Jenni Andersson, Britt-Marie Stålnacke, Ann Sörlin, Gustaf Magaard, Xiaolei Hu
BACKGROUND: The long-term impact of transient ischaemic attack is largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term perceived impact of transient ischaemic attack and explore the influence of sex and age on these perceptions; and to evaluate the relationships between activities of daily living, participation and overall recovery, and the other domains of the Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 (SIS). METHODS: A retrospective study among adult community-dwelling individuals from 6 months up to 10 years after onset of transient ischaemic attack...
March 3, 2021: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Jamie L R Romeo, Grigorios Papageorgiou, Francisco F D da Costa, Hans H Sievers, Ad J J C Bogers, Ismail El-Hamamsy, Peter D Skillington, Rochelle Wynne, Stefano Mastrobuoni, Gebrine El Khoury, Johanna J M Takkenberg, Mostafa M Mokhles
Importance: There is no ideal valve substitute for young adults requiring aortic valve replacement. Multicenter data supporting use of the Ross procedure with respect to long-term postoperative valve-related mortality and reintervention, as well as function of the autograft and pulmonary homograft, are needed. Objective: To determine the long-term clinical and echocardiographic outcomes in young and middle-aged patients undergoing the Ross procedure. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective multicenter international cohort study with a median follow-up period of 9...
March 3, 2021: JAMA Cardiology
Bojan Djokic, Grégoire Girod, Maxime Tapponnier, Raluca Alexe, Christophe Sierro
In daily practice, ischemia of embolic origin is frequent. The clinical spectrum can range from minor ischemia to stroke or myocardial infarction. This article summarizes the common etiologies of a cardioembolic event, such as atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter, presence of a patent foramen ovale or intracardiac masses (endocarditis, thrombi or tumors). This paper aims to serve as a short repository of information to guide every physician might need to initiate the diagnostic investigations and therapy according to recent recommendations...
March 3, 2021: Revue Médicale Suisse
Suzete Nascimento Farias DA Guarda, João Pedro Souza Santos, Mariana Sampaio Motta Reis, Rogério da Hora Passos, Luis Claúdio Correia, Juliana Ribeiro Caldas, André Luiz Nunes Gobatto, Maurício Teixeira, Adelmo Oliveira, Michel Pordeus Ribeiro, Paulo Benigno Pena Batista, Marcelo Calderaro, Fernando Paschoal Junior, Octávio Marques Pontes-Neto, João Gabriel Rosa Ramos
BACKGROUND: Simulations are becoming widely used in medical education, but there is little evidence of their effectiveness on neurocritical care. Because acute stroke is a neurological emergency demanding prompt attention, it is a promising candidate for simulation training. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a stroke realistic simulation course on clinicians' self-perception of confidence in the management of acute stroke. METHODS: We conducted a controlled, before-after study...
January 2021: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
M Julia Machline-Carrion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2021: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Mustafa Ahmet Huyut, Aylin Hatice Yamac
BACKGROUND: Coronary no-reflow phenomenon (CNP) is associated with an increased risk of major cardiovascular adverse events (MACE). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum Kidney Injury Molecule-1 (KIM-1) levels and CNP in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: This study included a total of 160 patients (113 males and 47 females; mean age: 61.65±12.14 years) who were diagnosed with STEMI...
February 2021: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Xuming Huang, Liming Cao
RATIONALE: Severe hypofibrinogenemia after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is rare and easily overlooked, but hypofibrinogenemia increases the risk of major bleeding. However, it is unclear when hypofibrinogenemia reaches the peak and when hypofibrinogenemia is resolved. PATIENT CONCERNS: Case 1 was of a 66-year-old man who was hospitalized due to sudden onset of vague speech and right hemiplegia for 4 hours...
March 5, 2021: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hongyan Yang, Yuanyuan Chen, Jianmiao Wang, Hui Wei, Yanqin Chen, Jingfen Jin
In patients with ischemic stroke, activities of daily living were used as an outcome indicator, and correct assessment is very important. We sought to examine the reliability and validity of the modified Barthel Index as an evaluation tool of activities of daily living in ischemic stroke patients by applying the Rasch analysis.We used a prospectively collected cohort of ischemic stroke patients in the department of neurology. Rasch analysis was used for evaluating the reliability and validity of the modified Barthel Index...
