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O3 Root

Le Yue, Feiran Chen, Kaiqiang Yu, Zhenggao Xiao, Xiaoyu Yu, Zhenyu Wang, Baoshan Xing
The increasing occurrence of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) in soils may decrease water uptake in crops, followed by lower crop yield and quality. As one of the most common rare earth oxide NPs, lanthanum oxide (La2 O3 ) NPs may inhibit the relative expressions of aquaporin genes, thus reduce water uptake. In the present study, maize plants were exposed to different La2 O3 NPs concentrations (0, 5, 50 mg L-1 ) for 72 h and 144 h right after the first leaf extended completely. Our results revealed that water uptake was reduced by La2 O3 NPs through accelerating the development of apoplastic barriers in maize roots...
February 25, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Lulu Dai, Felicity Hayes, Katrina Sharps, Harry Harmens, Gina Mills
To investigate whether nitrogen (N) load affects the ozone (O3 ) stomatal flux-effect relationship for birch biomass, three-year old birch saplings were exposed to seven different O3 profiles (24 h mean of 35-66 ppb) and four different N loads (10, 30, 50 and 70 kg ha-1  yr-1 ) in precision-controlled hemispherical glasshouses (solardomes) in 2012 and 2013. Stomatal conductance (gs ) under optimal growth conditions was stimulated by enhanced N supply but was not significantly affected by enhanced O3 exposure...
April 10, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Maria Isabella Prigigallo, Maria Teresa Melillo, Giovanni Bubici, Petre I Dobrev, Radomira Vankova, Fabrizio Cillo, Pasqua Veronico
BACKGROUND: Ozonated water (O3 wat) soil drench and/or foliar spray applications, were evaluated for their potential to control the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (RKN) and the airborne pathogen Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) in tomato. We investigated how O3 wat modulates the SA/JA/ET signalling network in the host, locally and systemically, to induce resistance to nematode and virus. RESULTS: The application as soil drench was effective in reducing the number of galls and egg masses, but did not reduce the incidence and severity of TSWV infection...
January 30, 2019: Pest Management Science
Zhan Chen, Jixin Cao, Hao Yu, He Shang
To assess the impacts of ozone (O3 ) on carbon metabolism of subtropical broadleaved tree species, seedlings of Phoebe bournei and Phoebe zhennan were exposed to elevated O3 levels in open-top chambers (OTCs) from June to November 2014. Three treatments were conducted in nine total OTCs, including charcoal-filter air (CF) as a control treatment, low O3 treatment 'O3-1' (∼100 nl l-1 ), and high O3 treatment 'O3-2' (∼150 nl l-1 ). Our findings demonstrated that elevated O3 levels significantly decreased the net photosynthesis rates ( Pn ) and leaf, root, and total biomass of both species, while it did not significantly affect the root/shoot ratio in P...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Asli Baysal, Hasan Saygin, Gul Sirin Ustabasi
The behavior of nanoparticles released to the soil has been extensively studied in recent years; however, the effects of nanoparticles on the distribution of soil elements and on sowing are still unknown. To this end, to examine the distribution of selected elements in soil, soil samples were treated weekly with 1.0 mg and 20.0 mg of Al2 O3 nanoparticles for 3 weeks. Additionally, different types of plants (including taproot, fibrous root and ornamental bulbous plants) were sowed in the soil samples. After each treatment, surface soil samples were collected and digested with acid digestion...
October 29, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Lianfang Li, Changxiong Zhu, Xiaoshi Liu, Feng Li, Hongna Li, Jing Ye
This study aimed to determine effects of biochar derived from wheat straw at 500 °C on arsenic immobilization in a soil-Brassica campestris L system. When the soils amended with 4% modified biochar (MBC), 0.5% Fe grit as zero-valent iron (ZVI), 0.5% Fe grit + 4% MBC (ZMBC), 0.5% ZVI + 4% biochar (ZBC), 4% biochar (BC), and control (without amendments), it confirmed that available arsenic concentration in soils occurred in the following order: ZMBC < MBC < ZVI < ZBC < Control < BC. Water-soluble As (WSAs) was reduced by 89...
December 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Nisha Shabnam, Hyunook Kim
Wide use of Al2 O3 nanoparticles (NPs) leading to their possible escape into environment and their interaction with living organisms demands immediate attention. We evaluated impact of nanoparticulate (Al2 O3 -NPs) and ionic (Al3+ ) forms of aluminium on early seedling growth of Vigna radiata. While Al3+ inhibited growth of seedlings, Al2 O3 -NPs did not affect it negatively. Unlike enhancement in proline, malondialdehyde and H2 O2 levels in roots and shoots induced by Al3+ , these stress markers remained unaltered by Al2 O3 -NPs...
