keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767873/second-generation-antipsychotics-and-pneumonia-related-hospitalizations
#1
Victoria R Milano, Bryce M Kayhart, Robert J Morgan, Daniel C DeSimone, Kristin C Mara, Jonathan G Leung
Objective: To compare the rate of hospitalizations for pneumonia in patients with a psychotic or bipolar disorder who were prescribed 1 of 4 second-generation antipsychotics prior to admission. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients who were medically admitted for pneumonia to a 2,059-bed academic medical center or its associated health system hospital. Medical records of 872 admissions from November 1, 2016 to December 15, 2018, were included for all adults with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar disorder prescribed clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine, or risperidone prior to admission...
August 6, 2020: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767868/prognostic-implication-of-volumetric-quantitative-ct-analysis-in-patients-with-covid-19-a-multicenter-study-in-daegu-korea
#2
Byunggeon Park, Jongmin Park, Jae Kwang Lim, Kyung Min Shin, Jaehee Lee, Hyewon Seo, Yong Hoon Lee, Jun Heo, Won Kee Lee, Jin Young Kim, Ki Beom Kim, Sungjun Moon, Sooyoung Choi
OBJECTIVE: Lung segmentation using volumetric quantitative computed tomography (CT) analysis may help predict outcomes of patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between CT volumetric quantitative analysis and prognosis in patients with COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT images from patients diagnosed with COVID-19 from February 18 to April 15, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. CT with a negative finding, failure of quantitative analysis, or poor image quality was excluded...
August 4, 2020: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767861/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-nausea-and-vomiting-after-exposure-to-low-osmolality-iodinated-contrast-media-in-children-a-focus-on-preparative-fasting
#3
Ji Young Ha, Young Hun Choi, Yeon Jin Cho, Seunghyun Lee, Seul Bi Lee, Gayoung Choi, Jung Eun Cheon, Woo Sun Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence and risk factors of emetic complications associated with the intravenous administration of low-osmolality iodinated contrast media (ICM) in children undergoing computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All children who underwent contrast-enhanced CT between April 2017 and July 2019 were included. Pediatric patients were instructed on the preparative dietary protocol at our institution. Experienced nurses in the radiology department monitored the children during the CT scans and recorded any emetic complications in their electronic medical records...
August 4, 2020: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767823/use-of-inhibitors-of-the-renin-angiotensin-system-in-hypertensive-patients-and-covid-19-severity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Jessica Barochiner, Rocío Martínez
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Controversy has arisen in the scientific community on whether the use of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors in the context of COVID-19 would be beneficial or harmful. A meta-analysis of eligible studies comparing the occurrence of severe and fatal COVID-19 in infected hypertensive patients who were under treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) vs no treatment or other antihypertensives was conducted...
August 7, 2020: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767631/acute-myocardial-infarction-and-large-coronary-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-covid-19
#5
Delio Tedeschi, Andrea Rizzi, Simone Biscaglia, Carlo Tumscitz
This is a case report of a 60-year-old male, without any cardiovascular risk factor and no cardiac history admitted to hospital with a diagnosis of interstitial pneumonia caused by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). After 7 days, the blood tests showed a significant rise of inflammatory and procoagulant markers, along with a relevant elevation of high-sensitivity Troponin I. Electrocardiogram and transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) were consistent with a diagnosis of infero-posterolateral acute myocardial infarction and the patient was transferred to the isolated Cath Lab for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
August 7, 2020: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767351/analysis-of-clinical-features-and-imaging-signs-of-covid-19-with-the-assistance-of-artificial-intelligence
#6
H-W Ren, Y Wu, J-H Dong, W-M An, T Yan, Y Liu, C-C Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the CT imaging features/signs of patients with different clinical types of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) via the application of artificial intelligence (AI), thus improving the understanding of COVID-19. PANTIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical data and chest CT imaging features of 58 patients confirmed with COVID-19 in the Fifth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the Guidelines on Novel Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia Diagnosis and Treatment (Provisional 6th Edition), COVID-19 patients were divided into mild type (7), common type (34), severe type (7) and critical type (10 patients)...
August 2020: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767347/psychological-support-and-the-covid-19-a-short-report
#7
G-F Chen, Y-R Cheng, L Ye, M-W Wang, M-Y Zhou, F Zhang, J Chen, Z-H Feng
The World Health Organization reported a cluster of cases of pneumonia of unknown cause detected on December 31, 2019 in China. Unfortunately, a 34-year-old Italian nurse has committed suicide after testing positive for coronavirus. It was the second case of suicide by a nurse in an Italian hospital and occurred only a few days after the first suicide. These consecutive suicides have aroused concern, and it is necessary to investigate the psychological issues of the medical staff in Italy regarding the COVID-19...
