David Sweet , Julian Marsden , Kendall Ho , Christina Krause , James A Russell
Many emergency departments have implemented sepsis protocols since the 2001 publication of results from the early goal-directed therapy trial, which showed early targeted resuscitation lowers mortality. As part of an attempt to improve clinical and operational outcomes for emergency departments across British Columbia, we reviewed sepsis management literature and considered sepsis protocol implementation in the province’s emergency departments. During the literature review we found that many observational studies confirmed an association between implementation of emergency sepsis protocols and decreased mortality...
May 2012: British Columbia Medical Journal
Kim F H Hintzen, Myrthe M M Eussen, Céline Neutel, Nicole D Bouvy, Frederik-Jan van Schooten, Carlijn R Hooijmans, Tim Lubbers
BACKGROUND: Analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in exhaled breath has the potential to serve as an accurate diagnostic tool for gastro-intestinal diseases. Animal studies could be instrumental as a preclinical base and subsequent clinical translation to humans, as they are easier to standardize and better equipped to relate specific VOCs to metabolic and pathological processes. This review provides an overview of the study design, characteristics and methodological quality of previously published animal studies on analysis of exhaled breath in gastrointestinal and hepatic diseases...
2023: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2023: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Minghui Zheng, Ting Niu, Junfeng Peng, Ligang Shi, Chenghao Shao
BACKGROUND: Our objective is to compare the early outcomes associated with passive (gravity) drainage (PG) and active drainage (AD) after surgery. METHODS: Studies published until April 28, 2022 were retrieved from the PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE, Web of Science databases. RESULTS: Nine studies with 14,169 patients were identified. Two groups had the same intra-abdominal infection rate (RR: 0.55; P  = 0...
December 2023: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Annelie Barrueta Tenhunen, Jaap van der Heijden, Paul Skorup, Marco Maccarana, Anders Larsson, Anders Larsson, Gaetano Perchiazzi, Jyrki Tenhunen
Sepsis is a condition with high morbidity and mortality. Prompt recognition and initiation of treatment is essential. Despite forming an integral part of sepsis management, fluid resuscitation may also lead to volume overload, which in turn is associated with increased mortality. The optimal fluid strategy in sepsis resuscitation is yet to be defined. Hyaluronan, an endogenous glycosaminoglycan with high affinity to water is an important constituent of the endothelial glycocalyx. We hypothesized that exogenously administered hyaluronan would counteract intravascular volume depletion and contribute to endothelial glycocalyx integrity in a fluid restrictive model of peritonitis...
September 21, 2023: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Pedro Garrido, Xavier Gabaldó-Barrios, Isabel Pujol-Bajador, Luis Fernández, Frederic Ballester, Raquel Garrido, Pitter Cueto, Jordi Camps, Immaculada Vallverdú
Early sepsis diagnosis is crucial for implementing adequate antibiotic therapy and for patient survival. This study investigated whether using multiplexed PCR for detecting microorganisms in critical septic patients affects initial antibiotic treatment and compared it to microbiological culture. It also explored scenarios where PCR is more effective in clinical practice. One hundred nineteen specimens (83 blood and 36 respiratory specimens) belonging to 93 patients were analyzed. Multiplexed PCR determinations were performed using the FA-BCID Panel (bioMérieux) for blood samples and the FA-Pneumo for respiratory samples...
September 21, 2023: Current Microbiology
Jerome W Breslin
Resolution of edema remains a significant clinical challenge. Conditions such as traumatic shock, sepsis, or diabetes often involve microvascular hyperpermeability, which leads to tissue and organ dysfunction. Lymphatic insufficiency due to genetic causes, surgical removal of lymph nodes, or infections, leads to varying degrees of tissue swelling that impair mobility and immune defenses. Treatment options are limited to management of edema as there are no specific therapeutics that have demonstrated significant success for ameliorating microvascular leakage or impaired lymphatic function...
