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2013: Kidney International Supplements
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2013: Kidney International Supplements
Jie Hao, Jiani Cao, Lei Wang, Aijin Ma, Si Chen, Jinfeng Ding, Liu Wang, Boqiang Fu, Yu Zhang, Xuetao Pei, Peng Xiang, Qiyuan Li, Yong Zhang, Jiaxi Zhou, Shijun Hu, Junying Yu, Jun Wei, Huanxin Zhu, Glyn Stacey, Tongbiao Zhao, Qi Zhou
'Requirements for Human Embryonic Stem Cells' is the first set of guidelines on human embryonic stem cells in China, jointly drafted and agreed upon by experts from the Chinese Society for Stem Cell Research. This standard specifies the technical requirements, test methods, test regulations, instructions for use, labelling requirements, packaging requirements, storage requirements and transportation requirements for human embryonic stem cells, which is applicable to the quality control for human embryonic stem cells...
October 19, 2020: Cell Proliferation
Jacek Kubica, Piotr Adamski, Piotr Niezgoda, Dimitrios Alexopoulos, Jolita Badarienė, Andrzej Budaj, Katarzyna Buszko, Dariusz Dudek, Tomasz Fabiszak, Mariusz Gąsior, Robert Gil, Diana A Gorog, Stefan Grajek, Paul A Gurbel, Marcin Gruchała, Miłosz J Jaguszewski, Stefan James, Young-Hoon Jeong, Bernd Jilma, Jarosław D Kasprzak, Andrzej Kleinrok, Aldona Kubica, Wiktor Kuliczkowski, Jacek Legutko, Maciej Lesiak, Jolanta M Siller-Matula, Klaudiusz Nadolny, Krzysztof Pstrągowski, Salvatore Di Somma, Giuseppe Specchia, Janina Stępińska, Udaya Tantry, Agnieszka Tycińska, Monica Verdoia, Wojciech Wojakowski, Eliano P Navarese
The increased risk of non-cardiovascular death in patients receiving clopidogrel or prasugrel in comparison with the placebo group in the dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) trial in contrast to the decreased risk of cardiovascular death and all-cause death seen in patients treated with low-dose ticagrelor in the EU label population of the PEGASUS-TIMI 54 trial, resulted in inclusion in the 2020 ESC NSTE-ACS guidelines the recommendation for use of clopidogrel or prasugrel only if the patient is not eligible for treatment with ticagrelor...
October 19, 2020: Cardiology Journal
Britta Hahn, Gabriel Krastl, Karl Halbleib, Sebastian Soliman
PURPOSE: This case report presents the management of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) from the mixed to the permanent dentition stage. Shortly after eruption of hypomineralized teeth, masticatory forces frequently cause rapid enamel breakdown. The MIH Treatment Need Index (MIH-TNI) provides guidelines for the treatment of MIH in relation to how severely the teeth are affected. Clinical considerations: An 11-year-old patient with permanent teeth affected by MIH was referred to us by his orthodontist for conservative dental treatment before planned orthodontic treatment...
2020: Journal of Adhesive Dentistry
David Watling, Megan Preece, Jacinta Hawgood, Sharyn Bloomfield, Kairi Kõlves
OBJECTIVE: While suicide prevention interventions should be informed by lived experience, there are no reviews examining involvement of lived experience (LE) thus far. This rapid review aimed to synthesize available studies using LE of suicidality to guide the development of suicide prevention interventions. METHOD: A rapid review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted. Key electronic databases were searched for the literature for the last 10 years (2010 until June 2019) to identify studies that have incorporated the lived experience of people of suicide to develop a suicide prevention intervention...
October 18, 2020: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
Lorenzo Scappaticcio, Pierpaolo Trimboli, Frederik A Verburg, Luca Giovanella
OBJECTIVE: Clinical and laboratory guidelines recommend thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAbs) measurement with every thyroglobulin (Tg) measurement for the follow-up of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients. However, no evidence exists on the need for perpetual TgAbs testing in patients who are TgAb-negative at baseline. Our study was carried out to evaluate the prevalence, the dynamic changes, and the clinical significance of TgAbs that appeared de novo during the follow-up of DTC patients who were TgAb-negative at baseline...
