Jing Zhang, Wei-Ping Hu, Yi Huang, Jie-Ming Qu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2020: Chinese Medical Journal
Ariel Pomputius
When COVID-19 was recognized as a global pandemic and offices, clinics, and academic centers closed in the spring of 2020, many librarians found themselves answering reference questions, teaching, meeting, facilitating access to information resources, and organizing resources remotely. In the transition from traditional offices and workspaces to work from home, librarians and their administrations faced many challenges and adapted to a variety of new technologies. Video-conferencing and phone-forwarding tools were being used in new ways or for the first time...
October 2020: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
Morgan Birabaharan, Stefan H F Hagmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2020: Clinical Infectious Diseases
Charlene Tan, Idriss I Kallon, Christopher J Colvin, Alison D Grant
Tuberculosis remains a leading cause of death worldwide. Transmission is the dominant mechanism sustaining the multidrug-resistant tuberculosis epidemic. Tuberculosis infection prevention and control (TBIPC) guidelines for healthcare facilities are poorly implemented. This systematic review aimed to explore the barriers and facilitators of implementation of TBIPC guidelines in low- and middle-income countries from the perspective of healthcare workers. Two separate reviewers carried out an electronic database search to select qualitative and quantitative studies exploring healthcare workers attitudes towards TBIPC...
2020: PloS One
Joana Berger-Estilita, Hsin Chiang, Daniel Stricker, Alexander Fuchs, Robert Greif, Sean McAleer
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional Education (IPE) aims to improve students' attitudes towards collaboration, teamwork, and leads to improved patient care upon graduation. However, the best time to introduce IPE into the undergraduate curriculum is still under debate. METHODS: We used a mixed-methods design based on a sequential explanatory model. Medical students from all six years at the University of Bern, Switzerland (n = 683) completed an online survey about attitudes towards interprofessional learning using a scale validated for German speakers (G-IPAS)...
2020: PloS One
Ararso Baru, Ikeola A Adeoye, Adeyemi O Adekunle
BACKGROUND: Young female internal migrants are highly vulnerable to risky sexual behaviors (RSB) which may result in serious health problems such as unintended pregnancy, abortion and sexually transmitted infections including HIV. RSB includes early sexual debut (before 18 years), having multiple sexual partners, sex without a condom or inconsistent use of condom and sex under the influence of substance use. This study aimed to assess the magnitude and the factors associated with RSB among sexually-active unmarried young female internal migrants in Burayu Town, Ethiopia...
2020: PloS One
Zhuanglin Ma, Mingjie Luo, Steven I-Jy Chien, Dawei Hu, Xue Zhao
Recent advance in VMS technology has made it viable to ease traffic congestion and improve road traffic efficiency. However, the drivers' low compliance with the posted information may limit its performance to ease traffic congestion and improve traffic safety. This paper explores drivers' attitude to the service quality of VMS system resulted from the identified predominant influencing factors. A questionnaire is developed and used for surveying 9,600 drivers in Beijing, China. The collected data are analyzed with a multiple indicators and multiple causes (MIMIC) model considering different driver categories (e...
2020: PloS One
Kazumi Sakashita, Robert W Blum
Background Despite the assurance of free medical access through the universal health insurance system, over the past three decades Japanese youth have experienced an increase in developmental and behavioral problems, psychosomatic disorders, and psychiatric illnesses. Objectives To identify the challenges in promoting comprehensive preventive health services to adolescents in Japan, specifically in Tokyo. Methods A cross-sectional online survey was conducted of physicians who are members of the Tokyo Pediatric Association...
October 21, 2020: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Sara Ventura, Georgina Cardenas, Marta Miragall, Giuseppe Riva, Rosa Baños
Sexual harassment (SH) occurs when people-mostly women-are targets of unwanted sexual comments, gestures, or actions associated with a lack of empathy on the part of the offender. Virtual Reality (VR) has been defined as the "ultimate empathy machine" because it allows the user to take other people's perspective. The present work aims to study the effect of a 360°-video-based VR experience (vs. traditional perspective-taking task) on empathy and related concepts (i.e., violent attitude, perspective taking, sense of oneness) toward a female victim of SH in a male sample...
October 20, 2020: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Anat Amit-Aharon, Sigalit Warshawski, Michal Itzhaki
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence perpetrated by patients and their families towards nurses has become a global problem. PURPOSE: The present study explores associations between individuals' having witnessed violent incidents in the past and holding attitudes justifying violence in the present, and their intention to behave violently in a nurse-patient interaction at a healthcare facility. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study sampled 1,350 participants from among the general public in Israel...
October 21, 2020: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Nurit Tal-Or, Irene Razpurker-Apfeld
Based on theories of narrative engagement and embodied cognition, we hypothesised that a fit between the psychological state of a protagonist and the physical sensation of the viewer would enhance the subsequent identification with the protagonist, but not para-social relationship with him (seeing the protagonist as a friend). We also hypothesised that identification and a para-social relationship would lead to distinct effects on attitudes related to the narrative. Participants (N = 60) were randomly assigned to either a warmed or cooled room where they watched a movie clip alone in which a suffering protagonist wanted to undergo euthanasia while his close others wanted him to stay alive...
