Ferat Buran, Zeynep Altın
This study aimed to investigate burnout among physicians during the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. This research was conducted in a pandemic hospital which is among the largest hospital complexes in Turkey. Internal medicine physicians actively working in many departments under the severe conditions in the diagnosis and treatment processes were included. Among the physicians constituting the study population, residents, attendings, and subspecialists from different fields were included. These physicians were working in the quarantine services, inpatient services, intensive care units, and polyclinics...
April 7, 2021: Legal Medicine
Yidan Liu, Xin Luo, Wei Wu, Andi Zhang, Bingchuan Lu, Ting Zhang, Ming Kong
In situ 3D printing technologies is a new frontier for highly personalized medicine, which requires suitable bioink with rheology, biocompatibility, and gelation kinetics to support the right shape and mechanical properties of the printed construct. To this end, a facile design of thermo/photo dual cure composite hydrogel was proposed using MHBC and soluble collagen in this study. M/C composite hydrogel exhibited rapid thermo-induced sol-gel transition and contraction, tunable mechanical properties, proper microstructure and biodegradability for 3D cell culture, as well as improve cyto-compatibility, all of which were dependent upon the methacrylation degree of MHBC and M/C ratios...
April 12, 2021: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Clare Wenham, Matthew Kavanagh, Alexandra Phelan, Simon Rushton, Maike Voss, Sam Halabi, Mark Eccleston-Turner, Mara Pillinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2021: Lancet
Zhiliang Zuo, Jirong Yue, Bi Rong Dong, Taixiang Wu, Guan J Liu, Qiukui Hao
BACKGROUND: Thrombolytic therapy is usually reserved for people with clinically serious or massive pulmonary embolism (PE). Evidence suggests that thrombolytic agents may dissolve blood clots more rapidly than heparin and may reduce the death rate associated with PE. However, there are still concerns about the possible risk of adverse effects of thrombolytic therapy, such as major or minor haemorrhage. This is the fourth update of the Cochrane review first published in 2006. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of thrombolytic therapy for acute pulmonary embolism...
April 15, 2021: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Wilfried Wöber, Manuel Curto, Papius Tibihika, Paul Meulenbroek, Esayas Alemayehu, Lars Mehnen, Harald Meimberg, Peter Sykacek
Visual characteristics are among the most important features for characterizing the phenotype of biological organisms. Color and geometric properties define population phenotype and allow assessing diversity and adaptation to environmental conditions. To analyze geometric properties classical morphometrics relies on biologically relevant landmarks which are manually assigned to digital images. Assigning landmarks is tedious and error prone. Predefined landmarks may in addition miss out on information which is not obvious to the human eye...
2021: PloS One
Wenjiao Jin, Yinli Zhao, Bin Zhai, Yuanfang Li, Shengxin Fan, Pengtao Yuan, Guirong Sun, Ruirui Jiang, Yanbin Wang, Xiaojun Liu, Yadong Tian, Xiangtao Kang, Guoxi Li
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) play important roles in adipogenesis. However, studies on circRNA expression profiles associated with the development of abdominal adipose tissue are lacking in chickens. In this study, 12 cDNA libraries were constructed from the abdominal adipose tissue of Chinese domestic Gushi chickens at 6, 14, 22, and 30 weeks. A total of 1,766 circRNAs were identified by Illumina HiSeq 2500 sequencing. These circRNAs were primarily distributed on chr1 through chr10 and sex chromosomes, and 84...
2021: PloS One
Ida Pauline Høilo Granheim, Anne Silviken, Christina Viskum Lytken Larsen, Siv Kvernmo
Background . For young Indigenous people, suicide is one of the leading causes of death, and high rates in Arctic areas indicate serious health- and societal concerns. More knowledge is needed, as suicidal behaviour predictslater death by suicide. Objectives . The objective was to study associations between suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts and socio-demographic, psychosocial, and environmental factors in Sami and Greenlandic adolescents, within and between groups and gender. Methods . Working samples included 442 Sami and 399 Greenlandic Inuit (15-16-year-olds), in "The Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study" (NAAHS) and "Well-being among Youth in Greenland" (WBYG)...
