Ivana Lapić, Désirée Coen Herak, Snježana Prpić, Andrea Prce, Vanja Raščanec, Renata Zadro, Dunja Rogić
Introduction: The aim of the study was the analytical verification of automated latex-enhanced particle immunoturbidimetric (LPIA) D-Dimer assay INNOVANCE D-dimer on Sysmex CS-5100 and Atellica COAG 360 analysers, and HemosIL D-dimer HS500 on ACL TOP 550, as well as the comparison with the enzyme-linked immunofluorescent assay (ELFA) on the miniVidas analyser. Materials and methods: Verification included assessment of within-run and between-run precision, bias, measurement uncertainty (MU), verification of the cut-off, method comparison between all assessed assays, and the reference commercial ELFA VIDAS D-Dimer Exclusion II...
October 15, 2020: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
Celeste Dix, David Logerstedt, Amelia Arundale, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
OBJECTIVES: Knee injury prevention programs (IPPs) reduce knee and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury rates in female athletes, however, implementation of IPPs is low. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to implementation of IPPs among collegiate women's soccer coaches. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A custom survey based on the RE-AIM (reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, maintenance) framework and existing literature was sent to 151 out of 153 women's National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) soccer coaches in the NCAA's Eastern Region...
September 29, 2020: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Mackenzie M Herzog, Jessica C Young, Jennifer L Lund, Virginia Pate, Christina D Mack, Stephen W Marshall
BACKGROUND: This study further investigates a protective association between oral contraceptive (OC) use and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury noted in prior case-control studies. METHODS: Active comparator new user cohort analysis of women aged 13-45 years in the United States from the IBM MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database who newly-initiated low-dose OCs (exposed) or underwent intrauterine device (IUD) insertion (comparison group) from 2000 to 2014...
October 19, 2020: Injury Epidemiology
M Bernard, E Pappas, A Georgoulis, A Haschemi, S Scheffler, R Becker
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies have focused on the anteroposterior stability after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, with less emphasis on rotational stability. It has been hypothesized that bone patella tendon bone (BTB) autograft for ACL reconstruction restores knee rotation closely to normal due to its comparable fiber orientation to the native ACL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with unilateral ACL rupture and an uninjured contralateral knee were included in this study...
October 17, 2020: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Brian C Thiede, Matthew Hancock, Ahmed Kodouda, James Piazza
Changes in fertility patterns are hypothesized to be among the many second-order consequences of armed conflict, but expectations about the direction of such effects are theoretically ambiguous. Prior research, from a range of contexts, has also yielded inconsistent results. We contribute to this debate by using harmonized data and methods to examine the effects of exposure to conflict on preferred and observed fertility outcomes across a spatially and temporally extensive population. We use high-resolution georeferenced data from 25 sub-Saharan African countries, combining records of violent events from the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED) with data on fertility goals and outcomes from the Demographic and Health Surveys (n = 368,765 women aged 15-49 years)...
October 16, 2020: Demography
Long Shao, Di Wu, Jia-Ying Li, Xiang-Dong Wu, Xi Zhou, Gui-Xing Qiu, Changqi Luo, Peng-Cheng Xiao, Jia-Cheng Liu, Wei Huang
INTRODUCTION: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is one of the most common injuries of the knee. ACL reconstruction (ACLR) has been widely performed as a safe and effective treatment for ACL injuries. As there is an increasing trend in the incidence of ACL injury, hospital readmission after ACLR has attracted renewed attention for the financial burden to both patients and the healthcare system. However, information about hospital readmission after ACLR remains fragmented. Therefore, we plan to systematically review the literature to investigate the rate of, causes and risk factors for hospital readmission after ACLR, and summarise interventions to reduce hospital readmission...
October 16, 2020: BMJ Open
Yu-Lun Huang, Eunwook Chang, Samuel T Johnson, Christine D Pollard, Mark A Hoffman, Marc F Norcross
Lower explosive quadriceps strength, quantified as rate of torque development (RTD), may contribute to landing mechanics associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk. However, the association between quadriceps RTD and landing mechanics during high demand tasks remains unclear. Therefore, this study investigated the influence of quadriceps RTD on sagittal plane landing mechanics during double-leg jump landings (DLJL) and single-leg jump cuts (SLJC) in females with and without ACL reconstruction (ACLR)...
