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Systematic review diagnostic

Anjali Dagar, Tatiana Falcone
Pinterest is a visual search based, the fourth largest social networking site in the U.S. with 81% of its users being women. Because of Pinterest's popularity and the high incidence of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) among women, the aim of our current study was to perform a thorough content analysis of information available about PNES on Pinterest. The systematic search of Pinterest using various PNES related keywords revealed 57 unique pins. This was followed by content analysis by two independent reviewers...
February 11, 2019: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
K S Houschyar, C Tapking, D Duscher, C Wallner, A Sogorski, S Rein, D Pförringer, G Reumuth, K Weissenberg, G Grieb, L K Branski, F Siemers, B Behr, M Lehnhardt
BACKGROUND: Due to the loss of the natural skin barrier function with reduced immune competence as a result of a plasma loss and the numerous intensive care interventions, burn patients are particularly at risk for infection. STUDY DESIGN: systematic review METHODS: A systematic review of German and English literature between 1990 and 2018 analyzes the epidemiological and diagnostic aspects as well as the therapeutic use of antibiotics in infections of burn patients in clinical trials...
February 14, 2019: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
Tae-Joon Kim, Jee Eun Yoon, Jung A Park, Seung Ku Lee, Min Kyung Chu, Kwang Ik Yang, Won-Joo Kim, Seong-Ho Park, Robert J Thomas, Chol Shin, Chang-Ho Yun
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common sleep disorder, although it has a low prevalence in Asian populations. However, the reported RLS prevalence in -Korean adults is mostly 4.5-12.1%, which is higher than that reported in other Asian populations. This study aimed to diagnose RLS and exclude mimicking conditions in 2 independent samples of Korean adults, and to compare its prevalence to that from previous studies performed in Asian countries. METHODS: Study populations included a (1) nationwide stratified random sample (n = 2,824; age 19-79 years) and (2) community-based cohort (n = 2,685; age 47-79 years)...
February 14, 2019: Neuroepidemiology
Tianhai Lin, Hongyu Jin, Lina Gong, Ruichao Yu, Sheng Sun, Lu Yang, Peng Zhang, Ping Han, Jingqiu Cheng, Liangren Liu, Qiang Wei
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the diagnostic effectiveness and predictive value of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in the surveillance of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). METHODS: PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science, Ovid, Web of Knowledge, and Cochrane Library will be searched for studies related to the topic. The identification, inclusion, and exclusion flowcharts will be conducted according to preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analysis guidelines...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xiao Li, Juntao Li, Xianrui Li, Jisheng Wang, Hengheng Dai, Jingshang Wang
BACKGROUND: Premature ejaculation (PE) is one of the most common male sexual dysfunctions, which can directly harm men's self-esteem and affect the stability of the relationship between husband and wife. To some extent, PE even affects the harmony and stability of society. So, men's health has gained more and more attention. As one of the long-acting selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), fluoxetine has been proven to be effective in the treatment of PE by many trails. In this study, we aim to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of fluoxetine for PE to provide the newest evidence for clinical use...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Fang Zhu, Jason Chui, Ian Herrick, Janet Martin
OBJECTIVES: We aim to evaluate the diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) of intraoperative evoked potential (EP) monitoring to detect cerebral injury during clipping of cerebral aneurysms. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Major electronic databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: We included studies that reported the DTA of intraoperative EP monitoring during intracranial aneurysm clipping procedures in adult patients...
February 12, 2019: BMJ Open
Aron Downie, Mark Hancock, Hazel Jenkins, Rachelle Buchbinder, Ian Harris, Martin Underwood, Stacy Goergen, Chris G Maher
OBJECTIVES: To (1) estimate the proportion of patients seeking care for low back pain (LBP) who are imaged and (2) explore trends in the proportion of patients who received diagnostic imaging over time. We also examined the effect of study-level factors on estimates of imaging proportion. DATA SOURCES: Electronic searches of MEDLINE, Embase and CINAHL databases from January 1995 to December 2017. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Observational designs and controlled trials that reported imaging for patients presenting to primary care or emergency care for LBP...
