Bao N Nguyen, Sumeer Singh, Laura E Downie, Allison M McKendrick
BACKGROUND: Migraine is underdiagnosed and undertreated. Optometrists are primary eye care providers, who regularly encounter people with migraine as an incidental finding during routine eye examinations, or when patients present to rule out whether visual or ocular problems are contributing to headache symptoms. Knowledge and use of a migraine screening tool in optometric practice is, therefore, important to be able to identify and refer people with migraine for appropriate management...
August 7, 2020: Headache
Jennifer W McVige, Rebecca M Hogan, Clayton M Shanahan, Diane L Amend, Shawn M Ferger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of a single 50-mg oral dose of diclofenac potassium for oral solution (OS) in a pediatric cohort with a diagnosis of episodic migraine; the 3-month safety trial following an outpatient dosing period was also evaluated. BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents often experience migraine pain that is poorly controlled, which may affect their emotional and psychological well-being. Diclofenac potassium for OS is approved for the treatment of migraine with aura (MWA) or migraine without aura (MWoA) in adults 18 years of age or older...
August 7, 2020: Headache
Siriporn Wongsiriroj, Elisabetta Grillo, Sabrina Levi, Ronald Zielman, Elia Lahouiri, Marco Marchina, Marco Pedrazzoli, Matias Ferraris
INTRODUCTION: The parent study was a survey in 28 headache centers (6 countries) which identified five potential root causes for long waiting lists that limit patient access to specialist care. Here we performed an extension of the parent study to increase the panel of centers contacted, the representativeness of the analysis, and the statistical validity of the results, and to explore the role of dedicated headache clinics, triage, and specialized nurses. METHODS: We conducted a 19-question survey using a sample of 239 headache centers (16 countries)...
August 7, 2020: Neurology and Therapy
Ilaria Baldelli, Maria Lucia Mangialardi, Edoardo Raposio
Background: Auriculotemporal nerve is demonstrated to contribute to migraine pain in temporal area. In particular, its relationship with the superficial temporal artery in the soft tissues superficial to the temporal parietal fascia has attracted researchers' attention for many decades. The objective of this review was to explore whether site V nerve surgical decompression is effective for pain relief in temporal area. Methods: A literature search, according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines, was conducted to evaluate the surgical treatment of auriculotemporal migraine...
June 2020: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Abdelrahman Alashqar, Sameera Shuaibi, Samar Farouk Ahmed, Hawraa AlThufairi, Shaikhah Owayed, Fajer AlHamdan, Raed Alroughani, Jasem Yousef Al-Hashel
Background: The prevalence of primary headaches in the pediatric population is shaped by many factors, of which pubertal status may possibly play a substantial role. Epidemiological studies in the pediatric population in the gulf region remain scarce. Aims and objectives: To examine the impact of puberty on the prevalence of primary headache disorders among female schoolchildren in Kuwait. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study that included Kuwaiti primary and middle schoolgirls in randomly selected schools located in two governorates in Kuwait during the academic year 2018/2019...
2020: Frontiers in Neurology
Akihiro Shindo, Ken-Ichi Tabei, Akira Taniguchi, Hiroaki Nozaki, Osamu Onodera, Akihiko Ueda, Yukio Ando, Takao Urabe, Kazumi Kimura, Kazuo Kitagawa, Haruo Hanyu, Teruyuki Hirano, Hideaki Wakita, Hidenao Fukuyama, Tatsuo Kagimura, Yoshihiro Miyamoto, Misa Takegami, Satoshi Saito, Akiko Watanabe-Hosomi, Ikuko Mizuta, Masafumi Ihara, Toshiki Mizuno, Hidekazu Tomimoto
Objectives: Clinical characteristics of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) include migraine, recurrent stroke, white matter lesions, and vascular dementia. CADASIL is one of the most common hereditary cerebral small vessel diseases. Clinical presentation of CADASIL varies and a racial gap may exist between the Asian and Caucasian populations. This is the first nationwide epidemiological survey which aimed to elucidate the clinical features of CADASIL in Japan...
