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"income" AND "cardiovascular"

Luis Quiel, Ilais Moreno Velásquez, Beatriz Gómez, Jorge Motta, Víctor Herrera-Ballesteros
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to determine the geographic and time variation of social determinants of health (SDH) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in Panama from 2012 to 2016, and to identify which of the SDH has the strongest correlation with a socioeconomic index (SEI). METHODS: We conducted an ecological study obtaining mortality from the National Mortality Register and socioeconomic variables derived from the National Household Survey (NHS)...
February 15, 2019: BMC Public Health
Jinmei Su, Liufu Cui, Wenhao Yang, Huijing Shi, Cheng Jin, Rong Shu, Hongfen Li, Xiaofeng Zeng, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao
BACKGROUND: A hospitalized-based cohort study suggested that elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels are associated with radiographic sacroiliitis progression in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. However, data from community-based populations are limited. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the association between elevated CRP levels and AS diagnosis in a prospective community-based study of 129,681 Chinese adults over a follow-up period of 8 years. METHODS: We measured the plasma CRP concentration at baseline and every 2 years thereafter with the high-sensitivity (hs)-CRP test...
2019: PloS One
Olusola A Orimoloye, Mohammadhassan Mirbolouk, S M Iftekhar Uddin, Zeina A Dardari, Michael D Miedema, Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Joseph Yeboah, Ron Blankstein, Khurram Nasir, Michael J Blaha
Importance: The interplay of self-rated health (SRH), coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores, and cardiovascular risk is poorly described. Objectives: To assess the degree of correlation between SRH and CAC, to determine whether these measures are complementary for risk prediction, and to assess the incremental value of the addition of SRH to established risk tools. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) is a large population-based prospective cohort study of adults aged 45 to 84 years who were recruited from 6 US communities...
February 1, 2019: JAMA network open
Gabriela S S Chaves, Gabriela Lima de Melo Ghisi, Raquel R Britto, Sherry L Grace
Background Despite the epidemic of cardiovascular diseases in middle-income countries, few trials are testing the benefits of cardiac rehabilitation ( CR ). This trial assessed (1) maintenance of functional capacity, risk factor control, knowledge, and heart-health behaviors and (2) mortality and morbidity at 6 months following CR in a middle-income country. Methods and Results Eligible Brazilian coronary patients were initially randomized (1:1:1 concealed) to 1 of 3 parallel arms (comprehensive CR [exercise plus education], exercise-only CR , or wait-list control)...
February 19, 2019: Journal of the American Heart Association
Rodrigo M Carrillo-Larco, Noël C Barengo, Leonardo Albitres-Flores, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
Type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with a high mortality risk, though the magnitude of this association remains unknown in Latin America (LA). We aimed to assess the strength of the association between T2DM and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in population-based cohort studies in LA. Systematic review and meta-analysis. The inclusion criteria were: i) men and women ≥18 years-old with T2DM; ii) study outcomes all-cause and/or cause-specific mortality; and iii) using people without T2DM as comparison group...
February 13, 2019: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Moira K Kapral, Peter C Austin, Geerthana Jeyakumar, Ruth Hall, Anna Chu, Anam M Khan, Albert Y Jin, Cally Martin, Doug Manuel, Frank L Silver, Richard H Swartz, Jack V Tu
Background Rural residence is associated with stroke incidence and mortality, but little is known about potential rural/urban differences in ambulatory stroke care. Methods and Results We used the CANHEART (Cardiovascular Health in Ambulatory Care Research Team) cohort, created from linked administrative databases from the province of Ontario, Canada, and divided into primary (N=6 207 032) and secondary (N=75 823) prevention cohorts based on the absence or presence of prior stroke. We defined rural communities as those with a population size of ≤10 000 and within each of the primary and secondary prevention cohorts, compared cardiovascular risk factors and care between rural and urban areas...