December 2021: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Julian Prangenberg, E Doberentz, A -L Witte, B Madea
Assessment of the vitality of an injury is one of to the main tasks in daily forensic casework. Aquaporins belong to the family of water channels. They enable the transport of water and of small molecules like glycerol through biological channels. So far, 13 classes of aquaporins are identified in vertebrates. The classical aquaporin channels 1, 2 and 4 are only permeable for water. The aquaporin channels 3, 7, 9 and 10 are also called aquaglycerolporins since they can also transport glycerol. Aquaporin 3 is expressed in epidermal keratinocytes...
April 14, 2021: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Jessica R Meeker, Heather Burris, Mary Regina Boland
BACKGROUND: Environmental, social and economic exposures can be inferred from address information recorded in an electronic health record. However, these data often contain administrative errors and misspellings. These issues make it challenging to determine whether a patient has moved, which is integral for accurate exposure assessment. We aim to develop an algorithm to identify residential mobility events and avoid exposure misclassification. METHODS: At Penn Medicine, we obtained a cohort of 12 147 pregnant patients who delivered between 2013 and 2017...
April 14, 2021: International Journal of Epidemiology
James Padley, Sarah Boyd, Alison Jones, Lucie Walters
Context: Work readiness is often described in terms of the clinical competence medical graduates bring to day 1 of internship. Despite being increasingly viewed as a key graduate outcome, work readiness has remained poorly defined. Objective: This narrative review draws on the international literature to explore how different research methods provide differing insight into what constitutes work readiness of medical graduates. From this, we explored contributory factors and developed a conceptual framework to better understand work readiness...
June 2021: Health Science Reports
Lucía Sainz-Escudero, E Karen López-Estrada, Paula Carolina Rodríguez-Flores, Mario García-París
High morphological plasticity in populations of brine shrimp subjected to different environmental conditions, mainly salinity, hindered for centuries the identification of the taxonomic entities encompassed within Artemia . In addition, the mismatch between molecular and morphological evolution rates complicates the characterization of evolutionary lineages, generating taxonomic problems. Here, we propose a phylogenetic hypothesis for Artemia based on two new complete mitogenomes, and determine levels of congruence in the definition of evolutionary units using nuclear and mtDNA data...
2021: PeerJ
Barthélémy Ngoubangoye, Larson Boundenga, Serge-Ely Dibakou, Thierry-Audrey Tsoumbou, Cyr Moussadji Kinga, Franck Prugnolle, David Fouchet, Dominique Pontier
Oesophagostomosis is a zoonotic disease caused by nematodes of the genus Oesophagostomum in the intestinal walls of many species, including ruminants, pigs, humans, and nonhuman primates. Although great apes appear to tolerate the parasite in the wild, they can develop a clinical form that can lead to death in captivity and the natural environment. At the Primatology Centre of the International Centre for Medical Research in Franceville (CIRMF) in Gabon, we recorded 4 deaths of chimpanzees ( Pan t. troglodytes ) caused by Oesophagostomum spp...
2021: Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine
Hamide Ashraf, Alireza Salehi, Malihe Sousani, Mohammad Hossein Sharifi
Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM) has been widely used in the world, but limited data are available on the use of CAM in depression. This study aimed to evaluate the use of CAM and its associated factors in depression. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 300 depressed patients referred to the Yasuj Neurology and Psychiatric Clinic, southern Iran, between 2019 and 2020. A valid semistructured international questionnaire was used; amongst the participants, 230 (77%) were female. The mean age of the patients was 41...