2020: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Rubén Roy, Rocío de la Vega, Mark P Jensen, Jordi Miró
Background: Chronic pain is a significant global health issue. For most individuals with chronic pain, biomedical treatments do not provide adequate relief. Given the evidence that neurophysiological abnormalities are associated with pain, it is reasonable to consider treatments that target these factors, such as neurofeedback (NF). The primary objectives of this review were to summarize the current state of knowledge regarding: (1) the different types of NF and NF protocols that have been evaluated for pain management; (2) the evidence supporting each NF type and protocol; (3) if targeted brain activity changes occur with NF training; and (4) if such brain activity change is associated with improvements on treatment outcomes...
2020: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Georgios Tsokolas, Konstantinos T Tsaousis, Vasilios F Diakonis, Artemis Matsou, Straton Tyradellis
Background: Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) has emerged as a novel, fast, safe and non-invasive imaging technique of analyzing the retinal and choroidal microvasculature in vivo. OCT-A captures multiple sequential B-scans performed repeatedly over a specific retinal area at high speed, thus enabling the composition of a vascular map with areas of contrast change (high flow zones) and areas of steady contrast (slow or no flow zones). It therefore provides unique insight into the exact retinal or choroidal layer and location at which abnormal blood flow develops...
2020: Eye and Brain
Omid Mirmosayyeb, Vahid Shaygannejad, Mahsa Ghajarzadeh
Background: Patients with migraine or epilepsy suffer from a wide range of psychological difficulties, and various instruments are needed to separately assess each difficulty. However, the PARADISE-24 questionnaire is a comprehensive questionnaire for evaluating different psychological difficulties in cases with neurological disorders. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare psychological difficulties in patients with migraine and those with epilepsy by using the PARADISE-24 questionnaire...
2020: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Anders Hougaard, Silas Haahr Nielsen, David Gaist, Oula Puonti, Ellen Garde, Nina Linde Reislev, Pernille Iversen, Camilla Gøbel Madsen, Morten Blaabjerg, Helle Hvilsted Nielsen, Thomas Krøigård, Kamilla Østergaard, Kirsten Ohm Kyvik, Kristoffer Hougaard Madsen, Hartwig Roman Siebner, Messoud Ashina
Migraine with aura is a highly prevalent disorder involving transient neurological disturbances associated with migraine headache. While the pathophysiology is incompletely understood, findings from clinical and basic science studies indicate a potential key role of the thalamus in the mechanisms underlying migraine with and without aura. Two recent, clinic-based MRI studies investigated the volumes of individual thalamic nuclei in migraine patients with and without aura using two different data analysis methods...
July 25, 2020: NeuroImage: Clinical
Elina A Stefanovics, Marc N Potenza, Robert H Pietrzak
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and obesity are prevalent among U.S. military veterans, though less is known about the mental and physical health burden and suicidality of co-occurring PTSD and obesity in this population. A nationally representative sample of the U.S. veterans was used to assess PTSD and obesity prevalence, co-occurrence and relationships with mental and physical health measures. A total of 16.4% of veterans screened positive for current PTSD, 32.7% for obesity, and 5.8% for co-occurring PTSD and obesity...
June 18, 2020: Psychiatry Research
Sabrina Islamoska, Åse Marie Hansen, Hui-Xin Wang, Anne Helene Garde, Per Kragh Andersen, Ellen Garde, Jakob Møller Hansen, Gunhild Waldemar, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies found an association between migraine and dementia, which are two leading causes of disability. However, these studies did not differentiate between migraine types and did not investigate all prevalent dementia subtypes. The main objective of this national register-based study was to investigate whether migraine was a risk factor for dementia. Additionally, we explored potential differences in dementia risk for migraine with and without aura. METHODS: We obtained data on birth cohorts born between 1935 and 1956 (n = 1,657,890) from Danish national registers...
