Jamie Bhamra, William Trask, Lisa Lagrou, Bryce Ford, Amin Kherani, Jonathan Wong, Ahmed Al-Ghoul, Andrew Crichton
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical manifestations, response to antiviral treatment, and long-term visual outcomes of cytomegalovirus endotheliitis in a Canadian population. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 9 eyes of 7 patients referred to a cornea subspecialty clinic in a major Canadian centre with corneal endotheliitis. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients presenting with corneal endotheliitis to 1 corneal surgeon was completed...
June 16, 2022: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Bharani Mynampati, Moises Enghelberg, Kakarla V Chalam
Exudative age related macular degeneration (AMD) is related to active choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and formation of disciform scars. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mediated choroidal vascular endothelial cell (CVECs) proliferation is characteristic of CNV. Intravitreal injections of bevacizumab, ranibizumab and aflibercept (anti-VEGF monoclonal antibodies) are used to treat exudative AMD. Pazopanib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, inhibits neovascularization through blockade of intracellular tyrosine kinase VEGF receptor and platelet-derived growth factor receptor...
2020: Medical Hypothesis, Discovery and Innovation in Ophthalmology
Majid Moshirfar, Michael S Murri, Tirth J Shah, David F Skanchy, James Q Tuckfield, Yasmyne C Ronquillo, Orry C Birdsong, Daniel Hofstedt, Phillip C Hoopes
The corneal endothelium plays an integral role in regulating corneal hydration and clarity. Endotheliitis, defined as inflammation of the corneal endothelium, may disrupt endothelial function and cause subsequent visual changes. Corneal endotheliitis is characterized by corneal edema, the presence of keratic precipitates, anterior chamber inflammation, and occasionally limbal injection, neovascularization, and co-existing or superimposed uveitis. The disorder is classified into four subgroups: linear, sectoral, disciform, and diffuse...
June 2019: Ophthalmology and Therapy
Mozhgan Rezaei Kanavi, Pejman Fahim, Mohsen Rahmanian, Tahereh Chamani, Bahar Kheiri, Sahar Balagholi, Mohammad Ali Javadi
PURPOSE: To describe the preparation and thickness profiles of endothelial keratoplasty lenticules harvested from eyes with previous photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: Donor whole eyes that underwent PRK were subjected to microkeratome-assisted dissection for Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty. Specular microscopy and Visante optical coherence tomography were performed on precut corneas. Endothelial cell indices and thickness profiles of endothelial keratoplasty lenticules were statistically analyzed...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Turgut Yılmaz, Seyhan Dikci, Oğuzhan Genç, Kayhan Mutlu
Presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome (POHS) is a clinical entity that is characterized by small, round, discrete, macular or mid peripheral atrophic (punched out) chorioretinal lesions (histo spots), peripapillary scarring, choroidal neovascularization (CNV), and the absence of anterior uveitis and vitritis. Diagnosis of this disorder is based upon characteristic clinical findings and a positive histoplasmin skin test or residence in an endemic region for Histoplasma capsulatum . There is no active systemic disease during diagnosis of POHS...
April 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
Aditya Sudhalkar, Vaibhav Sethi, Priyanka Gogte, Sailaja Bondalapati, Mitali Khodani, Jay Kumar Chhablani
PURPOSE: To provide a detailed analysis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with a 5-year follow-up at a Tertiary Eye Care Center in India. METHODS: In this retrospective institutional study, 408 eyes of 204 subjects (100 males) with a diagnosis of AMD with minimum 5-year follow-up were included. Data collected included demographics, details of the ocular exam, special investigations performed, treatment offered, complications, and systemic diseases, if any...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Britta Heimes, Marie-Louise Farecki, Sina Bartels, Anna Barrelmann, Matthias Gutfleisch, Georg Spital, Albrecht Lommatzsch, Daniel Pauleikhoff
BACKGROUND: To document the long-term outcome in cases of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) tears after treatment of vascularized pigment epithelial detachments with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the long-term outcome of a consecutive series of eyes with RPE tear developed during anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy for pigment epithelial detachment associated with choroidal neovascularization or retinal angiomatous proliferation (vascularized pigment epithelial detachment) was performed...
May 2016: Retina
Christina L Ryu, Sulaiman Al-Humaid, Emmanouil Rampakakis, Ivan J Galic, John C Chen
PURPOSE: To determine whether the optical coherence tomography location of a subfoveal fibrovascular scar is correlated with visual outcome in eyes successfully treated with antivascular endothelial growth factor agents for neovascular age-related macular degeneration. METHODS: Fifty-six eyes from 56 patients with a subfoveal disciform scar after antivascular endothelial growth factor treatment were included. The initial and final visual acuity, fluorescein angiography, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography scar characteristics were retrospectively reviewed...
July 2016: Retina
Steven B Koenig
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the results of a simple 6-mm central descemetorhexis in eyes with Fuchs corneal endothelial dystrophy. METHODS: This prospective nonrandomized IRB approved pilot study was performed on 2 patients with coexisting Fuchs dystrophy and cataract who underwent combined phacoemulsification and descemetorhexis without endothelial transplantation. RESULTS: In each patient, residual disciform stromal edema corresponded to the diameter of the descemetorhexis and led to an associated loss of visual acuity...
September 2015: Cornea
David Boyer, K Bailey Freund, Carl Regillo, Marc H Levy, Sumit Garg
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of an implantable miniature telescope (IMT) in patients with bilateral, end-stage, age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: A prospective, open-label, multicenter clinical trial with fellow eye controls enrolled 217 patients (mean age 76 years) with AMD and moderate-to-profound bilateral central visual acuity loss (20/80-20/800) resulting from untreatable geographic atrophy, disciform scars, or both...
