(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Kidney International Supplements
Samuel L Whittle, Vanessa Glennon, Rachelle Buchbinder
AIM: Living guidelines aim to reduce delays in translating new knowledge into practice by updating individual recommendations as soon as relevant new evidence emerges. We surveyed members of the Australian Rheumatology Association (ARA) to develop a list of priority questions for the Australian Living Guideline for the Pharmacological Management of Inflammatory Arthritis (ALG) and to explore clinicians' use of clinical practice guidelines. METHODS: An electronic survey of ARA members was performed in two phases...
September 23, 2023: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Sarah S Cho, Ellen Yin, Kelci Dalton
Various lead-in dosing strategies have been used in clinical practice for venous thromboembolism (VTE), and guidelines do not currently address if the full lead-in dosing duration is necessary after receiving parenteral anticoagulation. This study aims to identify if full lead-in dosing duration surrounding parenteral anticoagulation affects thrombotic and bleeding outcomes. A single-center, retrospective cohort study was conducted of hospitalized patients diagnosed with VTE and treated with apixaban or rivaroxaban...
September 23, 2023: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Catherine H Smith, Zenas Z N Yiu, Tracy Bale, A David Burden, Laura C Coates, Elizabeth Eckert, Nicky Longley, Satveer K Mahil, Arlene McGuire, Ruth Murphy, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Caroline M Owen, Richard Parslew, Richard T Woolf, Zahra Mansour Kiaee, Alina M Constantin, Martinsixtus C Ezejimofor, Lesley S Exton, M Firouz Mohd Mustapa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2023: British Journal of Dermatology
Joris A J Osinga, Arash Derakhshan, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Kun Huang, Tanja G M Vrijkotte, Tuija Männistö, Judit Bassols, Abel López-Bermejo, Ashraf Aminorroaya, Marina Vafeiadi, Maarten A C Broeren, Glenn E Palomaki, Ghalia Ashoor, Liangmiao Chen, Xuemian Lu, Peter N Taylor, Fang-Biao Tao, Suzanne J Brown, Georgiana Sitoris, Lida Chatzi, Bijay Vaidya, Polina V Popova, Elena A Vasukova, Maryam Kianpour, Eila Suvanto, Elena N Grineva, Andrew Hattersley, Victor J M Pop, Scott M Nelson, John P Walsh, Kypros H Nicolaides, Mary E D'Alton, Kris G Poppe, Layal Chaker, Sofie Bliddal, Tim I M Korevaar
CONTEXT: Guidelines recommend use of population- and trimester-specific TSH and FT4 reference intervals (RIs) in pregnancy. Since these are often unavailable, clinicians frequently rely on alternative diagnostic strategies. We sought to quantify the diagnostic consequences of current recommendations. METHODS: We included cohorts participating in the Consortium on Thyroid and Pregnancy. Different approaches were used to define RIs: a TSH fixed upper limit of 4.0 mU/L (fixed limit approach), a fixed subtraction from the upper limit for TSH of 0...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Robert A Byrne, Xavier Rossello, J J Coughlan, Emanuele Barbato, Colin Berry, Alaide Chieffo, Marc J Claeys, Gheorghe-Andrei Dan, Marc R Dweck, Mary Galbraith, Martine Gilard, Lynne Hinterbuchner, Ewa A Jankowska, Peter Jüni, Takeshi Kimura, Vijay Kunadian, Margret Leosdottir, Roberto Lorusso, Roberto F E Pedretti, Angelos G Rigopoulos, Maria Rubini Gimenez, Holger Thiele, Pascal Vranckx, Sven Wassmann, Nanette Kass Wenger, Borja Ibanez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2023: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
Liqing Chen, Kaibo Zhu, Hao Chen, Qin Liu, Xiaofei Zhang, Xin Zhou, Jun Zhang, Shuang Niu, Feng Zhou
AIMS: To evaluate the immediate risk of cervical squamous cell precancers and cancers in women with low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) cytology according to different high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) results and age stratification. METHODS: The study included 1617 women with LSIL cytology and underwent simultaneous Aptima HPV genotyping (E6/E7 mRNA test) followed by cervical biopsy. RESULTS: Among 1317 hrHPV positive cases, other 11 types of hrHPV were the most frequent (68...
September 22, 2023: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Laura Trovato, Maddalena Calvo, Maria Domina, Rocco De Pasquale, Guido Scalia, Salvatore Oliveri
The skin fungal infection diagnostic workflow currently includes microscopic and culture-based methods as the gold standard. Recent published data described the possible limitations of these conventional techniques documenting the possibility of reducing response time intervals. The present study reports an evaluation of the DermaGenius® (DG) multiplex kit (PathoNostics) for rapid C. albicans and dermatophytes identification directly from skin samples. The investigations involved ninety specimens which underwent DNA extraction and amplification simultaneously to microscopic and culture methods...
September 22, 2023: Medical Mycology
Chon Lok Lei, Dominic G Whittaker, Gary R Mirams
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Drug-induced reduction of the rapid delayed rectifier potassium current carried by the human Ether-à-go-go-Related Gene (hERG) channel is associated with increased risk of arrhythmias. Recent updates to drug safety regulatory guidelines attempt to capture each drug's hERG binding mechanism by combining in vitro assays with in silico simulations. In this study, we investigate the impact on in silico proarrhythmic risk predictions due to uncertainty in the hERG binding mechanism and physiological hERG current model...
