keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33649441/essentials-of-neonatal-perinatal-medicine-fellowship-an-overview
#1
REVIEW
Heather M French, Kristen T Leeman, Jennifer A Wambach, Sabrina K Malik, Kristina M Reber
Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine (NPM) fellowship programs have undergone constant evolution since their first appearance in the 1960s. This article is the first in a seven-part series (Table 1) that critically evaluates the essentials of neonatology fellowship clinical and research education, performance assessment, and administrative support necessary to support NPM fellowship programs. This overview article will provide background on the history of NPM fellowship programs and provide a framework for the article series...
March 1, 2021: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33648704/academic-paediatric-surgery-in-australia-and-new-zealand-its-governance-drivers-successes-and-challenges
#2
Spencer W Beasley
Traditionally, academic surgeons have been expected to excel in research, administration, teaching and clinical work. For many, to be strong in all of these areas is aspirational rather than a reality - and it may not always be a desirable expectation. It is more likely that future academic surgeons will have exceptional ability in several of these domains, but probably not all. Clinical expertise (even if it is within a narrow field) is critical to gaining credibility with non-academic surgical colleagues; and research leadership and substantial ongoing academic output is critical to maintaining credibility among academic surgical colleagues - and facilitates funding success...
February 2021: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33641733/scholastic-synergy-a-team-prototype-for-pharmacy-faculty-engagement-in-education-research-and-service
#3
Andrea Sikora Newsome, Susan E Smith, Christopher M Bland, Trisha N Branan, W Anthony Hawkins
INTRODUCTION: Many clinical faculty members are challenged by competing factors of scholarly productivity, education, service obligations, and patient care. A team-based approach has the potential to synergistically increase productivity and mitigate factors associated with burnout. METHODS: The purpose of this report is to discuss a prototype for a small, team-based, practice-oriented collaborative approach to advancing critical care pharmacy practice through research and education...
March 2021: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33638602/information-model-on-pain-management-an-analysis-of-big-data
#4
Aline Tsuma Gaedke Nomura, Miriam de Abreu Almeida, Lisiane Pruinelli
PURPOSE: To develop an information model to support secondary use of data using electronic health records. DESIGN: Retrospective observational data-driven study with secondary use of data. The sample was composed of structured data from all adults admitted to clinical and surgical inpatient units of a public university hospital. Data between June 2014 and July 2019 were included, totaling approximately 51,000 unique patients. METHODS: Six systematic steps of the Applied Healthcare Data Science Roadmap were applied...
February 27, 2021: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33634957/the-gaps-of-healthcare-service-quality-in-nurse-practitioner-practice-and-its-associated-factors-from-the-patients-perspective
#5
Chia-Hung Lin, Shu-Fen Siao, Heng-Hsin Tung, Kuo-Piao Chung, Shiow-Ching Shun
PURPOSE: This study investigates the expectations, perceptions, and gaps of the healthcare service quality (HSQ) from the patients' perspective, and explores the significant demographic and clinical factors associated with the HSQ in nurse practitioner practice (NPP). DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was carried out, with convenience sampling performed under the NPP in Taiwan, from June to November 2016. METHODS: The Nurse Practitioner Healthcare Service Quality Scale was used to assess the expectations, perceptions, and gaps of the HSQ...
February 26, 2021: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33602337/a-comparison-of-standard-occupational-therapy-versus-early-enhanced-occupation-based-therapy-in-a-medical-surgical-intensive-care-unit-study-protocol-for-a-single-site-feasibility-trial-effort-icu
#6
Andrea Rapolthy-Beck, Jennifer Fleming, Merrill Turpin, Kellie Sosnowski, Simone Dullaway, Hayden White
BACKGROUND: Admissions to intensive care units (ICUs) are increasing due to an ageing population, and rising incidence of cardiac and respiratory disease. With advances in medical care, more patients are surviving an initial stay in critical care; however, they can experience ongoing health and cognitive limitations that may influence return to baseline function up to a year post-admission. Recent research has focused on the introduction of early rehabilitation within the ICU to reduce long-term physical and cognitive complications...
