Henrike Gbinigie, Louise Coats, Jehill D Parikh, Kieren G Hollingsworth, Lian Gan
OBJECTIVE: In this paper we elucidate the asymmetric flow pattern and the haemodynamic quantity distributions and correlations in the pulmonary artery (PA) vasculature in healthy adults having structurally normal hearts, to provide reference on the flow characteristics in the PA and the right ventricle. APPROACH: Velocity data are acquired non-invasively from 18 healthy volunteers by 4D-Flow magnetic resonance imaging, resolved to 20 phases with spatial resolution 3×3×3 mm3 ...
January 22, 2021: Physiological Measurement
Daniel Gebrezgiabhier, Yang Liu, Adithya S Reddy, Evan Davis, Yihao Zheng, Albert J Shih, Aditya S Pandey, Luis E Savastano
OBJECTIVE: Endovascular removal of emboli causing large vessel occlusion (LVO)-related stroke utilizing suction catheter and/or stent retriever technologies or thrombectomy is a new standard of care. Despite high recanalization rates, 40% of stroke patients still experience poor neurological outcomes as many cases cannot be fully reopened after the first attempt. The development of new endovascular technologies and techniques for mechanical thrombectomy requires more sophisticated testing platforms that overcome the limitations of phantom-based simulators...
January 22, 2021: Journal of Neurosurgery
Christine Park, Lefko T Charalambous, Zidanyue Yang, Syed M Adil, Sarah E Hodges, Hui-Jie Lee, Laura Zitella Verbick, Aaron R McCabe, Shivanand P Lad
OBJECTIVE: Nontraumatic, primary intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) accounts for 2 million strokes worldwide annually and has a 1-year survival rate of 50%. Recent studies examining functional outcomes from ICH evacuation have been performed, but limited work has been done quantifying the incidence of subsequent complications and their healthcare economic impact. The purpose of this study was to quantify the incidence and healthcare resource utilization (HCRU) for major complications that can arise from ICH...
January 22, 2021: Journal of Neurosurgery
Sina Mehraban-Far, James Alrassi, Rushil Patel, Verdah Ahmad, Nicholas Browne, Wai Lam, Yujie Jiang, Nathaniel Barber, Melissa Mortensen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of age and underlying comorbid conditions on swallowing in elderly patients with dysphagia. METHODS: Charts of consecutive patients aged >64 studied by Videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) between 2010 and 2018 at our institution were reviewed (n = 731). Patients were categorized based on age into young old (aged 65-74), older old (aged 75-84) and oldest old (aged 85+). The underlying comorbidities and VFSS results were compared between different age groups...
January 4, 2021: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Asya Izraelit Wallach, Maria J Borja, Duan Chen, Rachel Eisenberg, Yasha S Modi, Cen Zhang, Timothy M Shepherd, Avindra Nath, Bryan Smith, Jose U Scher, Catherine Cho, Ilya Kister
Recurrent episodes of neurological dysfunction and white matter lesions in a young adult raise suspicion for multiple sclerosis (MS). However, occlusive retinopathy, hearing loss and absence of CSF oligoclonal bands are atypical for MS and should make the clinician consider an alternative diagnosis. We describe a man with hearing loss, visual signs and symptoms, and an accumulating burden of brain lesions, who was treated for a clinical diagnosis of MS for nearly two decades. Genetic testing revealed a unifying diagnosis...
January 19, 2021: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Jessica Lovelace, Obadeh Shabaneh, Noah De La Cruz, Damilola R Owoade, Chike C Nwabuo, Nandini Nair, Duke Appiah
OBJECTIVES: Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is associated with complications such as cerebrovascular diseases (CEVD) as well as septicemia which is often preventable. With their use increasing in the U.S., identifying patients with LVAD who are at high risk for short-term mortality is essential for targeted effective patient management strategies to prevent adverse outcomes. We investigated the individual and joint association of CEVD and septicemia with the risk of in-hospital mortality in patients with LVAD in the U...
January 19, 2021: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Fu-Quan Fang, Xian-Hui Kang, Xiao-Hong Wen, Hai-Ying Kong
Several cases have been reported of patients who experienced cerebral infarction following thoracoscope left lobectomy. Compared with right lung surgery, the pulmonary veins stump after left lobe surgery were longer and thrombosis was more likely. Besides, cases of cerebral infarction after right lung surgery are rarely reported. Left lobectomy is therefore considered as the main risk factor for postoperative cerebral infarction. However, here we report four cases of cerebral infarction after thoracoscopic wedge or segment resection of right lobe, which cause less damage to the pulmonary vein compared with lobectomy...
