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2013: Kidney International Supplements
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2013: Kidney International Supplements
J Adrián Rivera-Alcántara, Natalia Esparza-Hurtado, Gabriela A Galán-Ramírez, Ivette Cruz-Bautista, Roopa Mehta, Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Alexandro J Martagon
Biobanks are valuable tools for developing and applying scientific research and international cooperation through the collection of biological materials and their associated data. Systematic research following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines was conducted in late 2022 in PubMed and Scopus, and generated 17 articles to be reviewed in depth and critically assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme Checklist due to the limited available data; 12 relevant health organizations and government websites outside of peer-reviewed journals were also included...
April 13, 2024: International Journal of Biological Markers
Lucian P Smith, Frank T Bergmann, Alan Garny, Tomáš Helikar, Jonathan Karr, David Nickerson, Herbert Sauro, Dagmar Waltemath, Matthias König
Modern biological research is increasingly informed by computational simulation experiments, which necessitate the development of methods for annotating, archiving, sharing, and reproducing the conducted experiments. These simulations increasingly require extensive collaboration among modelers, experimentalists, and engineers. The Minimum Information About a Simulation Experiment (MIASE) guidelines outline the information needed to share simulation experiments. SED-ML is a computer-readable format for the information outlined by MIASE, created as a community project and supported by many investigators and software tools...
April 15, 2024: Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics
Shannon H Clarke, Elizabeth R Lawrence, Jean-Michel Matte, Brian K Gallagher, Sarah J Salisbury, Sozos N Michaelides, Ramela Koumrouyan, Daniel E Ruzzante, James W A Grant, Dylan J Fraser
Effective population size (Ne ) is a particularly useful metric for conservation as it affects genetic drift, inbreeding and adaptive potential within populations. Current guidelines recommend a minimum Ne of 50 and 500 to avoid short-term inbreeding and to preserve long-term adaptive potential respectively. However, the extent to which wild populations reach these thresholds globally has not been investigated, nor has the relationship between Ne and human activities. Through a quantitative review, we generated a dataset with 4610 georeferenced Ne estimates from 3829 populations, extracted from 723 articles...
April 13, 2024: Molecular Ecology
Reem A Mustafa, Ibrahim K El Mikati, M Hassan Murad, Monica Hultcrantz, Karen R Steingart, Bada Yang, Mariska M G Leeflang, Elie A Akl, Philipp Dahm, Holger J Schünemann
OBJECTIVES: To provide guidance on rating imprecision in a body of evidence assessing the accuracy of a single test. This guide will clarify when Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) users should consider rating down the certainty of evidence by one or more levels for imprecision in test accuracy. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A project group within the GRADE working group conducted iterative discussions and presentations at GRADE working group meetings to produce this guidance...
January 2024: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
B A J Kertzman, F J Amelung, H E Bolkenstein, E C J Consten, W A Draaisma
BACKGROUND: Recurrences or persistent symptoms after an initial episode of diverticulitis are common, yet surgical treatment is rarely performed. Current guidelines lack clear recommendations on whether or not to operate, even though recent studies suggest an improved quality of life following surgery. The aim of this study is therefore to compare quality of life in patients with recurrent or ongoing diverticulitis treated conservatively versus surgically, giving a more definitive answer to the question of whether or not to operate on these patients...
April 13, 2024: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Zengyu Xun, Tianqi Li, Xue Xue
Liposomes-microscopic phospholipid bubbles with bilayered membrane structure-have been a focal point in drug delivery research for the past 30 years. Current liposomes possess a blend of biocompatibility, drug loading efficiency, prolonged circulation and targeted delivery. Tailored liposomes, varying in size, charge, lipid composition, and ratio, have been developed to address diseases in specific organs, thereby enhancing drug circulation, accumulation at lesion sites, intracellular delivery, and treatment efficacy for various organ-specific diseases...
2024: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
Amyna Ismail Rehmani, Alesia Au, Carmel Montgomery, Elizabeth Papathanassoglou
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a significant concern in low-middle-income countries (LMICs), where the burden of hospital-acquired infections is high, and resources are low. Evidence-based guidelines exist for preventing VAP; however, these guidelines may not be adequately utilized in intensive care units of LMICs. AIM: This scoping review examined the literature regarding the use of nursing care bundles for VAP prevention in LMICs, to understand the knowledge, practice and compliance of nurses to these guidelines, as well as the barriers preventing the implementation of these guidelines...
April 13, 2024: Nursing in Critical Care
Christian Hemmerich, Adam Corcoran, Austin L Johnson, Andrew Wilson, Olivia Orris, Russell Arellanes, Matt Vassar
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the completeness of adverse event (AE) reporting in randomized control trials (RCTs) focused on rhinoplasty, using the Consolidated Standards for Reporting (CONSORT) Extension for Harms checklist. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was employed to review RCTs related to rhinoplasty published between January 1, 2005, and January 28, 2022. SETTING: The study analyzed clinical trials on rhinoplasty retrieved from PubMed...
April 12, 2024: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Maximilian Klink, Matthias Felber, Ulrike Zeilhofer, Mathias Hauri-Hohl, Markus Schmugge, Daniel Drozdov, Tayfun Güngör
BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is an established curative therapy for transfusion-dependent thalassemia (TDT) and sickle cell disease (SCD). The latest American Society of Hematology guidelines recommend myeloablative preparative regimen in patients under 18 years of age. PROCEDURE: The objective was to demonstrate safety and efficacy of a reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen including high-dose fludarabine, anti-thymocyte globulin, and targeted busulfan as a single alkylator to sub-myeloablative exposures...
