Rashid Nadeem, Amin Nadeem, Essam Mohamed Madbouly, Janos Molnar, Jeanette Levine Morrison
OBJECTIVE: To determine the lunar effect on mortality among patients admitted to the intensive care unit. METHODS: The retrospective study conducted at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, North Chicago, and comprised data of 4387 patients in intensive care unit from December 2002 to November 2004. The subjects were divided into two groups: patients who died on full moon days (the 14th, 15th, and 16th days of the lunar month); and patients who died on the other days of the month...
February 2014: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
L Cirillo, C Casella, F D'Adda, C Cappelli, B Salerni
AIM: Clinical significance, population screening and management of subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) are still debated. Although the diagnosis of subclinical hyperthyroidism is, by definition, purely a biochemical one a conventional gray-scale sonography and, more recently, color-flow Doppler sonography (CFDS) have proven to be useful in obtaining information about thyroid morphology and function in thyroid disease, such as SHyper. The objective of this study was to evaluate, using CFDS, the presence and significance of changes in intrathyroidal blood flow and velocity in patients affected by SHyper and, to evalutate the potential diagnostic role of CFDS in mild thyroid disease in absence of a significant alteration in the serum level of circulating thyroid hormones...
March 2014: Minerva Endocrinologica
Katherine J Hunt, Natalie Shlomo, Julia Addington-Hall
BACKGROUND: End-of-life care (EOLC) is a key component in care of older people. However, evidence suggests that the oldest old (>85 years) are less likely to access specialist EOLC. OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to explore experiences of EOLC among the oldest old and determine their reported preference for place of death. DESIGN: The study involved a self-completion postbereavement survey. METHODS: A census was taken of deaths registered between October 2009 and April 2010 in two health districts, identified from death certificates...
February 2014: Journal of Palliative Medicine
D K Uppal, C F Curtis, V K Soni
Two pure translocation homozygote stocks, T1/T1 and T3/T3, were used to produce a double translocation heterozygote system designated T1/T3, employing T1/T1 as the male and T3/T3 as the female parent. The double heterozygote showed 73 % sterility when mated to wild females. Tests on mating competitiveness, recombination frequency in the differential segment, insemination rate and inheritance of sterility after release, for four generations in laboratory cages, have been carried out to evaluate the efficiency of this strain as an agent for a population control programme...
July 1978: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Füsun Yıldız, Gülbin Bingöl Karakoç, Refika Ersu Hamutçu, Nazan Yardım, Banu Ekıncı, Arzu Yorgancıoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Although chronic respiratory disorders are important causes of morbidity and mortality, health care workers, patients and caretakers are not well informed about these disorders. Therefore these problems are underdiagnosed and undertreated; also preventive measures are not widely taken. Our aim was to evaluate the knowledge of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Turkey. This study was designed and performed as a Global Alliance Against Respiratory Disorders (GARD) project...
2013: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
S Voigt-Radloff, G Ruf, A Vogel, F van Nes, M Hüll
OBJECTIVE: Previous systematic reviews on occupational therapy for elderly included studies until 2003. The present evidence mapping summarizes recent evidence for the efficacy of occupational therapy with older persons based on randomised controlled trials from 2004-2012. METHOD: An electronic search in Cochrane and Medline databases identified publications of randomised controlled trials on occupational therapy interventions for persons≥65 years old. Two raters independently extracted data and analysed the quality of samples, interventions and outcome evalutations according to PRISMA criteria...
January 2015: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Gholam Hossein Farjah, Behnam Heshmatian, Mojtaba Karimipour, Ali Saberi
OBJECTIVE(S): The aim of this study was to evaluate the final outcome of nerve regeneration across the eggsell membrane (ESM) tube conduit in comparison with autograft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty adult male rats (250-300 g) were randomized into (1) ESM conduit, (2) autograft, and (3) sham surgery groups. The eggs submerged in 5% acetic acid. The decalcifying membranes were cut into four pieces, rotated over the teflon mandrel and dried at 37(°)C. The left sciatic nerve was surgically cut...