August 2020: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767259/deficiency-of-tfh-cells-and-germinal-center-in-deceased-covid-19-patients
#8
Ya-Qi Duan, Ming-Hui Xia, Liang Ren, Yan-Fang Zhang, Qi-Lin Ao, San-Peng Xu, Dong Kuang, Qian Liu, Bing Yan, Yi-Wu Zhou, Qian Chu, Liang Liu, Xiang-Ping Yang, Guo-Ping Wang
The COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV2 is characterized by a remarkable variation in clinical severity ranging from a mild illness to a fatal multi-organ disease. Understanding the dysregulated human immune responses in the fatal subjects is critical for management of COVID-19 patients and the pandemic. In this study, we examined the immune cell compositions in the lung tissues and hilar lymph nodes using immunohistochemistry on 6 deceased COVID-19 patients and 4 focal organizing pneumonia (FOP) patients who underwent lung surgery and served as controls...
August 7, 2020: Current medical science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767258/effects-of-different-temperature-and-time-durations-of-virus-inactivation-on-results-of-real-time-fluorescence-pcr-testing-of-covid-19-viruses
#9
Ze-Gang Wu, Hong-Yun Zheng, Jian Gu, Feng Li, Rui-Long Lv, Ya-Yun Deng, Wan-Zhou Xu, Yong-Qing Tong
The novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 caused an outbreak of pneumonia in Wuhan, Hubei province of China in January 2020. This study aims to investigate the effects of different temperature and time durations of virus inactivation on the results of PCR testing for SARS-CoV-2. Twelve patients at the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University suspected of being infected with SARS-CoV-2 were selected on February 13, 2020 and throat swabs were taken. The swabs were stored at room temperature (20-25°C), then divided into aliquots and subjected to different temperature for different periods in order to inactivate the viruses (56°C for 30, 45, 60 min; 65, 70, 80°C for 10, 15, 20 min)...
August 7, 2020: Current medical science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32767214/genetic-characterization-of-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-and-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolated-from-wastewater-and-river-water-in-tunisia-predominance-of-ctx-m-15-and-high-genetic-diversity
#10
Bilel Hassen, Mohamed Salah Abbassi, Saloua Benlabidi, Laura Ruiz-Ripa, Olouwafemi M Mama, Chourouk Ibrahim, Abdennaceur Hassen, Salah Hammami, Carmen Torres
Aquatic environments are crucial hotspots for the dissemination of antibiotic resistant microorganisms and resistance genes. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence and the genetic characterization of cefotaxime-resistant (CTXR ) Enterobacteriaceae at a Tunisian semi-industrial pilot plant with biological treatment (WWPP) and its receiving river (Rouriche River, downstream from WWPP) located in Tunis City, during 2017-2018. We collected 105 and 15 water samples from the WWPP and the Rouriche River, respectively...
August 7, 2020: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766927/computed-tomography-surveillance-helps-tracking-covid-19-outbreak
#11
Akihiro Machitori, Tomoyuki Noguchi, Yusuke Kawata, Nobuhiko Horioka, Akihiro Nishie, Daisuke Kakihara, Kousei Ishigami, Shigeki Aoki, Yutaka Imai
PURPOSE: To reveal that a computed tomography surveillance program (CT-surveillance) could demonstrate the epidemiologic features of COVID-19 infection and simultaneously investigate the type and frequency of CT findings using clinical CT data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We targeted individuals with possible CT findings of viral pneumonia. Using an online questionnaire, we asked Japanese board-certified radiologists to register their patients' information including patient age and sex, the CT examination date, the results of PCR test for COVID-19 infection, CT findings, and the postal code of the medical institution that performed the CT...
August 7, 2020: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766848/overcoming-immune-dysfunction-in-the-elderly-trained-immunity-as-a-novel-approach
#12
Ozlem Bulut, Gizem Kilic, Jorge Domínguez-Andrés, Mihai G Netea
People with advanced age have a higher susceptibility to infections and exhibit increased mortality and morbidity as the ability of the immune system to combat infections decreases with age. While innate immune cells display functional defects such as decreased phagocytosis, chemotaxis and cytokine production, adaptive immune cells exhibit reduced receptor diversity, defective antibody production and a sharp decline in naive cell populations. Successful responses to vaccination in the elderly are critical to prevent common infections such as influenza and pneumonia, but vaccine efficacy decreases in older individuals compared with young adults...
August 7, 2020: International Immunology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766706/antibiotic-use-in-patients-with-covid-19-a-snapshot-infectious-diseases-international-research-initiative-id-iri-survey
#13
Bojana Beović, May Doušak, João Ferreira-Coimbra, Kristina Nadrah, Francesca Rubulotta, Mirko Belliato, Joana Berger-Estilita, Folusakin Ayoade, Jordi Rello, Hakan Erdem
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics may be indicated in patients with COVID-19 due to suspected or confirmed bacterial superinfection. OBJECTIVES: To investigate antibiotic prescribing practices in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: We performed an international web-based survey and investigated the pattern of antibiotic use as reported by physicians involved in treatment of COVID-19. SPSS Statistics version 25 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 166 participants from 23 countries and 82 different hospitals...
August 7, 2020: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766541/scoring-systems-for-predicting-mortality-for-severe-patients-with-covid-19
#14
Yufeng Shang, Tao Liu, Yongchang Wei, Jingfeng Li, Liang Shao, Minghui Liu, Yongxi Zhang, Zhigang Zhao, Haibo Xu, Zhiyong Peng, Fuling Zhou, Xinghuan Wang
Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been widely spread and caused tens of thousands of deaths, especially in patients with severe COVID-19. This analysis aimed to explore risk factors for mortality of severe COVID-19, and establish a scoring system to predict in-hospital deaths. Methods: Patients with COVID-19 were retrospectively analyzed and clinical characteristics were compared. LASSO regression as well as multivariable analysis were used to screen variables and establish prediction model...