September 12, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Xiaojian Shi, Wenzhi Yang, Yong Huang, Jinjun Hou, Shi Qiu, Changliang Yao, Zijin Feng, Wenlong Wei, Wanying Wu, Dean Guo
Specific analytical approaches that enable untargeted profiling of modified metabolites are in great need. An untargeted profiling strategy, by integrating in-source collision-induced dissociation (ISCID)-MS1 , mass tag-MS2 , and neutral loss scan-MS3 , is established on a linear ion-trap/Orbitrap mass spectrometer coupled to ultra-high performance liquid chromatography. This strategy is applied to screen malonylginsenosides from three reputable Panax species (P. ginseng, P. quinquefolius, and P. notoginseng)...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Tamires Letícia Cunha Lopes, Rita de Cássia Siqueira-Soares, Guilherme Henrique Gonçalves de Almeida, Gabriele Sauthier Romano de Melo, Gabriela Ellen Barreto, Dyoni Matias de Oliveira, Wanderley Dantas Dos Santos, Osvaldo Ferrarese-Filho, Rogério Marchiosi
Plants are occasionally exposed to environmental perturbations that limit their growth. One of these perturbations is the exposure to and interaction with various nanoparticles (NPs) that are discarded continuously into the environment. Hitherto, no study has been carried out evaluating the effects of iron oxide (γ-Fe2 O3 ) NPs on soybean growth and lignin formation, as proposed herein. For comparative purposes, we also submitted soybean plants to non-nanoparticulate iron (FeCl3 ). Exposure of the plants to γ-Fe2 O3 NPs increased cell wall-bound peroxidase (POD) activity but decreased phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) activity due, probably, to the negative feedback of accumulated phenolic compounds...
November 2018: Chemosphere
Mohamed I Elshinawy, Lamiaa A Al-Madboly, Walaa M Ghoneim, Nehal M El-Deeb
This study was conducted to investigate the antimicrobial-biofilm activity of chitosan (Ch-NPs), silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs), ozonated olive oil (O3 -oil) either separately or combined together against endodontic pathogens. While testing the antimicrobial activity, Ch-NPs showed the least minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values exerting eightfold higher bactericidal activity than O3 -oil against both Enterococcus faecalis and Streptococcus mutans as well as fourfold higher fungicidal activity against Candida albicans ...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Suruchi Singh, Poonam Singh, S B Agrawal, Madhoolika Agrawal
Three clover (Trifolium alexandrium L.) cultivars (Bundel, Wardan and JHB-146) were assessed for their responses to ambient ozone (O3 ) with respect to growth, physiological and biochemical parameters at two rural sites (R1 and R2) using ethylenediurea (EDU). EDU solution (300ppm) was applied as soil drench, 10 days after germination (DAG) at an interval of 10 days up to 80 DAG. The average O3 concentrations were 52.76 and 60.86 ppb at R1 and R2 sites, respectively during the experimental period. Ambient O3 induced visible symptoms in all the cultivars at both the sites, with more at R2 site having high ambient O3 levels...
January 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
F Changey, M Bagard, M Souleymane, T Z Lerch
Tropospheric ozone (O3 ) concentrations have now reached levels that can potentially affect crop production in several regions of the world. The interacting effects of the elevated O3 and temperature on plants are still unclear and their consequences on the rhizosphere microbial communities never studied yet. Here, we conducted a 3-week fumigation experiment on two cultivars of wheat with different tolerance to O3 (Premio and Soissons) at two temperatures (20 °C and 30 °C). The impacts of O3 were measured on plants physiology, rhizosphere chemical environment and microbial communities...
November 2018: Environmental Pollution
Bilal Ahmed, Mohammad Saghir Khan, Javed Musarrat
The present study for the first time demonstrated the interactions of metal oxide (MO) nano-pollutants (CuO and Al2 O3 -NPs) with tissues and cellular DNA of tomato plants grown in soil sand: silt: clay (667:190:143) and Hoagland-hydroponic system and assessed the hazardous effects of NPs on cell physiology and biochemistry. Results of SEM equipped with EDX revealed attachment of variably shaped CuO-NPs (18 nm) and Al2 O3 -NPs (21 nm) on roots, and internalization followed by translocation in plants by ICP-MS and TEM...