August 6, 2020: Journal of Headache and Pain
Espen Saxhaug Kristoffersen, Sigrid Børte, Knut Hagen, John-Anker Zwart, Bendik Slagsvold Winsvold
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been linked to an increased prevalence of migraine, and to increased migraine attack frequency, but several questions are left unanswered by previous studies. We examined the relationship between obesity and headache in a large, population-based study where we could take into account body fat distribution, migraine subtypes and tension-type headache. METHODS: The third population-based Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT3) included validated headache questionnaires and objective anthropometric measurements...
August 6, 2020: Journal of Headache and Pain
Nuria García-Magro, Pilar Negredo, Yasmina B Martin, Ángel Nuñez, Carlos Avendaño
BACKGROUND: Stimulation of the occipital or trigeminal nerves has been successfully used to treat chronic refractory neurovascular headaches such as migraine or cluster headache, and painful neuropathies. Convergence of trigeminal and occipital sensory afferents in the 'trigeminocervical complex' (TCC) from cutaneous, muscular, dural, and visceral sources is a key mechanism for the input-induced central sensitization that may underlie the altered nociception. Both excitatory (glutamatergic) and inhibitory (GABAergic and glycinergic) mechanisms are involved in modulating nociception in the spinal and medullary dorsal horn neurons, but the mechanisms by which nerve stimulation effects occur are unclear...
August 6, 2020: Journal of Headache and Pain
Ahmed H Seddik, Jennifer C Branner, Dennis A Ostwald, Sara H Schramm, Martin Bierbaum, Zaza Katsarava
BACKGROUND: This study estimates the socioeconomic impact of migraine headaches on paid and unpaid work productivity in the adult German population in 1 year. METHODS: We used data on headache frequency (days per month) from a longitudinal population-based study. Prevalence estimates of migraine were derived from the Global Burden of Disease Collaborative Network. Demography data were derived from official statistics in 2017. Aggregate headache days in 1 year were translated to losses in paid and unpaid productive hours based on estimates of presenteeism and absenteeism along with other socioeconomic parameters...
August 6, 2020: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Joseph P McCleery, Ashley Zitter, Rita Solórzano, Sinan Turnacioglu, Judith S Miller, Vijay Ravindran, Julia Parish-Morris
Low-cost, wireless immersive virtual reality (VR) holds significant promise as a flexible and scalable intervention tool to help individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) learn and develop critical practical life skills, including interacting safely and effectively with police officers. Previous research suggests that VR is a motivating intervention platform, but many individuals with ASD also exhibit anxiety and sensory sensitivities which might make it difficult to tolerate VR experiences. Here, we describe the results of a relatively large-scale, National Institutes of Health-funded systematic examination of the safety, feasibility, and usability of an immersive VR training program in adolescents and adults with ASD, aged 12 and older...
August 6, 2020: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Boris Zernikow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2020: JAMA Pediatrics
Amy A Gelfand, Peter J Goadsby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2020: JAMA Pediatrics
Tyler C Duffield, Miranda M Lim, Melissa Novak, Amber Lin, Madison Luther, Cydni N Williams, Juan Piantino
OBJECTIVE: Ongoing exploration of factors related to poor sleep in collegiate athletes is important as understanding of the risks and consequences of poor sleep in this specific population increases. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University in the Pacific Northwest. PARTICIPANTS: One-hundred thirty-seven male and female collegiate athletes across 5 collision, contact, and limited contact team sports. MEASUREMENTS: Depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire 9; PHQ-9), anxiety symptoms (General Anxiety Disorder 7; GAD-7), and somatic complaints (Patient Health Questionnaire 15; PHQ-15)...
August 2, 2020: Sleep Health
Sarah S Stith, Jegason P Diviant, Franco Brockelman, Keenan Keeling, Branden Hall, Storri Lucern, Jacob M Vigil
OBJECTIVE: Few studies to date have measured the real-time effects of consumption of common and commercially available Cannabis products for the treatment of headache and migraine under naturalistic conditions. This study examines, for the first time, the effectiveness of using dried Cannabis flower, the most widely used type of Cannabis product in the United States, in actual time for treatment of headache- and migraine-related pain and the associations between different product characteristics and changes in symptom intensity following Cannabis use...
July 18, 2020: Journal of Integrative Medicine
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