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2013: Kidney International Supplements
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2013: Kidney International Supplements
Magdalena Zasada, Jenny Harris, Johanna Groothuizen, Eunice Aroyewun, Jeewaka Mendis, Cath Taylor, Madeleine Hewish
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary team meetings (MDTMs), where treatment recommendations are discussed and agreed, are fundamental to effective cancer care. The increasing volume and complexity of caseloads has led to the need to transform MDTM pathways to improve efficiency and allow sufficient time for discussion of complex cases. Understanding of current functioning and inefficiencies is required to inform such transformation. METHODS: A mixed-methods observational study of all lung cancer MDTMs in one UK cancer network over 12 weeks (n = 8 MDTs, 96 MDT meetings)...
March 19, 2023: Cancer Medicine
Nonkanyiso Mboweni, Muzi Maseko, Nqoba Tsabedze
Cardiovascular diseases are a well-established cause of death in high-income countries. In the last 20 years, Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has seen one of the sharpest increases in cardiovascular disease-related mortality, superseding that of infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS, in South Africa. This increase is evidenced by a growing burden of heart failure and atrial fibrillation (AF) risk factors. AF is a common comorbidity of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), which predisposes to an increased risk of stroke, rehospitalizations, and mortality compared with patients in sinus rhythm...
March 19, 2023: ESC Heart Failure
Francesco Ferrara, Claudio Guerci, Andrea Bondurri, Antonino Spinelli, Paola De Nardi
Colonic diverticulitis can be treated conservatively, but some cases require surgery. Patients can undergo Hartmann's procedure (H) or resection with primary anastomosis (RA), with or without diverting stoma. This multicenter observational retrospective study aims to evaluate the adherence to current guidelines by assessing the rate of RA and H in Lombardy, Italy, and to analyze differences in patients' features. This study included data collected from nine surgical units performing emergency surgery in Lombardy, in 2019 and 2021...
March 19, 2023: Updates in Surgery
André de Sá Braga Oliveira, Luciano César P C Leonel, Edward R LaHood, Hana Hallak, Michael J Link, Carlos D Pinheiro-Neto, Jonathan M Morris, Maria Peris-Celda
Hands-on dissections using cadaveric tissues for neuroanatomical education are not easily available in many educational institutions due to financial, safety and ethical factors. Supplementary pedagogical tools, for instance 3D models of anatomical specimens acquired with photogrammetry are an efficient alternative to democratize the 3D anatomical data. The aim of this study was to describe a technical guideline for acquiring realistic 3D anatomic models with photogrammetry and to improve the teaching and learning process in neuroanatomy...
March 19, 2023: Anatomical Sciences Education
Caroline Briquet, Youssra Khaouch, Jean Cyr Yombi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify barriers to the proper use of antibiotics by healthcare professionals and to help the hospital Antimicrobial Stewardship develop suitable actions for the staff. METHODS: In a Belgian teaching hospital, a survey was conducted among physicians, pharmacists, and nurses involved in antibiotherapy. Questions from the 2019 European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) survey were analyzed based on components of the COM-B model (capabilities, opportunities, and motivations)...
March 19, 2023: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
Arghavan Etebarian, Somayeh Khoramian Tusi, Zahra Momeni, Kimia Hejazi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Lack of knowledge on COVID-19 among people and healthcare staff significantly impacts late management and its rapid transmission. Dental students must be aware of the exact preventive instructions due to their close contact with patients and clinical work in the dental setting during the pandemic. This interventional study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of designed educational content regarding COVID-19 on Iranian dental students' knowledge, attitudes, and practices at Alborz University of medical sciences...
March 18, 2023: BMC Oral Health
Antonia N Mueller, Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin
BACKGROUND: Childbearing women face the problem of managing spontaneous onset of labour without professional support. It is their responsibility to diagnose and react to early labour and subsequently recognise the right time to seek support. Institutional guidelines of clinics aim to admit childbearing women when in established labour. This explains why women in early labour are often advised to stay at home, which can be overwhelming and dissatisfying. This study aims to understand the self- and clinical management of early labour and care needs of first-time mothers during early labour...