February 18, 2021: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33584948/inside-the-undergraduate-immunology-classroom-current-practices-that-provide-a-framework-for-curriculum-consensus
#7
Heather A Bruns, Brian D Wisenden, Thiru Vanniasinkam, Rebekah T Taylor, Samantha L Elliott, Rebecca L Sparks-Thissen, Louis B Justement, Sumali Pandey
Although immunological research has become increasingly important in recent decades for understanding infectious and immune-mediated diseases, immunological pedagogy at the undergraduate level has lagged behind in reports of evidence-based scholarship. To address the need for a renewed emphasis on immunology education and to describe the current status of undergraduate education in immunology, an online survey of instructors with experience in teaching immunology was conducted. The survey investigated the effects of instructors' level of teaching experience, target student population, and course components on the emphasis given to certain immunology subtopics in their courses...
2021: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33570327/process-evaluation-evidence-based-quality-indicators-in-clinical-practice-scholarship-and-pedagogy
#8
Ruben van Zelm, Craig Lockwood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2021: JBI evidence implementation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33556897/gender-influence-on-work-satisfaction-and-leadership-for-medical-oncologists-a-survey-of-the-spanish-society-of-medical-oncology-seom
#9
E Elez, F Ayala, E Felip, R García Campelo, R García Carbonero, J García Donás, A González Del Alba, E González Flores, J Hidalgo, D Isla, M Majem, Á Rodríguez Lescure, M J Safont, A Santaballa, G Villacampa, R Vera, P Garrido
BACKGROUND: Women represent an increasing proportion of the oncology workforce; however, globally this does not translate into leadership roles, reflecting disparities in career opportunities between men and women. The Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM) undertook a survey to investigate gender disparity in the Spanish oncology context. DESIGN: An online survey was made available to SEOM medical oncologists between February and May 2019. It included demographics, professional context and achievements, parenthood and family conciliation issues, workplace gender bias, and approaches to address disparities...
February 5, 2021: ESMO Open
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33555124/monitoring-of-the-implementation-of-a-breastfeeding-guideline-for-6-years-a-mixed-methods-study-using-an-interrupted-time-series-approach
#10
Maria Ruzafa-Martinez, David Harillo-Acevedo, Antonio Jesús Ramos-Morcillo
BACKGROUND: Current literature provides poor information about the implementation of health-promoting clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and their longitudinal monitoring. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the longitudinal impact of a CPG implementation program that promotes breastfeeding, its associated quantitative and qualitative indicators, and direct costs. DESIGN: A mixed-methods design with a longitudinal approach was utilized, with an interrupted time series design and the analysis of reports from the implementation program as the qualitative approach...
February 8, 2021: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33555118/predictors-of-self-efficacy-among-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-during-inpatient-rehabilitation-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Yan Li, Wai Tong Chien, Bingqian Zhu, Honggu He, Daniel Bressington
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the predictors of self-efficacy among Chinese people with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational design was adopted. METHODS: 121 participants were recruited from two rehabilitation hospitals in Shaanxi, China, from August 2016 to June 2017. The Moorong Self-Efficacy Scale was used to assess participants' self-efficacy levels. Participants' sociodemographic or clinical characteristics, functional independence, coping ability (measured using the Brief Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced Inventory), and social support (measured using the Six-item Social Support Questionnaire) were assessed as potential predictors of self-efficacy...