February 2019: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Viswanathan Mohan, Mark E Cooper, David R Matthews, Kamlesh Khunti
There is currently a worldwide epidemic of type 2 diabetes (T2D) that is predicted to increase substantially in the next few years. With 80% of the global T2D population living in low to middle-income countries, there are issues with cost and of access to appropriate medicines. The objective of this symposium was to provide an overview of the efficacy and safety of glucose-lowering drugs, focussing in particular on sulfonylureas (SUs) in patients with T2D using data taken from both randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and real-world studies, the application of strategies to ensure optimal patient adherence and clinical outcomes, and the optimal use of SUs in terms of dose adjustment and agent choice to ensure the best clinical outcome...
February 13, 2019: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
Collin J Popp, Jeannette M Beasley, Stella S Yi, Lu Hu, Judith Wylie-Rosett
Favourable body composition has been associated with higher dietary protein intake. However, little is known regarding this relationship in a population of Chinese Americans (CHA), who have lower BMI compared with other populations. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between dietary protein intake, fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) in CHA. Data were from the Chinese American Cardiovascular Health Assessment (CHA CHA) 2010-2011 ( n 1707); dietary intake was assessed using an adapted and validated FFQ...
2019: Journal of Nutritional Science
Heval M Kelli, Jeong Hwan Kim, Ayman Samman Tahhan, Chang Liu, Yi-An Ko, Muhammad Hammadah, Samaah Sullivan, Pratik Sandesara, Ayman A Alkhoder, Fahad K Choudhary, M Mazen Gafeer, Keyur Patel, Saqib Qadir, Tené T Lewis, Viola Vaccarino, Laurence S Sperling, Arshed A Quyyumi
Background Food deserts ( FDs ), defined as low-income communities with limited access to healthy food, are a growing public health concern. We evaluated the impact of living in FDs on incident cardiovascular events. Methods and Results We recruited 4944 subjects (age 64±12, 64% male) undergoing cardiac catheterization into the Emory Cardiovascular Biobank. Using the US Department of Agriculture definition of FD , we determined whether their residential addresses had (1) poor access to healthy food, (2) low income, or (3) both (= FD )...
February 19, 2019: Journal of the American Heart Association
M Teresa Perez-Warnisher, M Del Pilar Carballosa de Miguel, Luis M Seijo
Tobacco smoking is recognized as a major preventable cause of disease worldwide and is linked to 6 million deaths annually, 30% of which are due to cancer. The negative health consequences of smoking currently represent one of the greatest global public health challenges. Additionally, secondhand smoke, which was declared carcinogenic by the International Agency for Research on Cancer in 2004, is a major source of morbidity and premature death in nonsmokers, particularly children. Negative health effects associated with exposure to secondhand smoke have been well documented and include lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and other respiratory diseases...
January 22, 2019: Annals of Global Health
Pooja Dewan, Rasmus Rørth, Pardeep S Jhund, Joao Pedro Ferreira, Faiez Zannad, Li Shen, Lars Køber, William T Abraham, Akshay S Desai, Kenneth Dickstein, Milton Packer, Jean L Rouleau, Scott D Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R Zile, John J V McMurray
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between income inequality and heart failure outcomes. BACKGROUND: The income inequality hypothesis postulates that population health is influenced by income distribution within a society, with greater inequality associated with worse outcomes. METHODS: This study analyzed heart failure outcomes in 2 large trials conducted in 54 countries. Countries were divided by tertiles of Gini coefficients (where 0% represented absolute income equality and 100% represented absolute income inequality), and heart failure outcomes were adjusted for standard prognostic variables, country per capita income, education index, and hospital bed, and health worker density...
February 4, 2019: JACC. Heart Failure
Jill E Johnston, Mitiasoa Razafy, Humberto Lugo, Luis Olmedo, Shohreh F Farzan
Changing weather patterns, droughts and competing water demands are dramatically altering the landscape and creating conditions conducive to the production of wind-blown dust and dust storms. In California, such factors are leading to the rapid shrinking of the Salton Sea, a 345 mile2 land-locked "sea" situated near the southeastern rural border region known as the Imperial Valley. The region is anticipated to experience a dramatic increase in wind-blown dust and existing studies suggest a significant impact on the health and quality of life for nearby residents of this predominantly low-income, Mexican-American community...