March 18, 2023: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Mao-Hua Zhang, Hui Ding, Sonja Egert, Changhao Zhao, Lorenzo Villa, Lovro Fulanović, Pedro B Groszewicz, Gerd Buntkowsky, Hans-Joachim Kleebe, Karsten Albe, Andreas Klein, Jurij Koruza
Reversible field-induced phase transitions define antiferroelectric perovskite oxides and lay the foundation for high-energy storage density materials, required for future green technologies. However, promising new antiferroelectrics are hampered by transition´s irreversibility and low electrical resistivity. Here, we demonstrate an approach to overcome these problems by adjusting the local structure and defect chemistry, delivering NaNbO3 -based antiferroelectrics with well-defined double polarization loops...
March 18, 2023: Nature Communications
Gianluca Pontone, Saima Mushtaq, Subhi J Al'Aref, Daniele Andreini, Andrea Baggiano, Arzu Canan, Joao L Cavalcante, Anjali Chelliah, Marcus Chen, Andrew Choi, Dey Damini, Carlo Nicola De Cecco, Kanwal M Farooqi, Maros Ferencik, Gudrun Feuchtner, Harvey Hecht, Heidi Gransar, Márton Kolossváry, Jonathon Leipsic, Michael T Lu, Mohamed Marwan, Ming-Yen Ng, Pál Maurovich-Horvat, Prashant Nagpal, Ed Nicol, Jonathan Weir-McCall, Seamus P Whelton, Michelle C Williams, Anna Reid, Timothy A Fairbairn, Todd Villines, Rosemarie Vliegenthart, Armin Arbab-Zadeh
This review aims to summarize key articles published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (JCCT) in 2022, focusing on those that had the most scientific and educational impact. The JCCT continues to expand; the number of submissions, published manuscripts, cited articles, article downloads, social media presence, and impact factor continues to grow. The articles selected by the Editorial Board of the JCCT in this review highlight the role of cardiovascular computed tomography (CCT) to detect subclinical atherosclerosis, assess the functional relevance of stenoses, and plan invasive coronary and valve procedures...
March 14, 2023: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Andrea G Jaramillo Vélez, Margarita Aguas Compaired, Montserrat Granados Plaza, Eduardo L Mariño, Pilar Modamio
OBJECTIVE: The activity of sponsors and Ethics Committees for Research with medicines has increased in recent years. The objective was to design and validate 2 instruments to analyze and evaluate the formal quality of the patient information sheet and the informed consent form of clinical trials with drugs, in accordance with the legislation. METHODS: Design (Guideline for good clinical practice and European and Spanish regulations); validation (Delphi method and expert consensus: concordance ≥ 80%); reliability (inter-observer method, Kappa index)...
March 16, 2023: Farmacia Hospitalaria
Michael D Liette, Peter A Crisologo, Suhail Masadeh, Sung H Yang, Christian B Bergmann, Charles C Caldwell, Jordan A Henning
The purpose of this study was to prospectively enroll patients that presented to the emergency department with a lower extremity infection, stratify risk and record outcomes. Risk stratification was performed based on the Society of Vascular Surgery Wound, foot Infection, and Ischemia (WIfI) classification system. This study aimed to establish the efficacy and validity of this classification in predicting patient outcomes during immediate hospitalization and throughout a 1 year follow up. A total of 152 patients were enrolled in the study and of these, 116 met the inclusion criteria and had at least 1 year of follow up for analysis...
