R Wang, H Zhang, Y Ding, J Zhao, X Y Yuan, L R Huang, A Cui
Objective: To investigate the accuracy of bedside transthoracic lung ultrasonography (TLU) in different typical high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) signs of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs). Methods: Fifty patients first diagnosed with ILDs were enrolled from January 2016 to December 2018. There were 21 males and 29 females. The mean age was (56±14) years(rang 42-73 years). TLU was performed in inspiration for the characters of A-lines and B-lines as well as pleural at anterior, lateral and dorsal chest walls, respectively...
July 12, 2020: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Abel P David, Chase Heaton, Andrea Park, Rahul Seth, P Daniel Knott, Jeffrey D Markey
Importance: The fibula free flap donor site is associated with both short-term and long-term morbidity. Split-thickness skin graft (STSG) loss can lead to long delays in donor site healing and is associated with significant adverse sequelae. Patients may experience initial good STSG uptake after bolster removal but may have subsequent partial or total loss related to contact pressure or shearing. Objective: To determine if increased duration of bolster use is associated with increased STSG uptake rates following fibula free flap reconstruction...
April 16, 2020: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Amie Koenig, Christina H Maglaras, Urs Giger
OBJECTIVE: To document a case of transient AB blood type indicated by immunochromatography in a type B cat following administration of an incompatible type A transfusion. CASE SUMMARY: A 7-month-old neutered male domestic longhair cat was evaluted for anemia, pigmenturia, and intravascular hemolysis 1 day after receiving a feline whole blood transfusion. Neither blood donor nor patient had been blood-typed or crossmatched. The cat presented in shock with a severe non-regenerative anemia, hyperlactatemia, hyperbilirubinemia, hemoglobinemia, hemoglobinuria, and a positive saline slide agglutination test...
May 2020: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
Pilar Molina, Jorge Sanz-Sánchez, Manuel Fenollosa, Marina Martínez-Matilla, Juan Giner, Esther Zorio
Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the leading cause of sudden cardiac death (SCD) and often non-thrombosed severe coronary stenoses with or without myocardial scars are detected. Left dominant arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (LDAC) is a life-threating rare disease which has been more thoroughly studied in the last 10 years. The macroscopic study of an SCD victim was conducted and re-evaluated 9 years later. The cardiological work-up in his first-degree relatives initially comprised an electrocardiogram (ECG) and an echocardiogram...
2019: Forensic Sciences Research
Hwang Hee Jo, Mi Jung Park, Hwa Seon Shin, Hye Young Choi, Jae Boem Na, Dae Seob Choi, Ho Cheol Choi, Sang Min Lee, Gyeong-Won Lee, Seung Jun Lee
INTRODUCTION: Because it induces systemic inflammation, smoking is a risk factor of atherosclerosis and pulmonary hypertension. The brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and cross-sectional area (CSA) of small pulmonary vessels can be useful markers to assess early changes of arterial stiffness and pulmonary vascular alteration in smokers. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore association between the CSA of small pulmonary vessel and arterial stiffness in healthy male smokers...
March 27, 2019: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Abdullah Demirtas, Ibrahim Azboy, Celil Alemdar, Mehmet Gem, Emin Ozkul, Mehmet Bulut, Kadir Uzel
Objective: The aim of our study is to evaluate the functional outcomes and quality of life in adult ipsilateral femur and tibia fractures. Methods: 26 patients (21 male, 5 female; mean age 30 years, range: 18 to 66) treated for adult ipsilateral femur and tibia fractures were evaluated retrospectively. For femur fractures, intramedullary nails were used in 15 patients (12 antegrade, 3 retrograde), plate in 11 patients (10 locked-plate, and 1 blade-plate with a 95 degree angle)...
January 2019: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
J Chen, H J Yuan, Y Q Cui, W Yan, H Y Lian, X Y Liu, W Zhang, X M Liu, C F Hao, X Wang
Objective: To evalute the clinical outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection(ICSI) for infertility male with severe asthenospermia induced by multiple morphological anomalies of the flagella (MMAF). Methods: The clinical data of 15 patient with MMAF were retrospectively analyzed, who underwent ICSI treatment using hyponotic swelling test the "live" sperm in the Department of Reproductive Medicine of Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital from January 2011 to December 2016. Another 30 obstructive azoospermia (OA)patients are matched strictly who also accepted ICSI in the same treatment time...