February 8, 2021: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33554094/a-global-point-prevalence-survey-of-antimicrobial-use-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-the-no-more-antibiotics-and-resistance-no-mas-r-study
#12
Pavel Prusakov, Debra A Goff, Phillip S Wozniak, Azraa Cassim, Catherine E A Scipion, Soledad Urzúa, Andrea Ronchi, Lingkong Zeng, Oluwaseun Ladipo-Ajayi, Noelia Aviles-Otero, Chisom R Udeigwe-Okeke, Rimma Melamed, Rita C Silveira, Cinzia Auriti, Claudia Beltrán-Arroyave, Elena Zamora-Flores, Maria Sanchez-Codez, Eric S Donkor, Satu Kekomäki, Nicoletta Mainini, Rosalba Vivas Trochez, Jamalyn Casey, Juan M Graus, Mallory Muller, Sara Singh, Yvette Loeffen, María Eulalia Tamayo Pérez, Gloria Isabel Ferreyra, Victoria Lima-Rogel, Barbara Perrone, Giannina Izquierdo, María Cernada, Sylvia Stoffella, Sebastian Okwuchukwu Ekenze, Concepción de Alba-Romero, Chryssoula Tzialla, Jennifer T Pham, Kenichiro Hosoi, Magdalena Cecilia Calero Consuegra, Pasqua Betta, O Alvaro Hoyos, Emmanuel Roilides, Gabriela Naranjo-Zuñiga, Makoto Oshiro, Victor Garay, Vito Mondì, Danila Mazzeo, James A Stahl, Joseph B Cantey, Juan Gonzalo Mesa Monsalve, Erik Normann, Lindsay C Landgrave, Ali Mazouri, Claudia Alarcón Avila, Fiammetta Piersigilli, Monica Trujillo, Sonya Kolman, Verónica Delgado, Veronica Guzman, Mohamed Abdellatif, Luis Monterrosa, Lucia Gabriella Tina, Khalid Yunis, Marco Antonio Belzu Rodriguez, Nicole Le Saux, Valentina Leonardi, Alessandro Porta, Giuseppe Latorre, Hidehiko Nakanishi, Michal Meir, Paolo Manzoni, Ximena Norero, Angela Hoyos, Diana Arias, Rubén García Sánchez, Alexandra K Medoro, Pablo J Sánchez
Background: Global assessment of antimicrobial agents prescribed to infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may inform antimicrobial stewardship efforts. Methods: We conducted a one-day global point prevalence study of all antimicrobials provided to NICU infants. Demographic, clinical, and microbiologic data were obtained including NICU level, census, birth weight, gestational/chronologic age, diagnoses, antimicrobial therapy (reason for use; length of therapy), antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP), and 30-day in-hospital mortality...
February 2021: EClinicalMedicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33534369/assessing-the-impact-of-the-pediatric-orthopaedic-society-of-north-america-posna-visiting-scholar-program
#13
Michael J Heffernan, Bryant Song, Karen M Bovid, Claudia Leonardi, Eric D Fornari
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA)-Children's Orthopaedics in Underserved Regions (COUR) Visiting Scholar Program is to engage emerging leaders from low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) in POSNA educational offerings. This study aims to outline the educational and leadership activities pursued by the alumni of the POSNA-COUR Visiting Scholars Program. We hypothesized that there may be a discrepancy between visiting scholar interest level and actual participation in key follow-up educational and leadership activities...
March 1, 2021: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33532966/tolerance-for-uncertainty-and-professional-development-a-normative-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Samuel Reis-Dennis, Martha S Gerrity, Gail Geller
Scholars from a range of disciplines including medicine, sociology, psychology, and philosophy have addressed the concepts of ambiguity and uncertainty in medical practice and training. Most of this scholarship has been descriptive, focusing on defining and measuring ambiguity and uncertainty tolerance or tracking clinicians' responses to ambiguous and uncertain situations. Meanwhile, scholars have neglected some fundamental normative questions: Is tolerance of uncertainty good; if so, to what extent? Using a philosophical approach to these questions, we show that neither tolerance nor intolerance of uncertainty is necessarily a good or bad trait...
February 2, 2021: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33528715/training-to-conduct-research-on-religion-spirituality-and-health-a-commentary
#15
Harold G Koenig, Jill B Hamilton, Benjamin R Doolittle
Scientific research on religion, spirituality and health is fundamental, or our health care systems will become spuriously tokenistic rather than being truly holistic. Likewise, training in scientific research with respect to the interconnection between religion/spirituality and health, is also essential so as to ensure the future inclusion and development of religion and spirituality across the disciplines of medicine, nursing, psychology, social work, pastoral/spiritual care, and other allied health disciplines...