August 2013: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
P P Makarov, S M Kuznetsov, S G Kuz'min, S A Novoselov
The analysis of the existing system of organization dietary personnel in the Armed Forces has been done. The new system of improvement of dietary nutrition for military personnel was developed. This system is based on scientifically proven food rationings that provide a balance of nutrients and mechanical and chemical sparing of GI tract. For the purpose of evalution of the given system the research was conducted. Two test groups were formed. First group (control) got dietary nutrition according to the current system; second group (experimental) got dietary nutrition according to the developed system...
June 2013: Voenno-medit︠s︡inskiĭ Zhurnal
Martin Wabitsch, Anja Moss, Thomas Reinehr, Susanna Wiegand, Wieland Kiess, André Scherag, Reinhard Holl, Rolf Holle, Johannes Hebebrand
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of overweight and obesity have increased in German children and adolescents in the last three decades. Adolescents with extreme obesity represent a distinct risk group. On the basis of data obtained by the German Child and Youth Survey (KiGGS) and the German district military offices we estimate that the group of extremely obese adolescents (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) currently encompasses approximately 200.000 adolescents aged 14 to 21 yrs. Conventional approaches focusing on weight reduction have largely proven futile for them...
August 29, 2013: BMC Public Health
Fernanda Angelieri, Lorenzo Franchi, Lucia H S Cevidanes, Marco A Scanavini, James A McNamara
AIM: To examine the long-term effects induced by treatment with the function regulator (FR-2) appliance 7 years post-treatment compared with untreated class II subjects. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The FR-2 sample was collected prospectively and comprised 17 subjects (10 boys and 7 girls, mean age 10.8 years) who were treated with the FR-2 appliance for 1.7 years and re-evaluated 7.1 years after treatment. The step-by-step mandibular advancement was performed gradually (increments up to 3-4 mm), until a 'super class I' molar relationship was obtained...
April 2014: European Journal of Orthodontics
Giuseppina Peluso, Alessandro Palmieri, Pietro Paolo Cozza, Giancarlo Morrone, Paolo Verze, Nicola Longo, Vincenzo Mirone
INTRODUCTION: Although the pathophysiology of the testicular damage associated with varicocele remains unclear, sperm DNA damage has been identified as a potential explanation for this cause of male infertility. The current study was designed to determine the extent of sperm nuclear DNA damage in patients with varicocele, and to examine its relationship with parameters of seminal motility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen samples from 60 patients with clinical varicocele and 90 infertile men without varicocele were examined...
April 19, 2013: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
B Shrestha, S Dhungel
Hypertension and Chronic kidney disease (CKD) are common in Nepal. Control of blood pressure (BP) in general hypertensive patients is poor. Evaluation of adequacy of BP control in CKD patients with hypertension is rare. All consecutive indoor patients (52) with CKD and hypertension, attending echo-lab of Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital during prospective study of 3 years period from 16th April 2008 to 15th April 2011, were evaluted. Mean age was 45.3 +/- 16.7 years. Male female ratio was 8:5. Brahman and Chhetri (22, 42...
June 2012: Nepal Medical College Journal: NMCJ
Prasad K Kulkarni, Susheela Shekhar, B N Reddy, B C Nirmala
Guidelines for measuring blood pressure includes measurement of blood pressure on both arms but it is often ignored. Our case report aims at highlighting the need follow the guidelines. A 60 year old 59 kg weighing male asymptomatic patient without any comobidities was posted for bilateral inguinal hernia repair. The interarm blood pressure difference was discovered incidentally during his preanaesthetic evalution. On further evaluation patient was found to be having subclavian stenosis on left side which was asymptomatic...
