David Sweet , Julian Marsden , Kendall Ho , Christina Krause , James A Russell
Many emergency departments have implemented sepsis protocols since the 2001 publication of results from the early goal-directed therapy trial, which showed early targeted resuscitation lowers mortality. As part of an attempt to improve clinical and operational outcomes for emergency departments across British Columbia, we reviewed sepsis management literature and considered sepsis protocol implementation in the province’s emergency departments. During the literature review we found that many observational studies confirmed an association between implementation of emergency sepsis protocols and decreased mortality...
May 2012: British Columbia Medical Journal
Daniel Raskin, Boris Khaitovich, Shmuel Balan, Daniel Silverberg, Ahmad Abu Rmeileh, Moshe Halak, Uri Rimon
PURPOSE: To assess the correlation between inguinal lymph node characteristics and ipsilateral limb amputation rates in patients with ischemic foot ulcers after a successful endovascular treatment. METHOD: A retrospective review of patients who were endovascularly treated for ischemic foot ulcers between January 2015 and May 2017. Technical success was defined as arterial recanalization with stenosis less than 30 % and ankle brachial index improvement by > 0...
July 1, 2020: European Journal of Radiology
Mohammed Y Khanji, Fabrizio Ricci, Riyaz S Patel, Anwar A Chahal, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Victor Galusko, Jagat Narula, Adrian Ionescu
During the COVID-19 pandemic, we are likely to see a significant increase in the requests for rapid assessment of cardiac function, due to the frequent pre-existence of cardiac pathologies in patients admitted to hospital, and to the emergence of specific cardiac manifestations of this infection, such as myocarditis, sepsis related cardiomyopathy, stress induced cardiomyopathy and acute coronary syndromes. Hand-held, point-of-care ultrasound (HH-POCUS) is particularly suited for the provision of rapid, focused, integrated assessments of the heart and lungs...
July 10, 2020: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Danying Liao, Fen Zhou, Lili Luo, Min Xu, Hongbo Wang, Jiahong Xia, Yong Gao, Liqiong Cai, Zhihui Wang, Ping Yin, Yadan Wang, Lu Tang, Jun Deng, Heng Mei, Yu Hu
BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is an ongoing global pandemic. Changes in haematological characteristics in patients with COVID-19 are emerging as important features of the disease. We aimed to explore the haematological characteristics and related risk factors in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients with COVID-19 admitted to three designated sites of Wuhan Union Hospital (Wuhan, China). Demographic, clinical, laboratory, treatment, and outcome data were extracted from electronic medical records and compared between patients with moderate, severe, and critical disease (defined according to the diagnosis and treatment protocol for novel coronavirus pneumonia, trial version 7, published by the National Health Commission of China)...
July 10, 2020: Lancet Haematology
Chunxia Wang, Yun Cui, Huijie Miao, Ting Sun, Ye Lu, Yucai Zhang
Vitronectin (VTN) is a key regulator of coagulation, but clinical relevance of serum VTN in pediatric sepsis remains poorly defined. The aim of this study was to access the value of serum VTN level on pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission in children with sepsis. Pediatric patients with sepsis were enrolled from January 2018 to December 2018. The serum VTN levels were determined on PICU admission, and the association of serum VTN level with PICU mortality and organ dysfunction was assessed. Serum VTN levels were significantly lower in nonsurvivors compared with survivors, in patients with septic shock compared with patients with sepsis, or in patients with sepsis-associated acute liver injury (ALI) compared with patients without ALI...
January 2020: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Kanna Shinkawa, Satomi Yoshida, Tomotsugu Seki, Motoko Yanagita, Koji Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Nephrotic syndrome is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, the risk factors of VTE in nephrotic syndrome, other than hypoalbuminemia and severe proteinuria, are not well established. Therefore we aimed to investigate the risk factors of VTE in patients with nephrotic syndrome. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used data from a Japanese nationwide claims database. We identified patients ≥18 years of age hospitalized with nephrotic syndrome...
July 13, 2020: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Cong Phi Dang, Asada Leelahavanichkul
The attenuation of hyper-inflammation in sepsis with the administration of anti-inflammatory macrophages is an interesting adjuvant therapy for sepsis. Because the induction of anti-inflammatory macrophages by microRNA (miR), a regulator of mRNA, has been mentioned, the exploration on miR-induced anti-inflammatory macrophages was performed. The over-expression of miR-223 and miR-146a in RAW264.7 induced M2 macrophage-polarization (anti-inflammatory macrophages) as evaluated by the enhanced expression of Arginase-1 and Fizz...