September 27, 2023: Clinical Science (1979-)
Natalia Colás-Algora, Pablo Muñoz-Pinillos, Cristina Cacho-Navas, José Avendaño-Ortiz, Gema de Rivas, Susana Barroso, Eduardo López-Collazo, Jaime Millán
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammatory diseases, such as sepsis and severe COVID-19, provoke acute respiratory distress syndrome in which the pathological hyperpermeability of the microvasculature, induced by uncontrolled inflammatory stimulation, causes pulmonary edema. Identifying the inflammatory mediators that induce human lung microvascular endothelial cell barrier dysfunction is essential to find the best anti-inflammatory treatments for critically ill acute respiratory distress syndrome patients...
September 21, 2023: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Min Li, Zhen Zhu, Denghao Deng, Chao Sun
Toothpick ingestion is an uncommon condition. It has been reported that an estimated incidence of 3.6 toothpick related injuries per 100,000 people per year. However, the incidence of toothpick-related gastrointestinal tract perforation is as high as 80%, with small bowel perforation accounting for 18% of cases. Common symptoms associated with toothpick ingestion include abdominal pain, fever, nausea, diarrhea, and constipation. However, it may lead to peritonitis, abscesses, and sepsis in severe cases. The diagnosis of toothpick ingestion is difficult...
September 21, 2023: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Young-Wook Kim
Aortic endograft infection (AEI) is a rare but life-threatening complication of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). The clinical features of AEI range from generalized weakness and mild fever to fatal aortic rupture or sepsis. The diagnosis of AEI usually depends on clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, and imaging studies. Management of Aortic Graft Infection Collaboration (MAGIC) criteria are often used to diagnose AEI. Surgical removal of the infected endograft, restoration of aortic blood flow, and antimicrobial therapy are the main components of AEI treatment...
September 21, 2023: Vascular Specialist International
Ju Ho An, Jung Hwan Ahn
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare disease with unclear pathophysiology. It is a secondary HLH diagnosed using the pediatric diagnostic criteria; however, the clinical diagnosis of postpartum HLH remains challenging. Hence, HLH may remain undiagnosed, leading to poor patient prognosis. Therefore, improvements in the accuracy of postpartum HLH diagnoses and treatments are necessary. CASE SUMMARY: We report the case of a 40-year-old female with postpartum HLH...
September 16, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Sungwoo Park, Eun Jeong Jeong, Jung Hun Kang, Gyeong-Won Lee, Se-Il Go, Dong-Hyun Lee, Eun-Ha Koh
BACKGROUND: Mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) is characterized by acute undifferentiated leukemia with blasts co-expressing myeloid and lymphoid antigens. However, consensus regarding the ideal management strategy for MPAL is yet to be established, owing to its rarity. CASE SUMMARY: A 55-year-old male was diagnosed with T/myeloid MPAL. Vincristine, prednisolone, daunorubicin, and L-asparaginase were administered as induction chemotherapy. Septic shock occurred 10 days after induction, and bone marrow examination following recovery from sepsis revealed refractory disease...
September 16, 2023: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Pooja Saiganesh, Alexander J Kaye, Shivani J Patel, Sarah R Meyers, Anna G Mathew, Weizheng Wang
Introduction Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common cause of hospitalization in the United States. There is evidence that chronic stress increases the risk for more severe AP episodes. One common form of chronic stress is generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). The purpose of this research was to investigate the impact of GAD on the outcomes of adult patients admitted to the hospital with AP. Methods Utilizing the 2014 National Inpatient Sample database and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition Revision (ICD) codes, AP patients were selected...
August 2023: Curēus
Souvagini Acharya, Sulin K Behera, Somy Purohit, Alaka Sahu, Braja B Panda, Sharmistha Behera
Background Mucormycosis is an opportunistic infection that mainly affects immunocompromised individuals, including those with uncontrolled diabetes, malignancies, or those who have exposure to high-dose corticosteroids for a long time. Western Odisha, India, witnessed a significant rise in post-COVID-19 rhino-orbital mucormycosis (ROM), which created a need for comprehensive research on post-COVID-19 ROM. Objective This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of post-COVID-19 ROM in a tertiary care hospital in Western Odisha, India, with the objective of understanding ROM as a nationally notifiable disease...
