keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34116068/medical-contraindications-to-combined-hormonal-contraceptive-use-among-women-using-methods-prescribed-by-a-pharmacist
#1
Maria I Rodriguez, Menolly Kaufman, Brynna Manibusan, Lorinda Anderson, K John McConnell
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pharmacist prescription of combined hormonal contraception is associated with inappropriate prescription to women with medical contraindications. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrosopective cohort study of all short-acting, hormonal contraceptive users (pill, patch, ring, injectable) in Oregon's All Payer All Claims database from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2018. Our primary outcome was the proportion of women receiving a combined hormonal method who had a Medical Eligibility Category (MEC) 3 or 4 condition...
June 8, 2021: Contraception
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34111174/do-oral-contraceptives-affect-young-women-s-memory-dopamine-dependent-working-memory-is-influenced-by-comt-genotype-but-not-time-of-pill-ingestion
#2
Laura Gravelsins, Katherine Duncan, Gillian Einstein
BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread use of oral contraceptives (OCs), and the well-documented influence of estrogens, notably 17β-estradiol (E2), on cognition, research relating OCs to working memory is limited and mixed. Two factors may contribute to these mixed findings: 1) pharmacokinetics of oral contraceptives, which drive fluctuations in synthetic hormone levels; and 2) genetic polymorphisms related to dopamine degradation and working memory, which interact with E2. This research investigated whether the pharmacokinetics of oral contraceptives, in concert with the single nucleotide polymorphism (Val158Met; rs4680) of the catechol-o-methyltransferase gene (COMT), influence working memory performance...
2021: PloS One
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34108044/post-abortion-family-planning-use-method-preference-and-its-determinant-factors-in-eastern-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Asmamaw Demis Bizuneh, Getnet Gedefaw Azeze
BACKGROUND: Utilization of post-abortion family planning is very critical to reduce high levels of unintended pregnancy, which is the root cause of induced abortion. In Eastern Africa, it is estimated that as many as 95% of unintended pregnancies occurred among women who do not practice contraception at all. Therefore, this meta-analysis aimed to assess post-abortion family planning utilization and its determinant factors in Eastern Africa. METHODS: Published papers from Scopus, HINARI, PubMed, Google Scholar, and Web of Science electronic databases and grey literature repository were searched from database inception to January 30, 2020, with no restriction by design and date of publishing...
June 9, 2021: Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34101500/an-educational-intervention-to-raise-awareness-of-contraceptive-options-among-young-people
#4
Jennifer Yarger, Rosalyn Schroeder, Marta A Cabral, Jacqueline S Lamme, Charles E McCulloch, Sang Leng Trieu, Alexandra de Jounge, Cynthia C Harper
Background: Young people in the United States know little about contraceptive options available to them, although method use is sensitive to individual preferences, and method switching is common. For young people to gain reproductive autonomy, a first step is to be aware of different contraceptives, including hormonal and nonhormonal methods. We tested whether an educational intervention delivered on community college campuses was effective in increasing contraceptive awareness. Materials and Methods: We developed a low-cost educational intervention featuring youth-friendly visual tools and tested its impact on method awareness and knowledge among 1,051 students of all genders, aged 18-25 years, at five community colleges...
June 8, 2021: Journal of Women's Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34100574/the-efficacy-acceptability-and-continuation-of-postpartum-post-abortive-progestin-only-pill-a-pioneering-prospective-multicentric-study-from-turkey
#5
Berna Dilbaz, Mehmet Bülbül, Serdar Dilbaz, Nafiye Yılmaz, Sema Sanisoğlu
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, side-effects and continuation rate of the desogestrel-progestin-only-pill (POP) in postpartum and post-abortive Turkish women its relation with breast-feeding. Material and Methods: In this prospective multicentric study women who delivered (or had surgical abortion) and wanted to receive POP for contraception were recruited to the study. The follow-up visits were scheduled at 3rd, 6th and 9th months...