September 10, 2020: International Journal of Biological Markers
Rashmi Manning, Janani Iyer, Judith N Bulmer, Abha Maheshwari, Meenakshi Choudhary
The aim of this study was to evaluate clinicians' views of managing women with first-trimester Recurrent Miscarriage within the UK compared with RCOG guidance. An online survey of 150 Association of Early Pregnancy Units members was conducted using SurveyMonkey™. Analysis was limited to UK-based respondents (102). Of the three key investigations, 98% performed antiphospholipid antibodies (APA) screening, 93.1% performed karyotyping for subsequent miscarriages and 86.3% performed a pelvic ultrasound routinely...
October 19, 2020: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Jessica C Hodgson, Roger Bretherton
The importance of having university systems to support students' wellbeing and welfare needs has been well documented, with an increasing literature on best practice for structuring student support services from an institutional perspective. Nevertheless, individual members of academic staff are often required to deal with students who are experiencing challenging circumstances, and this is especially so in the pre-clinical phases of medical training. The prospect of advising and supporting students who are in difficulty and who may be distressed, can be daunting and can also negatively impact the wellbeing of the staff involved...
October 17, 2020: Medical Teacher
Frida E Lundberg, Therese M-L Andersson, Mats Lambe, Gerda Engholm, Lina Steinrud Mørch, Tom Børge Johannesen, Anni Virtanen, David Pettersson, Elínborg J Ólafsdóttir, Helgi Birgisson, Anna L V Johansson, Paul C Lambert
BACKGROUND: Differences in cancer survival between the Nordic countries have previously been reported. The aim of this study was to examine whether these differences in outcome remain, based on updated information from five national cancer registers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data used for the analysis was from the NORDCAN database focusing on nine common cancers diagnosed 1990-2016 in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden with maximum follow-up through 2017...
October 19, 2020: Acta Oncologica
Ali Alias, Maria Rideout, Raymond You, Raphael Lencucha
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation practice is increasingly tied to global trends. First, healthcare services are increasingly tailored to be patient-centered, requiring knowledge of sociocultural contexts and experiences of a diverse patient population. Second, non-communicable diseases and morbidity stemming from infectious diseases are creating greater needs for rehabilitation services in countries facing this double burden of disease. Third, globalization continues to shape the risk factors for disease and disability and influences the type of services accessible and the financing and management of such services...
October 18, 2020: Disability and Rehabilitation
Kevin Mertz, Sarah E Lindsay, Arden Morris, Robin N Kamal
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the metrics used to assess outcomes after treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome. METHODS: We performed a systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines of level I and II randomized controlled trials of treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome. We searched the PubMed/MEDLINE electronic database for studies on treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome from January 2008 to January 2018...
October 19, 2020: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Pinky Kotecha, Alexander Light, Enrico Checcucci, Daniele Amparore, Cristian Fiori, Francesco Porpiglia, Prokar Dasgupta, Oussama Elhage
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the data currently available regarding the repurposing of different drugs for Covid-19 treatment. Participants with suspected or diagnosed Covid-19 will be included. The interventions being considered are drugs being repurposed, and comparators will include standard of care treatment or placebo. METHODS: We searched Ovid-MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane library, clinical trial registration site in the UK(NIHR), Europe (clinicaltrialsregister...
October 19, 2020: Panminerva Medica
Constantine D Della, David Teo Choon Liang, Feranindhya Agiananda, Chaichana Nimnuan
Psychotherapy provides substantial benefits for patients with medical illness. Western-based psychotherapies are commonly practiced by consultation-liaison psychiatrists in Asia. Although such interventions benefit Asian patients, they are limited by their cultural applicability. Sociocultural factors shape the meaning, expression, and treatment of medical illnesses. In helping patients with medical problems, it is imperative that psychiatrists be mindful of the value of culture in their clinical work. The concept of the self, religion, spirituality, adaptation, coping, and defense mechanisms are all culturally determined...