October 21, 2020: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Anna Karla de Oliveira Tito Borba, Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda, Ana Paula de Oliveira Marques, Márcia Carrera Campos Leal, Alcides da Silva Diniz, Francisca Márcia Pereira Linhares
OBJECTIVE: to assess the effects of a problematization educational intervention to promote healthy habits in elderly people with diabetes. METHODS: a randomized clinical trial conducted with 202 individuals drawn for the intervention group and the control group. The intervention consisted of problematization educational activities on a monthly basis for over six months. The control group participated in conventional monitoring at the health unit. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews before and after the intervention, in addition to laboratory tests...
2020: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Dirce Stein Backes, Marcelo Junior Toson, Luiza Watanabe Dal Ben, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann
OBJECTIVE: To reflect on the transformations of modern and contemporary nursing as well as on Florence Nightingale's social entrepreneurship. METHOD: This is a logical-reflective exhibition, with an emphasis on the theoretical assumptions of social entrepreneurship and the legacy of Florence Nightingale, from modern to contemporary nursing, based on readings of texts extracted from electronic databases, especially periodicals, books and theses. RESULTS: The logical-reflective exhibition focuses on two fundamental aspects: 1) Florence Nightingale's legacy as a social entrepreneur; 2) The evolution of Brazilian nursing: from modernity to contemporaneity...
2020: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
R C Moffat, C T Yentes, B T Crookston, J H West
BACKGROUND: Dental professionals are at high risk of being infected by and transmitting COVID-19 to patients. Patients' perceived risk for infection and attitudes about receiving dental care during the pandemic are important to understand as patients consider returning to routine dental care as the pandemic progresses. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore dental patients' perceptions of susceptibility to contracting COVID-19, their related attitudes and beliefs regarding dental care visits, and their considerations for returning to routine care during and after the pandemic...
October 21, 2020: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
Shona Mcintosh, Josh P Davis
Recent legal and media reports of contemporary and historical rape and sexual assault cases have focused on the entertainment industry, particularly around the notion of the "casting couch." This scenario, in which a powerful figure obtains sometimes nonconsensual sexual acts from subordinate actors in exchange for employment, was used to explore the influence of rape myths and Sexual Economics Theory on mock-juror decision-making. Participant-jurors ( n = 907) viewed video and written testimony of a complainant, accusing a male producer of rape...
October 21, 2020: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Stefan Tino Kulnik, Markus Latzke, Peter Putz, Constance Schlegl, Martina Sorge, Silvia Meriaux-Kratochvila
INTRODUCTION: Research is important for the development of physiotherapy practice, but several countries have a rather short history of physiotherapy as an academic profession. PURPOSE: This study investigated physiotherapists' experiences and attitudes toward scientific research in Austria, where physiotherapists have only been qualifying at bachelor level since 2009. METHODS: A convenience sample of 597 qualified physiotherapists completed an anonymous cross-sectional online survey...
October 21, 2020: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Katherine M Johnson, Alyssa M Lederer, Jessica L Liddell, Sydney Sheffield, Alicia McCraw
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether a semester-long course for first-year undergraduates influenced knowledge, attitudes, and behavioral intentions about gender, sexuality, and sexual violence. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental survey design. SETTING: A private university in the Southeastern US. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduates enrolled in an intervention (n = 49) or comparison (n = 60) course in Fall 2018. MEASURES: Sociosexual Orientation Inventory, Sexual Conservatism, Heteronormative Attitudes and Beliefs, Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale, Bystander Efficacy Scale, Consent Myths, Sexual Misconduct Apathy, Campus Resource Awareness Index...
October 21, 2020: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Sin How Lim, Lujain Daghar, Christopher Bullen, Hanisah Muhammad Faiz, Mohd Akbar, Amer Siddiq Amer Nordin, Anne Yee
Previous studies documented the health disparities in smoking among sexual minority populations, including men who have sex with men (MSM). However, smoking behaviors have never been examined among Malaysian MSM, a sexual minority group in a predominantly Muslim country. A total of 622 Malaysian MSM completed an anonymous online survey in 2017. Data on the demographics, smoking and substance use behaviors, psychosocial factors, and attitudes toward smoking cessation were collected and analyzed. The mean age was 28 years and 67% of participants were of Malay ethnicity...
October 21, 2020: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Danielle A Duarte, Kelvin Choi
PURPOSE: To investigate variations of psychographic profiles in adult tobacco users to inform message tailoring. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design used data from the Simmons 2015 National Consumer Study. SETTING: Data were voluntarily provided by US families through a mail survey on media, products, and services, brands, and attitudes. SUBJECTS: US adult tobacco users (N = 4,609). MEASURES: Participants answered questions about general opinion/attitudes and provided demographic and tobacco use information...
October 21, 2020: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Anne I Bolstad, Malene M Saetre, Anette S Aasgaard, Dagmar F Bunaes
A considerable number of prescriptions for antibiotics are issued by dentists. Educational institutions have a special responsibility to promote informed attitudes among dental students towards prescribing antibiotics. The purpose of this study was to analyze the antibiotic prescriptions issued during a 5-year period (2013-2017) at a University Dental Clinic (UDC) in Norway. All patient records containing prescriptions for patients ≥18 yr of age as of 2013-2017 were identified through an electronic search...
October 21, 2020: European Journal of Oral Sciences
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