2015: Clinical Ophthalmology
B Seitz, A Heiligenhaus
In Europe, herpes simplex virus type I (HSV) is a common cause of keratitis. The disease may be well treated if the ophthalmologtist is aware of the various types of clinical expressions of this typical unilateral chameleon, and treatment is adjusted accordingly. Types of expression include: (i) epithelial keratitis (dendritica/geographica), (ii) stromal keratitis (necrotising vs. non-necrotising = "interstitial keratitis"), (iii) endotheliitis (= "disciform keratitis"), (iv) so-called "metaherpetic keratitis" (= neurotrophic keratopathy), (v) (vascularised) corneal scars...
June 2015: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Shane R Durkin, Lachlan D M Farmer, Susith Kulasekara, Jagjit Gilhotra
PURPOSE: We investigated visual acuity outcomes and their associations in the setting of retinal pigment epithelium tear (RPET) following the use of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents. METHODS: This retrospective review included all patients treated for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with an anti-VEGF agent who subsequently developed an RPET. All patients who developed an RPET were identified and outcome measures data were recorded and analysed...
January 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Giuseppe Querques
PURPOSE: To describe a case of extensive macular atrophy and pseudodrusen complicated by bilateral choroidal neovascularization (CNV). METHODS: A 53-year-old woman showed extensive macular atrophy at the posterior pole associated with disciform scar in the right eye and fibrotic juxtafoveal CNV in the left eye. RESULTS: The patient underwent a complete ophthalmological examination including fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, showing a disciform scar at the posterior pole of the right eye and an extensive macular atrophy associated with a fibrotic juxtafoveal CNV...
April 2015: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
David Sarraf, Anthony Joseph, Ehsan Rahimy
PURPOSE: To describe the risk factors, pathogenesis, and prognosis of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) tears and to demonstrate our hypothesis that continued anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy after an RPE tear has occurred correlates with improved long-term visual and anatomical outcomes. METHODS: We searched a database of 10,089 patients and retrospectively identified a large case series of 56 eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) complicated by an RPE tear over an 8-year period...
July 2014: Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society
Rosa M Coco, M Rosa Sanabria, Melissa Castrejon, M Isabel Lopez-Galvez, Laura Monje-Fernandez, Marta Fernandez-Munoz, Alejandro Anton, Lourdes de Juan-Marcos, Sonia Villaron-Alvarez, Itziar Fernandez
BACKGROUND: The study aims to survey longstanding funduscopic and functional outcomes of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) after ranibizumab treatment and verify the accuracy of a new method to compare the retinal thickness measured with different optical coherence tomography (OCT) tools. METHODS: Case series included 314 eyes with 2-4 years of follow-up. Main Outcome Measures were visual acuity (VA), number of injections, retinal thickness, OCT morphology, and final macular funduscopic status...
November 22, 2014: BMC Ophthalmology
Erika Tanaka, Voraporn Chaikitmongkol, Susan B Bressler, Neil M Bressler
PURPOSE: To assess the development of vision-threatening lesions at least 3.5 years after initiating anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 75 patients (81 eyes) with CNV secondary to AMD who received intravitreous anti-VEGF treatment and were followed for at least 3.5 years after initiating treatment...
January 2015: Ophthalmology
Ngamjit Kasetsuwan, Chulaluck Tangmonkongvoragul
A case of an immunocompetent 51-year-old healthy man with chronic recurrent disciform corneal oedema and hypertensive anterior uveitis in the right eye for 2 years was unresponsive to topical corticosteroid and systemic acyclovir. Diagnostic anterior chamber tapping was performed and viral DNA PCR was positive for both cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus. The patient was treated with both oral valganciclovir for 3 months and long-term oral acyclovir. His condition improved significantly after the treatment; intraocular pressure and anterior chamber inflammation were controlled and the remaining keratic precipitates in the cornea started to clear up...
May 9, 2013: BMJ Case Reports
Rosa M Coco, M Rosa Sanabria, Arturo G Hernandez, Marta Fernández Muñoz
PURPOSE: To study whether anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy improves visual acuity (VA) in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) complicated with retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tears. METHODS: Retrospective case-control series. Group I (control group) included 9 patients with RPE tears that received no treatment, and group II (intervention group) incorporated 12 patients treated with anti-VEGF. RESULTS: A statistically significant difference was found in VA between the groups from the 3rd month to the final follow-up (p = 0...
2012: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
Shi-jing Deng, Wei-wei Li, Wen-bo Hou, Xu-guang Sun
OBJECTIVE: To study the cellular morphological characteristics and changes of corneal endotheliitis by corneal microstructure in vivo. METHODS: Forty-eight clinical diagnosed patients of corneal endotheliitis were examined by in vivo confocal microscopy. Confocal images of different layers were collected and observed. Of all the patients, 39 were disciform and 9 were diffuse. The history of the 48 patients was from 7 days to 23 years and the duration was from 4 to 180 days...
January 2012: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
B Seitz, A Heiligenhaus
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a common cause of keratitis. "Herpetic keratitis" is a chameleon, which is well treatable today if the various types of clinical expression of this disease are known to the ophthalmologist and treatment is adjusted accordingly. Types of expression include 1. epithelial keratitis (dendritica/geographica), 2. stromal keratitis (necrotizing vs. non-necrotizing = "interstitial keratitis"), 3. endotheliitis (=disciform keratitis), 4. neurotrophic keratopathy (=so-called metaherpetic keratitis) and 5...
April 2011: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
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