Stephanie L Santoro, Brian Chicoine, Joan M Jasien, Judy Lu Kim, Mary Stephens, Peter Bulova, George Capone
Pneumonia and respiratory infections impact infants and children with Down syndrome; pneumonia is a leading cause of mortality in adults with Down syndrome. We aimed to review the literature to evaluate gaps and address key questions. A series of key questions were formulated a priori to inform the search strategy and review process; addressed prevalence, severity, etiology, risk factors, preventive methods, screening, and financial costs, potential benefits or harms of screening. Using the National Library of Medicine database, PubMed, detailed literature searches on pneumonia and respiratory infections in Down syndrome were performed...
October 19, 2020: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Pedro J Alcalá Minagorre, Enrique Villalobos Pinto, José Miguel Ramos Fernández, Rosa Rodríguez-Fernández, Miguel Vázquez Ronco, Luis Escosa-García, Juan Ignacio Montiano Jorge, Juan José García García
SARS-CoV2 pandemic dimension has affected the Hospital Pediatrics Medicine assistance in our country. New challenges generated by COVID-19 require a series of proactive measures, based on existing scientific knowledge and standards of good practice, that allow the Pediatric Hospital services readiness and operability. Hospital Internal Pediatrics, as responsible of integral care of the hospitalized child, plays a leading role in the new hospital model emerging from this crisis. This review analyzes the impact of the current SARS-CoV2 epidemic on pediatric care, and perspective of new COVID-19 outbreaks in coexistence with other viral infections...
October 10, 2020: Anales de pediatría
Ajay C Lall, John P Walsh, David R Maldonado, Leonardo E Pinto, Lyall J Ashberg, Parth Lodhia, Sarkhell Radha, António Pedro Robalo Correia, Benjamin G Domb, Luis Perez-Carro, Oliver Marín-Peña, Damian R Griffin
Hip preservation surgery is now an established part of orthopedic surgery and sports medicine. This report describes the key findings of the 11th Annual Scientific Meeting of International Society for Hip Arthroscopy-the International Hip Preservation Society-in Madrid, Spain from 16 to 19 October 2019. Lectures, seminars and debates explored the most up-to-date and expert views on a wide variety of subjects, including: diagnostic problems in groin pain, buttock pain and low back pain; surgical techniques in acetabular dysplasia, hip instability, femoroacetabular impingement syndrome, labral repair and reconstruction, cartilage defects, adolescent hips and gluteus medius and hamstring tears; and new ideas about femoral torsion, hip-spine syndrome, hip capsule surgery, impact of particular sports on hip injuries, registries, robotics and training for hip preservation specialists...
October 2020: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Marc Romain, Moshe Vysokovsky, Peter Vernon van-Heerden, Ilana Stav, Sigal Sviri
BACKGROUND: In Israel, critically ill patients are ventilated and managed in intensive care units or general wards. OBJECTIVES: To compare the mortality rates and long-term cognitive and functional outcomes of ventilated patients who underwent tracheostomy insertion in the Medical ICU (MICU) versus those cared for in the in-patient wards. METHODS: The study comprised 170 patients who underwent percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) over an 18-month period in the MICU (n=102) and in in-patient wards (internal medicine and neurology) (n=68)...
October 2020: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Hamouda Abassi, Fanny Bajolle, Oscar Werner, Annie Auer, Amandine Marquina, Thibault Mura, Kathleen Lavastre, Sophie Guillaumont, Federico Manna, Pascal Auquier, Damien Bonnet, Pascal Amedro
BACKGROUND: Managing oral anticoagulant therapy with vitamin K antagonists remains challenging in paediatric medicine. AIMS: This study aimed to assess the correlation between time in therapeutic range and quality of life in children participating in a non-selective International Normalised Ratio self-monitoring and vitamin K antagonist education programme. METHODS: Children aged from 2 to 18 years and receiving vitamin K antagonist therapy were eligible for this prospective multicentre study...
October 14, 2020: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Wen Yu, Xiang Li, Jianxin He, Yuankun Chen, Linya Qi, Pingping Yuan, Kangkang Ou, Fan Liu, Yuman Zhou, Xiaohong Qin
Antibacterial textiles, which effectively inhibit bacterial breeding and resist pathogenic diseases, have wide applications in medicine, hygiene, and related fields. However, traditional antibacterial textiles exhibit significant limitations, such as poor antibacterial durability and contamination during preparation. In this work, nanofiber yarn loaded with a high-efficiency antibacterial agent was prepared using electrospinning technology. Polyethyleneimine (PEI) was introduced as a solubilizing material to functionalize graphene oxide (GO) to form GO-PEI composites...
