Carlos Basas, Naoaki Ito, Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Fernando Reyes-Gil, Ángel Basas
BACKGROUND: The Basas Spanish Squat with electrical stimulation (E-stim) has shown promising results as a potential key exercise in treatment of athletes with patellar tendinopathy. Gold standard exercise therapy for tendon injuries consists of tendon loading exercises, or exercises that appropriately applies high levels of mechanical strain to the tendon. The theoretical pathway in which the Basas Spanish Squat with E-stim improves tendinopathy has been speculated to be the additional strain applied through the patellar tendon during superimposition of E-stim...
2023: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Nicholas Giampetruzzi, Adam P Weaver, Dylan P Roman, Joshua A Cleland, Brandon M Ness
BACKGROUND: Restoration of quadriceps strength after anterior ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is a persistent challenge for patients and clinicians. Inadequate recovery of quadriceps strength has been linked to increase risk of re-injury. Developing methods of early identification of strength deficits is essential to allow clinicians to provide more individualized interventions early in the rehabilitation process. PURPOSE: To determine whether 3-month isometric quadriceps strength, the Y-Balance Test (YBT), and the anterior step-down test are predictive of isokinetic quadriceps strength at six months in adolescents after ACLR...
2023: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Ankur Anand Padhye, Stacey A Meardon, Anthony Kulas, John Willson
Premature osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is common among athletes. Reduced knee contact forces after ACLR likely contribute to the multifactorial etiology of the disease. Whether this reduction is accompanied by compensatory increases in joint contact forces (JCF) at adjacent or contralateral joints is unclear. It is also unclear if compensatory effects depend on the task demands. Thus, we compared hip, knee, and ankle JCF symmetry between individuals with reconstruction and a matched control group during walking and running...
December 3, 2023: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Yuri Lopes Lima, Tyler J Collings, Michelle Hall, Matthew N Bourne, Laura E Diamond
BACKGROUND: One mechanism by which exercise interventions may be effective in reducing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury risk is through changes in lower limb biomechanics. Understanding how training programmes affect lower-limb kinematics and kinetics may help refine injury prevention programmes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effect of injury prevention programmes on kinematics and kinetics during tasks related to ACL injury in female team field and court sports...
December 4, 2023: Sports Medicine
Imanol Martin-Garetxana, Isusko Ortuzar, Iban Urkiza, Jose A Lekue, Xabier Monasterio, Susana M Gil, Jon Larruskain
OBJECTIVES: To compare the injury profiles of football players shifting between second and first teams with those of second- and first-team players, and to examine the opinions of shifting players. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: 170 male players from Athletic Club (second team = 90, shifting = 20, first team = 60) were followed over eight seasons. Injuries and exposure time were recorded following the FIFA consensus, and 18 shifting players answered a seven-item questionnaire on their experience...
November 22, 2023: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Masoumeh Baghban Baghdadabad, Shahram Mohaghegh
BACKGROUND: The Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) and its modification(mSEBT) as dynamic tests have been shown to have high reliability and validity for the prediction of lower extremities injuries including ACL ones. No previous study has compared mSEBT performance measures in different hormonal statuses of the menstrual cycle in naturally menstruating women. So aim of the study was comparison of mSEBT performance measures in days of the menstruation cycle with the peak of estrogen and progesterone hormones in naturally menstruating women...
November 23, 2023: Physical Therapy in Sport
Anne Fältström, Martin Hägglund, Henrik Hedevik, Joanna Kvist
BACKGROUND: Playing football involves a high risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries and these may affect knee function and activity level. OBJECTIVES: To measure changes in self-reported knee function, activity level, and satisfaction with knee function and activity level in female football players with or without an ACL-reconstructed knee. METHODS: Female football players, age 19.9 (SD 2.6) years, with either a primary ACL-reconstruction 1...
November 22, 2023: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Jing Ye, Yue Huang, Keyan Liu
Quantum vortices in Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) are essential phenomena in condensed matter physics, and precisely locating their positions, especially the vortex core, is a precondition for studying their properties. With the rise of machine learning, there is a possibility to expedite the localization process and provide accurate predictions. However, traditional machine learning requires particular considerable amount of manual data annotation, leading to uncontrollable accuracy. In this paper, we utilize the U-Net method to detect vortex positions accurately at the pixel level and propose an Automatic Correction Labeling (ACL) approach to optimize the acquisition of data sets for vortex localization in BECs...
December 2, 2023: Scientific Reports
Yana Liu, Xiao Han, Yujie Dai, Zhi Chen
Schizochytrium sp. is an important industrial strain for commercial production of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which plays essential physiological roles in infant development and human health. The regulatory network for DHA biosynthesis and lipid accumulation in Schizochytrium remains poorly understood. FabR (fatty acid biosynthesis repressor), a basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor, was transcriptionally downregulated under low-nitrogen condition. Deletion of fabR gene (mutant ΔfabR) increased production of total lipids and DHA by 30...
November 30, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Yuka Nakamura, Nirtal Shah, Alenna Stirpe, Prateek Gupta, Nicole Liolios
PURPOSE: To identify, using a social ecological model, the multi-level facilitators and barriers that shape the lived experience of rehabilitation following anterior cruciate ligament reconstructive (ACLR) surgery. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews with 12 adults who experienced rehabilitation following ACLR surgery. Thematic analysis of qualitative data was completed following Braun and Clarke's framework. RESULTS: The experience of rehabilitation was influenced by intrapersonal, interpersonal, physical, institutional, community, and policy level factors...