September 2018: Environmental Pollution
Sibel Ozcan, Arzu Muz, Aysun Yildiz Altun, Selami Ates Onal
The rationale behind intradiscal O2-O3 therapy is the pain elicited by the mechanical compression of the nerve root, which is associated with periganglionic and periradicular inflammation. This study aimed to determine the effect of intradiscal ozone injection on pain score and satisfaction of patients with low back pain (LBP) secondary to disc herniation. Patients with LBP diagnosed with disc herniation were enrolled in this clinical trial. After prepping and draping the area, intradiscal injection of ozone/oxygen mixture (10 ml, 25μg/ml) was performed under fluoroscopy guide (c-arm)...
April 30, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Jinxing Li, Yuchao Song, Keren Wu, Qi Tao, Yongchao Liang, Tingqiang Li
Chromic oxide nanoparticles (Cr2 O3 NPs) are widely used in commercial factories and can cause serious environmental problems. However, the mechanism behind Cr2 O3 NP-induced phytotoxicity remains unknown. In this study, the effects of Cr2 O3 NPs on the growth, chlorophyll fluorescence, SEM-EDS analysis, and chloroplast ultrastructure of soybean (Glycine max) were investigated to evaluate its phytotoxicity. The growth of soybean treated with various Cr2 O3 NP suspensions (0.01, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.5 g L-1 ) was significantly inhibited...
July 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Wei Qin Yin, Hao Qi Jing, Ya Bo Wang, Si Yu Wei, Yue Sun, Sheng Sen Wang, Xuai Zhi Wang
The elevated concentration of tropospheric ozone (O3 ) is an important global climate change driver, with adverse impacts on soil ecological environment and crop growth. In this study, a pot experiment was carried out in an open top chamber (OTC), to investigate the effects of elevated ozone concentration on soil enzyme activities (catalase, polyphenol oxidase, dehydrogenase and invertase), organic acids contents (oxalic acid, citric acid and malic acid) at different growth stages (tillering, jointing, heading and ripening stages) of wheat, and combined with the rhizospheric soil physicochemical properties and plant root characteristics to analyze the underlying reasons...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Sergio Luiz Pinheiro, Caio Cesar da Silva, Lucas Augusto da Silva, Marina P Cicotti, Carlos Eduardo da Silveira Bueno, Carlos Eduardo Fontana, Letícia R Pagrion, Natália P Dalmora, Thaís T Daque, Francisco Uf de Campos
Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, 2% chlorhexidine, and ozonated water on biofilms of Enterococcus faecalis , Streptococcus mutans , and Candida albicans in mesiobuccal root canals with severe curvature of mandibular molars. Materials and Methods: This was an experimental ex vivo study in microbiologic laboratory. Sixty mesiobuccal root canals with severe curvature of mandibular molars were contaminated with standard strains of E...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Ashutosh K Pandey, Annesha Ghosh, Madhoolika Agrawal, S B Agrawal
Tropospheric ozone (O3 ) is a phytotoxic air pollutant causing a substantial damage to plants and agriculture worldwide. Plant productivity is affected by several environmental factors, which interact with each other. Studies related to interactions involving O3 and different levels of nitrogen (N) are still rare and elusive. In the present study we grew two wheat cultivars (HD2967 and Sonalika) in open top chambers (OTC) under ambient (AO) and elevated O3 (EO) (ambient + 20 ppb O3 ) and provided two levels of N fertilization; (a) recommended nitrogen (RN), (b) 1...
August 30, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
C J Kuijpers, H P Huinink, N Tomozeiu, S J F Erich, O C G Adan
Due to the increased use of nanoparticles in everyday applications, there is a need for theoretical descriptions of particle transport and attachment in porous media. It should be possible to develop a one dimensional model to describe nanoparticle retention during capillary transport of liquid mixtures in porous media. Water-glycerol-nanoparticle mixtures were prepared and the penetration process in porous Al2 O3 samples of varying pore size is measured using NMR imaging. The liquid and particle front can be measured by utilizing T2 relaxation effects from the paramagnetic nanoparticles...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Banu Öter, Nursen Topçuog Lu, Mehmet K Tank, Sevi Burçak Çehreli
BACKGROUND: A successful primary root canal treatment depends on effective shaping and cleaning the root canal system and finally filling it with a hermetic sealer. Clinically, roots of primary teeth are difficult to shape and the irrigation/disinfection protocol has great importance on prognosis. OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the antibacterial efficiency of Endosafe (Orangedental GmbH & Co. KG), photo-activated disinfection (PAD; Orangedental GmbH & Co...
April 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
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