September 28, 2020: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Zi-Han Lin, Chuan-Liang Ruan, Wen-Qiang Zhou, Li-Rong Zeng, Chun-Yan Chen, Ping-Ping Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To compare the therapeutic effect on post-stroke lower limb spasticity between the combined treatment of abdominal moxibustion from 7 am to 9 am and rehabilitation training and the simple rehabilitation training. METHODS: A total of 100 patients with post-stroke lower limb spasticity were randomized into an observation group (50 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (50 cases, 4 cases dropped off ). In the control group, the basic treatment of internal medicine and rehabilitation training of the limbs were adopted...
October 12, 2020: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Kumar Roka, Sabina Khadka, Sanju Dahal, Meenakshi Yadav, Puja Thapa, Rubina Kc
INTRODUCTION: Excessive Daytime Sleepiness is a significant health problem among medical students worldwide which can impair their cognitive and academic performances. Our study aims to determine the prevalence of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness among the first to fourth year undergraduate students of the Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences-College of Medicine. METHODS: Following the ethical approval from the Institutional Review Committee with registration no...
September 27, 2020: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
Rudranil De, Somnath Mazumder, Uday Bandyopadhyay
Mitochondria are double membrane-bound cellular work-horses constantly functioning to regulate vital aspects of cellular metabolism, bioenergetics, proliferation and death. Biogenesis, homeostasis and regulated turnover of mitochondria are stringently regulated to meet the bioenergetic requirements. Diverse external and internal stimuli including oxidative stress, diseases, xenobiotics and even age profoundly affect mitochondrial integrity. Damaged mitochondria need immediate segregation and selective culling to maintain physiological homeostasis...
October 17, 2020: Cell Biology and Toxicology
Yue Xuan, Nicholas W Bateman, Sebastien Gallien, Sandra Goetze, Yue Zhou, Pedro Navarro, Mo Hu, Niyati Parikh, Brian L Hood, Kelly A Conrads, Christina Loosse, Reta Birhanu Kitata, Sander R Piersma, Davide Chiasserini, Hongwen Zhu, Guixue Hou, Muhammad Tahir, Andrew Macklin, Amanda Khoo, Xiuxuan Sun, Ben Crossett, Albert Sickmann, Yu-Ju Chen, Connie R Jimenez, Hu Zhou, Siqi Liu, Martin R Larsen, Thomas Kislinger, Zhinan Chen, Benjamin L Parker, Stuart J Cordwell, Bernd Wollscheid, Thomas P Conrads
Cancer has no borders: Generation and analysis of molecular data across multiple centers worldwide is necessary to gain statistically significant clinical insights for the benefit of patients. Here we conceived and standardized a proteotype data generation and analysis workflow enabling distributed data generation and evaluated the quantitative data generated across laboratories of the international Cancer Moonshot consortium. Using harmonized mass spectrometry (MS) instrument platforms and standardized data acquisition procedures, we demonstrate robust, sensitive, and reproducible data generation across eleven international sites on seven consecutive days in a 24/7 operation mode...
October 16, 2020: Nature Communications
Giovanni Gabutti, Andrea Rossanese, Alberto Tomasi, Sandro Giuffrida, Vincenzo Nicosia, Juan Barriga, Caterina Florescu, Federica Sandri, Armando Stefanati
Cholera is endemic in approximately 50 countries, primarily in Africa and South and Southeast Asia, and in these areas, it remains a disease associated with poverty. In developed nations, cholera is rare, and cases are typically imported from endemic areas by returning travellers. Cholera is readily preventable with the tools available to modern medicine. In developing nations, cholera transmission can be prevented through improved water, sanitation, and hygiene services and the use of oral cholera vaccines (OCVs)...
October 14, 2020: Vaccines
Marc Possover
Neuropelveology is a new specialty in medicine that has yet to prove itself but the need for it is obvious. This specialty includes the diagnosis and treatment of pathologies and dysfunctions of the pelvic nerves. It encompasses knowledge that is for the most part already known but scattered throughout various other specialties; neuropelveology gathers all this knowledge together. Since the establishment of the International Society of Neuropelveology, this discipline is experiencing an ever-growing interest...