November 2023: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
Kelechi R Okoroha, Joseph S Tramer, Lafi S Khalil, Toufic R Jildeh, Muhammad J Abbas, Patrick J Buckley, Craig Lindell, Vasilios Moutzouros
BACKGROUND: Quadriceps muscle atrophy remains a limiting factor in returning to activity after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Blood flow restriction (BFR) therapy may accelerate quadriceps strengthening in the perioperative period. PURPOSE: To evaluate postoperative isometric quadriceps strength in patients who underwent ACLR with a perioperative BFR program. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1...
November 2023: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Dylan P Roman, Julie P Burland, Arthur Fredericks, Nicholas Giampetruzzi, Jennifer Prue, Adel Lolic, J Lee Pace, Allison E Crepeau, Adam P Weaver
BACKGROUND: Blood flow restriction training (BFRT) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is rising in popularity because of its benefits in reducing muscle atrophy and mitigating knee strength deficits. PURPOSE: To investigate the impact BFRT has on adolescent knee strength after ACLR at 2 postoperative time points: at 3 months and the time of return to sport (RTS). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A prospective intervention (BFRT) group was compared to an age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched retrospective control group...
November 2023: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Pengfei Cheng, Pengyu Yang, Hua Zhang, Haizhen Wang
OBJECTIVES: Prediction models for the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in patients with cardiac arrest play an important role in helping physicians evaluate the survival probability and providing medical decision-making reference. Although relevant models have been developed, their methodological rigor and model applicability are still unclear. Therefore, this study aims to summarize the evidence for ROSC prediction models and provide a reference for the development, validation, and application of ROSC prediction models...
2023: Emergency Medicine International
Takahiro Nishimura, Tsuneari Takahashi, Katsushi Takeshita
Purpose This study aimed to clarify whether differences in ablation devices used in the knee joint during partial debridement of the proximal end of the femoral attachment of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) affect the mechanical properties of the femur-ACL-tibia complex. Methods Electrothermal ablation was generated from Vulcan for the left knees, and radiofrequency ablation was generated from Werewolf Flow 50 Wand for the right knees. The probes were set to the default setting of 120 W and 150 W for Vulcan and Werewolf Flow 50 Wand, respectively...
October 2023: Curēus
Yoan Bourgeault-Gagnon, Alexandre Keith Leang, Sonia Bédard, Karina Lebel, Frédéric Balg, François Vézina
PURPOSE: Graft diameter in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions has been shown to influence the risk of failure. It is therefore important to be able to adjust the graft configuration to modify the diameter. To measure the impact of a 6-strand (6S) hamstring autograft configuration on graft diameter compared to the standard 4-strand (4S) configuration. METHODS: Cadaveric study on 33 knees, using the usual hamstring graft harvesting technique. Semitendinosus and gracilis tendons were harvested and their length, width, and diameter were measured in 4S and 6S configurations separately by three evaluators...
2023: SICOT-J
Ramana Piussi, Rebecca Simonson, Bálint Zsidai, Alberto Grassi, Jon Karlsson, Francesco Della Villa, Kristian Samuelsson, Eric Hamrin Senorski
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the timing of Return to Sports (RTS) as a potential risk factor for a second anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury after ACL reconstruction. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. LITERATURE SEARCH: The Cochrane Library, EMbase, MEDLINE, AMED and PEDro databases were searched in August 2021 and November 2022. STUDY SELECTION CRITERIA: Clinical studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals, that reported time to RTS after ACL reconstruction and occurrence of second ACL injury were eligible...
November 30, 2023: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Gai Yao, Yang Liu, Zhiyou Zhou, Xuchao Zhang, Kang Liu, Xiawei Fu, Zikai Hua, Zimin Wang
OBJECTIVE: Isolated intra-articular anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is not capable of restoring instability in many cases leading some to recommend concomitant anterolateral ligament (ALL) reconstruction. The satisfactory fixation site and graft length change are crucial in ligament reconstruction to restore the ALL function and avoid some unwanted graft behavior. The purpose of this investigation is to determine the optimal isometric region on the anterolateral aspect of the knee for ALL reconstruction using a three-dimensional optical instrument and a suture similar to an intraoperative isometric test...
November 29, 2023: Orthopaedic Surgery
R Rajesh, M Moganadass, C Y Choo
INTRODUCTION: This study examined the prevalence of posterolateral tibial bone bruising in isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, prevalence of meniscal injuries in ACL injuries, as well as the association between posterolateral tibial bone bruising and lateral meniscal tears among those with ACL injury undergoing Primary ACL Reconstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective data on 130 patients who underwent primary ACL reconstructions was analysed...
November 2023: Medical Journal of Malaysia
Issei Ogasawara, Ken Ohta, Gajanan S Revankar, Shoji Konda, Yohei Shimokochi, Hideyuki Koga, Ken Nakata
BACKGROUND: Combined knee valgus and tibial internal rotation (VL + IR) moments have been shown to stress the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in several in vitro cadaveric studies. To utilize this knowledge for non-contact ACL injury prevention in sports, it is necessary to elucidate how the ground reaction force (GRF) acting point (center of pressure, CoP) in the stance foot produces combined knee VL + IR moments in risky maneuvers, such as cuttings. However, the effects of the GRF acting point on the development of the combined knee VL + IR moment in cutting are still unknown...
November 27, 2023: Journal of Sport and Health Science
William A Millar, Landon R Armstrong, Robert M Becker, Adam N Musick, David B Ryan, Thomas E Kwasigroch
INTRODUCTION: Soft-embalmed cadavers have been used in medical education with a variety of success in different curriculum objectives. In the United States, the ACL is the most commonly injured ligament. Yet, there has been little focus on the stability of the knee in the sagittal plane provided by the anterior cruciate ligament within the soft-embalmed cadaver model. If the soft-embalmed cadaver ligaments contain similar elastic properties as an in-vivo knees, this will offer yet another means for further advancements in medical education to detect and assess musculoskeletal injuries...
2023: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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