October 13, 2020: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Mira Merashli, Tommaso Bucci, Daniele Pastori, Pasquale Pignatelli, Vincenzo Marottoli, Alessia Arcaro, Fabrizio Gentile, Paul Rj Ames
AIM: To evaluate the clinical relevance of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). DATA SOURCES: EMBASE and MEDLINE databases were searched from inception to March 2020 for clinical studies reporting on the association between of aPL [IgG/IgM anticardiolipin (aCL) and lupus anticoagulant (LA)] and PAD. METHODS: We determined the pooled prevalence (PP) of patients positive for aPL in PAD or the PP of PAD in patients positive for aPL; we employed Peto's odds ratio with random effect for the meta-analysis...
August 30, 2020: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Frank R Noyes, Lauren E Huser, Michael Palmer
PURPOSE: To determine the statistical and predictive correlation between instrumented Lachman and pivot-shift tests with progressive loss of ACL function METHODS: The kinematic correlations between pivot-shift and Lachman anterior tibial translations (ATT) in ACL-deficient, ACL-reconstructed, and partially-lax ACL grafts were determined with precise robotic testing in cadaveric knees. The Lachman test (100-N anteroposterior) and two pivot-shift loadings were conducted: anterior tibial loads (100-N), valgus rotation (7-Nm), and internal rotation ( 5-Nm, 1-Nm)...
October 13, 2020: Arthroscopy
Martijn Dietvorst, Maarten H Brzoskowski, Marieke van der Steen, Eugenie Delvaux, Rob P A Janssen, Nicky Van Melick
Specific return to sport criteria for children and adolescents after anterior cruciate ligament injury and reconstruction are unknown. The aim of this scoping review is to provide an overview of current tests regarding return to sport for children and adolescents. This scoping review was performed according to the PRISMA statement. A systematic search was performed on PubMed and EMBASE. The inclusion criteria were diagnostic and prognostic studies evaluating tests regarding return to sport after ACL injury and reconstruction in children/adolescents (age < 18 years)...
October 15, 2020: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
Caitlin M Rugg, Austin A Pitcher, Christina Allen, Nirav K Pandya
Background: High failure rates have been documented after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in pediatric patients, and revision surgery is indicated due to high activity levels of children and adolescents. Purpose: To define trends in revision ACLR in patients who underwent initial ACLR at younger than 18 years. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: An electronic medical record was used to retrospectively identify revision ACLR procedures performed by 2 surgeons between the years 2010 and 2016 in patients younger than 18 years at initial reconstruction...
September 2020: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Kwangho Chung, Chong Hyuk Choi, Sung-Hwan Kim, Sung-Jae Kim, Woosung Do, Min Jung
Background: The relationship between the lateral femoral anatomic structures and femoral tunnel outlet according to changes in knee flexion and transverse drill angle during femoral tunnel creation in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction remains unclear. Purpose: To investigate the relationships between the lateral femoral anatomic structures and femoral tunnel outlet according to various knee flexion and transverse drill angles and to determine appropriate angles at which to minimize possible damage to the lateral femoral anatomic structures...
September 2020: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Fredrik Identeg, Eric Hamrin Senorski, Eleonor Svantesson, Kristian Samuelsson, Ninni Sernert, Jüri-Toomas Kartus, David Sundemo
Background: Radiographic tibiofemoral (TF) osteoarthritis (OA) is common in patients after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction at long-term follow-up. The association between radiographic OA and patient-reported outcomes has not been thoroughly investigated. Purpose: To determine the association between radiographic TF OA and patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) scores at 16 years after ACL reconstruction. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
September 2020: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Harmen D Vermeijden, Brett Cerniglia, Douglas N Mintz, Maarten V Rademakers, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Jelle P van der List, Gregory S DiFelice
PURPOSE: To assess the reliability and predictive value of quantifying anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear location on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and assess the predictive value of tear location on the eligibility for arthroscopic primary repair of proximal ACL tears. METHODS: In this case-control study, all adult patients undergoing acute ACL surgery between 2008 and 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were treated with the treatment algorithm of undergoing primary repair when proximal tears with sufficient tissue quality were present intraoperatively, and otherwise underwent single-bundle ACL reconstruction...