September 25, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Koy W Regis, Jesse M Meik
BACKGROUND: The macroevolutionary pattern of Rensch's Rule (positive allometry of sexual size dimorphism) has had mixed support in turtles. Using the largest carapace length dataset and only large-scale body mass dataset assembled for this group, we determine (a) whether turtles conform to Rensch's Rule at the order, suborder, and family levels, and (b) whether inferences regarding allometry of sexual size dimorphism differ based on choice of body size metric used for analyses. METHODS: We compiled databases of mean body mass and carapace length for males and females for as many populations and species of turtles as possible...
2017: PeerJ
Fatih Meteroğlu, Atalay Şahin, İsmail Başyiğit, Menduh Oruç, Serdar Monıs, Ahmet Sızlanan, Serdar Onat, Refik Ülkü
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to emphasize diaphragmatic injuries that can be overlooked in chest traumas. METHODS: Between January 2000 and June 2013, fifty-three patients with traumatic diaphragmatic laceration were evaluted among 1349 patients who had chest injuries. Patients were examined regarding age, gender, associated injuries, surgical interventions, postoperative morbidity, mortality and length of hospital stays. RESULTS: Of them, fifty-three cases had diaphragmatic lacerations...
December 2015: Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Linda E M van den Berg, Marein M Favejee, Stephan C A Wens, Michelle E Kruijshaar, Stephan F E Praet, Arnold J J Reuser, Johannes B J Bussmann, Pieter A van Doorn, Ans T van der Ploeg
BACKGROUND: Pompe disease is a proximal myopathy. We investigated whether exercise training is a safe and useful adjuvant therapy for adult Pompe patients, receiving enzyme replacement therapy. METHODS: Training comprised 36 sessions of standardized aerobic, resistance and core stability exercises over 12 weeks. Before and after, the primary outcome measures safety, endurance (aerobic exercise capacity and distance walked on the 6 min walk test) and muscle strength, and secondary outcome measures core stability, muscle function and body composition, were evaluated...
2015: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
M Elbay, Ü Şermet Elbay, S Yıldırım, C Uğurluel, C Kaya, C Baydemir
AIM: To compare paediatric patients' pain during needle insertion and injection in inferior alveoler nerve block (IANB) anaesthesia injected by either a traditional syringe (TS) or the DentalVibe Injection Comfort System (DV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: STUDY DESIGN: the study was a randomised controlled crossover clinical trial, comprised of 60 children aged 6-12 requiring an operative procedure with IANB anaesthesia on their mandibular molars bilaterally...
June 2015: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Farnaz Zahedi Avval, Shadi Shomali, Mohammad Nadri, Reza Boostani, Lida Jarahi, Masoud Youssefi
ST2 is a member of IL-1 receptor family expressed on Th2 cells and regulates Th2 responces. The gene of ST2 encodes soluble ST2 (sST2) and the transmembrane ST2 (ST2L) isoforms through alternative mRNA splicing. The discovery of IL33/ ST2 signaling pathway, has drawn a great scientific attention to this system. sST2 has been shown to be an indacating factor in various infl ammatory conditions. This study aims to evaluate serum sST2 levels in HTLV-1 infected patients. This study included 49 HTLV-1 seropositive cases of which 14 were sympthomatic...
June 2015: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
Maral Mazloomi Tabrizi, Sepideh Arbabi Bidgoli
Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is one of the most common hematologic malignancies, accounting for one fourth of all childhood cancer cases. Exposure to environmental factors around the time of conception or pregnancy can increase the risk of ALL in the offspring.This study aimed to evaluted the role of prenatal and postnatal exposure to high voltage power lines on the incidence of childhood ALL.This cross-sectional case control study was carried out on 22 cases and 100 controls who were born and lived in low socioeconomic families in Isfahan and hospitalized for therapeutic purposes in different hospitals from 2013-2014...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Marie Ociskova, Jan Prasko, Dana Kamaradova, Ales Grambal, Klara Latalova, Zuzana Sigmundova
OBJECTIVE: Many psychiatric patients suffer from self-stigma. One consequence of these internalized prejudices is decreased treatment efficacy. Much has been written about the effects of self-stigma in patients with severe mental disorders. However, individuals with minor psychiatric disorders also suffer from self-stigma. It is therefore necessary to explore the effect of self-stigma on treatment efficacy of neurotic patients. METHOD: Aim of out study was to investigate relationship between self-stigma, severity of symptoms, and presence of comorbidit disorder and treatment outcome in neurotic patients...
