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Cancer AND Erythrose

Jikun Du, Dongsoo Yang, Zi Wei Luo, Sang Yup Lee
Indirubin is an indole alkaloid that can be used to treat various diseases including granulocytic leukemia, cancer, and Alzheimer's disease. Microbial production of indirubin has so far been achieved by supplementation of rather expensive substrates such as indole or tryptophan. Here, we report the development of metabolically engineered Escherichia coli strain capable of producing indirubin directly from glucose. First, the Methylophaga aminisulfidivorans flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO) and E. coli tryptophanase (TnaA) were introduced into E...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
Zhandong Li, Lifeng An, Hao Li, ShaoPeng Wang, You Zhou, Fei Yuan, Lin Li
Nasopharyngeal cancer or nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the most common cancer originating in the nasopharynx. The factors that induce nasopharyngeal cancer are still not clear. Additional information about the chemicals or genes related to nasopharyngeal cancer will promote a better understanding of the pathogenesis of this cancer and the factors that induce it. Thus, a computational method NPC-RGCP was proposed in this study to identify the possible relevant chemicals and genes based on the presently known chemicals and genes related to nasopharyngeal cancer...
May 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
Bo Tan, Sucai Dong, Robert L Shepard, Lisa Kays, Kenneth D Roth, Sandaruwan Geeganage, Ming-Shang Kuo, Genshi Zhao
Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) has been extensively studied due to its essential role in NAD(+) biosynthesis in cancer cells and the prospect of developing novel therapeutics. To understand how NAMPT regulates cellular metabolism, we have shown that the treatment with FK866, a specific NAMPT inhibitor, leads to attenuation of glycolysis by blocking the glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase step (Tan, B., Young, D. A., Lu, Z. H., Wang, T., Meier, T. I., Shepard, R. L., Roth, K., Zhai, Y., Huss, K...
June 19, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Li-Li Liu, Tao Yi, Xia Zhao
Traditional chemotherapy drugs against colorectal cancer possess little or no specificity, leading to severe intolerable side-effects. Therefore, it is necessary to develop additional specific therapeutic strategies. It has been suggested that D-erythrose may specifically inhibit the growth of tumor cells. However, the in vivo antitumor effect of D-erythrose against colorectal cancer remains unknown. Thus, the present study investigated the antitumor effect of D-erythrose in an abdominal metastatic model of colon carcinoma...
February 2015: Oncology Letters
Amjad H Talukder, Rozita Bagheri-Yarmand, Ruth R E Williams, Jiannis Ragoussis, Rakesh Kumar, Avraham Raz
Overexpression of the human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) 2 has been linked to the development and maintenance of malignant phenotypes in breast tumors. In addition, the growth and dissemination of human cancers are regulated in part by the autocrine motility factor (AMF)/phosphoglucose isomerase shown to be up-regulated by heregulin (HRG) in breast cancer cells. This study was undertaken to explore the effect of anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody 4D5 [Herceptin (HCT)] on AMF expression and the potential of its augmentation by specific simple sugar AMF inhibitors...
October 2002: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
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