October 15, 2020: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Rayana Carla Silva de Morais, Maria Gabriella Nunes de Melo, Tayná Correia de Goes, Rômulo Pessoa E Silva, Rômulo Freire de Morais, Jorge Augusto de Oliveira Guerra, Maria Edileuza Felinto de Brito, Sinval Pinto Brandão-Filho, Milena de Paiva Cavalcanti
BACKGROUND: American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) is caused by different Leishmania parasites, which stimulate and direct the immune response against the infection. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the TaqMan probe technology applicability to diagnose and identifying of Leishmania spp. related to the ACL etiology. METHODOLOGY: Through the MEGA 6.0 software, performed an in silico analysis using multiple alignments of Leishmania spp. which were available on GenBank for different genomic targets...
October 11, 2020: Experimental Parasitology
Christoph Kolja Boese, Stephen Ebohon, Christian Ries, Diarmuid De Faoite
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been shown to have good long-term outcomes and survivorship. Nonetheless, dissatisfied patients are frequently reported in the literature. Bi-cruciate retaining total knee prostheses (BCR TKA) were designed to address the demand for more kinematically functional implants that better reconstruct natural knee kinematics. In BCR TKA, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is preserved. Improved patient-reported outcomes and satisfaction levels are expected. This review aimed to summarize indications for and clinical outcomes of BCR TKA...
October 13, 2020: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
Yining Lu, Enrico Forlenza, Matthew R Cohn, Ophelie Lavoie-Gagne, Ryan R Wilbur, Bryant M Song, Aaron J Krych, Brian Forsythe
PURPOSE: Overnight admission following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has implications on clinical outcomes as well as cost benefit, yet there are few validated risk calculators for reliable identification of appropriate candidates. The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a machine learning algorithm that can effectively identify patients requiring admission following elective anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective review of a national surgical outcomes database was performed to identify patients who underwent elective ACL reconstruction from 2006 to 2018...
October 12, 2020: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Goris Nazari, Kristen I Barton, Dianne Bryant, Alan Getgood, Charles H Brown
PURPOSE: Hamstring tendon graft diameter less than 8 mm has been correlated with an increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) graft failure. The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the diameter of 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-strand gracilis and semitendinosus (ST) hamstring tendon (HT) ACLR grafts, and to determine if there is a correlation between anthropometric data, HT length, and diameter of the HT ACLR graft. METHODS: Male patients (n = 78) undergoing primary or revision ACLR with a HT autograft between July 2018 and March 2020 were recruited...
October 9, 2020: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Kathryn J Stevens, Omar M Albtoush, Amelie M Lutz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate injury patterns associated with Stieda avulsion fractures of the medial femoral condyle at the attachment of the proximal MCL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Knee radiographs and MRI scans of 11 patients with Stieda fractures were evaluated by two fellowship-trained MSK radiologists for fracture origin, integrity of the deep and superficial components of the MCL, medial retinacular structures, posterior oblique ligament, other ligamentous injuries, meniscal tears, and osteochondral injuries...
October 9, 2020: Skeletal Radiology
Joana Zulian Fiorentin, Alexandre Vieira Martins, Juan Manuel Vélez Cañola, Linda Cecilia Gutierrez, Fábio Perches, Thiago Mamôru Sakae, Sérgio Bernardo Tenório
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is no consensus of the ideal technique to provide analgesia in knee ligament reconstructions. The aim of this study was to compare the intensity of postoperative pain in these patients under different modalities of analgesia. METHOD: Randomized and controlled clinical trial of patients undergoing reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with flexor tendons between December 2013 and 2014. All patients underwent spinal anesthesia and rescue analgesia with tramadol...
October 5, 2020: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
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