September 2011: Indian Journal of Medical Sciences
R Crapanzano, L Vigna, A S Tirelli, D Sommaruga, L Cassinelli, P A Bertazzi, L Riboldi
Numerous evidence suggests that vitamin D deficiency is implicated in the development of cardiovascular risk. It has been investigated the relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and vitamin D concentrations in 264 consecutive workers from Centro Obesità e Lavoro della Clinica del Lavoro di Milano. For these studies, glicometaboliche analysis, anthropometric measurements and impedance evalutation were performed and questionnaires to estimate nutrient levels in the diet were administered. The levels of vitamin D are found to be deficient in 166 patients (less than 20 ng/mL), insufficient in 63 patients (less than 30 ng/mL) and optimal for the remaining 35 patients...
July 2012: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Gokhan Doner, Zeynep Guven, Ayçe Atalay, Reyhan Celiker
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Mulligan's technique for relieving pain and improving functional capacity of the shoulder in patients with adhesive capsulitis in the stiffness phase. DESIGN: Randomized controlled study. METHODS: A total of 40 subjects were randomly allocated into 2 groups: (i) group 1 (n = 20) were treated with hot pack, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and passive stretching exercises; (ii) group 2 (n = 20) were treated with hot pack, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and Mulligan's technique...
January 2013: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Mary E O'Connor, Rachel M Everhart, Michele Berg, Steven G Federico, Simon J Hambidge
OBJECTIVE: In 2008 the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended that all children aged 6 months to 18 years receive annual influenza vaccine. Full pediatric influenza administration has proven difficult. We compared rates of full influenza immunization between a safety net health care system and CDC sentinel sites and evaluated sociodemographic factors associated with full influenza immunization. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We matched influenza immunization data for 2008-2009 from a health care system immunization registry with patient demographic/billing data and compared rates to CDC sentinel sites using bivariate analysis...
April 19, 2012: Vaccine
Kenan Isen
PURPOSE: In nowadays there is no consensus on single-session ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL) for the management of bilateral ureteric stones. The aim of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of single-session URSL in patients with bilateral ureteric stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 41 patients who have undergone bilateral single-session URSL were evaluted in this study. A 8/9.8 Fr Wolf semi-rigid ureteroscope was used for the procedures, and the stones were fragmented with pneumatic lithotripter...
January 2012: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Mirosław Kulej, Szymon Dragan, Katarzyna Płocieniak, Artur Krawczyk, Szymon Łukasz Dragan Dragan, Piotr Baryła-Urban
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to evalute perioperative blood loss associated with total cemented knee joint alloplasty, with special regard to specific factors that may influence this loss. Additionally, the significance of postoperative autotransfusion in these procedures is assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 85 patients (61 females and 24 males); in 32 cases a postoperative autotransfusion system was used (CBCII ConstaVac, Stryker)...
January 2012: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
Chao Fan, Jia Ma, Hong-ke Zhang, Rui Gao, Jian-hui Li, Liang Yu, Zheng Wu, Yi Lv
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility and efficiency of a novel magnetic compression anastomats (MCAs) in intestinal anastomosis. METHODS: A total of 36 male mongrel canines underwent intestinal anastomosis using traditional hand-sewn (n=18) or a novel MCAs (n= 18). We compared the anastomosis time, postoperative complications, bursting strength of anastomoses, gross appearance, and pathology between two groups at each timepoint of follow-up. RESULTS: The mean anastomosis time with MCAs was significantly less than that with hand-sewn (8...
September 2011: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal
Jee Hoon Jeong, Eun Tak Kim, Dae Kyung Kim
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate the association of metabolic syndrome and benign prostate enlargement in young Korean males. We analyzed the clinical data associated with metabolic syndrome and prostate volume in the study population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data obtained from 1,506 young men under the age of 60 who visited the health promotion center in our institution for routine checkups. The patients were interviewed with a questionnaire including the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and were evaluated by medical history, blood chemistry, digital rectal examination, and prostate volume via transrectal ultrasonography...
November 2011: Korean Journal of Urology
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