February 2, 2021: Journal of Religion and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33521994/the-intersection-of-climate-change-with-the-era-of-covid-19
#16
REVIEW
Sheryl M Zang, Ivy Benjenk, Suellen Breakey, Eleonor Pusey-Reid, Patrice K Nicholas
The purpose of this integrative review is to examine recent literature on the intersection of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19 novel coronavirus) and climate change that will lead to a greater understanding of the complexities of the urgent pandemic linked with the emerging climate crisis. A literature search for peer-reviewed, English language, literature published since the pandemic emerged was conducted using Cumulated Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed, and the Cochrane Library. The final sample yielded a total of 22 commentaries, editorials, discussion papers, and a research study that explicitly addressed the intersection of COVID-19 and climate change...
January 31, 2021: Public Health Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33486509/the-density-of-endometrial-glandular-openings-a-novel-variable-to-predict-the-live-birth-rate-in-patients-with-intrauterine-adhesions-following-hysteroscopic-adhesiolysis
#17
Xingping Zhao, Bingsi Gao, Xuan Yang, Aiqian Zhang, Grace Jamail, Yueran Li, Dabao Xu
STUDY QUESTION: Can the density of endometrial glandular openings (DEGO) be a reliable and simple new variable in the prediction of live birth after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis? SUMMARY ANSWER: The DEGO grade at follow-up hysteroscopy outperforms American Fertility Society (AFS) score in predicting the live birth rate after hysteroscopic adhesiolysis for patients with intrauterine adhesions (IUAs). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Several methods, such as endometrial thickness and AFS score, have been proposed for predicting the live birth rate in patients with IUAs who undergo hysteroscopic adhesiolysis...
January 22, 2021: Human Reproduction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33485459/evidence-based-benchmarks-for-use-of-cancer-surgery-in-high-income-countries-a-population-based-analysis
#18
Sathira Kasun Perera, Susannah Jacob, Richard Sullivan, Michael Barton
BACKGROUND: Estimating a population-level benchmark rate for use of surgery in the management of cancer helps to identify treatment gaps, estimate the survival impact of such gaps, and benchmark the workforce and other resources, including budgets, required to meet service needs. A population-based benchmark for use of surgery in high-income settings to inform policy makers and service provision has not been developed but was recommended by the Lancet Oncology Commission on Global Cancer Surgery...
February 2021: Lancet Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33485458/global-demand-for-cancer-surgery-and-an-estimate-of-the-optimal-surgical-and-anaesthesia-workforce-between-2018-and-2040-a-population-based-modelling-study
#19
Sathira Kasun Perera, Susannah Jacob, Brooke E Wilson, Jacques Ferlay, Freddie Bray, Richard Sullivan, Michael Barton
BACKGROUND: The growing demand for cancer surgery has placed a global strain on health systems. In-depth analyses of the global demand for cancer surgery and optimal workforce requirements are needed to plan service provision. We estimated the global demand for cancer surgery and the requirements for an optimal surgical and anaesthesia workforce, using benchmarks based on clinical guidelines. METHODS: Using models of benchmark surgical use based on clinical guidelines, we estimated the proportion of cancer cases with an indication for surgery across 183 countries, stratified by income group...
January 21, 2021: Lancet Oncology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/33480595/maximizing-career-advancement-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-recommendations-for-postgraduate-training-programs
#20
Lisa K Vande Vusse, Hilary F Ryder, Jennifer A Best
The ongoing novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created many threats as well as opportunities for the career development of physicians-in-training. Institutional responses to the demand for patient care reduced the time many residents have to pursue clinical electives, scholarship projects, and other experiences meant to clarify and advance their personal and professional goals. Moreover, many academic medical centers experienced profound fiscal losses that require thoughtful revisions to budgets and curricula...
January 19, 2021: Academic Medicine
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