March 5, 2021: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jin-Hyuck Park
BACKGROUND: Even though a variety of rehabilitative technique have been implemented to ameliorate neglect symptoms of patients with stoke, the effects of limb activation using a robotic device are still unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the robot-assisted hand training on hemispatial neglect of older patients with chronic stroke. METHODS: The participants were randomly allocated to the experimental group (EG) receiving robot-assisted left-hand training (n = 12) or the control group (CG) receiving conventional treatments for neglect symptoms (n = 12)...
March 5, 2021: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xiaofan Xue, Heng Zhou, Lichun Zhou
RATIONALE: Capsular warning syndrome (CWS) is a term to describe stereotyped lacunar transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). Patients with CWS are at high risk of developing completed stroke. However, the exact pathophysiology of CWS is still unclear, and there is no conclusive clinical strategy for CWS patients. PATIENT SYMPTOMS: Two cases of middle-aged men with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes mellitus presented with fluctuating right-sided weakness, numbness, and dysarthria...
March 5, 2021: Medicine (Baltimore)
Camila L A Gomes, Roberta O Cacho, Viviane T B Nobrega, Fabio Galvão, Denise S de Araújo, Ana Loyse de S Medeiros, Emanoelle C V Silva, Rodrigo L Barreto, Enio W A Cacho
INTRODUCTION: To facilitate the command to the learner, therapist can use verbal cues for guidance: internal focus (own body) and external focus (consequence of movement in the environment). OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of different attentional focus on upper limb motor performance in post-stroke. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial with 2 groups. Study realized at Integrated Clinic of the Faculty of Health Science at Trairi (Santa Cruz, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil)...
March 5, 2021: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shuai Liu, Dong Zhao, Miao Wang, Yue Qi, Jia-Yi Sun, Jun Liu, Yan Li, Jing Liu
BACKGROUND: Cumulative blood pressure (BP), a measure incorporating the level and duration of BP exposure, is associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the level at which cumulative BP could significantly increase the risk remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association of 15-year cumulative BP levels with the long-term risk of CVD, and to examine whether the association is independent of BP levels at one examination. METHODS: Data from a 26-year follow-up of the Chinese Multi-provincial Cohort Study-Beijing Project were analyzed...
March 1, 2021: Chinese Medical Journal
Adel Hajj Ali, Nour Younis, Rola Abdallah, Farah Shaer, Ali Dakroub, Mohammed Ayoub, Rabah Iratni, Hadi Mohamad Yassine, Kazem Zibara, Alexander Orekhov, Ahmed Fawzy El-Yazbi, Ali Eid
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the primary cause of global morbidity and mortality. CVD includes various life-threatening conditions such as myocardial infarction, stroke and peripheral arterial diseases. In this context, atherosclerosis continues to play the principal role in the pathogenesis of these conditions. Atherosclerosis emanates from a set of modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors that include age, male gender, family history, obesity, smoking, diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Recent evidence classifies atherosclerosis as a latent disease affecting all-sized arteries with a predilection for arterial branching points of decreased or absent blood supply...
February 21, 2021: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Stelios G Psycharakis, Helen Soultanakis, José María González Ravé, Giorgios P Paradisis
The present study focused on propulsive forces applied during tethered swimming. The main aims were to identify asymmetries between dominant and non-dominant arms, quantify the effect of breathing on force application and, explore any association between each variable and swimming performance. Fifteen regional level swimmers completed a maximal front crawl tethered swimming test, with maximal kicking, under four conditions: 1) Dominant arm strokes only, no breathing; 2) non-dominant arm strokes only, no breathing; 3) full stroke, no breathing; 4) full stroke, breathing on the preferred side...
