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Copd nutrition

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775792/occupational-exposure-and-airflow-obstruction-and-self-reported-copd-among-ever-employed-us-adults-using-a-copd-job-exposure-matrix
#1
Brent Doney, Laura Kurth, Cara Halldin, Janet Hale, Steven M Frenk
INTRODUCTION: This study examined the association of spirometry-defined airflow obstruction and self-reported COPD defined as self-reported doctor diagnosed chronic bronchitis or emphysema, with occupational exposure among ever-employed US adults. METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2008 to 2011-2012, a nationally representative study of the non-institutionalized civilian US population. Reported current and/or longest held job were used to create prevalence estimates and prevalence odds ratios (PORs) (adjusted for age, gender, race, and smoking status) for airflow obstruction and self-reported COPD by occupational exposure, determined using both NHANES participants' self-reported exposures and eight categories of COPD job exposure matrix (JEM) assigned exposures...
February 18, 2019: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761687/reduced-mortality-from-lower-respiratory-tract-disease-in-adult-diabetic-patients-treated-with-metformin
#2
Angelico Mendy, Radha Gopal, John F Alcorn, Erick Forno
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic lower respiratory diseases (CLRD) increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, which in turn may worsen lung function. Metformin, a common antidiabetic with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, may improve respiratory outcomes. Therefore, we examined the association of metformin use with the risk of mortality from CLRD. METHODS: We analysed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 1988-1994 and 1999-2010 for participants aged 40 years or older who had diabetes and were followed up for mortality through 2011...
February 13, 2019: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30717299/saturated-fat-intake-is-associated-with-lung-function-in-individuals-with-airflow-obstruction-results-from-nhanes-2007%C3%A2-2012
#3
Kasey Cornell, Morshed Alam, Elizabeth Lyden, Lisa Wood, Tricia D LeVan, Tara M Nordgren, Kristina Bailey, Corrine Hanson
Nutritional status is a well-recognized prognostic indicator in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); however, very little is known about the relationship between lung function and saturated fat intake. We used data from the cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) to assess the relationship between saturated fatty acid (SFA) intake and lung function in the general US adult population. Adults in NHANES (2007⁻2012) with pre-bronchodilator spirometry measurements and dietary SFA intake were included...
February 1, 2019: Nutrients
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30687503/oral-nutrition-supplements-and-between-meal-snacks-for-nutrition-therapy-in-patients-with-copd-identified-as-at-nutritional-risk-a-randomised-feasibility-trial
#4
Arora Ros Ingadottir, Anne Marie Beck, Christine Baldwin, Christine Elizabeth Weekes, Olof Gudny Geirsdottir, Alfons Ramel, Thorarinn Gislason, Ingibjorg Gunnarsdottir
Introduction: Intervention studies have mainly used oral nutritional supplements (ONS) for the management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) identified as at nutritional risk. In this 12-month randomised feasibility trial, we assessed the (1) feasibility of the recruitment, retention and provision of two interventions: ONS and between-meal snacks (snacks) and (2) the potential impact of the provision of snacks and ONS on body weight and quality of life in patients with COPD...
2019: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30666102/nutritional-status-dietary-intake-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-outpatients-with-copd
#5
Ha Thanh Nguyen, Peter F Collins, Toby G Pavey, Nhung Viet Nguyen, Tuong Duy Pham, Danielle L Gallegos
Background: Malnutrition is common in patients with COPD; however, little is known about its impacts on health-related quality of life (QoL) among patients with COPD. This study aimed to explore the nutritional status and dietary intake among outpatients with COPD in Vietnam and its possible associations with QoL. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in COPD outpatients visiting the COPD management unit at the National Lung Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam between May 2017 and July 2017...
2019: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30659818/raw-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-variables-are-independent-predictors-of-early-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-copd
#6
Francesca de Blasio, Luca Scalfi, Ada Di Gregorio, Paola Alicante, Andrea Bianco, Claudio Tantucci, Barbara Bellofiore, Francesco de Blasio
BACKGROUND: Bioelectrical impedance analysis is a valuable method for estimating fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass (FM) in COPD patients by means of specific predictive equations. In addition, raw BIA variables such as high to low frequency impedance ratios (IRs) and phase angle, most likely as a result of providing information on muscle quality, have been related to disease severity and mortality in patients suffering from several diseases, but never in COPD. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive role of raw BIA variables on two-year survival in COPD...