2020: PloS One
Shengchen Liu, Pedro Paulo Zanella do Amaral Campos, Daniela Casoni, David Christian Berger, Andreas Kohler, Andreas Bloch, David Bervini, Florian Setzer, David Robert Cameron, Werner Z'Graggen, Anisa Hana, Rupert Langer, Thiago D Corrêa, Guido Beldi, Jukka Takala, Stephan Matthias Jakob
High central venous pressure (CVP) acutely decreases venous return. How this affects hepatic oxygen transport in sepsis remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of repeated increases of CVP via standard nursing procedures (NPs) on hepato-splanchnic and renal oxygen transport in a prolonged porcine sepsis model. Twenty anesthetized and mechanically ventilated pigs with regional hemodynamics monitored were randomized to fecal peritonitis or controls (n=10 / group). Resuscitation was started after 8-hour of observation and continued for 3 days...
July 13, 2020: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Srinivas Murki, Venkateshwarlu Vardhelli, Saikiran Deshabhotla, Deepak Sharma, Dinesh Pawale, Dattatray Kulkarni, Praveen Kumar, Nandkishor S Kabra, Mangalabharathi Sundaram, Nishad Plakkal, Ashish Mehta, Baswaraj Tandur, Deepak Chawla, Subramanian Sreeram, Bijan Saha, P N Suman Rao, Sandeep Kadam
AIM: Prediction of length of stay (LOS) among preterm neonates is important for counselling of parents and for assessing neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) census and economic burden. The aim of this study is to evaluate perinatal and postnatal factors that influence LOS in preterm infants (25-33 weeks of gestation) admitted to participating NICUs of Indian National Neonatal Collaborative (INNC). METHODS: From the INNC database, the data which were prospectively entered using uniformed pre-defined criteria were analysed...
July 13, 2020: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Penny B Cooper, Bobbi J Hughes, George M Verghese, J Scott Just, Amy J Markham
BACKGROUND: Early identification of sepsis remains the greatest barrier to compliance with recommended evidence-based bundles. PURPOSE: The purpose was to improve the early identification and treatment of sepsis by developing an automated screening tool. METHODS: Six variables associated with sepsis were identified. Logistic regression was used to weigh the variables, and a predictive model was developed to help identify patients at risk. A retrospective review of 10 792 records of hospitalizations was conducted including 339 cases of sepsis to retrieve data for the model...
July 10, 2020: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
Mouhand F H Mohamed, Nathalie M Malewicz, Hanan Ibrahim Zehry, Dina A Monim Hussain, Judah Leão Barouh, Adriana V Cançado, Jeancarllo De Sousa Silva, Salah Suwileh, Jose Retamal Carvajal
BACKGROUND: Sepsis remains a major health challenge with high mortality. Adequate volume administration is fundamental for a successful outcome. But with varying degrees of systemic vasodilation, circulatory flow maldistribution and an increase in vascular permeability, the individual fluid need differs between patients. The current fluid resuscitation practice has been questioned. Fluid overload is associated with higher mortality in sepsis. A sign of fluid overload is extravascular lung water, seen as B-lines in lung ultrasound (US)...
April 15, 2020: JMIR Research Protocols
A Dramowski, S Velaphi, G Reubenson, A Bekker, O Perovic, H Finlayson, A Duse, N R Rhoda, N P Govender
Despite a substantial decline in childhood mortality rates in South Africa (SA), progress in neonatal mortality reduction has been much slower. Severe bacterial infections remain a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and a direct cause of 13.1% of neonatal deaths among babies >1 kg. The incidence of hospital-acquired infections, antimicrobial resistance and outbreaks of infections in SA neonatal units is substantial, and is possibly higher than the currently available estimates. The SA Neonatal Sepsis Task Force was launched in Port Elizabeth, SA, on 13 September 2019 to provide technical advice and guidance on surveillance for neonatal sepsis, infection prevention, case management, antimicrobial stewardship and containment of neonatal unit outbreaks...
April 29, 2020: South African Medical Journal
A J Dell, P H Navsaria, S Gray, J C Kloppers
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Surgical site infection (SSI) rates are reported to range from 2.5% to 41%. HAI increases the risk of death by 2 - 11%, and three-quarters of these deaths are directly attributable to SSIs. OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of HAI and to identify risk factors amenable to modification with a resultant reduction in infection rates. METHODS: An analysis of HAIs was performed between January and April 2018 in the trauma centre surgical wards at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa...