February 13, 2019: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Huiqin Yang, Alexis Llewellyn, Ruth Walker, Melissa Harden, Pedro Saramago, Susan Griffin, Mark Simmonds
BACKGROUND: High-throughput non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for fetal Rhesus D (RhD) status could avoid unnecessary treatment with anti-D immunoglobulin for RhD-negative women found to be carrying an RhD-negative fetus. We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of high-throughput NIPT for fetal RhD status in RhD-negative women not known to be sensitized to the RhD antigen, by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Prospective cohort studies of high-throughput NIPT used to determine fetal RhD status were included...
February 14, 2019: BMC Medicine
Mark H Halliday, Alessandra N Garcia, Anita B Amorim, Gustavo C Machado, Jill A Hayden, Evangelos Pappas, Paulo H Ferreira, Mark J Hancock
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. BACKGROUND: Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) is a treatment-based classification system founded on three core principles; classification into diagnostic syndromes, classification-based intervention and appropriate application of force. Many randomized controlled trials have investigated the efficacy of MDT for low back pain (LBP); however, results have varied. The inconsistent delivery of MDT across trials may explain the different findings...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Gabriella Gobbi, Tobias Atkin, Tomasz Zytynski, Shouao Wang, Sorayya Askari, Jill Boruff, Mark Ware, Naomi Marmorstein, Andrea Cipriani, Nandini Dendukuri, Nancy Mayo
Importance: Cannabis is the most commonly used drug of abuse by adolescents in the world. While the impact of adolescent cannabis use on the development of psychosis has been investigated in depth, little is known about the impact of cannabis use on mood and suicidality in young adulthood. Objective: To provide a summary estimate of the extent to which cannabis use during adolescence is associated with the risk of developing subsequent major depression, anxiety, and suicidal behavior...
February 13, 2019: JAMA Psychiatry
Niels van der Naald, Diederik P J Smeeing, Roderick M Houwert, Falco Hietbrink, Geertje A M Govaert, Detlef van der Velde
Introduction: Brodie's abscess is a form of osteomyelitis. Since its first appearance in the medical literature in 1832, numerous cases have been described. The aim of this article is to provide the first comprehensive overview of published cases of Brodie's abscess, and to describe diagnostic methods, therapeutic consequences and outcomes. Methods: According to PRISMA guidelines a systematic review of the literature was performed. All published data in English or Dutch were considered for inclusion with no limitations on publication date...
2019: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
Yishan Wang, Huijuan Wang, Chunfang Zhang, Chao Zhang, Huqin Yang, Ruiyue Gao, Zhaohui Tong
BACKGROUND: With the development of new techniques to easily obtain lower respiratory tract specimens, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and other lung fluids are gaining importance in pulmonary disease diagnosis. We aimed to review and summarize lung fluid biomarkers associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome diagnosis and mortality. METHODS: After searching PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for articles published prior to January 11, 2018, we performed a meta-analysis on biomarkers for acute respiratory distress syndrome diagnosis in at-risk patients and those related to disease mortality...
February 12, 2019: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Seohyuk Lee, Leo E Akioyamen, Sumayah Aljenedil, Jean-Baptiste Rivière, Isabelle Ruel, Jacques Genest
AIMS: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is the most common genetic disorder in medicine, with a prevalence of 1/250. Affected individuals have elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and an increased lifetime risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The diagnosis of FH is based on algorithms that include LDL-C levels, physical manifestations, family history of high LDL-C and premature ASCVD, and, more recently, genetic testing. We sought to determine the impact of genetic testing on the: 1) diagnosis of 'definite familial hypercholesterolemia', 2) initiation and adherence of lipid-lowering therapy and 3) risk of ASCVD...
February 12, 2019: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Utkarsha Pathak, Naresh Chandra Gupta, Jagdish Chandra Suri
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of mortality in developing nations. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to determine the association between indoor air pollution and risk of COPD. Database searches were conducted using indoor air pollution, biomass and COPD related terms to identify relevant articles. The eligible studies were case-control, retrospective cohort, cross-sectional studies and conducted in adults that assessed COPD using any diagnostic criteria. A total of 35 studies with 73,122 participants were included...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
Daniel Vasile Balaban, Alina Dima, Ciprian Jurcut, Alina Popp, Mariana Jinga
BACKGROUND: Celiac crisis (CC), a potentially life-threatening condition, is one of the rare clinical presentations of celiac disease (CD). Several cases have been documented in the literature, mostly in children. AIM: To perform a review of CC cases reported in adult CD patients. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was conducted in two databases, PubMed/MEDLINE and EMBASE, using the term "celiac crisis" and its variant "coeliac crisis", from January 1970 onwards...