August 2023: Curēus
Fabiano Pinheiro da Silva, André Nicolau Aquime Gonçalves, Amaro Nunes Duarte-Neto, Thomaz Lüscher Dias, Hermes Vieira Barbeiro, Cristiane Naffah Souza Breda, Leandro Carvalho Dantas Breda, Niels Olsen Saraiva Câmara, Helder I Nakaya
Septic shock is a life-threatening clinical condition characterized by a robust immune inflammatory response to disseminated infection. Little is known about its impact on the transcriptome of distinct human tissues. To address this, we performed RNA sequencing of samples from the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus, heart, lung, kidney and colon of seven individuals who succumbed to sepsis and seven uninfected controls. We identified that the lungs and colon were the most affected organs. While gene activation dominated, strong inhibitory signals were also detected, particularly in the lungs...
September 20, 2023: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Dongju Zhu, Xiang Wu
Resveratrol has a protective effect on sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). Circ_0074371 has been confirmed to inhibit sepsis-induced AKI process, but whether resveratrol inhibits sepsis-induced AKI by regulating circ_0074371-related pathway remains unclear. In this study, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced renal tubular epithelial cells (HK2) were used to mimic AKI cell models. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect relative expression of circ_0074371, microRNA (miR)-145-5p and inositol polyphosphate multikinase (IPMK)...
September 20, 2023: Biochemical Genetics
Danni Wang, Chaodi Luo, Qian Li, Tingting Zheng, Pengjie Gao, Boxiang Wang, Zhenzhen Duan
It has been demonstrated that lactate/albumin (L/A) ratio is substantially relevant to the prognosis of sepsis, septic shock, and heart failure. However, there is still debate regarding the connection between the L/A ratio and severe acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of this study is to determine the prognostic role of L/A ratio in patients with severe AMI. Our retrospective study extracted data from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) database, included 1,134 patients diagnosed with AMI...
September 20, 2023: Scientific Reports
Beatrix Hyemin Choi, James Church, Joshua Sonett, Ravi Pokala Kiran
INTRODUCTION: For patients with cancer or injury of the esophagus, esophagectomy with reconstruction using the stomach (gastric pull-up, GPU) or colon (colonic interposition, CI) can restore function but is associated with high morbidity. We sought to describe the differences in outcomes between the two replacement organs using a national database. METHODS: From ACS-NSQIP, patients who underwent GPU or CI between 2006 and 2020 were identified. Univariate analyses were performed on length of stay, complications, reoperation, readmission, and mortality...
September 20, 2023: Surgical Endoscopy
Alexander James Harper, Susmit Das, Emma Williamson, Rajesh Sah
A term newborn presented after birth with abdominal distension and vomiting in a developing country in Asia. Ultrasonography suggested intestinal obstruction and abdominal X-ray showed a 'double-bubble' sign suggestive of intestinal atresia. The newborn was diagnosed with early-onset neonatal sepsis secondary to intestinal obstruction and transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit. Surgery was performed and type IIIb jejunal atresia was found. Type IIIa/b jejunal atresia is associated with high incidence of poor outcome in lower socioeconomic countries...
September 20, 2023: BMJ Case Reports
Matthew Zabel, Lindsey Longfellow
An elderly male with an extensive medical history was admitted for sepsis of unspecified origin; the source was later found to be an Aerococcus urinae urinary tract infection. Urinalysis and conventional urine culture were used in diagnosing this infection, and it was successfully treated with a 7-day course of intravenous ceftriaxone. The patient had no recurrence of urinary symptoms or development of complications at his follow-up. While A. urinae has traditionally been described as an uncommon and relatively avirulent source of urinary tract infections, increasing reports of positive isolation suggest its incidence may be higher than previously believed...
September 20, 2023: BMJ Case Reports
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