October 13, 2020: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Sarah E Hempstead, Kelsey Fredkin, Cade Hovater, Edward T Naureckas
Patient and family participation in guideline development is neither standardized nor uniformly accepted in the guideline development community, despite the 2011 Institute of Medicine's Guidelines We Can Trust and the Guideline International Network's GIN-Public Toolkit recommendations. The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation has included patients and/or family members directly in guideline development since 2004. Over time, various strategies for increasing patient and family member participation have been implemented...
July 13, 2020: Journal of Participatory Medicine
David A Clunie
As the use of digital techniques in toxicologic pathology expands, challenges of scalability and interoperability come to the fore. Proprietary formats and closed single-vendor platforms prevail but depend on the availability and maintenance of multiformat conversion libraries. Expedient for small deployments, this is not sustainable at an industrial scale. Primarily known as a standard for radiology, the Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) standard has been evolving to support other specialties since its inception, to become the single ubiquitous standard throughout medical imaging...
October 16, 2020: Toxicologic Pathology
Ana Carolina Lemos Freitas, Gisele Da Silva Belchior, Marina Cardoso Nemitz
BACKGROUND:  Homeopathy is a complementary medicine characterized by the use of diluted and potentized medicines. Innovations in this area are constantly being proposed in the relevant literature, such as scientific articles and patents. The objective of this study was to carry out a patent survey of homeopathic products and processes. METHODS:  A free and international patent database, Espacenet, was used. The search was carried out using the keyword homeop*, with two approaches: (1) no date restrictions for the search and (2) a date limit for the publication years 2008 to 2018...
October 15, 2020: Homeopathy: the Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy
Mustafa Alkhader, Rami Saadeh
OBJECTIVES:  The diagnosis and treatment of patients with sleep disorders are the most challenging issues in dentistry. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge among dental interns in Northern Jordan about sleep medicine and sleep disorders. METHODS:  This cross-sectional study was performed using the Assessment of Sleep Knowledge in Medical Education (ASKME) questionnaire. The questionnaire was given to 88 dental interns (52 females and 36 males) in Northern Jordan...
October 15, 2020: European Journal of Dentistry
Elisha Wan Ying Chia, Kuang Teck Tay, Shiwei Xiao, Yao Hao Teo, Yun Ting Ong, Min Chiam, Ying Pin Toh, Stephen Mason, Annelissa Mien Chew Chin, Lalit Kumar Radha Krishna
In undergraduate and postgraduate medical education, mentoring offers personalized training and plays a key role in continuing medical education and the professional development of healthcare professionals. However, poor structuring of the mentoring process has been attributed to failings of the host organization and, as such, we have conducted a scoping review on the role of the host organization in mentoring programs. Guided by Levac et al's methodological framework and a combination of thematic and content analysis, this scoping review identifies their "defining" and secondary roles...
January 2020: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
Abigail Gavra Michaelson Purens
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a widespread shortage of facemasks and other personal protective equipment in veterinary medicine without clear, research-based guidance on alternatives to FDA-certified disposable surgical masks. In the absence of detailed veterinary research, an in-depth review of the human medical literature was conducted to evaluate the viability of reusable, sterilizable cloth, medical textile, or other material alternatives that may be quickly manufactured and used by veterinarians. The results at the time of publication support the AVMA, CDC, and WHO recommendations to extend use, reuse, and resterilize facemasks before considering using a homemade facemask...
2020: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Dharam Persaud-Sharma, Joseph Burns, Kyle P Sellers, Marquita Samuels, Sarah Stumbar
INTRODUCTION: Women's healthcare including preventive care, obstetric care, and family planning and counseling are important medical education topics that student physicians frequently encounter during their Family Medicine Clerkship in medical training; however, despite its brief emphasis, many students feel underprepared to counsel patients in a clinical setting. With this in mind, a case-based curriculum focused on women's health was developed for students enrolled in the Family Medicine Clerkship...
September 11, 2020: Curēus
Margit Gombocz, Sabine Vogler
Background and objective: Little is known about how much public payers spend on orphan medicines. This study aimed at identifying information on orphan medicine expenditure incurred by public payers that was published in literature globally and at possibly synthesising their shares as portion of the total pharmaceutical expenditure. Methods: A literature review was undertaken using Medline, the Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases and Google Scholar. Titles and abstracts were screened, and full texts of potentially qualifying studies were reviewed for inclusion...
2020: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
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