April 12, 2024: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Saikam Law, Brian Oldfield, Wah Yang
ChatGPT/GPT-4 is a conversational large language model (LLM) based on artificial intelligence (AI). The potential application of LLM as a virtual assistant for bariatric healthcare professionals in education and practice may be promising if relevant and valid issues are actively examined and addressed. In general medical terms, it is possible that AI models like ChatGPT/GPT-4 will be deeply integrated into medical scenarios, improving medical efficiency and quality, and allowing doctors more time to communicate with patients and implement personalized health management...
April 12, 2024: Obesity Reviews
Lindsay R Freud, Lynn L Simpson
Congenital heart defects (CHD) are the most common birth defect and a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality. CHD often occurs in low-risk pregnant patients, which underscores the importance of routine fetal cardiac screening at the time of the 2nd trimester ultrasound. Prenatal diagnosis of CHD is important for counseling and decision-making, focused diagnostic testing, and optimal perinatal and delivery management. As a result, prenatal diagnosis has led to improved neonatal and infant outcomes. Updated fetal cardiac screening guidelines, coupled with technological advancements and educational efforts, have resulted in increased prenatal detection of CHD in both low- and high-risk populations...
April 12, 2024: Prenatal Diagnosis
Francesca Lusetti, Annalisa Schiepatti, Davide Scalvini, Stiliano Maimaris, Federico Biagi
Background: Persistent symptoms in coeliac disease (CD) can be due to not only poor gluten-free diet (GFD) adherence and complications of CD, but also functional gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Although the role of a low fermentable oligo-, di-, and monosaccharides and polyols (FODMAP) diet is well-established in IBS, little data are available on its role in coeliac patients with persistent IBS-like symptoms despite a GFD. Methods: We systematically reviewed the literature in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines for studies evaluating the role of FODMAPs and/or a low-FODMAP diet in coeliac patients with persistent symptoms...
April 8, 2024: Nutrients
Katarzyna Smolińska, Aleksandra Szopa, Jan Sobczyński, Anna Serefko, Piotr Dobrowolski
Given the comprehensive examination of the role of fatty acid-rich diets in central nervous system development in children, this study bridges significant gaps in the understanding of dietary effects on neurodevelopment. It delves into the essential functions of fatty acids in neurodevelopment, including their contributions to neuronal membrane formation, neuroinflammatory modulation, neurogenesis, and synaptic plasticity. Despite the acknowledged importance of these nutrients, this review reveals a lack of comprehensive synthesis in current research, particularly regarding the broader spectrum of fatty acids and their optimal levels throughout childhood...
April 8, 2024: Nutrients
Sara Manti, Francesca Galletta, Chiara Lucia Bencivenga, Irene Bettini, Angela Klain, Elisabetta D'Addio, Francesca Mori, Amelia Licari, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Cristiana Indolfi
Food allergy represents a global health problem impacting patients' and caregivers' quality of life and contributing to increased healthcare costs. Efforts to identify preventive measures starting from pregnancy have recently intensified. This review aims to provide an overview of the role of maternal factors in food allergy prevention. Several studies indicate that avoiding food allergens during pregnancy does not reduce the risk of developing food allergies. International guidelines unanimously discourage avoidance diets due to potential adverse effects on essential nutrient intake and overall health for both women and children...
April 8, 2024: Nutrients
Lindsay M Leonard, Abigayle M R Simpson, Shiyu Li, Lavanya Reddivari, Tzu-Wen L Cross
The implications of soy consumption on human health have been a subject of debate, largely due to the mixed evidence regarding its benefits and potential risks. The variability in responses to soy has been partly attributed to differences in the metabolism of soy isoflavones, compounds with structural similarities to estrogen. Approximately one-third of humans possess gut bacteria capable of converting soy isoflavone daidzein into equol, a metabolite produced exclusively by gut microbiota with significant estrogenic potency...
April 6, 2024: Nutrients
Tagne Poupi Theodore Armand, Kintoh Allen Nfor, Jung-In Kim, Hee-Cheol Kim
In industry 4.0, where the automation and digitalization of entities and processes are fundamental, artificial intelligence (AI) is increasingly becoming a pivotal tool offering innovative solutions in various domains. In this context, nutrition, a critical aspect of public health, is no exception to the fields influenced by the integration of AI technology. This study aims to comprehensively investigate the current landscape of AI in nutrition, providing a deep understanding of the potential of AI, machine learning (ML), and deep learning (DL) in nutrition sciences and highlighting eventual challenges and futuristic directions...
April 6, 2024: Nutrients
Emma McMahon, Megan Ferguson, Thomas Wycherley, Anthony Gunther, Julie Brimblecombe
Reporting key dietary indicators from sales data can help us guide store decision makers in developing effective store policy to support healthier customer purchases. We aimed to develop a web-based reporting tool of key dietary indicators from sales data to support health-promoting policy and practice in stores in geographically remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Tool development included identifying key dietary indicators (informed by sales data from 31 stores), community consultation (19 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander store directors and two store managers) and a web-build...
April 4, 2024: Nutrients
Yuval Dadon, Lior Hecht Sagie, Francis B Mimouni, Iris Arad, Joseph Mendlovic
(1) Background: Vitamin D supplementation after type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) onset has led to conflicting results on beta-cell preservation. Aim: This paper presents a systematic review to verify whether randomized prospective controlled trials (RCTs) demonstrate that improved vitamin D status confers protection on T1DM. (2) Methods: A systematic review was conducted up until 18 January 2024 according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, searching MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, using keywords "vitamin D", "type 1 diabetes", and "children"...
April 3, 2024: Nutrients
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