinogenesis. Surprisingly, its increased expression in neurons does not induce their proliferation, but leads to neuronal cell death and consequent development of a neurodegenerative phenotype. Interestingly, while cancer and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease are placed at the opposite sides of cell division spectrum, both start with cell cycle dysregulation and stimulation of proliferation...
May 5, 2021: Molecular Neurobiology
Olga Igorevna Raykh, Alexei Nikolayevich Sumin, Ekaterina Victorovna Korok
BACKGROUND: Type D personality is accompanied by a set of negative behavioral patterns: low physical activity, high levels of psychological distress, low adherence to treatment. However, studies regarding predictive value of the type D personality remain inconclusive: the results varied depending on the examined cohort, age, and ethnicity. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of type D personality on the 5-year prognosis in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in Russian population...
May 6, 2021: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jingang Xu, Guofeng Xu, Junkang Fang
Copper as an essential trace element is hypothesized to be involved in stroke risk. However, the evidence for associations between copper and stroke risk factors such as lipid levels has been mixed. This study aimed to examine the relationships between serum copper and lipid levels among 3425 participants aged 20 years and older from the 2011-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Data on administered questionnaires, serum copper concentrations, and lipid levels (total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL cholesterol) were used...
May 5, 2021: Biological Trace Element Research
Wanfeng Wu, Yihang Sun, Ning Luo, Cheng Cheng, Chengting Jiang, Qingping Yu, Shaowu Cheng, Jinwen Ge
Gut microbiome and plasma metabolome serve a role in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke (IS). However, the relationship between the microbiota and metabolites remains unclear. This study aimed to reveal the specific asso-ciation between the microbiota and the metabolites in IS using integrated 16S rRNA gene sequencing and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis. Male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were divided into three groups: normal group (n = 8, Normal), model group (n = 9, IS), and sham-operated group (n = 8, Sham)...
May 6, 2021: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Yue Lu, Jie-Ji Zhao, Meng-Fan Ye, Hong-Mei Li, Fei-Rong Yao, Yan Kong, Zhuan Xu
OBJECTIVE: We aim to determine the risk of acute ischemic stroke in patients with severe and non-severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases until October 28, 2020. Studies covering COVID-19's severity classification data and COVID-19 patients with acute ischemic stroke were included. Two independent evaluators extracted data, and the random effects model was used to calculate the risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of acute ischemic stroke associated with COVID-19's severity...
May 5, 2021: Neurological Sciences
Astrid M Suchy-Dicey, Ying Zhang, Sterling McPherson, Katherine R Tuttle, Barbara Howard, Jason Umans, Dedra S Buchwald
BACKGROUND: Rapid kidney decline is associated with mortality and cardiovascular disease, even in the absence of chronic kidney disease. American Indians (AI) have particularly high burden of kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, and stroke. This study aims to examine extreme loss in glomerular function in this population in association with clinical outcomes. METHODS: The Strong Heart Study, a large longitudinal cohort of adult AI participants, collected plasma creatinine at 3 examination visits between 1989-1999...
January 28, 2021: Kidney360
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