June 8, 2021: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34096691/endometriosis-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcome
#6
Felice Sorrentino, Maristella DE Padova, Maddalena Falagario, Maurizio N D'Alterio, Attilio DI Spiezio Sardo, Luis Alonso Pacheco, Jose T Carugno, Luigi Nappi
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a gynecologic disease affecting approximately 10% of reproductive age women, around 21-47% of women presenting subfertility and 71-87% of women with chronic pelvic pain. Main symptoms are chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia and infertility that seem to be well controlled by oral contraceptive pill, progestogens, GnRh antagonists. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The aim of this review is to illustrate the modern diagnosis of endometriosis during pregnancy, to evaluate the evolution of endometriotic lesions during pregnancy and the incidence of adverse outcomes...
June 7, 2021: Minerva obstetrics and gynecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34089858/the-etonogestrel-implant-in-adolescents-factors-associated-with-removal-for-bothersome-bleeding-in-the-first-year-after-insertion
#7
Sarah Green, Jeanelle Sheeder, Molly Richards
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Hormonal pills can temporarily improve the side effect of breakthrough bleeding on the etonogestrel implant. The aims of this study were to determine demographic factors that are associated with bothersome bleeding and to evaluate the impact of prescribing temporizing measures on implant continuation. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review SETTING: The research was conducted in an Adolescent Medicine primary and specialty care clinic, an adolescent family planning clinic, and a clinic that cares for parenting adolescents...
June 2, 2021: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34088376/multi-sensor-compatible-3d-printed-electrochemical-cell-for-voltammetric-drug-screening
#8
Priscila Alves Ferreira, Fabiano Mendonça de Oliveira, Edmar Isaias de Melo, Adriana Evaristo de Carvalho, Bruno Gabriel Lucca, Valdir Souza Ferreira, Rodrigo Amorim Bezerra da Silva
3D printing is a hot topic in electroanalytical chemistry, allowing the construction of custom cells and sensors at affordable prices. In this work, we describe a novel small and practical 3D-printed electrochemical cell. The cell's body, manufactured in ABS on a 3D printer, is composed by three parts easily screwed: solution vessel, stick and cover with two embedded 3D-pen-printed carbon black-polylactic acid (CB-PLA) electrodes (counter and pseudo-reference). The cell is compatible with any planar working electrode, in which boron-doped diamond, graphite sheet (GS) and 3D-printed CB-PLA were shown as examples...
July 18, 2021: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34081938/covid-19-and-family-planning-service-delivery-findings-from-a-survey-of-u-s-physicians
#9
Lauren B Zapata, Kathryn M Curtis, Riley J Steiner, Jennifer A Reeves, Antoinette T Nguyen, Kathryn Miele, Maura K Whiteman
Equitable access to contraception is critical for reproductive autonomy. Using cross-sectional data from the DocStyles survey administered September-October 2020 (68% response rate), we compared changes in family planning-related clinical services and healthcare delivery strategies before and during the COVID-19 pandemic and assessed service provision issues among 1063 U.S. physicians whose practice provided family planning services just before the pandemic. About one-fifth of those whose practices provided the following services or strategies just before the pandemic discontinued these services during the pandemic: long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) placement (16%); LARC removal (17%); providing or prescribing emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) in advance (18%); and reminding patients about contraception injections or LARC removal or replacement (20%)...
May 31, 2021: Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34078302/the-views-of-postnatal-women-and-midwives-on-midwives-providing-contraceptive-advice-and-methods-a-mixed-method-concurrent-study
#10
Susan H Walker, Claire Hooks, Diane Blake
BACKGROUND: Provision of contraception to women in the immediate postnatal period has been endorsed by professional bodies, to reduce the incidence of short inter-pregnancy intervals. This study examined the views of postnatal women and practising midwives regarding provision of contraceptive advice and contraceptive methods by midwives, in a region of the United Kingdom. METHODS: A mixed-method approach using qualitative interviews with midwives, and a postnatal survey followed by qualitative interviews with postnatal women, in five hospitals in the East of England...