February 15, 2023: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Neda Razaz, Victoria M Allen, John Fahey, K S Joseph
OBJECTIVES: We investigated how the Antenatal Late Preterm Steroids (ALPS) trial findings have been translated into clinical practice in Canada and the United States (U.S.). METHODS: The study included all live births in Nova Scotia, Canada and the United States from 2007 to 2020. ACS administration within specific categories of gestational age was assessed by calculating rates per 100 live births, and temporal changes were quantified using odds ratios (OR) and 95% CI...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC
Timothy M Bahr, Thomas R Christensen, Erick Henry, Mark Astin, Sarah J Ilstrup, Robin K Ohls, Robert D Christensen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether implementing more restrictive NICU platelet transfusion guidelines following the PlaNeT-2 randomized controlled trial (transfusion threshold changed from 50,000/μL to 25,000/μL for most neonates) was associated with fewer NICU patients receiving a platelet transfusion, without adversely affecting outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-NICU retrospective analysis of platelet transfusions, patient characteristics, and outcomes during three years before vs...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Pediatrics
Fabiana Cristina Dos Santos, Urszula A Snigurska, Gail M Keenan, Robert J Lucero, François Modave
INTRODUCTION: With the expansion of palliative care services in clinical settings, clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) have become increasingly crucial for assisting bedside nurses and other clinicians in improving the quality of care to patients with life-limiting health conditions. OBJECTIVE: To characterize palliative care CDSSs and explore end-users' actions taken, adherence recommendations, and clinical decision time. METHOD: The CINAHL, Embase, and PubMed databases were searched from inception to September 2022...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Eduardo Entrena-Barbero, Sandra Ceballos, Antonio Cortés, Xavier Esteve-Llorens, María Teresa Moreira, Pedro Villanueva-Rey, Diego Quiñoy, Cheila Almeida, António Marques, Paula Quinteiro, Ana Cláudia Dias, Jara Laso, María Margallo, Rubén Aldaco, Gumersindo Feijoo
Indicators from life cycle assessment methodologies (i.e., footprints) have emerged as useful tools for identifying and communicating the environmental impacts of a system thanks to they are accessible and intuitive and easy to understand to non-expert public. However, the focus on a single environmental problem is one of their main drawbacks. From this idea arises the concept of Water-Energy-Food (WEF) nexus, with the aim of raising awareness of the connections between the universal rights to water supply, energy security and food provision...
March 16, 2023: Science of the Total Environment
C Baldeón Conde, N Royuela Martínez, C García Ibarbia, A R Guerra Ruiz, I Olavarri Miguel, M Cobo Belaustegui, B Alio Lavín, F J González Vilchez, J M de la Torre Hernández, J L Hernández Hernández
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: According to the recent European epidemiological studies, the degree of lipid control in patients with very high vascular risk is suboptimal. This study analyzes the epidemiological characteristics, cardiovascular risk factors, lipid profile, recurrence, and degree of achievement of long-term lipid targets, according to the ESC/EAS Guidelines, in a cohort of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in a real-world clinical practice setting. METHODS: This work is a retrospective cohort study of patients diagnosed with ACS admitted to the Coronary Unit of a tertiary hospital from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2015 and followed-up on until March 2022...
March 16, 2023: Revista Clínica Espanõla
Samantha Groves, Karen Lascelles, Keith Hawton
BACKGROUND: Nurses have been identified as an occupational group at increased risk of suicide. This systematic review examines the prevalence of, and factors influencing, suicide and related behaviours among nurses and midwives (PROSPERO pre-registration CRD42021270297). METHODS: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL were searched. Articles published from 1996 onwards exploring suicidal thoughts and behaviours among nurses and midwives were included. Quality of included studies was assessed...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ting He, Anas Belouali, Jessica Patricoski, Harold Lehmann, Robert Ball, Valsamo Anagnostou, Kory Kreimeyer, Taxiarchis Botsis
Identifying patient cohorts meeting the criteria of specific phenotypes is essential in biomedicine and particularly timely in precision medicine. Many research groups deliver pipelines that automatically retrieve and analyze data elements from one or more sources to automate this task and deliver high-performing computable phenotypes. We applied a systematic approach based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to conduct a thorough scoping review on computable clinical phenotyping...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
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