January 29, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Jonathan Spiteri, Philip von Brockdorff
The impact of economic growth on health outcomes has generated various conflicting results in recent years, particularly with the emergence of cardiovascular disease as one of the most salient global health issues. This paper looks at the relationship between economic development and health outcomes. We first estimate an empirical model using data on annual cardiovascular disease mortality in a panel of 27 European countries, over the period 2003 to 2014, together with per capita GDP levels in each country...
January 30, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Stephen Chu-Sung Hu, Gwo-Shing Chen, Hung-Pin Tu
The epidemiology of depression in patients with psoriasis has not been well defined in the Asian population. This study evaluated the epidemiological features of, and risk factors for, depression among patients with psoriasis in Taiwan. A nationwide population-based cross-sectional study was undertaken using the National Health Insurance Research Database. This study included 17,086 patients with psoriasis and 1,607,242 patients from the general population. The prevalence of depression in patients with psoriasis was 11...
February 8, 2019: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Andrew J Synn, Chunyi Zhang, George R Washko, Raúl San José Estépar, George T O'Connor, Wenyuan Li, Murray A Mittleman, Mary B Rice
RATIONALE: Cigarette smoke exposure is a risk factor for many lung diseases, and histologic studies suggest tobacco-related vasoconstriction and vessel loss plays a role in the development of emphysema. However, it remains unclear how tobacco affects the pulmonary vasculature in general populations with a typical range of tobacco exposure, and whether these changes are detectable by radiographic methods. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether tobacco exposure in a generally healthy population manifests as lower pulmonary blood vessel volumes and vascular pruning on imaging...
February 4, 2019: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Kristen M George, Aaron R Folsom, Lyn M Steffen, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Thomas H Mosley
Geographic differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality among African Americans (AAs) are well-established, but not well-characterized. Using the Minnesota Heart Survey (MHS) and Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study, we aimed to assess whether CVD risk factors drive geographic disparities in CVD mortality among AAs. ARIC risk factors were measured between1987-1989 from a population-based sample of AAs, aged 45 to 64 years, living in Jackson, MS and Forsyth County, NC. Similar measures were made at MHS baseline, 1985, in AAs from Minneapolis-St...
2019: Ethnicity & Disease
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2019: Pediatrics
Sumin Seo, Seulggie Choi, Kyuwoong Kim, Sung Min Kim, Sang Min Park
PURPOSE: Few previous studies have investigated the association between urban green space and cardiovascular disease (CVD) within Asian populations. We aimed to determine the relationship between amount of green space in the residential environment and CVD within a large general Asian population in this population-based longitudinal study. METHODS: The study population consisted of 351,409 participants aged over 20 years extracted from the National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort...
January 28, 2019: Environment International
Yu V Zhernakova, E A Zheleznova, I E Chazova, E V Oshchepkova, Yu A Dolgusheva, E B Yarovaya, N V Blinova, A A Orlovsky, I D Konosova, S A Shalnova, O P Rotar', A O Konradi, E V Shlyakhto, S A Boytsov
AIM: The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of AO in the population and to assess the association with socioeconomic factors according to the data of the ESSE-RF study (Epidemiology of Cardiovascular diseases in the Regions of the Russian Federation). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The object of the study is a random population sample of men and women aged 25-64 years from 13 regions of the Russian Federation (n=21 817). Abdominal obesity in men was defined as waist circumference (WC) >94 cm, and in women - WC >80 cm...
November 22, 2018: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Jessica L Castilho, Maria M Escuder, Valdiléa Veloso, Jackeline O Gomes, Karu Jayathilake, Sayonara Ribeiro, Rosa A Souza, Maria L Ikeda, Paulo R de Alencastro, Unai Tupinanbas, Carlos Brites, Catherine C McGowan, Alexandre Grangeiro, Beatriz Grinsztejn
INTRODUCTION: People living with HIV (PLHIV) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) experience high rates of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). These co-morbidities often accumulate and older adults may suffer from multimorbidity. Multimorbidity has been associated with loss of quality of life, polypharmacy, and increased risk of frailty and mortality. Little is known of the trends or predictors NCD multimorbidity in PLHIV in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We examined NCD multimorbidity in adult PLHIV initiating ART between 2003 and 2014 using a multi-site, observational cohort in Brazil...
January 2019: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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