June 2, 2021: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34060463/hormonal-contraceptive-use-in-denmark-2010-2019
#11
Sigrid Ip Kristensen, Øjvind Lidegaard
INTRODUCTION: Hormonal contraception (HC) celebrates its 60th anniversary this year. Thanks to thousands of scientific studies on these products, we now have solid knowledge about the short- and long-term effects and also the adverse effects of different contraceptive types. The aim of this study was to analyse trends in the use of different types of HC through the latest decade in different age groups of Danish women and to study reasons for any changes. METHODS: Individual-level HC sale statistics were provided from the National Registry of Medicinal Products...
May 28, 2021: Danish Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34059848/current-contraceptive-use-in-women-with-a-history-of-unintended-pregnancies-insights-from-the-australian-contraceptive-choice-project-accord-trial
#12
Asvini K Subasinghe, Cathy J Watson, Kirsten I Black, Angela Taft, Jayne Lucke, Kevin McGeechan, Marion Haas, Kathleen McNamee, J F Peipert, Danielle Mazza
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Clinical guidelines advocate using long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) to reduce unintended pregnancy, but LARC use in Australia is poor. Additionally, little is known about contraceptive practices of women with a history of unintended pregnancy. The aim of this study was to describe current contraception use according to a history of unintended pregnancy. METHOD: Data were analysed from women recruited into The Australian Contraceptive ChOice pRoject (ACCORd) trial...
June 2021: Australian Journal of General Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34058222/expectations-about-availability-of-contraception-and-abortion-at-a-hypothetical-catholic-hospital-rural-urban-disparities-among-wisconsin-women
#13
Renee D Kramer, Jenny A Higgins, Marguerite E Burns, Debra B Stulberg, Lori R Freedman
OBJECTIVE: To examine rural-urban differences in Wisconsin reproductive-aged women's expectations for contraceptive and abortion care at a hypothetical Catholic hospital. STUDY DESIGN: Between October 2019 and April 2020, we fielded a two-stage, cross-sectional survey to Wisconsin women aged 18-45, oversampling rural census tracts and rural counties served by Catholic sole community hospitals. We presented a vignette about a hypothetical Catholic-named hospital; among participants perceiving it as Catholic, we conducted multivariable analyses predicting expectations for contraceptive services (birth control pills, Depo-Provera®, intrauterine device or implant, tubal ligation) and abortion in the case of serious fetal indications...
May 28, 2021: Contraception
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34054494/acute-macular-neuroretinopathy-in-a-patient-with-retinal-vascular-tortuosity
#14
Izabella Karska-Basta, Weronika Pociej-Marciak, Bożena Romanowska-Dixon, Barbara Bukowska-Mikos
We report a rare case of a young woman with acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) in the right eye and concomitant retinal vascular tortuosity in both eyes. A 19-years-old woman presented with a sudden loss of central vision in the right eye. Apart from flu-like infection 2 weeks before the onset of symptoms, she reported overall good health. She used oral contraceptive pills. Multimodal imaging techniques including color fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence, infrared reflectance imaging, fluorescein angiography, swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), and visual field assessment were used for the diagnosis of AMN as well as disease monitoring during follow-up...
May 2021: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34046510/life-threatening-intraparenchymal-hemorrhage-of-steroid-induced-hepatic-adenomas-in-a-healthy-man
#15
Timothy S Nugent, Noel Donlon, Michael Kelly, Masood Iqbal, Noelle Murphy, Mark Ryan, Donal Maguire
Hepatocellular adenomas are uncommon benign epithelial tumors of the liver that are associated with several risk factors such as anabolic androgens and oral contraceptive pills. They may present as incidental findings, with abdominal pain or hemorrhage. This case report details the presentation and management of a life-threatening hepatocellular adenomas hemorrhage in a seemingly healthy 28-year-old man. After initial conservative management, a clinical deterioration prompted urgent reevaluation and successful embolization of the liver through transarterial embolization...