2021: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Eshetu Gadisa, Hydar Usman
Background: Emerging of multidrug-resistant bacteria can compromise the effectiveness of antibiotics used to treat skin infections. Those bacteria imposed public health problems and questioning medical care in the 21st century. In this circumstance, essential oils of medicinal plants origin are supreme sources of structural and functionally divergent compounds, which inhibited the growth of common wound colonizing MRSA and ESBL producing P. aeruginosa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the combined antibacterial activity of essential oils extracted from Rumex abyssinicus, Cucumis pustulatus, and Discopodium penninervium against multidrug-resistant (MDR) isolates of skin ulcers...
2021: International Journal of Microbiology
Reem Ujaimi
I present a case of an adenocarcinoma in a retrorectal cyst in a 63-year-old female with a prior history of a congenital cyst excised as a newborn. The patient had a resection with positive margins, followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy at progression. Her disease did not respond to chemotherapy or radiotherapy and she died with systemic manifestations related to her disease 28 months after diagnosis.
2021: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Alanuad I Albazei, Omar H Ahmed, Naif M AlAli, Ruba M Alselaimy, Shaker O Alreshidi, Moustafa S Magliyah, Hani B Albalawi
Purpose: To report the poor visual outcome of ruptured globe caused by camel bites. Observations: A 48-year-old camel caregiver presented to the emergency department after being bitten by a camel in the left side of his face. Ophthalmic examination revealed a superior scleral wound from 9 to 2 o'clock, about 6 mm from the limbus extending to the equator with prolapse of uveal and vitreous tissues, an opaque cornea, total hyphema, diffuse subconjunctival hemorrhage, and a lower lid laceration involving the lid margin and the nasolacrimal duct...
2021: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Waleed Albaker
Bacillus licheniformis is a rare pathogen causing peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and it is usually recognized among immunosuppressed or traumatized patients. A 24-year-old lady was treated for peritonitis as an outpatient with empirical therapy. PD culture grew Bacillus licheniformis after 48 hours, and she continued receiving intraperitoneal (IP) vancomycin for a total of three weeks. The patient was clinically stable throughout the course of therapy and showed complete resolution of her symptoms...
2021: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Jiancheng Wang, Meiling Yu, Jianrong Chen, Lingyan Zhu, Jianying Liu, Jixiong Xu
Aim: Nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (NRF2) has emerged as a therapeutic target in many diseases. To explore this further, we evaluated the relationships between the -617C/A (rs6721961) polymorphisms within the NRF2 promoter and diabetic nephropathy (DN) in Chinese Han patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A total of 883 subjects with T2DM (500 without and 383 with DN) were enrolled in this study. Multivariable linear regression models were carried out to assess the association of DN with the -617C/A (rs6721961) polymorphisms...
2021: International Journal of General Medicine
Takashi Watari, Masaki Tago, Kiyoshi Shikino, Shun Yamashita, Naoko E Katsuki, Motoshi Fujiwara, Shu-Ichi Yamashita
Purpose: The training of generalist physicians in university hospitals needs to emphasize development of their research role in order to continue improving their research capacity and their standing in academic hospitals in Japan. This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed to survey departments of general medicine (GM) in university hospitals in Japan to identify the research areas and themes pursued by academic generalist physicians. Patients and Methods: The heads of the departments of GM from 71 university hospitals in Japan were enrolled...
2021: International Journal of General Medicine
Cuihua Zou, Xiaohua Huang, Xuequn Lan, Xiaorui Huang, Yun Feng, Jianmin Huang, Lanqing Meng, Chongdong Jian, Donghua Zou, Jie Wang, Xuebin Li
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential pathogenic mechanisms of post-intracerebral hemorrhage depression. Methods: Profiles of gene expression in brain tissue of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) or depression were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. We analyzed differentially expressed genes (DEGs) for the two diseases separately. With these DEGs, we conducted an enrichment analysis based on Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) as well as cross-talk analysis, then we identified hub bridge genes using integrated bridge landscape analysis...
2021: International Journal of General Medicine
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