January 16, 2019: Chest
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30578360/increased-accuracy-after-adjustment-of-spirometry-threshold-for-diagnosing-copd-based-on-pre-bronchodilator-fev-1-fvc
#7
Thomas Kronborg, Stine Hangaard, Simon Lebech Cichosz, Ole Hejlesen
BACKGROUND: COPD is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Spirometry is the most common lung function test for diagnosing COPD with a post-bronchodilator FEV1 /FVC < 0.70 confirming the presence of the disease. However, diagnosticians appear reluctant to use bronchodilators, which have been linked to the misdiagnosis of COPD. Therefore, we investigated whether the threshold for diagnosing COPD should be modified when diagnosing COPD based on pre-bronchodilator spirometry...
January 2019: Respiratory Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30572382/-trend-on-mortalities-in-all-cause-and-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-among-the-labor-force-population-in-china-2007-2016
#8
S Zhang, Y Y Jiang, W L Dong, F Mao, J Q Dong
Objective: To analyze the trends on mortalities of all-cause and deaths caused by chronic and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among Chinese labor force population during 2007 to 2016. Methods: Data on cause-of-death that collected from the National Mortality Surveillance System was used to analyze the age and area-related specific crude mortality rates, age-standardized mortality rates and component ratios of NCDs, among the Chinese labor force population, during 2007 to 2016. Trend of crude mortality rates and mortality component ratios of the three major diseases (infectious diseases, maternal and infant diseases, nutritional deficiency diseases; NCDs; injuries) were analyzed...
December 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30561365/early-life-origins-of-asthma-a-review-of-potential-effectors
#9
REVIEW
I Bobolea, E Arismendi, A Valero, A Agustí
There is currently growing evidence that events occurring early in life, both before and after birth, are significantly associated with the risk of asthma, COPD and low lung function later in life. In fact, from conception to death there are continuous, dynamic numbers of gene-environment interactions that determine two fundamental biologic processes, lung development and lung ageing. Over 130 birth cohorts have been initiated in the last 30 years. These birth cohorts have improved our understanding of asthma inception, progression and persistency...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30559794/the-relationship-of-dyspnea-and-disease-severity-with-anthropometric-indicators-of-malnutrition-among-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
Mirza Muhammad Ayub Baig, Naheed Hashmat, Muhammad Adnan, Tayyaba Rahat
Objective: To find the association of dyspnea and disease severity with anthropometric indicators of malnutrition among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. Methods: The cross-sectional analytical study was carried out at Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore during October 2013 to December 2014. Total 138 adult patients with severe COPD were enrolled. The severity of disease was measured by global initiative for chronic obstructive lung disease criteria; and dyspnea was assessed by modified medical research council dyspnea scale...
November 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30542479/effects-of-hochuekkito-combined-with-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
Hironobu Hamada, Kiyokazu Sekikawa, Isao Murakami, Kouichi Aimoto, Kazuyoshi Kagawa, Tatsuya Sumigawa, Ken Okusaki, Takefumi Dodo, Yoshikazu Awaya, Masatoshi Watanabe, Keiichi Kondo, Takashi Ogawa, Hikaru Yamamoto, Noboru Hattori
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has significant systemic effects, such as weight loss, which affects exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and survival. The traditional herbal medicine, Hochuekkito (TJ-41), improves the nutritional status and decreases systemic inflammation in patients with COPD. However, to date, the additive effect of TJ-41 on pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in patients with COPD has not been researched comprehensively. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of adding TJ-41 to PR for patients with COPD...
December 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30509706/a-systematic-review-of-the-content-and-delivery-of-education-in-pulmonary-rehabilitation-programmes
#12
REVIEW
N J Roberts, L Kidd, K Kirkwood, J Cross, M R Partridge
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a core component of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) management with well recognized benefits. While suggestions for educational content within pulmonary rehabilitation have been detailed in clinical guidance, it is unclear what educational content is delivered as part of pulmonary rehabilitation, who delivers it, and how it is delivered. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to identify what educational content is delivered as part of pulmonary rehabilitation, how is this delivered and who delivers it...
December 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30504683/dietary-nitrite-attenuates-elastase-induced-pulmonary-emphysema-in-a-mouse-model
#13
Kunihiro Sonoda, Kazuo Ohtake, Maya Tagiri, Miku Hirata, Hazuki Tamada, Hiroyuki Uchida, Junta Ito, Jun Kobayashi
Pulmonary emphysema (PE) is a major pathological feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and is characterized by proteolytic destruction of the alveolar structure and subsequent inflammation of the respiratory tract. We hypothesized that nitrite attenuates the development of PE via anti-inflammatory actions. PE was induced by intratracheal instillation of porcine pancreas elastase (PPE) in mice. Dietary nitrite dose-dependently (50 and 150 mg/L in drinking water) attenuated emphysematous development and macrophage accumulation in the alveolar parenchyma 21 d after PPE treatment...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30461449/contraction-and-nutrition-interaction-promotes-anabolism-in-cachectic-muscle
#14
Filippo Giorgio Di Girolamo, Martina Guadagni, Nicola Fiotti, Roberta Situlin, Gianni Biolo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cachexia is a disease-related multifactorial syndrome characterized by inflammation, massive muscle protein catabolism and carbohydrate and lipid metabolism disorder.Several studies tried to define the impact of either nutrition or physical exercise (single approach strategy) or their combination (multimodal approach strategy) on prevention and/or treatment of muscle wasting in cachectic patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Single approach strategies (i...