May 2021: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34046230/cost-effectiveness-of-contraceptive-use-in-indonesia-after-the-implementation-of-the-national-health-insurance-system
#16
Auliya A Suwantika, Neily Zakiyah, Irma M Puspitasari, Rizky Abdulah
Since 2014, Indonesia has initiated to implement a national health insurance system, which included both of short- (SARC) and long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) into the benefit package. The aim of this study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness of contraceptive use in Indonesia after the implementation of the national health insurance in 2014-2017. A decision tree model was developed to analyze the cost-effectiveness of contraceptive use in Indonesia in 2014-2017 by comparing two strategies of pregnancy prevention: contraceptive and non-contraceptive...
2021: Journal of Pregnancy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34045067/changing-stimulation-protocol-on-repeat-conventional-ovarian-stimulation-cycles-does-not-lead-to-improved-laboratory-outcomes
#17
Kaitlyn Wald, Eduardo Hariton, Jerrine R Morris, Ethan A Chi, Eleni G Jaswa, Marcelle I Cedars, Charles E McCulloch, Mitchell Rosen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether physicians' choice of ovarian stimulation protocol is associated with laboratory outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single academic center. PATIENT(S): The subjects were 4,458 patients who completed more than one in vitro fertilization ovarian stimulation cycle within 1 year. On second stimulation, 49% repeated the same protocol and 51% underwent a different one. INTERVENTION(S): Estradiol priming antagonist, antagonist +/- oral contraceptive pill priming, long luteal protocol, Lupron (Lupron [AbbVie Inc, North Chicago, IL]) stop protocol, and flare were compared...
May 24, 2021: Fertility and Sterility
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34044635/factors-affecting-the-accuracy-and-reliability-of-the-measurement-of-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-concentration-in-the-clinic
#18
Yun-Xing Fu, Hui Wang, Ting Hu, Fei-Miao Wang, Rong Hu
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify the factors that influence serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) concentration measurements. METHODS: We collected serum samples between May and September 2018 and compared the effect on AMH concentration measured by ELISA of conditions including venepuncture, storage time, storage temperature, locations of the reaction microplate, and the use of the oral contraceptive pill and gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH). RESULTS: AMH concentration was not affected by food intake but was affected by haemolysis...
May 2021: Journal of International Medical Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34040887/adherence-to-the-oral-contraceptive-pill-the-roles-of-health-literacy-and-knowledge
#19
Caitlin Liddelow, Barbara Mullan, Mark Boyes
Objective: The oral contraceptive pill is the most widely used method of contraception and when adhered to perfectly is 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. However, adherence to the pill is relatively low. Knowledge has shown to be important in continuation of the pill, and previous research shows the importance of health literacy in adhering to medication in chronic illnesses, but its role has yet to be explored in this behavior. Methods: This cross-sectional study examined the associations between health literacy, knowledge of the pill and adherence, as well as the predictive ability of these two variables and their interaction, in predicting adherence...
December 1, 2020: Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34035596/childlessness-among-muthuvan-tribes-of-tamil-nadu-india-an-exploratory-study
#20
S Mageswari, H Magesh Rajan, M Balusamy, G Elavarasu, R Vijayaprabha, V Ramachandran, J John Britto, Yuvaraj Jayaraman
Introduction: Childlessness is a global concern and it has serious demographic, social, and health implications. The declining Muthuvan child population may reduce their population on the whole. Objective: The study explored the prevalence of childlessness and its underlying reasons in the Muthuvan tribes of Tamil Nadu. Subjects and Methods: The study applied the mixed-method design, and the snowball technique was adopted to identify eight Muthuvan hamlets...
January 2021: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
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