October 19, 2020: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
Rupesh Raina, Hirva Joshi, Ronith Chakraborty, Sidharth Kumar Sethi
Kidney transplantation is the preferred treatment of end-stage renal disease in children. However, time to transplant varies, making a well-functioning long-term vascular access essential for performing hemodialysis efficiently and without disruption until a kidney becomes available. However, establishing long-term vascular access in pediatric patients can present distinct challenges due to this population's unique characteristics, such as smaller body size and lower-diameter blood vessels. There are three main pediatric long-term vascular access options, which include central venous catheters (CVC), arteriovenous fistula (AVF), and arteriovenous graft (AVG)...
October 18, 2020: Hemodialysis International
David F Grabski, Lucile Broseus, Bandana Kumari, David Rekosh, Marie-Louise Hammarskjold, William Ritchie
Intron retention (IR) occurs when a complete and unspliced intron remains in mature mRNA. An increasing body of literature has demonstrated a major role for IR in numerous biological functions, including several that impact human health and disease. Although experimental technologies used to study other forms of mRNA splicing can also be used to investigate IR, a specialized downstream computational analysis is optimal for IR discovery and analysis. Here we provide a review of IR and its biological implications, as well as a practical guide for how to detect and analyze it...
October 18, 2020: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. RNA
Nelson Yuen Sum Lam, Kevin Wu, Jin-Quan Yu
The design of synthetic routes via retrosynthetic logic is decisively influenced by the transformations available. In this context, transition metal-catalyzed C-H activation has emerged as a powerful strategy for C-C bond formation, with myriad methods developed for diverse substrates and coupling partners . Despite its interest and proven efficacy however, its uptake in the total synthesis has been tepid, partially owing to their apparent synthetic intractability and inapplicability, as well as a lack of comprehensive guidelines for their implementation...
October 18, 2020: Angewandte Chemie
K Bhatia, M Columb, A Bewlay, J Eccles, M Hulgur, N Jayan, J Lie, D Verma, R Parikh
At the onset of the global pandemic of COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2), guidelines recommended using regional anaesthesia for caesarean section in preference to general anaesthesia. National figures from the UK suggest that 8.75% of over 170,000 caesarean sections are performed under general anaesthetic. We explored whether general anaesthesia rates for caesarean section changed during the peak of the pandemic across six maternity units in the north-west of England. We analysed anaesthetic information for 2480 caesarean sections across six maternity units from 1 April to 1 July 2020 (during the pandemic) and compared this information with data from 2555 caesarean sections performed at the same hospitals over a similar period in 2019...
October 18, 2020: Anaesthesia
Dimitrios Schizas, Spyridon Peppas, Stefanos Giannopoulos, Vasiliki Lagopoulou, Konstantinos S Mylonas, Spyridon Giannopoulos, Dimitrios Moris, Evangelos Felekouras, Konstantinos Toutouzas
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis has been considered a contraindication to major abdominal surgeries, due to increased risk for postoperative morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the safety of pancreatectomy in cirrhotic versus non-cirrhotic patients. METHODS: The present systematic review and meta-analysis was performed according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. All meta-analyses were performed using the random effects model...
October 18, 2020: World Journal of Surgery
Jingyi Jessica Li, Xin Tong
Making binary decisions is a common data analytical task in scientific research and industrial applications. In data sciences, there are two related but distinct strategies: hypothesis testing and binary classification. In practice, how to choose between these two strategies can be unclear and rather confusing. Here, we summarize key distinctions between these two strategies in three aspects and list five practical guidelines for data analysts to choose the appropriate strategy for specific analysis needs. We demonstrate the use of those guidelines in a cancer driver gene prediction example...
October 9, 2020: Patterns
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