2014: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Cao Tan Thai, Ibrahim Michel Karam, Phi Linh Nguyen-Thi, Frédéric Lefèvre, Jacques Hubert, Jacques Felblinger, Pascal Eschwège
PURPOSE: To describe the internal pudendal artery (IPA) and accessory pudendal artery (APA) detected by magnetic resonance (MR) angiography to help surgeons to find and preserve them during radical prostatectomy (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Constrast-enhanced MR 3.0 T angiography of the pelvis were performed in 111 male patients suspected diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa), and describe the penile arterial blood supply. RESULTS: There are three patterns of the arterial blood supply to the penis (IPA and/or APA) accounting for 51...
May 2015: European Journal of Radiology
Elisabete Cristina de Oliveira Martim, Carolina Ferreira Pinto, Mirian Watanabe, Maria de Fátima Fernandes Vattimo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is the most serious complication of rhabdomyolysis. In this syndrome, the delivery of heme pigment induces an injury that distinguishes itself by glomerular vasoconstriction and direct cellular toxicity with oxidative component. The renoprotection with antioxidants has demonstrated satisfactory effect. The proanthocyanidins are natural antioxidants found in the grape seed extract. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant effect of Vitis vinifera (grape seed extract) on the renal function of rats submitted to the injury by rhabdomyolysis...
September 2007: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
C-C Lin, J-H Chiang, C-I Li, T-F Hsieh, C-S Liu, W-Y Lin, Y-D Lee, T-C Li
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, gastric and hepatobiliary comorbidities, and cancer share common risk factors: for example, tobacco, obesity, physical inactivity, high calorie intake, and metabolic disorders. Prior studies find type 2 diabetes and gastric and hepatobiliary comorbidities heightening risk of pancreatic cancer. Yet joint association of type 2 diabetes mellitus and gastric and hepatobiliary comorbidities on pancreatic cancer risk has not been assessed. METHODS: This study rates independent/joint effects of type 2 diabetes as well as gastric and hepatobiliary comorbidity on pancreatic cancer risk for a retrospective population-based cohort of 166,850 type 2 diabetics identified in 1997-1998 and followed for 10-11 years, comparing their cancer incidence with that of 166,850 non-diabetics matched for age, gender, and locale...
November 25, 2014: British Journal of Cancer
D K Kochar, Ashis Das, Abhishek Kochar, Sheetal Middha, Jyoti Acharya, G S Tanwar, Deepak Pakalapati, A K Subudhi, P A Boopathi, Shilpi Garg, S K Kochar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Description of severe vivax malaria and mixed species infection requires good clinical study. The present study was undertaken to evalute the characteristics of severe malaria patients in Bikaner, northwest India. METHODS: This prospective study included 539 admitted adult patients of severe malaria (Plasmodium falciparum 274, P. vivax 221, and mixed infection of Pv + Pf 44). The diagnosis was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. The categorization of severe malaria was done strictly as per WHO criteria...
September 2014: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
L B Lazebnik, Iu V Konev, L I Efremov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Experimental & Clinical Gastroenterology
Marcin Bednarek, Marek Trybus, Witold Pokrowiecki, Piotr Guzik, Zdzisław Wiśniowski
UNLABELLED: The essence of Dupuytryen's contracture is progressive process of fibrous overgrow of the subfascial sturctures of hand volar's surface. This is the reason of impaired range of the finger movement's and subsequent limitations of their function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consist of 95 patients treated because of Dupuytryen contracture in the 2nd Chair of Surgery, Medical College of JagielIonian University between 2006-2011. The subjective evalution of increase of hand's function quality was based on DASH (Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand) questionnaire...
2013: Przegla̧d Lekarski
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