January 19, 2021: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Lillie Tien, Dan-Victor Giurgiutiu, Erin F Switzer, Jeffrey A Switzer
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the occurrence of ischemic stroke after blunt cerebrovascular injuries and discuss the neurologist's role in preventing and managing ischemic strokes in this trauma population. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed and included data from 2016 to 2019 from a Level I trauma center. Demographics, injury mechanism, ischemic stroke occurrence, interventions, and neurology consultations were examined and descriptive statistics were utilized to characterize the nature of ischemic strokes and their management...
January 19, 2021: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Layne Dylla, Paco S Herson, Sharon N Poisson, John D Rice, Adit A Ginde
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia, the most common post-acute ischemic stroke (AIS) infection, accounts for up to 30% of deaths after a stroke. Multiple chronic inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and inflammatory bowel disease, are associated with increased risk of stroke and stroke morbidity. This study assessed the relationship between chronic inflammatory diseases and stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP). METHODS: Using data from the 2015-2017 National Inpatient Sample, we classified hospital discharges with a diagnosis of AIS as having ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus, other chronic inflammatory diseases, multiple chronic inflammatory diseases, or none...
January 19, 2021: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Akseli Leino, Sami Nikkonen, Samu Kainulainen, Henri Korkalainen, Juha Töyräs, Sami Myllymaa, Timo Leppänen, Salla Ylä-Herttuala, Susanna Westeren-Punnonen, Anu Muraja-Murro, Pekka Jäkälä, Esa Mervaala, Katja Myllymaa
Current diagnostics of sleep apnea relies on the time-consuming manual analysis of complex sleep registrations, which is impractical for routine screening in hospitalized patients with a high probability for sleep apnea, e.g. those experiencing acute stroke or transient ischemic attacks (TIA). To overcome this shortcoming, we aimed to develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) capable of estimating the severity of sleep apnea in acute stroke and TIA patients based solely on the nocturnal oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) signal...
December 31, 2020: Sleep Medicine
Keerat Rai Ahuja, Salik Nazir, Vardhmaan Jain, Toshiaki Isogai, Anas M Saad, Beni R Verma, Shashank Shekhar, Ravi Kumar, Ehab A Eltahawy, John E Madias
BACKGROUND: Previous small-scale studies have reported conflicting findings regarding the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and its association with outcomes in patients with takotsubo syndrome (TTS) OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the prevalence of DM and its association with outcomes in TTS patients. METHODS: Nationwide inpatient sample (NIS) was queried to extract patient information from January 1, 2009 to September 30, 2015. Propensity score matching (PSM) was done to compare mortality and other in-hospital outcomes...
January 19, 2021: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
Soonil Kwon, Tae Jung Kim, Eue-Keun Choi, Hyo-Jeong Ahn, Euijae Lee, So-Ryoung Lee, Sang-Bae Ko, Seil Oh, Gregory Y H Lip
BACKGROUND: The predictors of ischemic stroke in 'low-risk' patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) (CHA2 DS2 -VASc score 0 in men or 1 in women) are debated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the factors associated with ischemic stroke in 'low-risk' AF patients. Imaging characteristics of their ischemic strokes were also evaluated. METHODS: This was a matched case-control study conducted at a single tertiary institution. We identified 44 patients with de novo ischemic stroke, and incidentally found AF with low-risk CHA2 DS2 -VASc scores...
January 19, 2021: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Francesca Tozzi, Grazia Rutigliano, Marco Borsò, Chiara Falcicchia, Riccardo Zucchi, Nicola Origlia
Abnormalities in thyroid hormones (TH) availability and/or metabolism have been hypothesized to contribute to Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to be a risk factor for stroke. Recently, 3-iodothyronamine (T1 AM), an endogenous amine putatively derived from TH metabolism, gained interest for its ability to promote learning and memory in the mouse. Moreover, T1 AM has been demonstrated to rescue the β-Amyloid dependent LTP impairment in the entorhinal cortex (EC), a brain area crucially involved in learning and memory and early affected during AD...