January 29, 2020: South African Medical Journal
Seyyed-Abolfazl Afjeh, Mohammad Kazem Sabzehei, Roxana Mansor Ghanaie, Mahdiyeh Karimizadeh, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri, Fatemeh Esmaili
BACKGROUND: Chorioamnionitis (CAM) is one of the major risk factors for neonatal early-onset sepsis (EOS). Different international guidelines have been developed for diagnosis and care of such neonates. This research aimed to evaluate our neonates and compare them with the guidelines. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted during five years (March 2012 to March 2017), and comprised of neonates (any gestational age) born to mothers with CAM (any criteria)...
July 1, 2020: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Geir Hetland, Egil Johnson, Soosaipillai V Bernardshaw, Bjørn Grinde
Medicinal mushrooms have documented effects against different diseases, including infections and inflammatory disorders. The related Basidiomycota Agaricus blazei Murill (AbM), Hericium erinaceus (HE) and Grifola frondosa (GF) have been shown to exert antimicrobial activity against viral agents, Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, and parasites in vitro and in vivo. Since the mechanism is immunomodulatory and not antibiotical the mushrooms should be active against multi-drug resistant microbes as well...
July 13, 2020: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
X H Hu, H L Situ, J P Chen, R H Yu
The aim of the study was to explore the effect of lipoxin A4 (LXA4) on lung injury in sepsis rats through the p38/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the study. The rat model of sepsis-induced acute lung injury was established via cecal ligation (Sepsis group, n=20). LXA4 (0.1 mg/kg) was injected at 6 h after modeling (Treatment group, n=20), and a The Control group (n=20) was also set up. The 7-day survival rate was 100% in The Control group, and LXA4 raised the survival rate of rats in the Sepsis group from 40% to 60% (P<0...
May 2020: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Shaomin Zhu, Yu Lu
Dexmedetomidine inhibits the release of inflammatory cytokines and exerts a systemic anti-inflammatory effect and has potential protective effects on vital organs such as lung, heart, and kidneys. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine on LPS-treated HK-2 cells in vitro and explore the potential mechanisms. The HK-2 cells were pretreated with dexmedetomidine before LPS induction. CCK-8, flow cytometry, ELISA, or qRT-PCR was performed to detect cell proliferation, apoptosis, and proinflammatory cytokine expression...
July 13, 2020: Inflammation
Gina Ancora, Giacomo Faldella, Angela Chiereghin, Concetta Marsico, Carmen Simona Nigro, Tiziana Lazzarotto, Vittorio Sambri, Giacomo Brusa, Maria Grazia Capretti
Human parechovirus (HpeV) is an important emerging infection in young infants, able to cause sepsis-like disease and meningoencephalitis, especially in newborns. Among the 19 identified genotypes, HPeV1, 3 and 6 are the most common types involved in human infections; HPeV3 is the type mainly responsible for neonatal infections and for infections involving the central nervous system. Signs and symptoms overlap with those of a bacterial infection and patients are usually treated with broad spectrum antibiotics...
June 13, 2020: New Microbiologica
Roberta Troia, Elena Ciuffoli, Kateryna Vasylyeva, Armando Foglia, Francesco Dondi, Massimo Giunti
Large amount of nitric oxide (NO) can be released in patients with sepsis. Methemoglobin is formed from the interaction between NO and hemoglobin. Mild methemoglobinemia reflecting NO overproduction has been reported in septic people, and occasionally associated to septic shock and organ dysfunction. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate circulating methemoglobin fraction in dogs with sepsis and to assess its prognostic value. Methemoglobin reference interval (RI) was calculated in 41 healthy dogs and was set at 0-2...
2020: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Yang Xun, Yuanyuan Yang, Xiao Yu, Cong Li, Junlin Lu, Shaogang Wang
Background: Postoperative sepsis is a lethal complication for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). An early predictive model combined local and systemic conditions is urgently needed to predict infectious events. We aim to determine the preoperative predictors of sepsis after PCNL in patients with unilateral, solitary, and proximal ureteral stones. Methods: A total of 745 patients who underwent PCNL between January 2012 and December 2018 were retrospectively enrolled...
2020: PeerJ
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