February 6, 2019: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Kristin Abruscato, Kelsie Browning, Daniel Deleandro, Quinn Menard, Mark Wilhelm, Amy Hassen
Background: The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most commonly injured ligaments in the knee. With the prevalence of ACL tears increasing, there is a growing need for clinical tests to rule in and rule out a suspected tear. A new clinical test for detecting ACL tears has been introduced with preliminary studies showing promising results. Hypothesis/Purpose: To systematically review and analyze information from the current literature on the diagnostic accuracy of the Lever Sign test for the use of diagnosing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in a clinical setting...
February 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Cheng Peng, Yanshuo Ye, Zhanpeng Wang, Lianyue Guan, Suriguga Bao, Bo Li, Wei Li
AIM: There are no existing biomarkers that demonstrate very reliable performance in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), especially in the early stage. Studies have shown that numerous aberrantly expressed circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) can be used as a diagnostic tool for HCC; however, these studies have produced inconsistent results. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis to summarize the diagnostic accuracy of circulating miRNAs, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), and AFP combined with miRNAs in differentiating HCC patients from non-HCC controls, healthy controls and chronic liver disease controls...
December 28, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
John U Doherty, Smadar Kort, Roxana Mehran, Paul Schoenhagen, Prem Soman, Gregory J Dehmer, John U Doherty, Paul Schoenhagen, Thomas M Bashore, Nicole M Bhave, Dennis A Calnon, Blase Carabello, John Conte, Timm Dickfeld, Daniel Edmundowicz, Victor A Ferrari, Michael E Hall, Brian Ghoshhajra, Praveen Mehrotra, Tasneem Z Naqvi, T Brett Reece, Randall C Starling, Molly Szerlip, Wendy S Tzou, John B Wong, John U Doherty, Gregory J Dehmer, Steven R Bailey, Nicole M Bhave, Alan S Brown, Stacie L Daugherty, Larry S Dean, Milind Y Desai, Claire S Duvernoy, Linda D Gillam, Robert C Hendel, Christopher M Kramer, Bruce D Lindsay, Warren J Manning, Manesh R Patel, Ritu Sachdeva, L Samuel Wann, David E Winchester, Michael J Wolk
This document is the second of 2 companion appropriate use criteria (AUC) documents developed by the American College of Cardiology, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American Heart Association, American Society of Echocardiography, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, Heart Rhythm Society, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography, Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. The first document1 addresses the evaluation and use of multimodality imaging in the diagnosis and management of valvular heart disease, whereas this document addresses this topic with regard to structural (nonvalvular) heart disease...
February 7, 2019: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Ferrán Catalá-López, Manuel Ridao, Amparo Núñez-Beltrán, Ricard Gènova-Maleras, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent, Miguel A Catalá, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a childhood-onset disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of symptoms of developmentally inappropriate and impaired inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity, with difficulties often continuing into adulthood. ADHD can come with other comorbid conditions. The aim of this study will be to quantify the prevalence and comorbidity of ADHD among children, adolescent, and adult population in Spain. METHODS/DESIGN: We designed and registered a study protocol for an update and expansion of a systematic review and meta-analysis of pooled prevalence data...
February 11, 2019: Systematic Reviews
Shandeigh N Berry, Karen Colorafi
Congenital anomalies are the leading cause of infant death in the United States, accounting for 20% of the annual infant mortality. Advancements in ultrasound diagnostic technology allow practitioners to diagnose fetal anomalies as early as 11 weeks' gestational age, 75% of which are detected in low-risk pregnancies. Communicating a fetal anomaly diagnosis to parents and initiating perinatal end-of-life discussions are difficult for healthcare providers and parents alike. Furthermore, poorly communicated diagnoses have had long-term negative impacts on perinatal grief intensity, which manifested into lifelong symptoms of adverse psychosocial outcomes such as anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and suicidal ideation...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
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