January 19, 2021: Neurobiology of Disease
Mengjie Jia, Xue Yang, Tianhui Yang, Xinyang Deng, Jia Liang, Jing Bi, Peng Wang
Glycosyltransferases are enzymes that catalyze the formation of a variety of glycoconjugates. Glycoconjugates play vital roles in the nervous system. β-1, 3-Galactosyltransferase 2 (B3galt2) is one of the major types of glycosyltransferases, which has not been reported in ischemia induced-brain injury. The purpose of this study was to explore the role of B3galt2 exerts and its underlying mechanism in cerebral ischemia in mice. Wild-type (WT) and heterozygous B3galt2 knockout (B3galt2-/+ ) mice were subjected to 90 min transient focal cerebral ischemia by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)...
January 19, 2021: Brain Research Bulletin
Aristeidis H Katsanos, Apostolos Safouris, Stavros Nikolakopoulos, Dimitris Mavridis, Nitin Goyal, Marios N Psychogios, Georgios Magoufis, Christos Krogias, Luciana Catanese, Brian Van Adel, Guy Raphaeli, Amrou Sarraj, Marios Themistocleous, Evangelia Kararizou, Guillaume Turc, Adam Arthur, Andrei V Alexandrov, Georgios Tsivgoulis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Independent randomized-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) provided robust evidence for endovascular treatment (EVT) as the standard of care treatment for acute large vessel occlusions in the anterior circulation. We examined available studies specific to posterior cerebral circulation ischemic strokes to see if any conclusions can be drawn regarding endovascular treatment options. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search to identify studies evaluating the safety and efficacy of EVT versus standard medical treatment for patients with acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO)...
January 22, 2021: European Journal of Neurology
Li-Juan Jie, Melanie Kleynen, Kenneth Meijer, Anna Beurskens, Susy Braun
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians may use implicit or explicit motor learning approaches to facilitate motor learning of patients with stroke. Implicit motor learning approaches have shown promising results in healthy populations. The purpose of this study was to assess whether an implicit motor learning walking intervention is more effective compared to an explicit motor learning walking intervention delivered at home with regard to walking speed in people after stroke in the chronic phase of recovery...
January 22, 2021: Physical Therapy
Bryant A Seamon, Steven A Kautz, Craig A Velozo
OBJECTIVE: Administrative burden often prevents clinical assessment of balance confidence in people with stroke. A computerized adaptive test (CAT) version of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC CAT) can dramatically reduce this burden. The objective of this study was to test balance confidence measurement precision and efficiency in people with stroke with an ABC CAT. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional simulation study with data from 406 adults approximately 2-months post-stroke in the Locomotor-Experience Applied Post-Stroke (LEAPS) trial...
January 22, 2021: Physical Therapy
Jamie L De Revere, Rasmus D Clausen, Todd A Astorino
Data obtained in primarily Caucasian (C) and African American adults show that ethnicity does not mediate responsiveness to exercise training. It is unknown if Hispanics (H), who face elevated health risks and are less active than C, exhibit a similar response to exercise training. This study compared cardiorespiratory and hemodynamic responses to high intensity interval training (HIIT) between C and H women. Twelve C and ten H women ages 19-35 yr who were non-obese and inactive completed nine sessions of HIIT over a 3 wk period...
2021: PloS One
Tomas Vilimovsky, Peii Chen, Kristyna Hoidekrova, Jakub Petioky, Pavel Harsa
Spatial neglect (SN) is a common cognitive disorder after brain injury. Prism adaptation treatment (PAT) is one of the promising interventions for SN albeit inconsistent results from previous studies. We carried out a comparison intervention (PAT vs. Sham) and aimed to evaluate the efficacy of PAT on visuospatial symptoms of SN in an inpatient rehabilitation setting that offered a highly intensive comprehensive brain injury rehabilitation program. A total of 34 patients with moderate-to-severe SN secondary to stroke or traumatic brain injury were randomized to the PAT group and the Sham group (an active control group)...
2021: PloS One
F A Panizzolo, S Cimino, E Pettenello, A Belfiore, N Petrone, G Marcolin
Severe neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease or multiple sclerosis and acute events like stroke, spinal cord injuries or other related pathologies have been shown to negatively impact the central and peripheral nervous systems, thus causing severe impairments to mobility. The development and utilisation of exoskeletons as rehabilitation devices has shown good potential for improving patients' gait function. Ten older adults (age: 68.9 ± 9.2 yrs; height: 1.65 ± 0.08 m. mass: 71.6 ± 11.0 kg) affected by neurological diseases impacting their gait function completed a 10-session gait training protocol where they walked for 10 minutes wearing a passive exoskeleton assisting hip flexion, namely Exoband...
January 22, 2021: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
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