July 2020: EClinicalMedicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766497/could-it-be-pneumonia-lung-ultrasound-in-children-with-low-clinical-suspicion-for-pneumonia
#15
Eric Scheier, Nadine Levick, Julia Peled, Uri Balla
Background: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a significant cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality worldwide. Emergency department point of care ultrasound (POCUS) is a first-line modality for diagnosis of CAP. The current coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic creates a unique opportunity to incorporate lung POCUS into the evaluation of a broader range of children. It has increased the utility of lung POCUS in both evaluation and follow-up of pediatric coronavirus cases. An increased use of lung POCUS creates an opportunity for earlier diagnosis while allowing the opportunity for overdiagnosis of small infiltrates and atelectasis...
July 2020: Pediatric quality & safety
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766380/recombinant-human-plasma-gelsolin-improves-survival-and-attenuates-lung-injury-in-a-murine-model-of-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-pneumonia
#16
Mark J DiNubile, Susan L Levinson, Thomas P Stossel, Matthew B Lawrenz, Jonathan M Warawa
Background: Plasma gelsolin (pGSN) is an abundant circulating protein quickly consumed by extensive tissue damage. Marked depletion is associated with later poor outcomes in diverse clinical circumstances. Repletion with recombinant human (rhu)-pGSN in animal models of inflammation lessens mortality and morbidity. Methods: Neutropenic mice were treated with different meropenem doses ±12 mg of rhu-pGSN commencing 1 day before an intratracheal challenge with multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa ...
August 2020: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766352/frequency-and-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-bacterial-species-isolated-from-the-body-surface-of-the-housefly-musca-domestica-in-akure-ondo-state-nigeria
#17
Babatunde Odetoyin, Babatunde Adeola, Olarinde Olaniran
Background: The emergence and spread of antibiotic resistant bacteria has become a serious problem worldwide. Houseflies are potential carriers of pathogenic and resistant bacteria and could be contributing to the global spread of these strains in the environments. We investigated the prevalence and antimicrobial resistant profiles of bacteria isolated from houseflies in Akure. Methods: Twenty-five houseflies were captured by a sterile nylon net from the slaughterhouse, garbage dump, human house, hospital, and eatery from 9:00am to 1:00pm when the flies were active and transported immediately to the laboratory in sterile containers for processing...
March 2020: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766279/hsp70-is-a-potential-therapeutic-target-for-echovirus-9-infection
#18
Yang Wang, Hui Zhang, Dongbo Ma, Xiang Deng, Dongdong Wu, Fang Li, Qiuge Wu, Hong Liu, Jing Wang
Echovirus is an important cause of viral pneumonia and encephalitis in infants, neonates, and young children worldwide. However, the exact mechanism of its pathogenesis is still not well understood. Here, we established an echovirus type 9 infection mice model, and performed two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS)-based comparative proteomics analysis to investigate the differentially expressed host proteins in mice brain. A total of 21 differentially expressed proteins were identified by MS/MS...
2020: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766266/administration-of-immunoglobulins-in-sars-cov-2-positive-patient-is-associated-with-fast-clinical-and-radiological-healing-case-report
#19
Novella Carannante, Giuseppe Fiorentino, Antonio Corcione, Raffaele Di Sarno, Micaela Spatarella, Nicola Maturo, Fiorentino Fragranza, Pierpaolo Di Micco
Polyclonal preparation of IgM as an adjuvant therapy has been reported as a relevant immunomodulant therapy in several infectious diseases, exhibiting, in most cases, improvement of the clinical course. No drug has demonstrated therapeutic efficacy for COVID-19. Immunomodulatory treatment with hydroxychloroquine and biologics as tocilizumab, in fact, has not proven to show satisfactory results in several reports. We therefore treated a selected patient with interstitial multifocal pneumonia, positive to COVID-19, with polyclonal preparation of immunoglobulins as an adjuvant therapy, obtaining in few days clinical remission and improvements in radiological findings...
2020: Frontiers in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32766261/lung-involvement-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-an-under-diagnosed-entity
#20
Georgios Sogkas, Stefanie Hirsch, Karen Maria Olsson, Jan B Hinrichs, Thea Thiele, Tabea Seeliger, Thomas Skripuletz, Reinhold Ernst Schmidt, Torsten Witte, Alexandra Jablonka, Diana Ernst
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) represents a frequent extra-glandular manifestation of primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS). Limited published data regarding phenotyping and treatment exists. Advances in managing specific ILD phenotypes have not been comprehensively explored in patients with coexisting pSS. This retrospective study aimed to phenotype lung diseases occurring in a well-described pSS-ILD cohort and describe treatment course and outcomes. Between April 2018 and February 2020, all pSS patients attending our Outpatient clinic were screened for possible lung involvement...
2020: Frontiers in Medicine
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