March 3, 2021: Sports Biomechanics
Emilia Ambrosini, Giulio Gasperini, Johannes Zajc, Nancy Immick, Andreas Augsten, Mauro Rossini, Roberto Ballarati, Micheal Russold, Simona Ferrante, Giancarlo Ferrigno, Maria Bulgheroni, Walter Baccinelli, Thomas Schauer, Constantin Wiesener, Margit Gfoehler, Markus Puchinger, Mathias Weber, Sebastian Weber, Alessandra Pedrocchi, Franco Molteni, Karsten Krakow
BACKGROUND: Robotic systems combined with Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) showed promising results on upper-limb motor recovery after stroke, but adequately-sized randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are still missing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether arm training supported by RETRAINER, a passive exoskeleton integrated with electromyograph-triggered functional electrical stimulation, is superior to advanced conventional therapy (ACT) of equal intensity in the recovery of arm functions, dexterity, strength, activities of daily living, and quality of life after stroke...
March 3, 2021: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Manuel Jonas Richter, Steven Hsu, Athiththan Yogeswaran, Faeq Husain-Syed, István Vadász, Hossein Ardeschir Ghofrani, Robert Naeije, Sebastian Harth, Friedrich Grimminger, Werner Seeger, Henning Gall, Ryan Tedford, Khodr Tello
Right ventricular (RV) function determines outcome in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). RV pressure-volume loops - the gold standard for measuring RV function - are difficult to analyze. Our aim was to investigate whether simple assessments of RV pressure-volume loop morphology and RV systolic pressure differential reflect PAH severity and RV function. We analyzed multi-beat RV pressure-volume loops (obtained by conductance catheterization with preload reduction) in 77 patients with PAH and 15 patients without pulmonary hypertension in two centers...
March 3, 2021: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Yong Joon Lee, Seung Jun Lee, Sung Jin Hong, Chi Young Shim, Chul Min Ahn, Jung Sun Kim, Byeong Keuk Kim, Geu Ru Hong, Young Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Yangsoo Jang, Myeong Ki Hong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has been reported as a good alternative for surgical aortic valve replacement in patients with small aortic annulus. Head-to-head comparisons of different transcatheter aortic valves in these patients are insufficient. We compared the outcomes after TAVR between two different types of recent transcatheter aortic valves (self-expanding vs. balloon-expandable) in patients with small aortic annulus. METHODS: A total of 70 patients with severe aortic stenosis and small annulus (mean diameter ≤23 mm or minimal diameter ≤21 mm on computed tomography) underwent TAVR with either a self-expanding valve with supra-annular location (n=45) or a balloon-expandable valve with intra-annular location (n=25)...
March 2021: Korean Circulation Journal
Abhilash Perisetti, Hemant Goyal
Telemedicine involves delivering healthcare and preventative care services to patients without the need for in-person encounters. Traditionally, telemedicine has been used for acute events (e.g., stroke, used to relay essential information to the emergency department) and chronic disease management (e.g., diabetes and chronic kidney disease management). Though the utilization of telemedicine in gastroenterology and hepatology has been modest at best, especially for inflammatory bowel diseases and chronic liver disease management, since the onset of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, utilization of telemedicine in gastroenterology increased by 4000% in the first two weeks, equivalent to the last six years of growth before the pandemic...
March 3, 2021: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Tariq Suleiman, Alexander Scott, David Tong, Vikram Khanna, Vijay Kunadian
Despite advances in the overall management of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), cardiogenic shock in the setting of AMI (CS-AMI) continues to be associated with poor patient outcomes. There are multiple devices that can be used in CS-AMI to support the failing circulation, although their utility in improving outcomes as compared with conventional pharmacotherapy of vasopressors and inotropes remains to be established. This contemporary review provides an update on the evidence base for each of these techniques...
March 3, 2021: Heart Failure Reviews
Evan M White, James C Coons
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to examine the safety and effectiveness of direct oral anticoagulants and provide recommendations for the treatment of venous thromboembolism and atrial fibrillation in obese patients, elderly patients, and patients with chronic kidney disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple retrospective cohort studies have shown no difference in bleeding, stroke, or venous thromboembolism outcomes between DOACs and warfarin in patients who are obese, elderly, or those with chronic kidney disease or on dialysis...
March 2, 2021: Current Cardiology Reports
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