September 22, 2023: British Journal of Pharmacology
Man Wu, Shun Li, Yiqian Lv, Ke Liu, Yin Wang, Zhixin Cui, Xiaoling Wang, Huicui Meng
Aims : convincing evidence is still limited for the validation of associations between the inflammatory potential of diets, based on the dietary inflammatory index (DII), and cardiometabolic outcomes. We aimed to investigate the associations between the DII with adherence to plant-based dietary patterns and the risk of new-onset cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs), including stroke, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and myocardial infarction (MI). Methods : adults ( N = 14 652) from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (1997-2015) were included in the current analysis...
September 22, 2023: Food & Function
Ameen Biadsee, Craig Nathanson, Or Dagan, Firas Kassem, Avishai Stahl, Tova Mishali, Yaniv Ebner, Brian Rotenberg
BACKGROUND: Partial Tonsillectomy (PT) is an alternative method to treat sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and/or obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The current guidelines do not differentiate it from traditional tonsillectomy. Thus, children younger than 3 years old undergoing PT are admitted for surveillance similar to traditional tonsillectomy due to possible postoperative complications. The aim of this study is to assess the risks of PT in children 3 years old and younger, compared to older children...
September 23, 2023: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Tsepo Ramatla, Tshepo Mafokwane, Kgaugelo Lekota, Maropeng Monyama, George Khasapane, Naledi Serage, Jane Nkhebenyane, Carlos Bezuidenhout, Oriel Thekisoe
BACKGROUND: The Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) bacterial isolates that produce extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) contribute to global life-threatening infections. This study conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on the global prevalence of ESBLs in co-existing E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolated from humans, animals and the environment. METHODS: The systematic review protocol was registered in the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) [ID no: CRD42023394360]...
September 22, 2023: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Cheng Xue, Jian Wang, Jinyan Pan, Congdie Liang, Chenchen Zhou, Jun Wu, Shuwei Song, Linlin Cui, Liming Zhang, Yawei Liu, Bing Dai
Rituximab (RTX) and cyclophosphamide (CYC) based treatments are both recommended as first-line therapies in idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) by KDIGO 2021 guideline. However, the efficacy of RTX vs. CYC-based treatments in IMN is still controversial. We performed this systemic review and meta-analysis registered in PROSPERO (CRD 42,022,355,717) by pooling data from randomized controlled trials or cohort studies in IMN patients using the EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane libraries (till Orc 1, 2022). The primary outcomes were the complete remission (CR) rate + partial remission (PR) rate...
September 22, 2023: BMC Nephrology
Shuroug A Alowais, Sahar S Alghamdi, Nada Alsuhebany, Tariq Alqahtani, Abdulrahman I Alshaya, Sumaya N Almohareb, Atheer Aldairem, Mohammed Alrashed, Khalid Bin Saleh, Hisham A Badreldin, Majed S Al Yami, Shmeylan Al Harbi, Abdulkareem M Albekairy
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare systems are complex and challenging for all stakeholders, but artificial intelligence (AI) has transformed various fields, including healthcare, with the potential to improve patient care and quality of life. Rapid AI advancements can revolutionize healthcare by integrating it into clinical practice. Reporting AI's role in clinical practice is crucial for successful implementation by equipping healthcare providers with essential knowledge and tools. RESEARCH SIGNIFICANCE: This review article provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the current state of AI in clinical practice, including its potential applications in disease diagnosis, treatment recommendations, and patient engagement...
September 22, 2023: BMC Medical Education
Ailsa Lyons, Nancy Bhardwaj, Mouayad Masalkhi, Patricia Fox, Kate Frazer, Amanda McCann, Shiraz Syed, Vikram Niranjan, Cecily C Kelleher, Paul Kavanagh, Patricia Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: While much progress has been made in reducing tobacco use in many countries, both active and passive smoking remain challenges. The benefits of smoking cessation are universally recognized, and the hospital setting is an ideal setting where smokers can access smoking cessation services as hospital admission can be a cue to action. Consistent delivery of good quality smoking cessation care across health services is an important focus for reducing the harm of tobacco use, especially among continued smokers...
September 23, 2023: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Heather J Nuske, Amanda V Young, Farzana Y Khan, Emma H Palermo, Bukola Ajanaku, Melanie Pellecchia, Giacomo Vivanti, Carla A Mazefsky, Lauren Brookman-Frazee, James C McPartland, Matthew S Goodwin, David S Mandell
Challenging behavior, such as aggression, is highly prevalent in children and adolescents on the autism spectrum and can have a devastating impact. Previous reviews of challenging behavior interventions did not include interventions targeting emotion dysregulation, a common cause of challenging behavior. We reviewed emotion dysregulation and challenging behavior interventions for preschoolers to adolescents to determine which evidence-based strategies have the most empirical support for reducing/preventing emotion dysregulation/challenging behavior...
September 22, 2023: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Burak Kocak, Ali Keles, Tugba Akinci D'Antonoli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usage of a well-known and widely adopted checklist, Checklist for Artificial Intelligence in Medical imaging (CLAIM), for self-reporting through a systematic analysis of its citations. METHODS: Google Scholar, Web of Science, and Scopus were used to search for citations (date, 29 April 2023). CLAIM's use for self-reporting with proof (i.e., filled-out checklist) and other potential use cases were systematically assessed in research papers...
September 22, 2023: European Radiology
Harshdeep S Mangat, Mark D Griffiths, Shu M Yu, Katalin Felvinczi, Ronald K Ngetich, Zsolt Demetrovics, Andrea Czakó
Esports gambling has steadily grown in popularity alongside esports itself. While research has been increasing in the field of esports-related gambling, no study has yet reviewed the relevant literature on esports gambling. The present study aimed to comprehensively review all empirical research conducted in the wider field of esports gambling. A systematic review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines was undertaken using PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Gambling Studies
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