January 2019: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30427598/-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-respiratory-disorders-other-than-copd-an-individualized-approach
#15
Jean-Paul Janssens, Émilie Chappuis-Gisin, Christos Maragkoudakis, Chetna Bhatia, Sandra Da Silva, Julia Glassey, Frédéric Lador, Paola M Soccal
Pulmonary rehabilitation is a multimodal intervention which includes an individualized physical training program, patient education, nutritional assessment and counseling, and recommendations for behavioral changes (smoking cessation, physical activity, nutrition...). This approach, validated and widely accepted by international expert societies in COPD, has been explored and evaluated in other chronic respiratory disorders. This overview analyses the impact of pulmonary rehabilitation in interstitial lung diseases, pulmonary hypertension, lung cancer (pre and post surgery), and morbid obesity...
November 14, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30390895/effect-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-on-prevention-of-lean-body-mass-depletion-in-patients-with-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Takashi Ogasawara, Shiori Marui, Eriko Miura, Masayuki Sugiura, Wataru Matsuyama, Yoichiro Aoshima, Norio Kasamatsu, Masahito Ogiku, Yoshito Ikematsu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Systemic inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), resulting in depletion of lean body mass (LBM) and muscle mass. Both frequent exacerbation of COPD and low LBM are associated with poor prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate whether supplementation of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) prevents depletion of LBM and muscle mass in hospitalized patients with exacerbation of COPD. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial, conducted between November 2014 and October 2017...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30390877/energy-expenditure-in-women-and-men-with-copd
#17
Nighat Farooqi, Maine Carlsson, Lena Håglin, Thomas Sandström, Frode Slinde
BACKGROUND: Many patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) lose weight. Successful nutritional intervention is vital, thus assessment of energy requirement is required. The aim of this study was to present an improved possibility to assess energy requirement in patients with COPD. METHODS: Pub Med search was conducted for all the studies reporting total energy expenditure (TEE) measured by doubly labeled water (DLW) method in patients with COPD...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30390267/nutritional-considerations-in-preventing-muscle-atrophy
#18
Sanda Maria Cretoiu, Corina Aurelia Zugravu
Muscle atrophy may occur under different circumstances throughout a person's life. These conditions include periods of immobilization of a limb or of the whole body and aging accompanied by the onset of sarcopenia. Muscle mass is reduced as a result of decreased protein synthesis or increased protein degradation. Most studies aim to prevent the degradation of muscle proteins, but the way in which protein synthesis can be stimulated is often neglected. This study will provide an up-to-date review regarding nutritional considerations and resistance exercise countermeasures in the prevention of muscle mass loss and recovery of muscle mass in muscle atrophy secondary to immobilization or in sarcopenic obesity...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30355325/effects-of-acupuncture-on-nutritional-state-of-patients-with-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-re-analysis-of-copd-acupuncture-trial-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Masao Suzuki, Shigeo Muro, Motonari Fukui, Naoto Ishizaki, Susumu Sato, Tetsuhiro Shiota, Kazuo Endo, Tomoko Suzuki, Tadamichi Mitsuma, Michiaki Mishima, Toyohiro Hirai
BACKGROUND: There are an increasing number of evidences that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a systemic illness and that bodyweight loss is its prominent manifestation. We focused on the nutritional outcomes to find out the effectiveness of acupuncture on nutritional state of COPD patients and on their prognosis in our previous interventional study. METHODS: The present study is re-analysis of our previous interventional study, COPD Acupuncture Trial (CAT) published in 2012...
October 24, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30349235/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-copd-and-its-relationship-with-the-parameters-related-to-disease-severity
#20
Burak Mete, Erkan Pehlivan, Gazi Gülbaş, Hakan Günen
Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the nutritional status and anthropometric values in a group of patients with COPD and to examine the relationship between these factors and disease severity. Methods: A total of 105 COPD patients were included in this cross-sectional study. The patients underwent spirometric exmination. Mini nutritional assessment form was applied, and the anthropometric values of the patients were measured by bioelectrical impedance method...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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